Natural Pest Control
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Natural Pest Control
Using natural enemies, predators or parasites of plant pests and other wise methods of pest control
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Integrated pest management that addresses regional and environmental issues

PubMed Central


Agricultural, environmental, and social and policy interests have influenced integrated pest management (IPM) from its inception. The first 50 years of IPM paid special attention to field-based management and market-driven decision making. Concurrently, IPM strategies became available that were best applied both within and beyond the bounds of individual fields and that also provided environmental benefits. This generated an incentives dilemma for farmers: selecting IPM activities for individual fields on the basis of market-based economics versus selecting IPM activities best applied regionally that have longer-term benefits, including environmental benefits, that accrue to the broader community as well as the farmer.


Brewer MJ, Goodell PB (2012) Approaches and incentives to implement integrated pest management that addresses regional and environmental issues. Annu Rev Entomol. 2012;57:41-59. Epub 2011 Aug 29.

Texas AgriLife Research & Department

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State scientists create disease-resistant strawberry - Danbury News Times

State scientists create disease-resistant strawberry - Danbury News Times | Natural Pest Control | Scoop.it
State scientists create disease-resistant strawberry

Danbury News Times

The strawberry, named the Rubicon, is resistant to black root rot, caused by a microscopic worm, and the black vine weevil, a 19th-century import from Europe. Put the two together, and you can completely trash a strawberry's root system, Cowles said.
The root rot and the weevil have been an ongoing bane for strawberry farmers in New England and the United States. Farmers have to dig up diseased plants, and wait for pests to clear. They normally have to wait two or three years before they can plant strawberries in the same spot. Cowles got the mother plant from what he and colleagues refer to as the "death field," an experimental plot at the Valley Laboratory in Windsor.

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Agriculture and Forestry - Pest Exclusion: Why it Matters for Commercial Pest Control

Agriculture and Forestry - Pest Exclusion: Why it Matters for Commercial Pest Control | Natural Pest Control | Scoop.it

Pest exclusion is a preventative tactic that involves sealing up areas of your building where pests are likely to enter, basically denying them access.

Today, more businesses are choosing to apply the principles of integrated pest management; a more holistic and healthy form, instead of using toxic chemicals. This method works with the environment, biology and natural life cycle of pests to help curb populations. The following describes how commercial pest control services use pest exclusion techniques to prevent infestations from happening.

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Current Options for Managing Nematodes Pest of Crops in India

Plant parasitic nematodes can cause damage to almost all kinds of crops. Estimated annual yield losses in the world’s major crops due to plant parasitic nematodes is about 12.3%. In India, recent estimate showed nematode is responsible for about Rs.240 billion yield losses every year.

Judicious use of chemical nematicides could be applied for protection of many crops. Integration of various available practices is one of the current approaches for managing pest problems of crops. Current options for nematode management are cultural practices, physical methods, biointensive nematode suppression, botanicals and sensible use of chemical nematicides.

Considering importance of nematodes in the integrated pest management system, following low input plant protection technologies viz. summer ploughing, soil solarization, organic manuring, crop rotation, adjusting dates of sowing, growing resistant varieties, irrigation management, optimum fertilization, hot water treatment, clean cultivation, green manuring, inter/mixed cropping, judicious use of pesticides, integration of two or more above mentioned methods could be adopted for managing insect pest, diseases including nematodes in the crop production system.

In the review, economically important plant parasitic nematode problems of crops in India and their management options are briefly discussed by dr. Khan.


Dr. M. R. Khan; Department of Agricultural Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Kalyani, Nadia-741235, West Bengal, India

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On Six Legs

On Six Legs | Natural Pest Control | Scoop.it

Robber flies are members of the fly family Asilidae. This is a large group of flies with some 7,000 species identified worldwide. All are predators on other insects.

Humans consider some species of insects hunted by robber flies to be pests. Therefore, robber flies are generally regarded to be beneficial. But not always. As it turns out, robber flies willingly make meals out of one of our favorite insects - the honey bee...

 

  • On Six Legs presents up to date information on different insects that can be found every season.
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Worm compost can suppress plant disease and regulate nutrients

Worm compost can suppress plant disease and regulate nutrients | Natural Pest Control | Scoop.it

Cornell researchers have found that vermicompost - the product if composting using various species of worms - can suppress plant disease and regulate nutrients, research finds. Organic growers could soon have another weapon in their arsenal, courtesy of the humble worm. 

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Costa Rica to sterilize fruit flies with X-rays | The Costa Rica News

Costa Rica to sterilize fruit flies with X-rays | The Costa Rica News | Natural Pest Control | Scoop.it

The Costa Rican State Phytosanitary Service (SFE) aims to sterilize fruit flies with X-ray technology in a bid to reduce crop damages (website Laestrella.com.pa).

 

Fruit Fly National Program chief Arturo Saborío, told the website the equipment will sterilize Mediterranean fruit fly pupae Ceratitis capitata and Anastrepha spp., which will then be sent onto fruit farms. This will decrease fruit fly population and enable its control.

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Dispersal of aphids, whiteflies and their natural enemies under photoselective nets

Integrated Pest Management of insects includes several control tactics, such as the use of photoselective nets, which may reduce the flight activity of insects.

