oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts
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oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts
An aggregator for (oAnth's) daily interests in humanities, arts, science, geography, economics, politics - academia, education - activism, advocacy - itec, free software, open source, open access, open knowledge - languages in use: mostly EN, FR, DE
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Evaluating the Khan Academy

Evaluating the Khan Academy | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

Via Marta Torán, juandoming
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Creative Commons Announces “School of Open” with Courses to Focus on Digital Openness

Creative Commons Announces “School of Open” with Courses to Focus on Digital Openness | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it
Just in time to celebrate Open Education Week, here comes a new initiative, the School of Open, a learning environment focused on increasing our understanding of “openness” and the benefits it brings to creativity and education in the digital age.

Via luiy
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luiy's curator insight, March 16, 2013 7:30 AM

Just in time to celebrate Open Education Week, here comes a new initiative, the School of Open, a learning environment focused on increasing our understanding of “openness” and the benefits it brings to creativity and education in the digital age.

Developed by the collaborative education platform Peer to Peer University(P2PU) with organizational support from Creative Commons, the School of Open aims to spread understanding of the power of this brave new world through free online classes.

We hear about it all the time: Universal access to research, education and culture—all good things, without a doubt—made possible by things like open source software, open educational resources and the like.

But what are these various communities and what do they mean? How can we all learn more and get involved?

School of Open has rolled the conversation back to square one so that understanding the basics is easy. Through a list of new courses created by users and experts, people can learn more about what “openness” means and how to apply it. There are stand-alone courses on copyright, writing for Wikipedia, the collaborative environment of open science, and the process behind making open video.

These free courses start March 18 (sign up by clicking the “start course” button by Sunday, March 17):

Copyright 4 Educators (US)Copyright 4 Educators (AUS)Creative Commons for K-12 EducatorsWriting Wikipedia Articles: The Basics and Beyond

These free courses are open for you to take at any time:

Get a CC license. Put it on your websiteOpen Science: An IntroductionOpen data for GLAMsIntro to Openness in EducationA Look at Open VideoContributing to Wikimedia CommonsOpen Detective

The approach at P2PU encourages people to work together, assess one another’s work, and provide constructive feedback. It’s a great place to learn how to design your own course, because the design process is broken down step-by-step, and course content is vetted by users and P2PU staff. The tutorial shows you how the process works.

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La culture est-elle soluble dans l'ebook ? / Pierre Mounier

La culture est-elle soluble dans l'ebook ? / Pierre Mounier | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it
Après la communication de Dominique Cardon sur “les sociabilités numériques” puis celle de Thierry Baccino sur “la lecture numérique”, je ne saurais trop vous recommander d'écouter l'intervention d...

Via emma_morlock
oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide"'s insight:

[...]

 

→ Pour aller plus loin (ou à côté), voir aussi:

 

- Michel Serres “Les nouvelles technologies - révolution culturelle et cognitive”

- Serge Tisseron “La culture numérique”

- Olivier Donnat (interview Bambou) “Les pratiques culturelles des français à l’ère numérique”

- Alain Giffard : “La lecture numérique peut-elle se substituer à la lecture classique ?”

- Virginie Clayssen “L’évolution récente du livre numérique et de l’édition numérique” 

- Milad Doueihi “L’humanisme numérique”

 

[...]

 

// au blog vous y trouverez les titres des discours donnés aux vidéos avec des liens

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luiy's curator insight, March 12, 2013 5:55 PM
Après la communication de Dominique Cardon sur “les sociabilités numériques” puis celle de Thierry Baccino sur “la lecture numérique”, je ne saurais trop vous recommander d’écouter l’intervention de Pierre Mounier*, que nous avons eu le plaisir d’accueillir, le 29 novembre dernier, à la Médiathèque de Miramas. Cette communication a pour titre “La culture est-elle soluble dans l’e-book? Les enjeux de la métamorphose du livre à l’ère numérique”.En voici le contenu synthétique :

