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Fracking Flyover Part II—The Destructive Realities of Hydraulic Fracturing

Fracking Flyover Part II—The Destructive Realities of Hydraulic Fracturing | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it
SKYTRUTH — Even developed as responsibly as possible, it is undeniable that unconventional shale gas extraction will change the landscape of West Virginia for decades.

(...) Highlight #3: Infrastructure

While not discussed nearly as much as water contamination, buildout of natural gas infrastructure is a certain impact of unconventional shale gas development. Gas separator units and condensate tanks remain on the wellpad for the productive life of the well, pipeline networks crisscross the fields and forests to connect all of the wells to market, compressor stations will run as long as there is gas moving through the pipelines and large petrochemical facilities set up shop in traditionally rural areas. These facilities have a big footprint on the land, and contribute to air, noise and light pollution in largely rural areas.
Via EcoWatch
MOVUS's insight:

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http://ecowatch.org/2012/earthquakes-and-fracking-wells/

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extractive conflicts and environment / Uruguay, South America
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Uruguay / CAMPAIGN FOR NATIONAL REFERENDUM AGAINST OPEN PIT METAL MINING

Uruguay / CAMPAIGN FOR NATIONAL REFERENDUM AGAINST OPEN PIT METAL MINING | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

CAMPAIGN FOR NATIONAL REFERENDUM AGAINST OPEN PIT METAL MINING

 

Montevideo, december 8, 2013.

 

The last week was launched in Uruguay a campaign to collect signatures to promote a national referendum to include an amendment in the Constitution of the Republic to ban open pit metal mining throughout the national territory.

 

The National pro-Referendum Movement Uruguay Free from Open Pit Metal Mining (URUGUAYLIBRE)is a non partisan coalition of citizens and social groups from 11 of the 19 municipalities of the country concerned about the introduction of an activity with serious impacts on society and natural ecosystems.

 

Uruguay is located in the Humid Pampa, a privileged ecosystem of fertile soils and abundant surface and underground water resources that sustain grasslands and lands where agriculture and cattle-raising are developed. The national economy is based on these two activities that promote the country’s trade, industry and exports.

 

Over the last decades, this ecosystem has been threatened by large-scale agricultural plantations intended for the international market, which require a massive and ever-growing use of chemical pesticides and fertilisers and cause the degradation of large areas of the territory, increasing erosion and the pollution of water bodies.

 

More recently, a project to exploit the country’s metal ore deposits –mainly iron and gold- through open-pit mining is promoted by the government. Successive geological studies have confirmed that Uruguay is not rich in these minerals, its reserves are scarce and have low concentration levels, exhaustible after a few years of extraction.

 

An international speculative scenario –transient, as are they all, and the cycle of which is already at its declining stage-, raised metal prices above historical values and gave rise to the possibility of a lucrative business for companies whose objective is to rapidly extract the highest possible volume of these minerals and sell them abroad.

 

Open-pit mining of low-concentration metal deposits - particularly, of iron and gold- is the most depleting and polluting activity for soils and water bodies in the planet. Several countries have banned its development. Among these stands Costa Rica, a Centralamerican country with great similarities to Uruguay.

 

This activity jeopardises the integrity of the Uruguayan territory –and, therefore, the productive sectors and cultures that have historically supported the country- due to the downright destruction of the exploitation area and its additional massive impact on a vast portion of soils and water resources. To the above, inordinate privileges and subsidies must be added, which will be ultimately borne by taxpayers.

 

For the Uruguayan Constitution, signatures of ten percent of the electorate (260,000 signatures) are needed to be called a referendum, coinciding with the next national election, in which decide on whether or not the proposed amendment.

 

The proposal to amend the Constitution says:


To the President of the General Assembly of the Legislative Power
Mr. Danilo Astori

I, the undersigned, hereby promote before you the following Amendment to the Constitution, as per the provisions of Section 331, paragraph A of the Constitution of the Republic, which shall be subject to popular decision at the most immediate election.

 

Let the following paragraphs be added to Section No. 47:

 

 

"The integrity of soils and water resources is an essential part of the nation’s heritage and it must be preserved from any and all activities resulting in the final degradation or destruction thereof.

 

Open-pit mining activities intended for the extraction of metal ore are hereby forbidden in the whole national territory.

 

Any and all authorisations, concessions or licenses currently in force which in any way infringe this provision shall be rendered null and void as of the effective date of this reform."

