Agricultural, environmental, and social and policy interests have influenced integrated pest management (IPM) from its inception. The first 50 years of IPM paid special attention to field-based management and market-driven decision making. Concurrently, IPM strategies became available that were best applied both within and beyond the bounds of individual fields and that also provided environmental benefits. This generated an incentives dilemma for farmers: selecting IPM activities for individual fields on the basis of market-based economics versus selecting IPM activities best applied regionally that have longer-term benefits, including environmental benefits, that accrue to the broader community as well as the farmer.
Brewer MJ, Goodell PB (2012) Approaches and incentives to implement integrated pest management that addresses regional and environmental issues. Annu Rev Entomol. 2012;57:41-59. Epub 2011 Aug 29.
Texas AgriLife Research & Department