“Presque 600 ans après l’invention de l’imprimerie, le livre connaît une nouvelle révolution technologique en se dématérialisant au sein des réseaux numériques. La montée en puissance des “liseuses” et “tablettes multimédia” annonce un tournant majeur dans l’histoire du livre. L’horizon est aujourd’hui un peu obscurci par, d’un côté les slogans marketing qui mettent en avant les avantages pratiques des nouvelles machines, et de l’autre les crispations luddites autour de la “sensualité du livre” et de l’“odeur du papier”. Pourtant, cette métamorphose du livre numérique porte d’autres enjeux, éminemment politiques. Car si le livre est un produit marchand, fruit d’une industrie spécialisée, il est aussi, et peut-être d’abord un vecteur privilégié de partage des savoirs et de l’expression artistique ; en un mot de la culture. Cette tension de l’économie et de la culture, cristallisée sous le terme problématique d’“industrie culturelle” est réactivée à l’occasion du passage du livre au numérique. Et c’est bien à la lumière de cette question qu’il faut décrypter tous les débats autour du prix du livre et de son mode de distribution, du “piratage” (ou partage ?) des œuvres, du rôle des acteurs traditionnels (éditeurs, libraires, bibliothèques) mais aussi nouveaux (moteurs de recherche, médias sociaux) de la chaîne du livre, de l’évolution des usages de lecture, et jusqu’aux formats d’encodage des ouvrages.”

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Coming soon: Open source operating systems for smartphones and tablets

Coming soon: Open source operating systems for smartphones and tablets | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

Built entirely using HTML5 and other open Web standards, Firefox OS is a Linux-based open source operating system for smartphones and tablet computers. It has been demonstrated on Android smartphones and the Raspberry Pi.

 

Samsung and Intel are cooperating on the development of Tizen, another open source phone project situated within the Linux Foundation. The first embodyment of the system in phones will be Bada.

 


Via Sepp Hasslberger
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Sepp Hasslberger's curator insight, March 5, 2013 11:57 AM

Phones are in software walled gardens.

 

Most providers have proprietary operating systems for their phones and even Google's Android is not as open as some would like. 

Linux-based Firefox OS and Tizen/Bada to the rescue. 

oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide"'s comment, March 5, 2013 4:04 PM
cf. also with: https://blog.mozilla.org/beyond-the-code/2013/03/02/mozillas-dna-and-mobile-world-congress/
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Error and attack tolerance of complex networks : Article : Nature

Error and attack tolerance of complex networks : Article : Nature | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it
Nature is the international weekly journal of science: a magazine style journal that publishes full-length research papers in all disciplines of science, as well as News and Views, reviews, news, features, commentaries, web focuses and more,...

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luiy's curator insight, March 4, 2013 7:07 AM

Many complex systems display a surprising degree of tolerance against errors. For example, relatively simple organisms grow, persist and reproduce despite drastic pharmaceutical or environmental interventions, an error tolerance attributed to the robustness of the underlying metabolic network1. Complex communication networks2display a surprising degree of robustness: although key components regularly malfunction, local failures rarely lead to the loss of the global information-carrying ability of the network. The stability of these and other complex systems is often attributed to the redundant wiring of the functional web defined by the systems' components. Here we demonstrate that error tolerance is not shared by all redundant systems: it is displayed only by a class of inhomogeneously wired networks, called scale-free networks, which include the World-Wide Web3, 4, 5, the Internet6, social networks7 and cells8. We find that such networks display an unexpected degree of robustness, the ability of their nodes to communicate being unaffected even by unrealistically high failure rates. However, error tolerance comes at a high price in that these networks are extremely vulnerable to attacks (that is, to the selection and removal of a few nodes that play a vital role in maintaining the network's connectivity). Such error tolerance and attack vulnerability are generic properties of communication networks.

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New Technologies Aim to Foil Online Course Cheating

New Technologies Aim to Foil Online Course Cheating | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it
In the widening world of classes taught online, new technologies are helping to ensure that students on distant laptops are doing their own work.

Via Antonio Figueiredo, juandoming
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Antonio Figueiredo's curator insight, March 3, 2013 5:10 AM

Solving the identification problem in online assessment

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La lettre et/ou l'image : ce qui est premier ?

Entendant Michel Serres, parcourant le livre de Raffaele Simone (Pris dans la Toile, L’esprit au temps du web, le débat Gallimard trad., 2012), après avoir lu l’entretien entre Boris Cyrulnik et Denis Peschanski (Mémoire et traumatisme : l’individu et la fabrique des grands récits, INA 2012), une question vient à l’esprit : la lettre ou l’image, Qu’est-ce qui est premier ? Autrement dit on parle d’une civilisation de l’oral, une de l’écrit et une troisième du numérique, mais quelle est la place de l’image ? Autrement dit l’image a-t-elle autant de force civilisatrice que l’écrit, le mot, la lettre. Dans la même ligne, Pierre Babin et Marie France Kouloumdjian s’interrogeaient en 1980 sur « les nouveaux modes de comprendre » (Le Centurion, 1983), nous montrent combien nous avons négligé l’image au cours de notre histoire et combien sa mise en avant, via les écrans de cinéma, de télévision et d’ordinateur, nous invite à en mesurer l’importance.