 

uruguay libre

 

(http://uruguayciudadanossinmegamineria.org)

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Cancer et herbicides : Monsanto préfère s’en prendre aux scientifiques

Rue 89 23/03/2015

Thibaut Schepman


Vous ne connaissez pas le glyphosate ? En fait, si. C’est Monsanto qui a vendu le premier ce produit chimique, en 1974, via son célèbre Roundup. Depuis, le glyphosate est devenu l’herbicide le plus vendu au monde. Il est utilisé dans les champs mais aussi dans les jardins, les forêts, les rues, les cimetières.

Du coup, on en trouve dans l’air que l’on respire, dans l’eau que l’on boit et dans la nourriture que l’on mange, a rappelé ce vendredi le Circ (Centre international de recherche sur le cancer), l’agence internationale de référence pour la recherche sur le cancer, qui a été créée par l’Organisation mondiale de la santé et qui est basée en France, à Lyon.

Dans son évaluation – publiée après un travail d’un an mené par dix-sept experts internationaux indépendants qui ont recensé l’ensemble des études scientifiques sur le sujet – le Circ a classé ce produit comme «  probablement cancérogène  ».

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Obama: le pétrole canadien est «extraordinairement sale»

Obama: le pétrole canadien est «extraordinairement sale» | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it
Le président américain Barack Obama n'est pas tendre envers le pétrole canadien. Il a déclaré vendredi que la manière dont le pétrole est extrait au Canada est exceptionnellement sale, ce qui explique pourquoi les écologistes sont si nombreux à s'y opposer.

«Évidemment, il y a toujours des risques à extraire beaucoup de pétrole des fermes du Nebraska et d'autres régions du pays», a-t-il affirmé lors d'une rencontre avec des citoyens américains en Caroline du Sud.

Le président américain semble de plus en plus critique à l'égard de l'oléoduc Keystone XL. Il répète depuis plusieurs mois que les bénéfices du projet seraient beaucoup plus grands pour le Canada et moins pour les États-Unis.

Ses déclarations au collège Benedict se distinguent toutefois de ses précédentes puisqu'il a visé ici l'industrie toute entière.

Via Damoclès
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USGS Release: Coping with Earthquakes Induced by Fluid Injection

USGS Release: Coping with Earthquakes Induced by Fluid Injection | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

USGS 19/02/2015


MENLO PARK, Calif.— A paper published today in Science provides a case for increasing transparency and data collection to enable strategies for mitigating the effects of human-induced earthquakes caused by wastewater injection associated with oil and gas production in the United States.  The paper is the result of a series of workshops led by scientists at the U.S. Geological Survey in collaboration with the University of Colorado, Oklahoma Geological Survey and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, suggests that it is possible to reduce the hazard of induced seismicity through management of injection activities.

Large areas of the United States that used to experience few or no earthquakes have, in recent years, experienced a remarkable increase in earthquake activity that has caused considerable public concern as well as damage to structures. This rise in seismic activity, especially in the central United States, is not the result of natural processes.

Instead, the increased seismicity is due to fluid injection associated with new technologies that enable the extraction of oil and gas from previously unproductive reservoirs. These modern extraction techniques result in large quantities of wastewater produced along with the oil and gas. The disposal of this wastewater by deep injection occasionally results in earthquakes that are large enough to be felt, and sometimes damaging. Deep injection of wastewater is the primary cause of the dramatic rise in detected earthquakes and the corresponding increase in seismic hazard in the central U.S. [...]

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Gaz de schiste : les pétroliers ne croient plus à la Pologne

Gaz de schiste : les pétroliers ne croient plus à la Pologne | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

Les Echos 6/02/2015

Aucun puits foré dans le pays ne s’est avéré exploitable. L’américain Chevron met un terme à sa campagne d’exploration.

Après Exxon Mobil, Total, Marathon Oil, Talisman ou encore ENI, c’est aujourd’hui Chevron qui jette l’éponge en Pologne. Le groupe pétrolier américain a annoncé il y a quelques jours qu’il cessait ses opérations d’exploration de gaz de schiste dans le pays. « Les opportunités locales ne sont plus compétitives par rapport à notre portefeuille mondial », s’est-il borné à indiquer dans un communiqué.

Ce retrait douche un peu plus les espoirs des autorités polonaises, qui s’étaient prises à rêver d’un eldorado gazier leur permettant de s’affranchir de leurs approvisionnements auprès du voisin russe. D’autant que Chevron est la compagnie étrangère la plus impliquée dans les schistes en Europe, ayant aussi acquis des concessions en Roumanie ou en Ukraine.

