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Why do Map Projections Matter?

This is a clip from the TV show West Wing (Season 2-Episode 16) where cartography plays a key role in the plot.  In this episode the fictitious (but still on Facebook) group named "the Organization of Cartographers for Social Justice" is campaigning to have the President officially endorse the Gall-Peters Projection in schools and denounce the Mercator projection.  The argument being that children will grow up thinking some places are not as important because they are minimized by the map projection. 

 

As Salvatore Natoli (a leader in geography education) was quoted in the video clip: "In our society we unconsciously equate size with importance and even power." This is one reason why many people have underestimated the true size of Africa relative to places that they view as more important or more powerful.

 

Questions to Ponder:  Why do map projections matter?  Is one global map projection inherently better than the rest? 

 


Via Seth Dixon, dilaycock
Mr Steven Newman's insight:

An excellent extension exercise. 

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dilaycock's curator insight, April 9, 2013 5:44 PM

Great illustration of the way in which maps can represented data differently, and the impact of doing so.

Evan Margiotta's curator insight, September 24, 11:01 PM

This clip from West Wing (Season 2 - Episode 16), describes the disadvantages of the Mercator Projection, and demonstrates a small part of American map illiteracy. The clip shows the Mercator Projection put up against the Gall-Peters Projection. Both these maps show an latitude and longitude connecting at right angles, which makes these maps easy to read and draw up from memory when picturing a map. For these reasons the Mercator Projection is the map used in schools across the U.S. and most of the world. The distortion of the regions closer to the pole inflates the size of the western superpowers, as well as Russia (which was the U.S.S.R. when these maps were first implemented in schools), while in comparison downsizing the developing countries of Sub-Saharan Africa. As the video shows, many westerners do not actually know of the distortion, leading to an overblown sense of size and importance. In comparison westerners often downgrade the importance and size of developing countries in Africa, not realizing their size, which is actually accurate on the Mercator Projection (because it is on/near the equator), is much larger in comparison with the western countries.

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Rescooped by Mr Steven Newman from Geography Education
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Linguistic Family Tree

Linguistic Family Tree | Mrstevennewman | Scoop.it

"When linguists talk about the historical relationship between languages, they use a tree metaphor. An ancient source (say, Indo-European) has various branches (e.g., Romance, Germanic), which themselves have branches (West Germanic, North Germanic), which feed into specific languages (Swedish, Danish, Norwegian).  Minna Sundberg, creator of the webcomic Stand Still. Stay Silent, a story set in a lushly imagined post-apocalyptic Nordic world, has drawn the antidote to the boring linguistic tree diagram."


Via Seth Dixon
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16s3d's curator insight, November 8, 3:29 PM

Racines communes, connexions et interactions entre les langues sont visualisées dans cette infographie.

 

Infographie en haute définition: http://mentalfloss.com/sites/default/files/196.jpg

Linda Denty's curator insight, November 9, 7:31 PM

A really wonderful graphic.

Nevermore Sithole's curator insight, November 11, 3:21 AM

Linguistic Family Tree

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Developing World Cities and Population Density

Developing World Cities and Population Density | Mrstevennewman | Scoop.it
Without a question, we are living in an urban era. More people now live in cities than anywhere else on the planet and I’ve repeatedly argued that cities are our most important economic engine. As a result of these shifts, we’re seeing megacities at a scale the world has never seen before.

Via Seth Dixon
Mr Steven Newman's insight:

Just a few years ago there were only  20 cities with a pop over 10 million.  I'll use this with my  10 geography class to compare Australia's population and size with these cities and  look at debates around policies.  I,ll try and get the students to debate around ecological sustainability.

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Fathie Kundie's curator insight, June 27, 12:05 PM
المدن الأعلى كثافة بالسكان على مستوى العالم
Sally Egan's curator insight, June 29, 9:31 PM

Mega cities and the challenges they face for the future is focus in this article. Great statistics on populations and urban densities are also included.

MsPerry's curator insight, August 12, 7:47 PM

APHG-U6

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Using Scale in Elementary School

Using Scale in Elementary School | Mrstevennewman | Scoop.it
Great idea to help early years learners understand their 'place'...
Via Maree Whiteley, Seth Dixon
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This one I'll use to differentiate for my SWD kids in High School
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Why So Many Emerging Megacities Remain So Poor

Why So Many Emerging Megacities Remain So Poor | Mrstevennewman | Scoop.it
“How globalization has changed the nature of urban development.”
Via Seth Dixon
Mr Steven Newman's insight:
Great article for Stage 6 Geography Urban Places unit.
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Urbanization and Megacities: Jakarta

"This case study examines the challenges of human well-being and urbanization, especially in the megacity of Jakarta."