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Environmentally friendly Israeli pest control

Environmentally friendly Israeli pest control | Natural Pest Control | Scoop.it

Arutz Sheva: Environmentally friendly Israeli pest control.

 

Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs gives information on a study conducted at the Agricultural Research Administration (Volcani) of the Ministry of Agriculture reveals that edible oil may be used for pest control.

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Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management | Natural Pest Control | Scoop.it
FAO: Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an ecosystem approach to crop production and protection that combines different management strategies and practices to grow healthy crops and minimize the use of pesticides.DeBugged: IPM is a term we use in the pest control industry to define a service standard that is both environmentally conscious and highly effective.Bajwa&Kogan (2002): Compendium of IPM Definitions; What is IPM and how is it defined in the Worldwide Literature? Integrated Plant Protection CenterAnon: "Interesting how countries do the same job but using different terminology for the same principles of IPM. In the UK, Europe & most of Asia they use ERDM: Eradicate, Restrict, Destroy, Monitor. But in the end it boils down to professional pest control carried out in an responsible manner."

 

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See you next week at the IPM Symposium!

See you next week at the IPM Symposium! | Natural Pest Control | Scoop.it
As the time drawn near for the 7th International IPM Symposium, I thought it only fitting to post some last minute information for those of you who may not have gotten an e-mail.
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Chestnut Extracts in Managing Soilborne Plant Pathogens

Hao JJ et al. (2012) studied antimicrobial activity of chestnut extracts for potential use in managing plant pathogens.

Chestnut extracts were studied for antimicrobial activity against selected microorganisms, including plant pathogens. Most test microorganisms were inhibited by the extracts at different effective concentrations for 50% growth inhibition (EC50). Pseudomonas fluorescens was the most sensitive, Phytophthora cambivora was one of the least inhibited, and Cryphonectria parasitica was not inhibited.

Extracts of the Japanese × European chestnut (Castanea crenata × C. sativa) ‘Colossal’ showed a greater inhibition than those of wild trees of the Chinese species (C. mollissima).

Pellicle and shell tissue reduced radish scab disease caused by Streptomyces scabies in the greenhouse.



Hao JJ et al. (2012) Antimicrobial Activity of Chestnut Extracts for Potential Use in Managing Soilborne Plant Pathogens.- Plant Disease, Volume 96, Issue 3, Page 354-360, March 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-03-11-0169

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Beneficial organisms - toxicity, ecological toxicity and regulatory information

Beneficial organisms - toxicity, ecological toxicity and regulatory information | Natural Pest Control | Scoop.it

Several Trichogramma wasps species are known to be parasiotids of buterfly family (Lepidoptera). Trichogramma species are the most widely-studied agents of biological control in the field of entomology. But it is less known, that they can be also registered as insecticides.


In PAN Pesticides Database Trichogramma pinto and T. evanescens could be found among chemicals: identification, toxicity, use, water pollution potential, ecological toxicity and regulatory information is given also for these beneficial organisms like for any other pesticide. 

Data on 6,500 pesticides, insecticides and herbicides including toxicity, water pollution, ecological toxicity, uses and regulatory status is provided in Pesticides Action Network database.

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Controlling Soybean Cyst Nematode

Controlling Soybean Cyst Nematode | Natural Pest Control | Scoop.it

The Soybean Cyst Nematode. It is a major player in production, and there have been millions of dollars lost to this nematode. The Soybean Cyst Nematode has a very narrow host range.

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Environmental, Energetic, and Economic Comparisons of Organic and Conventional Farming Systems

Environmental, Energetic, and Economic Comparisons of Organic and Conventional Farming Systems | Natural Pest Control | Scoop.it

Pimentel et al., 2005:


Conventional agriculture can be made more sustainable and ecologically sound by adopting some traditional organic farming technologies.


DAVID PIMENTEL, PAUL HEPPERLY, JAMES HANSON, DAVID DOUDS, and RITA SEIDEL:  Environmental, Energetic, and Economic Comparisons of Organic and Conventional Farming Systems. BioScience: Vol. 55, No.7, 2005

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Lexicon of Sustainability: Biodiversity vs. monoculture

Lexicon of Sustainability: Biodiversity vs. monoculture | Natural Pest Control | Scoop.it

Rick Knoll, an organic farmer with Ph.D in Organic Chemistry, noted: This is the first in a weekly installment of images from Douglas Gayeton and Laura Howard-Gayeton's Lexicon of Sustainability. We'll be running one image every Friday this winter, so stay tuned!

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Phoresy in the field: natural occurrence of Trichogramma egg parasitoids on butterflies and moths

Phoretic insects utilize other animals to disperse to new environments. We recently discovered how egg parasitoids use an exciting phoretic strategy to reach egg-laying sites of their butterfly hosts.

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Limited benefits of non-crop vegetation on spiders in Australian vineyards: regional or crop differences?

In crops, invertebrate natural enemies such as spiders have been documented as responding to non-crop vegetation at the local and landscape scales, particularly in northern Europe.

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First Post of the Year 2012

First Post of the Year 2012 | Natural Pest Control | Scoop.it

@GreenMethods. Let's hope that 2012 is decent to us...

Biological and integrated pest control methods - extensive information and service.

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