HSIE - Cultural diversity
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HSIE - Cultural diversity
The cultural diversity of Australia and other nations
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About Harmony Day

About Harmony Day | HSIE - Cultural diversity | Scoop.it

http://www.harmony.gov.au/about/

Lisa Moon's insight:

This website is created by Australian government – Department of Immigration and Citizenship to celebrate the Harmony Day. It contains with the information on Harmony Day, such as short summary of harmony day, harmony day fact sheets in different languages, funding, events, harmony heroes, images and resources for teachers and students.

Harmony day is a familiar celebration towards the students, especially for stage 3 students from their experiences of Harmony day as a school event. The intention of implementing this resource is to develop the students’ knowledge on Harmony day. The students can discover the histories of Harmony day through the website and the fact sheets (For students with another background can have both of English and their language fact sheets). Moreover, they can work in groups or pairs to identify what kind of celebrations are famous among the schools, what kind of celebrations have the school done for each year. Then students can design their own celebration for Harmony day. The aim of this lesson is ‘what is the purpose of celebrating Harmony day?’ to give message to students that Harmony day should not be focused on the celebration for enjoyment but celebration to show cultural respect for everyone.

To assess whether the students understood the focus of the lesson, it is recommended to continue the lesson by requesting the students to share their new design of celebration through a short presentation. However, time may not permit for the students to prepare for their presentation. In this case, group to group share and class share are suggested. If the students have understood Harmony day, they will present creative and appropriate celebration with the rationale of their purpose on the celebration.

Using this resource, the students can develop on identifying the different text types (formal information, question and answer, blog entry and so on) and speaking and listening skills through communications with peers. Furthermore, the students upgrade their statistics and data skills by viewing the fact sheets.

Lesson on Harmony day provides a message to everyone that all the variety of cultures in Australia is important. As Parks (2012) stated it fosters positive self-regard in one’s own culture and positive attitudes toward the culture of others. Students who may felt uneasy with their cultures may change optimistically and who may had feeling difficulties to other cultures will gain a motto of ‘respect others as they respect you’ from this lesson.

 

Reference: Parks, J,. (2012). The Importance of Teaching Multiculturalism & Diversity. Hatch: The Early learning Experts. Retrieved 17th April 2013:http://hatchearlylearning.com/teaching-multiculturalism-diversity/

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Aladdin- A whole new world (Multilanguage)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fftDN2H80Cg&list=PLA50312E86E4EC99D

Lisa Moon's insight:

This web link is a video clip of Disney movie Aladdin’s one of the famous OST ‘A whole new world.’ Compare to the original OST, this video is modified and is combined with 16 different languages.

 

The students will wonder and be confused about the video clip without realizing that it’s in different languages – the students might think it’s not clear to hear all the lyrics.  The 16 different languages smooth out in between the interchange to other languages. By letting the students to watch and listen to the song, it provides with a message of languages can divide and unite the world at the same time. Most of the languages that are utilized in this video are spoken by the people who live in Australia. Through this clip we see a diverse in Australia with languages. After the discussion of the clip, the students can teach one of the basic greetings of their nationality languages to peers.

 

Constantly have open discussions and support them by prompting with questions on how the languages effect on uniting and dividing the people with different cultures. In addition, from the students’ attitudes towards teaching and learning different languages other than English represents on how the students undertook the focus of the lesson.

 

From this lesson with the video clip, the students will develop on their listening and speaking skills. Listening is vital skill to speak other languages that are unfamiliar to the students. Also, students upgrade their speaking skills from making an effort to similarly pronounce the unfamiliar words.

 

Different languages, different sounds but perfect compatibility is shown through the video clip of Aladdin OST. We judge that we are different from each other according to the languages and cultures. However, Heath (cited in Otto, 2006) stressed that the contrasts she found in language were not based on race, but on complex cultural influences in each community. It is necessary for the students to realize that diverse of language or culture should never be the reason to raise racism.   

 

Reference: Otto, B. (2006). Culture and Language. Pearson Allyn Bacon Prentice Hall. Retrieved 18th April 2013: http://www.education.com/reference/article/culture-language/

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Alice Springs.jpg (550x388 pixels)

Alice Springs.jpg (550x388 pixels) | HSIE - Cultural diversity | Scoop.it

http://www.racismnoway.com.au/upload/Alice%20Springs.jpg

Lisa Moon's insight:

This site contains the Australian political cartoon from 2008. The cartoon is focused on the racism towards Aboriginal people with the support of the connotative meaning from the word ‘real’ Australia. The cartoonist argues that white Australian people tends to ignore the Australia’s histories and treat the Aboriginal people as troublesome. They disregards with the another term of Aboriginal people are called as Indigenous Australians.

 

The stage 3 students will learn how to decode the political cartoon by observing the images as well as the words. It will allow the students to understand the Australia’s history and common issue – the stolen generation and racism through critical evaluation on the cartoon’s message.

 

Individually decoding a political cartoon can be troublesome to stage 3 students. Therefore, talk about the background information to understand the happenings in the cartoon as a whole class. Prompt them the relevant questions that lead the students to find the answers to the questions. Once the students are familiar with interpreting the cartoon, allow the students to work in small groups to identify methods to reduce racism, what is racism, what happens if racism doesn’t stop and the impact of racism.  Sharing the ideas at the end of the lesson will give better understandings for the students on the racism.

