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oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts
An aggregator for (oAnth's) daily interests in humanities, arts, science, geography, economics, politics - academia, education - activism, advocacy - itec, free software, open source, open access, open knowledge - languages in use: mostly EN, FR, DE
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Une équipe d'archéologues allemands a découvert des pièces manquantes des célèbres Colosses de Memnon

Une équipe d'archéologues allemands a découvert des pièces manquantes des célèbres Colosses de Memnon | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

 

The Egyptian minister of antiquities announces that a team of German archaeologists has discovered missing pieces belonging to the famed Colossi of Memnon. The statues, dating to roughly 1350 BC, were damaged in an earthquake during the Roman era.

The colossi are some of Egypt's oldest touristic attractions, drawing tourists since ancient times. The twin statues, over 18 meters (60 feet) tall each, are of Pharaoh Amenhotep III, who was worshipped as a deity. The statues are the only remains of a large temple that was built in memorial of the pharaoh.

Minister of Antiquities Mohammed Ibrahim says Sunday the team made the discovery in cooperation with archaeologists from Egypt's Ministry of Antiquities. He said the pieces belong to the belt of one statue, and the base of the other.

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أعلن د. محمد إبراهيم وزير الآثار، اكتشاف كتل حجرية تمثل بعض الاجزاء المفقودة من التمثال الشمالي  من تمثالي  ممنون والذي يتصدرمدخل معبد امنحتب الثالث  بالبر الغربي بالأقصر، وهي عباره عن كتل  كوارتزية  تمثل الاجزاء المفقودة  من  زراع التمثال الأيمن واجزاء  من حزامه الملكي المزخرف.

أوضح  د. إبراهيم  أن الكشف  حققته البعثة الألمانية بالتعاون مع وزارة  الآثار ، مشيراً إلي أن هذه الأجزاء فقدت في العهد القديم علي إثر زلزال  أدي إلي انهيار معبد أمنحتب الثالث بالكامل، والذي لم  يتبق منه سوي تمثالي ممنون اللذان  كانا يتصدران مدخل الصرح الأول للمعبد  واللذان تم نحتهما باستخدام كتل من حجر الكوارتزيت جلبت خصيصا  من الجبل الأحمر بالقاهرة، الي أن وقع الزلزال  والذي أدي إلي تحطم وسقوط الأجزاء التي تم الكشف عنها مؤخراً، لافتا الي  أنه جاري الآن تنفيذ مشروع لإعادة الأجزاء المكتشفة من التمثال إلي أماكنها الأصلية باستخدام احدث طرق الترميم .

ومن جانبه أوضح علي الأصفر، رئيس قطاع الآثار المصرية أن ابعاد الكتل المكتشفة  تتراوح ما بين 88سم ارتفاعاً و  76سم عرضاً، مشيرا الي ان البعثة كشفت أيضاً عن  أجزاء من التاج الملكي وأجزاء أخري من قاعدة التمثالين، لافتا الي ان هذا الكشف يعد  من الاكتشافات الهامة التي تضاف إلي ما تم الكشف عنه في الفترة الماضية في ذات المنطقة من بينها الكشف عن 14 تمثال للملك امنحتب الثالث  عثر عليها في الجنوب من  تمثالي ممنون. 

كما أوضح عبد الحكيم كرار، مدير عام آثار منطقة الأقصر أن مشروع ترميم تمثالي ممنون ومعبد أمنحتب الثالث  يجري تنفيذه على يد فريق عمل مصري أوروبي برئاسة د. هوريج سوروزيان وذلك في إطار  مشروع ضخم لاجراء أعمال الحفائر  بالمناطق المحيطة بالتمثالين للكشف عن أي آثار تخص معبد أمنحتب الثالث الذي دمر بفعل أحد الزلازل الواقعة  قديماً.

 

https://www.facebook.com/notes/ministry-of-antiquitie-


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"Religio Duplex : Comment les Lumières ont réinventé la religion des Egyptiens", par Jan Assmann

"Religio Duplex : Comment les Lumières ont réinventé la religion des Egyptiens", par Jan Assmann | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

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Egypt-actus's curator insight, March 15, 2013 8:34 AM

Présentation de l'ouvrage

Les cultes égyptiens ont fasciné les hommes des Lumières. S'appuyant sur des sources grecques tardives, certains ont cru y déceler la trace d'une religion double : parallèlement au culte polythéiste partagé par tous aurait existé une religion monothéiste, réservée aux initiés. Au XVIIIe siècle, les sociétés secrètes, notamment franc-maçonnes, où s'organisait le culte de la raison dans une Europe soumise au joug de l'absolutisme politique et de l'orthodoxie chrétienne, ont puisé dans les cultes à mystères une source d'inspiration et le modèle de leur propre fonctionnement. Centrant son analyse sur la conception d'une religion à deux niveaux, religio duplex, Jan Assmann en montre l'élaboration et les prolongements jusqu'à l'époque contemporaine, où elle permet de penser l'articulation entre les traditions religieuses particulières et une religion universelle. Il offre ainsi une réflexion virtuose et extraordinairement féconde sur les racines de notre culture moderne qui, en bien des manières et même indirectement, plongent jusque dans la civilisation de l'Egypte ancienne.