Via Seth Dixon
Mr Steven Newman's insight:

Great for Stage 6 in Urban Places-- Megacities

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Lauren Stahowiak's curator insight, April 16, 5:16 PM

In megacities, such as Jakarta, urbanization brings about many problems for local residents. The areas are crowded and residents get little to no income. An Australian organization works to help the people of Jakarta by giving them advice,food and helping where necessary. With this help, families are able to keep their spirits higher and hope that their children will live better lives than the ways that they were brought up.

Joseph Thacker 's curator insight, April 18, 8:10 PM

Jakarta is the capitol of Indonesia and now has a population of over 28 million. Urbanization is bringing serious problems to Indonesia’s only mega city, such as poor access to clean water and housing, and overpopulation. Some people, including the young woman in this video are living with 16 or more people in one house. It seems the city is not providing enough affordable housing for its residents.

Tracy Galvin's curator insight, May 1, 2:25 PM

It is nice to see an organization that is not just blindly giving resources to people in need but actually empowering them and training them to be able to get the things they need through work. The women in this story describe how they have learned to make and sell things in order to take care of their families and they describe how empowering that feels.

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3 Ways to Make Compelling Maps

3 Ways to Make Compelling Maps | Mrstevennewman | Scoop.it

"What makes a good map?  How can we tell what makes a good map?


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SchoolandUniversity's curator insight, June 1, 2013 1:45 AM

http://bit.ly/11hvYJo

 

Leoncio Lopez-Ocon's curator insight, June 1, 2013 7:08 AM

Maneras de hacer a los mapas más expresivos y convincentes

Jye Watson's curator insight, June 23, 2013 10:24 PM

Mapping tips

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Urban vs Suburb: The Debate and Ignoring the Deeper Issues | Sustainable Cities Collective

Urban vs Suburb: The Debate and Ignoring the Deeper Issues | Sustainable Cities Collective | Mrstevennewman | Scoop.it
The "debate" could be more fruitful if everyone were just more honest and recognized not only the messiness of the real world, but stopped trying to fit one solution onto everyone else. Suburbia is not the answer.
Mr Steven Newman's insight:

Some good extension work for kids to think about suburbanisatigroin Urban units studied in Stage 5 and Stage 6

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Facebook connections map the world

Facebook connections map the world | Mrstevennewman | Scoop.it
Facebook intern Paul Butler has created a detailed map of the world by mapping connections between people using the social network living in different cities.

Via Seth Dixon
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Thomas C. Thompson's curator insight, April 27, 2013 8:25 PM

This is a picture of our world and the real way that we are connected in real time from Facebook. It's amazing! Share this everywhere!

Maegan Connor's curator insight, December 17, 2013 12:23 PM

This map amazes me because of just how big Facebook has become after starting as a small site for college kids in the U.S. to connect on.  Now it is one of the largest contributing factors to globalization as it allows people from various continents to connect to others with a simple Internet connection.  It has helped people of different cultures come together and as we saw in class, it helps spread word of different political happenings that regular news media tries to hide from us.  

It's also really interesting to see how China is completely off the grid and so is central and Saharan Africa because in terms of modern day globalization, they are not areas that participate in many global affairs and with the prominence Facebook holds in today's world, the parts of the world that are missing are much stranger to us in cultural terms.

L.Long's curator insight, February 16, 4:26 AM

Global networks

 

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None of the world's top industries would be profitable if they paid for the natural capital they use

None of the world's top industries would be profitable if they paid for the natural capital they use | Mrstevennewman | Scoop.it
A sobering new study finds that the world's biggest industries burn through $7.3 trillion worth of free natural capital a year. And it's the only reason they turn a profit.
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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, April 2013

4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, April 2013 | Mrstevennewman | Scoop.it
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Great for Stage 5, Australian Communities and Australia in its regional global context.

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LANDFILL HARMONIC: Inspiring dreams one note at a time!

A heartfelt & moving story of how instruments made from recycled trash bring hope to children whose future is otherwise spiritless.

Via Seth Dixon
Mr Steven Newman's insight:

very inspiring!

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Elizabeth Bitgood's curator insight, February 17, 11:21 AM

This video was very moving.  I was surprised how the recycled instruments sounded exactly like the real things.  I think this should make us think about how much of the trash we generate could be put to some use besides rotting in a landfill.  It also shows the ingenuity of people to find a use for a resource even if that resource is trash.  It just goes to show that the saying “one man’s trash is another man’s treasure,” is true.