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A short intro to Corpus Linguistics

A short intro to Corpus Linguistics | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it
What is Corpus Linguistics? Corpus linguistics is the use of digitalized text (corpus) or texts, usually naturally occurring material, in the analysis of language (linguistics). Techniques used inc...

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Le moteur français Qwant à la recherche de crédibilité - FrenchWeb.fr

Le moteur français Qwant à la recherche de crédibilité - FrenchWeb.fr | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

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An automated ‘time machine’ to reconstruct ancient languages | KurzweilAI

An automated ‘time machine’ to reconstruct ancient languages | KurzweilAI | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it
Computer scientists have reconstructed ancient Proto-Austronesian, which gave rise to languages spoken in Polynesia, among other places (credit: A.

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Mapping Texts

Fruit de la collaboration entre la North Texas University et la Stanford University, le projet Mapping Texts, développé par Andrew J. Torget et Jon Christensen, est un outil d’interrogation et de recherches, portant sur un corpus composés de journaux numérisés. Et c’est une information de première importance : Mapping Texts n’est pas un projet de numérisation mais une interface permettant le traitement de données numérisées par ailleurs.

En l’occurrence, il s’agit d’une vaste collection de journaux texans, sortis des presses entre 1829 et 2008 (232.500 pages au total), et numérisés dans le cadre du Chronicling America project, un programme de numérisation de journaux, lancé par la Library of Congress et le National Endowment for the Humanities. Ces journaux sont accessibles depuis le Portal to Texas History de la North Texas University, à côté d’autres ressources intéressant l’histoire du Texas (photographies, livres d’école, cartes anciennes, journaux).


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When physicists do linguistics

When physicists do linguistics | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it
When physicists look at language, what do they see? For the five experts in physics who authored a recent paper in the journal Scientific Reports, language looks very much like a gas, with words bouncing around like particles.

Via Athanasios Karavasilis
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Les espaces de coworking sont-ils les salles de classes du futur ? | Deskmag | Coworking

Avez-vous remarqué combien il peut être difficile de trouver des entrepreneurs célèbres étant diplômés? D´autre part, dans certains domaines tels que Webdesign ou la programmation, les nouvelles technologies évoluent si vite que les étudiants peuvent ressortir des salles de cours avec des connaissances déjà obsolètes. Malheureusement, même à l´heure d'internet et du partage de connaissances, il est encore difficile d´imaginer toute une génération d'autodidactes. Bonne nouvelle, le coworking pourrait être l’une des solutions. Il attire de plus en plus d’étudiants et pourrait bien être l’espace privilégié d’une nouvelle éducation pour les entrepreneurs de demain. En fait, certains voient même le coworking remplacer des universités désormais dites dépassées.


Via Ludovic Arnold, Michèle Turbin, Collporterre, La Métropole de Lyon- M3, michel verstrepen
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Michèle Turbin's curator insight, February 7, 2013 5:35 AM

"Le  point fort d’un espace de coworking demeure l’incroyable source de connaissance que représente sa communauté."

Michèle Turbin's comment, February 7, 2013 5:36 AM
Merci pour cet article, je plussoie :)
D'Dline 2020 ✏ 's curator insight, February 7, 2013 6:26 AM

En écho à la très enrichissante conférence de mardi 05 février à la Sorbonne sur le thème "campus universitaires et entreprises...convergences des lieux".

 

Synthèse de la conférence à venir sur www.ddline.fr

 

Retrouvez les intervenants de la conférence : 

http://public.message-business.com/emailing/36397/40/r16bzihfzgyuiizpfjpgbiojsohhpaguifg/emailing.aspx

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A Flash Crash In The Bitcoin Market This Week Revealed The Currency's Biggest Problem

A Flash Crash In The Bitcoin Market This Week Revealed The Currency's Biggest Problem | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it
Confidence is key.

 

The Bitcoin market is booming.

The internet's favorite virtual currency is up over 230 percent since the beginning of the year and up 40 percent from Monday to Wednesday alone.

The latest leg up may be because it looks like the market may finally be going mainstream – now, U.S. banks are getting involved.