Sur le papier, la Pologne apparaissait comme l’un des pays les plus prometteurs du Vieux Continent : l’EIA, l’agence américaine d’information sur l’énergie, et l’Institut géologique polonais ont publié des estimations de réserves mirifiques: près de 2.000 milliards de m3 pour les moins optimistes d’entre elles, correspondant à plus de 30 ans de consommation du pays. Ces chiffres avaient attiré de nombreuses compagnies pétrolières étrangères... qui se sont depuis presque toutes retirées.


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Gaz de schiste : mobilisation écologique inédite en Algérie

Gaz de schiste : mobilisation écologique inédite en Algérie | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

Basta Mag 25/02/2015

Par Sophie Chapelle

 

« Halte à l’exploitation immédiate du gaz de schiste », peut-on lire dans les rues d’Alger le 24 février. Mais aussi dans d’autres grandes villes comme Oran, Tamanrasset, Boumerdès, Batna et Bouira. « La honte ! La honte ! Le gouvernement a cédé le Sahara pour quelques dollars ! » Cette mobilisation nationale contre les gaz de schiste coïncide avec le 44e anniversaire de la nationalisation des hydrocarbures en Algérie. L’initiative, organisée par plusieurs formations de l’opposition, a été lancée en signe de solidarité avec les populations des provinces sahariennes qui s’opposent à l’exploration et à l’exploitation des gaz de schiste.

A In Salah, la ville la plus proche des lieux de forage, des manifestations pacifiques et des blocages de routes ont lieu sans discontinuer depuis deux mois pour exiger l’arrêt des explorations (notre précédent article). Le mouvement citoyen d’opposition pointe en particulier les risques de pollution des eaux et de l’air liés à l’usage de la fracturation hydraulique. La semaine dernière, la société civile d’In Salah a déposé à la présidence, à Alger, une demande de moratoire. Le collectif souligne que « les populations du Sud qui ont, par le passé, connu les affres des essais nucléaires et d’armes chimiques, en sont traumatisées ». Et précise que « l’avenir énergétique de l’Algérie n’est pas dans les schistes mais dans l’optimisation de nos ressources conventionnelles, le développement des énergies renouvelables, dans le mixte énergétique et dans les économies d’énergies ».

(...)

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Brasil / MP do Amapá pede novamente congelamento de bens da Zamin

Brasil / MP do Amapá pede novamente congelamento de bens da Zamin | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

Noticias de mineracao 23/02/2015


O Ministério Público do Amapá (MP-AP), por meio das promotorias dos municípios de Serra do Navio e Pedra Branca do Amapari, reiterou manifestação contra a Zamin Ferrous, que possui minas de minério de ferro no Estado. Os promotores de Justiça Wueber Penafort e Jander Vilhena pediram novamente a indisponibilidade dos bens da empresa em até R$ 50 milhões. A primeira solicitação do MP foi feita na última semana do ano passado.


“Na reiteração dos pedidos, o Ministério Público do Amapá informou ao juízo que a empresa está desviando recursos financeiros das unidades bancárias para se livrar das garras da justiça, uma vez que se prova que houve pagamento de quantias vultosas a ex-empregados a título de indenização, e que o sistema de informação do Banco Central não localizou saldo bancário em contas da empresa”, afirmou o promotor de Justiça Wueber Penafort.

Os promotores de Justiça ressaltaram a importância de aplicar ao caso concreto a teoria da despersonalização da pessoa jurídica, para que o judiciário possa ingressar no patrimônio particular do bilionário indiano Pramod Agarwal, principal acionista da Zamin.

O MP-AP pede ainda, ao judiciário, que seja aplicada a multa prevista no artigo 18 do CPC, de até 1% sobre o valor da causa, por litigância de má fé.

Na última semana de dezembro de 2014, a Zamin Amapá Mineração teve bens móveis e imóveis congelados pelo Ministério Público, que também determinou o bloqueio de até R$ 50 milhões das contas da empresa. A Zamin é acusada de poluição e impacto ambiental em igarapés nos municípios amapaenses de Serra do Navio e Pedra Branca do Amapari.

A Zamin se envolveu, também em 2014, em uma disputa legal com a Eurasian Resources Group (ERG), antes conhecida como ENRC, que foi parar no Supremo Tribunal inglês. A ação refere-se a US$ 220 milhões relacionados às jazidas da Bahia Mineração (Bamin). A ENRC disse que a Zamin cumpriu parte das condições de compra de forma fraudulenta, enquanto a Zamin alegou que o grupo cazaque deixou de pagar a última parcela pela compra de sua participação na joint venture na mina de minério de ferro da Bahia, com base em um acordo assinado em 2010. As informações são do Ministério Público do estado do Amapá.


http://www.noticiasdemineracao.com/storyview.asp?storyID=826944582&section=Geral&sectionsource=s1450677

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BNP Paribas, la Société Générale et la BPCE, via Natixis, continuent de spéculer sur les matières premières.