Nicole Kearsch's curator insight, October 14, 12:11 PM

This is really cool.  You would think that people living on a pile of trash would be really miserable and have a negative outlook on life, which in a way these kids probably do.  However they have found a way to bring joy to their lives and bring them closer together.  Going through the trash they are sometimes lucky enough to find actual instruments that have been thrown away, but more times than others only find pieces they can use.  Taking the pieces of trash that they find and turning them into instruments to make music is the highlight of most of these kids day.  They go to show that they can live in the worst of the worst but that doesn't mean that that will stop them from becoming something in life.

Jennifer Brown's curator insight, October 31, 3:46 PM

I saw this video a few months ago on Facebook and watching it again still makes the hair raise up on my arms. This video is inspiring! It shows that you can make something so beautufil like music out of something that was once considered someone trash. It also puts another perspective on recycling, most people only hear about bottles, cans, and other house hold goods being turned back into another product. These instruments might be an eye opener for products that don't get a second look.

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What Happens When Half The World Stops Making Babies

What Happens When Half The World Stops Making Babies | Mrstevennewman | Scoop.it
We are now in the middle of perhaps the greatest demographic change in recorded history.
Mr Steven Newman's insight:

Fantastic, I can see this used in Year 11 and Year 8

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Normative Gendered Messages

Normative Gendered Messages | Mrstevennewman | Scoop.it

 

Here are two shirts are from the Avengers.  Both are designed for their children apparel production line, but I don't have to tell you which one is marketed for boys and which one is marketed for girls.


Questions to ponder: How (and why) do companies use cultural ideas and values to market their products?  How do companies shape cultural ideas and values?  What impact do messages like this have on a society's culture?  Do seemingly subtle differences is pop cultural products like this matter?  

 

Tags: perspective, culture, gender,  popular culture.


Via Seth Dixon
Mr Steven Newman's insight:

Great for Society and Culture

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Matthew DiLuglio's curator insight, October 12, 2013 6:14 PM

Commercials don't always try to sell you stuff, they try to appeal to you.  Heroism appeals to people, but people are trying to sell you shirts that advertise comicbooks in a trinity of marketing efforts.  Social appeal, by referring to heros, sales by selling the shirt, and advertising comics.  I like comics, but I would rather spend money on comic books, or go into the world and make a difference and BE a hero (or eat a hero at a hoagie hut) than buy one of those shirts.  My spiritual beliefs are open to allowing the sales of these shirts, but my preference does not incline me to actually purchase one.  I am 'free' in this country to buy or not to buy a shirt.  I'm a long-time supporter of art, and I like the idea the shirt puts forward- supporting heroism and comic books, belief in scifi/fantasy art and concepts, and I agree that someone should buy that shirt... but I feel that I could do more by actually being a hero than telling people to be heros.  By using comic book heros, the advertisers say that nobody on this world is a hero, because they 'aren't real,' but also that anybody can be a hero by striving towards virtue of the pure ideal idols in the comics.

Ana Cristina Gil's curator insight, November 6, 2013 9:15 PM

Companies before they put any product in the market they do research first for example; what people are buying, they take in consideration gender and culture. And why is that? Because they are not going to create a product that no one is going to buy. The impact that this type of messages like this have on a society’s culture. No matter how many laws are make in favor woman equality are created we are being  perceived as the weak sex, that we need the help of a man to do anything. Sadly but true this type of campaign it was sales

Michele Baker's curator insight, March 12, 11:39 AM

This is a really depressing trend, and one that, as the parent of a daughter, I am all too aware of. It's way past time we start rethinking the way we dictate gender roles in children.

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Welcome to 'Geography Education'

Welcome to 'Geography Education' | Mrstevennewman | Scoop.it

Finding Materials: This site is designed for geography students and teachers to find interesting, current supplemental materials.  To search for place-specific posts, browse this interactive map.  To search for thematic posts, see http://geographyeducation.org/thematic/ (organized by the APHG curriculum).  Also you can search for a keyword by clicking on the filter tab above.


Via Seth Dixon
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Samuel D'Amore's curator insight, September 10, 2:44 PM

This is the key to finding specific articles.

Helen Rowling's curator insight, September 28, 6:30 PM

Use updates to filter through and be collated in your most frequented tools.

Rich Schultz's curator insight, November 18, 2:10 PM

Geography and current events

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Challenges in Managing Pet Wastes

Challenges in Managing Pet Wastes | Mrstevennewman | Scoop.it

Pet waste is a growing public health and environmental risk. Household pet droppings may still be largely fated for disposal, but even when binned this waste is at least moving through proper waste management channels.  


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Salman Zafar's curator insight, April 1, 12:46 PM

People love animals, but are rather less keen to engage with pets as an environmental issue. Leaving aside questions of whether it is sustainable for so many of us to have pets at all, there are clearly ways in which we can reduce their impact. 