Via pdeppisch
oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide"'s insight:

 

 

It's essential for all miners to enforce exactly the same rules about what counts as a valid block. If a client announces a block that half the network accepts and the other half rejects, the result could be a fork in the network. Different nodes could disagree about which transactions have occurred, potentially producing chaos.

That's what happened on Monday evening. A block was produced that the latest version of the Bitcoin software, version 0.8, recognized as valid but that nodes still running version 0.7 or earlier rejected.

 

 


Read more: http://www.businessinsider.com/crash-belies-confidence-in-bitcoin-2013-3#ixzz2NkvlTCKq
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Jean-Henry Morin : La Responsabilité numérique - vers un nouvel ordre mondial

Jean-Henry Morin : La Responsabilité numérique - vers un nouvel ordre mondial | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

Cet ouvrage traite des problématiques et enjeux de la régulation de l'internet. Les études récentes montrent qu'une personne sur deux est amenée quotidiennement à contourner les politiques de sécurité informatique établie par leur organisation (privée ou publique), parce qu'elles les empêchent tout simplement de faire leur travail. Cette situation a des effets néfastes sur la qualité du travail et le management, tant pour l'employeur, car ces pratiques de contournement ont lieu à son insu, que pour l'employé, qui, en dérogeant aux règles de sécurité expose son organisation à des risques. 
Dans le même temps, les affaires récentes de Megaupload, de l'Hadopi, Acta, etc., montrent une volonté forte de la part des États, de certaines institutions ou même des entreprises privées de réguler l'internet. Internet est devenu un média global. Mais sa nature " ouverte ", qui en a fait son succès, a également fait surgir un casse-tête juridique (lois, gouvernance, etc.). Et en cela, il est l'exemple type d'une nouvelle classe de problèmes globaux (la finance mondiale, etc.) pour lesquels les solutions et institutions traditionnelles sont actuellement en rupture. 
Ce livre fait l'analyse approfondie de tous ces enjeux et propose des solutions concrètes pour une nouvelle responsabilité numérique. L'auteur est un spécialiste international de : la gestion des droits et des politiques numériques (DRM / DPM) ; la sécurité des systèmes informatiques ; la sécurité socialement responsable et durable (green security) ; la gouvernance des risques informationnels ; la protection des données, du commerce et des services électroniques.


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Qui a parlé de Webkit ? Nous avons parlé d’évolution. - Chez: Il y a du thé renversé au bord de la table | offene Ablage: nothing to hide (seenthis.net)

Qui a parlé de Webkit ? Nous avons parlé d’évolution. - Chez: Il y a du thé renversé au bord de la table | offene Ablage: nothing to hide (seenthis.net) | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

 

Url de la source au blog: 

https://dutherenverseauborddelatable.wordpress.com/2013/02/23/qui-a-parle-de-webkit-nous-avons-parle-devolution

 

 

[...]

 

Il y a quelques jours, Opera a jeté l’éponge sur Presto et rejoint le mouvement Webkit. J’avoue avoir quelques doutes sur les conséquences stratégiques de ce mouvement pour Opera, mais ce n’est pas de cela que traite mon billet. Cette volte-face est bien entendu décevante. Décevante pour la communauté Mozilla car il semble bien que nous venons de perdre notre plus solide allié dans le combat pour la vie privée et le web ouvert. Décevante aussi car la raison avancée par Opera pour cet abandon est qu’il avait trop de développeurs qui développaient non pas des applications web mais des applications webkit.

 

 

C’est bien ce point qui m’inquiète, car il s’agit d’un réel danger pour l’avenir du web entier. À chaque fois qu’une application est développée à partir de standards ouverts, elle peut fonctionner sur tous les navigateurs standards – pas uniquement les navigateurs principaux, mais aussi des navigateurs moins connus ou des navigateurs qui n’existent pas encore. À l’inverse, par définition, une application webkit ne fonctionnera que sur les navigateurs webkit. Si vous êtes un développeur web, souvenez-vous de ces chiffres : cela signifie que votre application va rejeter environ 60% de ses utilisateurs potentiels. Et encore, ce chiffre suppose que 1/ tous les utilisateurs actuels d’Opera vont passer à webkit ; 2/ tous les navigateurs webkit sont compatibles bug-pour-bug et bizarrerie-pour-bizarrerie, ce qui est loin d’être le cas.

 

[...]