BNP Paribas, la Société Générale et la BPCE, via Natixis, continuent de spéculer sur les matières premières. | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

Nouvel Observateur 23/02/2015


L'association Oxfam France dénonce, lundi 23 février, la persistance des spéculations menées par plusieurs banques françaises sur le marché des matières premières agricoles, via des fonds de placement, malgré l'engagement pris par certaines en 2013 de réduire ces activités.


Il y a deux ans, Oxfam avait dénoncé le fait que des banques françaises contrôlaient 18 fonds aux performances totalement ou en partie liées à l'évolution du prix des matières premières agricoles : étaient visées BNP Paribas (avec 10 fonds), Société Générale et Crédit Agricole via leur filiale commune Amundi (7 fonds) ainsi que Natixis. Au total, ces fonds géraient 2,58 milliards d'euros, selon l'association.

A la suite de cette étude, certains de ces établissements bancaires avaient pris "des engagements forts pour réduire ou stopper leurs activités spéculatives sur les matières premières agricoles. Dans le même temps, les parlementaires votaient dans le cadre de la réforme bancaire des mesures de régulation de ces activités toxiques", rappelle l'organisation.


Via Juan Carlos Hernandez, Aquitaine decroissance
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NASA climate study warns of unprecedented North American drought

NASA climate study warns of unprecedented North American drought | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

The Guardian 16/02/2015


California is in the midst of its worst drought in over 1,200 years, exacerbated by record hot temperatures. A new study led by Benjamin Cook at NASA GISS examines how drought intensity in North America will change in a hotter world, and finds that things will only get worse.

Global warming intensifies drought in several ways. In increases evaporation from soil and reservoirs. In increases water demand. It makes precipitation fall more as rain and less as snow, which is problematic for regions like California that rely on snowpack melt to refill reservoirs throughout the year. It also makes the snowpack melt earlier in the year. The record heat has intensified the current California drought by about 36%, and the planet will only continue to get hotter.


Via Hubert MESSMER @Zehub on Twitter
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Après Fukushima, l'apparition des nouveaux cas de cancers chez les mineurs

Après Fukushima, l'apparition des nouveaux cas de cancers chez les mineurs | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

Le Monde 13/02/2015


Une deuxième phase d'examen a été menée auprès des mineurs de la région. Débutée en 2014, elle permet de réellement mesurer les cas apparus avec certitude après l'accident nucléaire.


Via L'Info Autrement
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Utopia or reality: can South America lead a fossil-free future?

Utopia or reality: can South America lead a fossil-free future? | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

The Guardian 11/02/2015


Business, as a rule, doesn’t do utopia. The reason is simple: as the French author and philosopher Albert Camus put it, “utopia is that which is in contradiction with reality.” And reality, as far as conventional capitalism sees it, is about the no-nonsense pursuit of financial profit.

On the face of it, therefore, an abstract philosophy based around indigenous Andean precepts of harmony between humans and nature has little to say to rational, money-minded economists and business executives in the twenty-first century.


Yet proponents of the South American philosophy of Buen Vivir (literally, “living well”) beg to differ. To prove it, proponents of the belief system have laid out a series of tangible policy steps that they say portend a shift towards a more sustainable, more balanced economy.


Central to the 54-page manifesto (pdf) entitled ‘Climate Change and Transitions to Buen Vivir’, circulated during the UN climate conference in Lima last year, is a transition away from fossil-fuel dependency. Top of the list, therefore, is an immediate moratorium on all oil and gas projects that cause environmental harm. As for those hydrocarbons that remain, these should only be traded within the Andean bloc and sales revenues should be used to fund investment in renewables. [...]



Manifesto for ‘living well’

We realise that you can’t do this from one day to the next, so the proposal promotes the notion of ‘transition'

Eduardo Gudynas


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Le déversement des plastiques dans les océans pourrait décupler d’ici à dix ans

Le déversement des plastiques dans les océans pourrait décupler d’ici à dix ans | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

Le Monde 12/02/2015


A défaut de profonds changements dans la gestion des déchets, la quantité de matières plastiques déversées dans les océans pourrait décupler dans la prochaine décennie. Et plus la densité de ces particules dans l’environnement marin augmente, plus la probabilité est grande qu’elles finissent par s’accumuler dans la chaîne alimentaire — c’est-à-dire, finalement, dans nos estomacs. Ce mouvement de retour à l’envoyeur a d’ailleurs déjà commencé.