Aubier, 2013, 412 pages


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"Dans ce livre virtuose et lumineux, Jan Assmann explore le concept de religio duplex, 'religion double ', dont il fait un concept opératoire fondamental dans l'histoire desreligions. Le concept de religio duplex est élaboré à l'époque des Lumières. Au départ, il sert à désigner la coexistence dans l'Égypte ancienne d'une religion exotérique, polythéiste, pratiquée par tous, et d'une religion ésotérique, monothéiste, réservée aux seuls initiés. 
Les sociétés secrètes de l'Europe des Lumières, notamment la franc-maçonnerie, s'inspirent de cette religion ésotérique égyptienne. Dans les dernières décennies du XVIIIe siècle, la religio duplex reçoit une interprétation radicalement nouvelle : la distinction n'est plus entre religion exotérique et religion ésotérique, mais entre religion particulière et religion universelle. Tout être humain possède deux religions ; comme juif, musulman ou chrétien, une religion particulière, révélée dans une Écriture Sainte, et comme être humain, une religion universelle, révélée dans la nature et la simple raison. 
En ce sens, la religio duplex permet de penser notre époque où les cultures, et donc les religions de la terre se sont rapprochées d'une façon qui ne permet à aucune d'entre elles de se comprendre comme la seule en possession de vérités absolues et universelles. Dans notremonde globalisé, la religion n'a de place que comme une religion à deux niveaux, où chaque religion particulière s'articule à un universel ; pour Assmann, la version moderne de cette religion universelle chère auxphilosophes des Lumières s'incarne dans les 'droits de l'homme."(Evene)

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Collection of Graeco-Roman tombs uncovered in Alexandria

Collection of Graeco-Roman tombs uncovered in Alexandria | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

During routine archaeological survey at an area known as the "27 Bridge" in Al-Qabari district, one of Alexandria’s most densely populated slum areas, archaeologists stumbled upon a collection of Graeco-Roman tombs.

 

Each tomb is a two-storey building with a burial chamber on its first floor. The tombs are semi-immersed in subterranean water but are well preserved and still bear engravings.

Mohamed Abdel Meguid, head of Alexandria's Antiquities Department, explained that the tombs are part of a larger cemetery known as the “Necropolis” (or City of the Dead) as described by Greek historian Strabo when he visited Egypt in 30BC. According to Strabo, the cemetery included a network of tombs containing more than 80 inscriptions, while each tomb yielded information about burial rituals of the Hellenic period.

The newly discovered collection of tombs, Abdel Meguid pointed out, is a part of the western side of the cemetery that was dedicated to the public and not to royals or nobles. The tombs are empty of funerary collections or mummies, corpses, skeletons or even pottery.

“This is a very important discovery that adds more to the archaeological map of Alexandria,” Minister of State for Antiquities Mohamed Ibrahim said, adding that the discovery would allow scientists to decipher more about the history of ancient Alexandria and would also add another tourist destination to the city. (Nevine El-Aref/Aheam Online)

 

More : http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/41/64798/Heritage/GrecoRoman/Collection-of-GraecoRoman-tombs-uncovered-in-Alexa.aspx


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"Ancient Egyptian Administration", edited by Juan Carlos Moreno García, CNRS

"Ancient Egyptian Administration", edited by Juan Carlos Moreno García, CNRS | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

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Egypt-actus's curator insight, March 15, 2013 11:09 AM

"Ancient Egyptian Administration" provides the first comprehensive overview of the structure, organization and evolution of the pharaonic administration from its origins to the end of the Late Period. The book not only focuses on bureaucracy, departments, and official practices but also on more informal issues like patronage, the limits in the actual exercise of authority, and the competing interests between institutions and factions within the ruling elite. Furthermore, general chapters devoted to the best-documented periods in Egyptian history are supplemented by more detailed onesdealing with specific archives, regions, and administrative problems. The volume thus produced by an international team of leading scholars will be an indispensable, up-to-date, tool of research covering a much-neglected aspect of pharaonic civilization.


Brill, 2013

François Tonic's comment, March 15, 2013 11:17 AM
dommage qu'il soit si cher, +230 €
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"History and Identity in the Late Antique Near East", edited by Philip Wood

"History and Identity in the Late Antique Near East", edited by Philip Wood | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

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Egypt-actus's curator insight, February 24, 2013 2:23 AM

History and Identity in the Late Antique Near East gathers together the work of distinguished historians and early career scholars with a broad range of expertise to investigate the significance of newly emerged, or recently resurrected, ethnic identities on the borders of the eastern Mediterranean world. It focuses on the "long late antiquity" from the eve of the Arab conquest of the Roman East to the formation of the Abbasid caliphate. The first half of the book offers papers on the Christian Orient on the cusp of the Islamic invasions. These papers discuss how Christians negotiated the end of Roman power, whether in the selective use of the patristic past to create confessional divisions or the emphasis of the shared philosophical legacy of the Greco-Roman world. The second half of the book considers Muslim attempts to negotiate the pasts of the conquered lands of the Near East, where the Christian histories of Hira or Egypt were used to create distinctive regional identities for Arab settlers. Like the first half, this section investigates the redeployment of a shared history, this time the historical imagination of the Qu'ran and the era of the first caliphs. All the papers in the volume bring together studies of the invention of the past across traditional divides between disciplines, placing the re-assessment of the past as a central feature of the long late antiquity. As a whole, History and Identity in the Late Antique Near East represents a distinctive contribution to recent writing on late antiquity, due to its cultural breadth, its interdisciplinary focus, and its novel definition of late antiquity itself.

Oxford University Press, USA, April 1, 2013, 272 pages