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Google-Informed Pattern-Hunting and Pattern-Defining: Implication for Language Pedagogy


Via Pascual Pérez-Paredes
oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide"'s insight:

 

 

 

 

 

Keywords: GIPH, GIPD, GALL, concordancer, web corpus, DL, DDL, natural

 

[...]

 

Abstract


The use of the Web as a corpus and Google as a concordancer, has been regarded as one of the promising areas that has a potential for revolutionizing language pedagogy in general, and second language (L2) writing, in particular. More specifically, it is believed that the functions of Google-Informed Pattern-Hunting (GIPH) and Google-Informed Pattern-Defining (GIPD) can promote natural L2 writing through Discovery Learning (DL) and Data Driven Learning (DDL), however, these advantages have mostly been given lip services than tested with first hand empirical studies, and only more recently some studies have been undertaken in this vein. Focusing on L2, this article explored how and to what extent this great potential of GIPH and GIPD has been recognized by reviewing the related studies, thereby some factors and themes (such as Learning Style, Training, Naturalness, Tidiness, Speed, Number of Retrieval, and Proficiency) have been extracted and elaborated on. However, due to the novelty of the area, the themes are mostly the outcome of researchers’ descriptions and interpretations than empirical studies. The inclusion criteria for the present review were studies that focus on the application of the Web as a corpus and Google as a concordance for language learning and L2 writing based on researchers’ and learners’ evaluation of it. Seven studies included in the present review show that learners’ use of GIPH and GIPD champions the promotion of their language learning and L2 writing, providing that proper training and scaffolding are provided. Future studies are also recommended based on the gaps and deficiencies identified in the reviewed researches.

 

[...]

 

 

// open access - cc licence - source URL: http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/ass/article/view/25295

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Les contradictions de l’open data

Les contradictions de l’open data | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it
« Les ministères gagneront à la libération des données publiques »...

Via Camille Pène, luiy
oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide"'s insight:

[...]

 

Les débats de l’open data se concentrent sur les conditions de réutilisation des données publiques (informations météo, trafic, démographie). Gratuites ? Gratuites sous conditions ? Payantes si elles ont fait l’objet d’un investissement ? La complexité de ces questions tient surtout au manque d’homogénéité des parties prenantes. A priori, les lignes sont claires. D’un côté, l’administration, détentrice de l’information. De l’autre, les consommateurs : sociétés privées, chercheurs, citoyens. Au centre, les promoteurs de cette libération : la sphère politique, et en particulier le gouvernement. Chacun de ces acteurs affiche cependant en son sein des positions et des intérêts souvent divergents.

 

[...]

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Institut für Softwaretechnik und Theoretische Informatik: 2013_04_22


Via Pascual Pérez-Paredes
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Pascual Pérez-Paredes's curator insight, March 3, 2013 5:21 AM
Opinion mining and lexical affect sensing
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Free Technology for Teachers: Create Interactive Videos on The Mad Video

Free Technology for Teachers: Create Interactive Videos on The Mad Video | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

"The Mad Video [ http://www.themadvideo.com/ ] is a new service for creating interactive videos. The service is kind of like ThingLink [ http://www.thinglink.com/learn ] for videos. Using The Mad Video you can take a video that is hosted on YouTube and insert interactive tags. The tags can link to websites, images, or other video clips..."

 

[ a further screen application http://screenbird.com/ ]


Via André Manssen, GSeremetakis, Dominique Demartini
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André Manssen's curator insight, February 22, 2013 11:49 AM

Zou je dit ook kunnen gebruiken voor "Flip de Klas" (Flipping the Classroom)...?

Jan Peter van Zijl's comment, February 23, 2013 12:43 PM
http://www.themadvideo.com/ Ook dit zou mogelijkheden kunnen bieden om lesbrieven te maken: combinatie van ScreenBird (instructie-video) én Mad Video om die instructie-video interactief te maken. Dat moet worden uitgeprobeerd ....
Jan Peter van Zijl's comment, February 24, 2013 6:54 AM
https://www.facebook.com/pages/Verzet-de-Bakens/326840857337423?ref=hl
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“Share and follow research” – Academia.edu

Neben den allgemeinen sozialen Netzwerken wie Facebook, Twitter und Google+, die inzwischen auch von Wissenschaftler/innen – teilweise intensiv – genutzt werden, um sich zu vernetzen, ein Profil anzulegen, Informationen auszutauschen, zusammenzuarbeiten und wissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse einer breiteren Öffentlichkeit zu vermitteln, gibt es spezielle soziale Netzwerke für Wissenschaftler/innen, die zunehmend auch im deutschsprachigen Raum genutzt werden: Ein Beispiel dafür ist Academia.edu.