 

Having a lesson with the political cartoon, the students gain literacy. For literacy, they learn to decode the cartoon and identify what the author tries to say to the readers. The students develop the knowledge on background of Australia and increase an interest towards issues that is happening in Australia.

 

Learning on the political cartoon is ‘a highly complex activity that draws on many kinds of knowledge (Leinhardt & Greeno, 1986; Spiro, Coulson, Feltovich, & Anderson, 1988; Speiro, Feltovich, Jacobson, & Coulson, 1991, cited in Mishra & Koehler, 2006, p.1020).’ This political cartoon on racism provides the students to extend their knowledge on Australia’s history, modern issues, racism, resolution of racism and the reasons to repect other cultures.   

 

 

Reference: Mishra, P. & Koehler, M.J. (2006). Technological Pedagogical content Knowledge: A Framework for Teacher Knowledge. Teachers College Record Volume 108, Number 6, pp.1017-1054

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map_largeweb.jpg (1000x808 pixels)

map_largeweb.jpg (1000x808 pixels) | HSIE - Cultural diversity | Scoop.it

http://www.surrender.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/map_largeweb.jpg

Lisa Moon's insight:

This site contains a large map of Aboriginal Australia. It illustrates a diverse of Aboriginal tribes and regions around the Australia.

 

Through this resource, the students see the diverse of Aboriginal Australians living in Australia. This map is to give an idea that Indigenous culture and lifestyle is different and they have tribes and regions instead of states. Students can compare the map of Australia and Aboriginal Australia to find the similarities, differences and interests. As a follow up activity of using the map, Aboriginal guest speaker can organize a Kinship activity where the students see how the each tribes, regions and families connects to each other in different ways.   

 

For the assessment tasks, the students can either work individually or in pairs on the worksheets of similarities, differences and interests on the comparison of both Australian map and Aboriginal Australian map. Additionally, for the Kinship activity, students will experience on how Aboriginal people are connected to each other and it will leave curiosities to students to ask questions to the guest speaker. So after the Kinship activity students can have question and answer time until the end of the lesson.   

This lesson allows the students to improve on their literacy skills on listening to the guest speaker and skills to analyze and compare two maps at a same time. Moreover, skills of statistics and data may require for the students to analyze the map of Aboriginal Australia – numbers of regions and tribes, largest tribe, smallest tribe and so on.

 

The purpose of experiencing Aboriginal Australian’s lifestyle in their perspective is to ‘recognize our shared past, foster understanding and work together for a shared future in which all people are treated with respect and dignity (DECS, n.d, p.5).’ Most of primary Aboriginal education happens to be taught from non-Aboriginal perspectives. However, developing the understandings from both non-Indigenous teacher and Indigenous teacher is necessary since it offers a bird’s eye view of the relationships and histories.

 

Reference: Department of Education and Children’s Services. (n.d.) Aboriginal Education for all learners in South Australia: A beginner’s guide to DECS Aboriginal Education. South Australia

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Making multicultural Australia | multicultural Lesson Ideas for Teachers: Are We All the Same?

Making multicultural Australia | multicultural Lesson Ideas for Teachers: Are We All the Same? | HSIE - Cultural diversity | Scoop.it

http://www.multiculturalaustralia.edu.au/lessons/viewLesson/Are-We-All-the-Same.110 ;

"Assisting young people, parents, teachers and community explore Australia's cultural diversity. Teaching resources on multiculturalism and strategies to promote cultural diversity and tolerance.

Lisa Moon's insight:

This website shows the lesson plan on multiculturalism for stage 3 students. It is a descriptive lesson plan with clear outcome and aim of the lesson –investigation on diversity of the Australian population. The writer had provided all the resources that are needed for the lessons, preparation checklist and lesson notes for the teacher to consider before the lesson, extension activities and 5 suggested activities.

 

This lesson plan is well structured to implement it in HSIE lesson with title as cultural diversity in Australia. It is recommended to use this lesson plan. However, depending on the students, modify the activities or utilize only some activities might be necessary. This lesson plan provides the various different experiences of people who had arrived in Australia. The focus of this lesson is to question the students ‘Are we all the same?’ Some students believe that everyone experiences similar events in their life, when some people face difficulties and others doesn’t.   

 

For the introduction and class discussion, teacher could adopt the interactive whiteboard to annotate the students’ thoughts and opinions. Instead of projecting the answers on the board – collating information activity, students should be asked to form a jigsaw reading group (each table should have students from each group) to share their answers. 

Through this lesson on multiculturalism, the students develop their literacy and numeracy skills. For literacy, they improve on the major English skills – writing, reading, speaking and listening. Furthermore, for numeracy, the students expand their skills on data. They interpret and display data in graphs from the ‘Racism. No way!’ website for their worksheets. 

 

Multiculturalism is important for primary students, especially in Australia. Australia is one of the countries that are famous of cultural diversity. Without knowing the cultural diversity, the students will have difficulties to socialize with the students who have different background as them. Parks (2012) supports the argument by depicting that an emphasis of multicultural activities across the curriculum can help the students to improve positive socialization behaviors among children.   

 

 

Reference: Parks, J,. (2012). The Importance of Teaching Multiculturalism & Diversity. Hatch: The Early learning Experts. Retrieved 18th April 2013:http://hatchearlylearning.com/teaching-multiculturalism-diversity/

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