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An aggregator for (oAnth's) daily interests in humanities, arts, science, geography, economics, politics - academia, education - activism, advocacy - itec, free software, open source, open access, open knowledge - languages in use: mostly EN, FR, DE
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Rescooped by oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide" from Philosophie en France
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Les condamnations de 1277 et la naissance de la science moderne. - Centre Atlantique de Philosophie

Les condamnations de 1277 et la naissance de la science moderne. - Centre Atlantique de Philosophie | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

Version préliminaire d’une communication présentée au colloque organisé par Vincent Jullien (février 2012), et publiée dans les actes édités par V. Jullien, E. Nicolaïdis et M. Blay, Europe et sciences modernes. Histoire d’un engendrement mutuel, Peter Lang, 2012.

Présentation de la thèse de Duhem sur l’origine médiévale de la science moderne, et discussion de ses interprétations et de ses critiques.


Via dm
oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide"'s insight:

 

[...]

 

Posons la question grossièrement : pourquoi la
science est-elle née en Europe, pourquoi à cette époque, et non au sein
d’une autre civilisation et/ou à une autre époque ? Y a-t-il une
explication, ou est-ce seulement un fait contingent qui aurait pu ne pas se
produire, la culture indienne ou chinoise donnant lieu à la physique
mathématique, ou encore la culture musulmane, qui disposa avant la
culture chrétienne des mêmes bases théoriques de la philosophie
naturelle ?
Cette question renvoie à la thèse de l’engendrement de la science
moderne par la culture médiévale, défendue par Pierre Duhem dans ses
ouvrages d’histoire des sciences, des Origines de la statique (1905) au
Système du Monde (achevé/inachevé en 1916 et publié intégralement
en 1958).

 

[...]

 

http://www.caphi.univ-nantes.fr/Les-condamnations-de-1277-et-la

 

open access: http://www.caphi.univ-nantes.fr/IMG//pdf/Duhem_1277_cyrille_michon-revu.pdf

 

 

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Rescooped by oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide" from Economics: Its History and Politics
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The Boom Not The Slump: The Right Time for Austerity?


Via pdeppisch
oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide"'s insight:

 

[...]

 

A recent paper by Alberto F. Alesina and Silvia Ardagna
(2009), “Large Changes in Fiscal Policy: Taxes Versus
Spending” (henceforth A & A), looks at a cross section of
deficit reduction policies among different countries. It
examines examples where large-scale deficit reduction is
associated with economic expansion and where the
debt-to-GDP ratio falls in the medium-term (3 years
a#er the adjustment). Based on this research, many
popular commentators suggest that the U.S. can adopt
such a policy and grow.1


However, upon a further examination of the data such a
conclusion is unmerited. The overwhelming majority of
the episodes used by A & A did not see deficit reduction
in the middle of a slump. Where they did, it o#en
resulted in a decline in the subsequent growth rate or an
increase in the debt-to-GDP ratio. Of the 26 episodes
that they identify as ‘expansionary’, in virtually none did
the country a) reduce the deficit when the economy was
in a slump and b) increase growth rates while reducing
the debt-to-GDP ratio. The sole example not covered
by those two qualifiers can be explained by a
combination of two policy maneuvers that are not easily
available to the U.S. at the moment: currency
depreciation and interest rate reduction.

 

[...]

 

open access: http://www.rooseveltinstitute.org/sites/all/files/not_the_time_for_austerity.pdf

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Rescooped by oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide" from Astronomy physics and quantum physics
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LHC team observes first instance of D-mesons oscillating between matter and antimatter

LHC team observes first instance of D-mesons oscillating between matter and antimatter | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it
(Phys.org) —Researchers working at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) have observed for the first time evidence of D-mesons oscillating between matter and antimatter.

Via Ioannis
oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide"'s insight:

[...]

 

Put simply, antimatter is identical to matter except that it exists with an opposite electrical charge. In this new research, the team was studying mesons—a group that along with other particles are made up of quarks. Mesons are made up of just two quarks, one matter, the other antimatter. Research over the years has led to theories that the quarks that exist as part of mesons, can oscillate between matter and antimatter.

 

[...]

 

// open access - pdf dl arxiv.org

 

 

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Rescooped by oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide" from Résistances
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Les 20 propositions d'Attac pour une véritable réforme bancaire | Attac France

Les 20 propositions d'Attac pour une véritable réforme bancaire | Attac France | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

Une par une, les promesses de s’attaquer à la finance, responsable de la crise, aux banques, actrices de la spéculation et bénéficiaires des rentes versées par les États, et aux gros actionnaires, avides de dividendes toujours accrus, s’envolent et vont grossir le magasin déjà bien rempli des engagements électoraux non tenus. 

 

[...]