Via Fondation MSH
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Verb Phrase book published

Verb Phrase book published | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

The grammar of English is often thought to be stable over time. However a new book, edited by Bas Aarts, Joanne Close, Geoffrey Leech and Sean Wallis, The Verb Phrase in English: investigating recent language change with corpora (Cambridge University Press, 2013) presents a body of research from linguists that shows that using natural language corpora one can find changes within a core element of grammar, the Verb Phrase, over a span of decades rather than centuries.

 

The book draws from papers first presented at a symposium on the verb phrase organised for the Survey of English Usage’s 50th anniversary and on research from the Changing English Verb Phrase project.

 
Via Pascual Pérez-Paredes
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Pascual Pérez-Paredes's curator insight, February 19, 2013 2:20 PM

Thanks to Costas Gabrielatos.

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Corpus colossal

Corpus colossal | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it
LINGUISTS must often correct lay people's misconceptions of what they do. Their job is not to be experts in “correct” grammar, ready at any moment to smack your...

Via Pascual Pérez-Paredes
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Pascual Pérez-Paredes's curator insight, February 13, 2013 1:15 AM

Raw material is surprisingly elusive. Getting people to speak naturally in a controlled study is hard. Eavesdropping is difficult, time-consuming and invasive of privacy. For these reasons, linguists often rely on a “corpus” of language, a body of recorded speech and writing, nowadays usually computerised.

Rescooped by oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide" from Edition, représenation critique et digital humanities
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« Une analyse de réseaux sur Les Confessions de Jean-Jacques Rousseau », Yannick Rochat, doctorant DHLab, EPFL (1.02.13)

« Une analyse de réseaux sur Les Confessions de Jean-Jacques Rousseau », Yannick Rochat, doctorant DHLab, EPFL (1.02.13) | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it
Vendredi dernier, Yannick Rochat nous a initié à certains aspects du literary computing ou encore analyse littéraire computationnelle, en nous présentant l’état de sa recherche. Yannick Rochat trav...

Via emma_morlock
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Rescooped by oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide" from Systems Theory
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Trust and Complex Technology: The Cyborg’s Modern Bargain » Cyborgology

Trust and Complex Technology: The Cyborg’s Modern Bargain » Cyborgology | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

In this essay, I want to continue the discussion about our relationship with the technology we use. Adapting and extending Anthony Giddens’ Consequences of Modernity, I will argue that an essential part of the cyborganic transformation we experience when we equip Modern, sophisticated technology is deeply tied to trust in expert systems. It is no longer feasible to fully comprehend the inner workings of the innumerable devices that we depend on; rather, we are forced to trust that the institutions that deliver these devices to us have designed, tested, and maintained the devices properly. This bargain—trading certainty for convenience—however, means that the Modern cyborg finds herself ever more deeply integrated into the social circuit. In fact, the cyborg’s connection to technology makes her increasingly socially dependent because the technological facets of her being require expert knowledge from others.


Via proto-e-co-logics, luiy, Ben van Lier
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luiy's curator insight, February 8, 2013 6:31 PM

Cyborgs always see the social in the technological; the “technology is neutral” trope is a laugh line.

 

Nowhere are mutual trust and co-dependency more apparent than with social media. Few of us have any clue how the Internet’s infrastructure delivers our digital representations across the world in an instant. This lack of knowledge means simply that we must trust that platforms such as Facebook or Google are delivering information accurately. As the Turing test has demonstrated, computers can easily fool us into believing we are communicating with someone who is not present or who does not even exist, if the system allows. Moreover, on platforms such as Facebook, we also must trust the system to enforce a norm of honesty. If we cannot trust that other users are honestly representing themselves, we become unsure of how to respond. Honesty and accuracy of information are preconditions to participation. And because, as individuals, we lack the capacity to ensure either, we must place our trust in experts. We users do not understandthe mechanics of Facebook, we simply accept it as reality; that is to say, Facebook is made possible through widespread suspension of disbelief. Thus, use social media is a commitment to pursuit the benefits of participation, despite the risk that we could be fooled or otherwise taken advantage of. Facebook is not merely social because it involves mutual interaction, it is social because trust in society’s expert systems is a precondition to any such interaction.