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Em meio à polêmica, EBC poderá ser extinta pelo governo Temer

Em meio à polêmica, EBC poderá ser extinta pelo governo Temer | Mulher na mídia | Scoop.it
Geddel Vieira Lima e Moreira Franco defendem fim da empresa pública
Beatriz Corrêa's insight:
"Rimoli, quando assumiu, fez demissões de quadros supostamente ligados ao PT, extinguiu o termo “presidenta” usado na gestão de Dilma"
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Dilma: 'A História ainda vai dizer o quanto de violência contra mulher tem nesse impeachment'

Dilma: 'A História ainda vai dizer o quanto de violência contra mulher tem nesse impeachment' | Mulher na mídia | Scoop.it
No que pode ser a sua última agenda pública fora do Palácio do Planalto antes do seu afastamento pelo Senado, que deve acontecer nesta quarta-feira, 11, a presidente Dilma R
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How Likely Is It That Birth Control Could Let You Down?

How Likely Is It That Birth Control Could Let You Down? | Mulher na mídia | Scoop.it
Charts of probabilities of unintended pregnancy while using different contraception methods, for up to 10 years.
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MONDIAL 2014 • La Coupe du monde la plus sexiste de l’histoire ?

MONDIAL 2014 • La Coupe du monde la plus sexiste de l’histoire ? | Mulher na mídia | Scoop.it
Au Brésil, les réalisateurs et les présentateurs des matchs, la bave aux lèvres, réduisent les supportrices à leur rôle de jolies filles en maillot – un peu comme des "bonbons" pour divertir le téléspectateur. Mais pourquoi donc personne ne s’en indigne ?
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Being A Sex Object Is Empowering. Oh, Wait, No It’s Not. Here’s Why.

Being A Sex Object Is Empowering. Oh, Wait, No It’s Not. Here’s Why. | Mulher na mídia | Scoop.it
Learn all about the "sexy lie" that affects us every day.
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Maior oferta de creches pode elevar salários e liberar 4 milhões de mulheres para o trabalho

Maior oferta de creches pode elevar salários e liberar 4 milhões de mulheres para o trabalho | Mulher na mídia | Scoop.it
Pesquisa inédita da Secretaria de Assuntos Estratégicos mostra que renda familiar cresce de 20% a 25% quando os filhos estão em creches
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Folha de S.Paulo - Colunistas - Cláudia Collucci - Parto natural, cesáreas e prematuridade - 06/08/2013

Folha de S.Paulo - Colunistas - Cláudia Collucci - Parto natural, cesáreas e prematuridade - 06/08/2013 | Mulher na mídia | Scoop.it
DE SÃO PAULO - O filme "Renascimento do Parto", que estreia nos cinemas dia 9 de agosto, tem vários méritos. O principal é questionar de forma incisiva o alarmante número de cesarianas realizadas no Brasil e propor uma reflexão sobre isso.
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6 razões pelas quais as Meninas Superpoderosas poderiam ter substituído sua aula de Estudos de Gênero

6 razões pelas quais as Meninas Superpoderosas poderiam ter substituído sua aula de Estudos de Gênero | Mulher na mídia | Scoop.it
Pouca gente percebe que As Meninas Superpoderosas começaram a quebrar as expectativas dos papéis de mulheres e homens em nossa sociedade.
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Is Star Wars sexist?

Is Star Wars sexist? | Mulher na mídia | Scoop.it

A long time ago in a galaxy far, far away... a man named George Lucas created one of pop culture's most beloved franchises; Star Wars. The original trilogy comprising of 'A New Hope' (1977), 'Empire Strikes Back' (1980) and 'Return of The Jedi' (1983) (also known as episodes IV to VI), is an epic space opera charting the struggles between the good guys, aka The Rebellion, against the bad guys, aka The Empire.

The follow up prequel trilogy includes 'The Phantom Menace' (1999). 'Attack of the Clones' (2002) and 'Revenge of the Sith' (2005), (Known as episodes I-III) charted the rise and fall of Anakin Skywalker (Jake Lloyd in episode I and Hayden Christensen in episodes II and III). Loved for its characters, epic plot and cutting edge special effects, Star Wars changed the face not only of the space opera sub-genre but of Sci-Fi as a whole.

But it's not all lightsaber duels, blowing up Death Stars and Jawa Juice kegers. Some would argue that the Star Wars universe is misogynistic and male dominated, where the females are greatly overshadowed and outnumbered by their male counterparts. Hmmm. Let's take a look?

Looking at the original trilogy and the prequels through the lens of Feminist Theory, it's clear why some people would certainly feel that women are under-represented. What is Feminist Theory you might ask? Well, in a nut shell, it's a theoretical and philosophical discourse on subjects such as the rejection of traditional roles for women, the rejection of traditional modes of female beauty and undermining patriarchal establishments.

Already, you can see why feminists might reject Princess Leia (Carrie Fisher) as a strong female role model. Sure, on the surface she's a tough talking, laser gun toting political activist who appears to keep the men folk in check. But, by Episode VI she's relegated to a bikini clad sex slave, chained to the universe's most wanted gangster, Jabba The Hut, and is in desperate need of rescue from none other than...the men. Not particularly a role women should aspire to. But is it a product of its time?

One theory known as 'the male gaze' (Laura Mulvey, 1975), popular around the time Star Wars was created would suggest so. It concerns itself with the fact that women exist largely to be looked at by men. They're passive, a spectacle; they're punished rather than the punisher. There's no denying that in 'Return of The Jedi', Princess Leia falls dangerously in to this cliché. There's no other reason for her to be in a bikini, other than to be leered at as a sex symbol. After all, the main demographic for the genre is the 15-30 year old males. So, you can forgive the originals for being sexist to some extent, but what about the prequel trilogy?