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Great Circle Mapper

Great Circle Mapper | Mrstevennewman | Scoop.it
"The Great Circle Mapper displays maps and computes distances along a geodesic path. It includes an extensive, searchable database of airports and other locations."
Via Seth Dixon
Mr Steven Newman's insight:
This is a great tool to help demonstrate to a beginner Geographers the impact of turning a 3 dimensional globe into a 2 dimensional flat map.
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Will saving poor children lead to overpopulation?

“Hans Rosling explains a very common misunderstanding about the world. CC by www.gapminder.org
Via Seth Dixon
Mr Steven Newman's insight:
Some nice basic demographic ideas to get students thinking about population. Use it as a starting point for a unit.
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Rescooped by Mr Steven Newman from Geography Education
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Welcome to 'Geography Education'

Welcome to 'Geography Education' | Mrstevennewman | Scoop.it

Finding Materials: This site is designed for geography students and teachers to find interesting, current supplemental materials.  To search for place-specific posts, browse this interactive map.  To search for thematic posts, see http://geographyeducation.org/thematic/ (organized by the APHG curriculum).  Also you can search for a keyword by clicking on the filter tab above.

 

Staying Connected: You can receive post updates in the way that best fits how you use social media.

Update Notifications: Twitter, Facebook, Pinterest, Google+.

              Email: Click 'follow' button at top right of this page.

Sites with Content: Wordpress, Scoop.it.


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SRINIVAS KASULLA's comment, August 31, 2013 2:19 PM
Awsome liked the map and would like to contribute ....thanks for such a nice article Peters Energy :)
SRINIVAS KASULLA's comment, August 31, 2013 2:19 PM
Awsome liked the map and would like to contribute ....thanks for such a nice article Peters Energy :)
Thomas C. Thompson's curator insight, August 31, 2013 7:51 PM

Love this Geography Education site! Set up two ways: regionally and thematically so you can find lesson ideas easily.

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How big is a house? How much space is enough?

How big is a house?  How much space is enough? | Mrstevennewman | Scoop.it
How big is your house?  Is it big enough? Is there an optimum amount of floor space per person?  This post takes a look at house sizes around the world and asks how much space is enough. Last month...
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46 Tools To Make Infographics In The Classroom

46 Tools To Make Infographics In The Classroom | Mrstevennewman | Scoop.it
46 Tools To Make Infographics In The Classroom
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I'll be using this stuff more with my students.

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Connecting PBL and STEM... 40 Free Engaging Resources To Use In The Classroom

Connecting PBL and STEM... 40 Free Engaging Resources To Use In The Classroom | Mrstevennewman | Scoop.it
Welcome to one of my most resource-filled posts ever!  One that is dedicated to highlighting some amazing free resources that will help support STEM-based PBL in the classroom .  Before introducing...
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Beijing’s Healthy Approach to Public Space | Sustainable Cities Collective

Beijing’s Healthy Approach to Public Space | Sustainable Cities Collective | Mrstevennewman | Scoop.it
The role of public space can vary greatly from city to city. In Beijing, public space focuses on health and community, a reflection of Chinese beliefs in balance, prevention and longevity dating back thousands of years.
Mr Steven Newman's insight:

Love the concept of Public Space! Some councils do it well in Australia, while others are found wanting.

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Why Buying Local is Worth Every Cent [INFOGRAPHIC] | Sustainable Cities Collective

Why Buying Local is Worth Every Cent [INFOGRAPHIC] | Sustainable Cities Collective | Mrstevennewman | Scoop.it
Ever wish there was a single graphic that effectively summarized the benefits of buying local? Well, scroll down below, because this is what you were waiting for!
Mr Steven Newman's insight:

Great for deepening the understanding off Global Citizenship and Active Citizenship

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Same Millennium, New Goals: Why Peace, Security, Good Governance and the Rule of Law Must Be Included in the New MDGs

Same Millennium, New Goals: Why Peace, Security, Good Governance and the Rule of Law Must Be Included in the New MDGs | Mrstevennewman | Scoop.it
In September 2000, world leaders unanimously adopted the Millennium Development Goals, but standing against the achievements of the last 12 years is a sobering finding: no fragile or conflict-affected low-income country has achieved a single MDG.
Mr Steven Newman's insight:

Will use this for Yer 8 and 10

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10 Techy Icebreakers for The 21st Century Teacher ~ Educational Technology and Mobile Learning

10 Techy Icebreakers for The 21st Century Teacher ~ Educational Technology and Mobile Learning | Mrstevennewman | Scoop.it

Via Danita Russell
Mr Steven Newman's insight:

Forwarded this one on to my staff : )

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