 

Quels sont les enjeux d’une réforme bancaire ?  Pourquoi le renoncement du gouvernement à transformer le modèle des banques est-il grave ?  Et quelles sont les propositions alternatives qui permettraient de mettre au pas la finance au lieu de la rassurer et de rendre le pouvoir monétaire à la population ? C’est à ces trois questions que le présent document essaie de répondre.

 

lire le document:

 

http://www.france.attac.org/sites/default/files/attac-20-mesures-reforme-bancaire.pdf

 


Via dm
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Rescooped by oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide" from Politics economics and society
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From Contagion to Incoherence: Toward a model of the unfolding Eurozone Crisis

From Contagion to Incoherence: Toward a model of the unfolding Eurozone Crisis | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

 

 

 

 

 

 

This post offers readers a fully-fledged analytical model of the unfolding Eurozone Crisis. It begins with a macro-economic analysis of the Crisis’ causes and then, importantly, models the feedback between Europe’s institutional and policy responses and the contagion process that began with Greece. For the fully-fledged (wonkish) version of the paper,

 

 

 

click here ( http://varoufakis.files.wordpress.com/2013/03/from-contagion-to-incoherence-a-simple-macroeconomic-model-of-the-eurozone-crisis1.pdf ). What follows below is a maths-free summary of each of the paper’s sections.

 

[...]

 

 


Via Ioannis
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Rescooped by oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide" from Applied linguistics and knowledge engineering
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Google-Informed Pattern-Hunting and Pattern-Defining: Implication for Language Pedagogy


Via Pascual Pérez-Paredes
oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide"'s insight:

 

 

 

 

 

Keywords: GIPH, GIPD, GALL, concordancer, web corpus, DL, DDL, natural

 

[...]

 

Abstract


The use of the Web as a corpus and Google as a concordancer, has been regarded as one of the promising areas that has a potential for revolutionizing language pedagogy in general, and second language (L2) writing, in particular. More specifically, it is believed that the functions of Google-Informed Pattern-Hunting (GIPH) and Google-Informed Pattern-Defining (GIPD) can promote natural L2 writing through Discovery Learning (DL) and Data Driven Learning (DDL), however, these advantages have mostly been given lip services than tested with first hand empirical studies, and only more recently some studies have been undertaken in this vein. Focusing on L2, this article explored how and to what extent this great potential of GIPH and GIPD has been recognized by reviewing the related studies, thereby some factors and themes (such as Learning Style, Training, Naturalness, Tidiness, Speed, Number of Retrieval, and Proficiency) have been extracted and elaborated on. However, due to the novelty of the area, the themes are mostly the outcome of researchers’ descriptions and interpretations than empirical studies. The inclusion criteria for the present review were studies that focus on the application of the Web as a corpus and Google as a concordance for language learning and L2 writing based on researchers’ and learners’ evaluation of it. Seven studies included in the present review show that learners’ use of GIPH and GIPD champions the promotion of their language learning and L2 writing, providing that proper training and scaffolding are provided. Future studies are also recommended based on the gaps and deficiencies identified in the reviewed researches.

 

[...]

 

 

// open access - cc licence - source URL: http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/ass/article/view/25295

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Rescooped by oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide" from Philosophie en France
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Le CIPh publie un livre numérique en libre accès : Intersections

Le CIPh publie un livre numérique en libre accès : Intersections | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

Pour son trentième anniversaire, le Collège international de philosophie publie Intersections, livre numérique en libre accès sur iPads et ordinateurs. Dans ce livre interactif, cinquante neuf auteurs dessinent un portrait de la philosophie contemporaine, dans ses croisements avec la politique, la littérature, l’éducation, les sciences ou l’art, et une histoire des événements qui, ces trente dernières années, ont contraint la pensée à s’exercer autrement. Ponctué d’archives sonores, Intersections fait dialoguer les philosophes d’aujourd’hui avec les interventions qui ont marqué trois décennies de recherches au Collège, et donne à entendre les voix de Jacques Derrida, Alain Badiou, Jacques Rancière, Corinne Enaudeau... Intersections en résumé, c’est 59 philosophes, 161 pages, 84 photos, 74 documents d’archives, 35 vidéos et 1 frise chronologique 3D. Offert en téléchargement gratuit, Intersections sera également consultable ce printemps dans une trentaine de lieux où le Collège intervient régulièrement : bibliothèques, médiathèques, départements universitaires, librairies, centres culturels... Les lecteurs seront invités à déposer remarques et questions, auxquelles les directrices et directeurs du programme du Collège répondront en vidéo. On pourra retrouver une sélection de ces questions et réponses à travers un dispositif original, le « champ des pourquoi ? », lors de la quinzaine de philosophie organisée du 3 au 16 juin au Palais de Tokyo et qui marquera l’anniversaire du Collège.

Télécharger Intersections sur www.30ansciph.org 


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