Access and benefit sharing of plant genetic resources is a crucial but very complex, political and legalistic matter. Does the formal system work for family farmers? As we see in this special issue of Farming Matters, co-produced with Bioversity International, it poses many challenges. At the same time, farmers around the world are leading successful initiatives for access and benefit sharing.
Voor het verzamelen of verkrijgen en meenemen van zaden, planten en andere levende organismen uit andere landen gelden internationale regels. Het doel is om de toegang tot genetische rijkdommen goed te regelen en een eerlijke verdeling van voordelen die uit het gebruik daarvan voortvloeien te bevorderen.
Le protocole de Nagoya et sa transcription dans le projet de loi français sur la biodiversité sont un pas en avant pour lutter contre l’accaparement abusif de ressources biologiques. Les populations locales devraient ainsi pouvoir mieux bénéficier des avantages issus de la commercialisation des éléments du vivant.Néanmoins, l’intérêt des entreprises privées reste prioritaire et la portée …
Peru is home to more than 25,000 plant species, one-third of which can only be found on Peruvian territory. A significant portion of animal species also call Peru home-about 10% of the worlds fish species, for example.
10.02.2016 - The Nagoya Ordinance came into force on 1 February 2016. The SNSF has added sections on Access and Benefit Sharing to its application forms. Alongside the Nagoya Protocol and the laws on protection of natural and cultural heritage, the Nagoya Ordinance forms Switzerland's legal basis for the use of other countries' genetic resources.
Patents increasingly undermine the strong legal edifice patiently constructed by UPOV (1). However, the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture guarantees free access to the main industrial resource of plant breeders - peasants’ seeds collected from farms across the world. This article argues that broadening the reach of patents over genetic resources is increasingly replacing benefit sharing, which undermines the multilateral governance of our common heritage. It concludes that the Treaty offers a new legal basis to govern access to plant genetic resources for food and agriculture and to compel industry to pay its dues.
By Amy G. Fensome, Policy Intern The UK is moving ever closer to the full implementation of the Nagoya Protocol, or to give it its full title “The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic resources and the Fair and Equitable sharing of Benefits Arising...
Dr Sahar Shepperd Introduction A year ago we reported on the preliminary implementation of the Nagoya Protocol in Europe by way of Regulation 511/2014 of the European Parliament and the Council (“EU Regulation”) that came into force on 12 October...
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