Again, in Episode I, II and III, there's only one female character in the core group; Padmé Amidala (Natalie Portman), the soon to be mother of Luke and Leia. Unlike her future daughter, Padmé does appear to be a stronger female character; she's the queen that takes centre stage in an active role in the liberation of her planet. After becoming a leading political figure in the galactic senate and kidnapped by the enemy in Episode II, she doesn't wait for a man to save her, but defends herself and fights for her own freedom, wielding a blaster as well as any man. But then everything falls down.

Padmé's sole purpose in the film is for Anakin to fall in love with her and to subsequently die in childbirth, thus pushing him over the edge into the abyss of the dark side. She's basically used as a plot point, albeit one that gets dragged out over the course of three films. She doesn't even get a heroic death, instead dying from a lack of a will to live. A broken heart. Cliché anyone? And it's the same across all six films; the female characters, both leading and supporting, are there to serve the purpose of a male, usually the lead. None of them go out in a blaze of glory, lightsabre held high. They don't even get a decent story arc.

So, the prequels are an improvement, but not by much. There's no denying, Star Wars is an awesome piece of cinema history, one that will forever hold a prominent place in my heart. Its innovative use of special effects, its epic plot, the memorable characters, all come together to create movie magic. But like anything, it does have its faults. Women are greatly under-represented and given, some would argue, sexist roles.

The originals can be excused to some degree, but not the prequels. On the other hand, Star Wars wasn't created to be a politically correct treatise on Affirmative Action. It's entertainment, plain and simple. Let's hope Mr Abrams and Disney can find a happy medium. I, for one, cannot wait to see what they have cooking.

Until next time... keep watching.

References

Laura Mulvey (1975). "Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema". Screen 16 (3): pg. 6-18

Star Wars The Complete Saga (2011) Directed by Lucas, George (Blu-ray) 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment

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Novela humilha personagem gorda e ensina que felicidade depende de marido

Novela humilha personagem gorda e ensina que felicidade depende de marido | Mulher na mídia | Scoop.it
Na cena agendada pela Rede Globo para 10 de outubro, Perséfone (Fabiana Karla) perde a virgindade em "Amor à Vida", bem ao estilo dos conto de fadas: na no...
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Conheça as novidades do lucrativo mercado da maternidade

Conheça as novidades do lucrativo mercado da maternidade | Mulher na mídia | Scoop.it
As excentricidades de um setor que movimenta R$50 bilhões ao ano incluem cine parto e TV ligada a berçário
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Brazil’s abortion nightmare: Why one desperate woman lied about rape

Brazil’s abortion nightmare: Why one desperate woman lied about rape | Mulher na mídia | Scoop.it
Desperate to get a safe abortion, Juliana decided to lie and say she was raped
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The Truth Behind Gender Marketing

The Truth Behind Gender Marketing | Mulher na mídia | Scoop.it
Kirsten Drysdale and Zoe Norton Lodge examine the issue of market segmentation by gender and find we've all got an equal opportunity to pay more.
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As cantadas ofendem

As cantadas ofendem | Mulher na mídia | Scoop.it
Uma pesquisa mostra que as mulheres têm medo de andar sozinhas por causa das agressões verbais – e físicas – que recebem dos homens. Quando haverá uma campanha oficial contra isso?
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Deputado do PT reage à médica cubana e ataca sua vida pessoal

Deputado do PT reage à médica cubana e ataca sua vida pessoal | Mulher na mídia | Scoop.it
“Quero dizer que essa médica foi é tarde”, declarou o petista
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Gender Inequality in Film - An Infographic

Gender Inequality in Film - An Infographic | Mulher na mídia | Scoop.it
New York Film Academy looks into how women are portrayed on screen and employed behind the scenes to understand gender inequality in film.
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Folha de S.Paulo - Cotidiano - Haddad sanciona lei que institui parto humanizado na rede pública - 11/11/2013

Folha de S.Paulo - Cotidiano - Haddad sanciona lei que institui parto humanizado na rede pública - 11/11/2013 | Mulher na mídia | Scoop.it
O prefeito Fernando Haddad (PT) sancionou o projeto de lei que cria o parto humanizado na rede pública municipal.
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Mulheres vão melhor em testes de matemática se falsificam seu nome

Mulheres vão melhor em testes de matemática se falsificam seu nome | Mulher na mídia | Scoop.it
Uma nova pesquisa mostrou que as mulheres têm um desempenho melhor nos testes de matemática quando colocam um nome diferente do seu no exame - o que prova que é o estereótipo que as faz fracassar
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Feminist movie rating system introduced in Sweden

Feminist movie rating system introduced in Sweden | Mulher na mídia | Scoop.it
Movie theatres in equality-minded Sweden are introducing a new rating to highlight gender bias, or rather the absence of it.
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Entre Dilma e Marina, escolha não ser machista

Entre Dilma e Marina, escolha não ser machista | Mulher na mídia | Scoop.it
Como debater eleições (e criticar as candidatas) sem abrir brechas àquele restinho de machismo que você guarda em si. Por Marília Moschkovich, no Outras Palavras
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Maioria dos brasileiros acha que publicidade trata a mulher como objeto

Maioria dos brasileiros acha que publicidade trata a mulher como objeto | Mulher na mídia | Scoop.it
Pesquisa realizada pelo Data Popular e Instituto Patrícia Galvão também revela que 70% da população defende punição aos responsáveis por propagandas ofensivas
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Homem que assediava menina é preso após armadilha da mãe

Homem que assediava menina é preso após armadilha da mãe | Mulher na mídia | Scoop.it
Mulher conta que procurou duas delegacias, mas não obteve ajuda, e por isso resolveu agir sozinha
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