Via Hubert MESSMER @Zehub on Twitter
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Nathalie Billiotte's curator insight, February 14, 3:13 AM

Drame monstrueux perpétué en silence par l'humain...

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Algerie / Gaz de schiste : un bras de fer mais pour quel enjeu !

Algerie / Gaz de schiste : un bras de fer mais pour quel enjeu ! | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

Le Matin 10/02/2015


Tout porte à croire qu’en faisant défiler des militaires et des parlementaires pour jouer le rôle de médiateurs auprès de la population d’In Salah qui campe sur sa volonté de voir le deuxième forage arrêté, les pouvoirs publics semblent persuadés dans leur fort intérieur de sa manipulation par une main étrangère et qu’elle est aveuglée par la propagande autour de ce sujet orchestrée par les détracteurs du gaz schiste.

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The human right to water: Salvadoran NGOs leading a global campaign

The human right to water: Salvadoran NGOs leading a global campaign | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

The Guardian 25/03/2015


Should water be legally recognised as a human right? Campaigners around the world from El Salvador to Indonesia say yes.


“We saw a group of strangers and asked what they were doing. When they said they were looking for mines, we told them naively that there were no landmines here,” says Felipe Tobar, the mayor of San Jose Las Flores.

This was his community’s first encounter with Aurora Mineral Resource Group, a large mining company that began exploration in the Salvadoran town in 2005. After learning that the government had permitted exploration for a gold mine without their consultation, the communities were anxious to protect their water sources from the mines. In Latin America’s most water-scarce country, 98% of fresh water is contaminated; metal mining has long been one of the contributing factors.

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Palm oil firms in Peru plan to clear 23,000 hectares of primary forest

Palm oil firms in Peru plan to clear 23,000 hectares of primary forest | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

The Guardian 7/03/2015


 Four oil palm plantations connected to the same company are proposed for Peru’s northern Amazon.


Companies in Peru are planning to clear more than 23,000 hectares of primary rainforest in the northern Amazon in order to cultivate oil palm, according to NGOs.

Operations on two plantations called Maniti and Santa Cecilia which would involve clearing more than 9,300 hectares of primary forest could start imminently following a recent government decision.


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Don't look away now, the climate crisis needs you | Naomi Klein

Don't look away now, the climate crisis needs you | Naomi Klein | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it


The Guardian is embarking on a major series of articles on the climate crisis and how humanity can solve it. In the first, an extract taken from the Introduction to THIS CHANGES EVERYTHING by Naomi Klein, the author argues that if we treat climate change as the crisis it is, we don’t just have the potential to avert disaster but could improve society in the process

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USA /Hundreds of illicit oil wastewater pits found in Kern County

USA /Hundreds of illicit oil wastewater pits found in Kern County | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

Los Angeles Times 26/02/2015


Water officials in Kern County discovered that oil producers have been dumping chemical-laden wastewater into hundreds of unlined pits that are operating without proper permits.


Inspections completed this week by the Central Valley Regional Water Quality Control Board revealed the existence of more than 300 previously unidentified waste sites. The water board’s review found that more than one-third of the region’s active disposal pits are operating without permission.


The pits raise new water quality concerns in a region where agricultural fields sit side by side with oil fields and where California’s ongoing drought has made protecting groundwater supplies paramount. [...]

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Tasmania bans fracking for another five years to protect agriculture

Tasmania bans fracking for another five years to protect agriculture | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

The Guardian 26/02/2015


The Tasmanian government will extend its ban on fracking for five years to protect the state’s agricultural industry.

The ban announced on Thursday, which follows a lengthy review and more than 150 submissions, means that the state follows Victoria in outlawing the practice commonly used to source coal seam gas.

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Algerie / Gaz de schiste: Après le désastre économique, le désastre écologique ?

Algerie / Gaz de schiste: Après le désastre économique, le désastre écologique ? | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

Liberte 26/02/2015


De nombreux avis d'experts algériens et étrangers viennent démentir tous les jours la thèse gouvernementale qui affirme que l'exploitation du gaz de schiste ne présente aucun danger. Cependant, l'abondante disponibilité des informations et des analyses, les nombreuses études, les prises de positions de nombreux états, de sommités scientifiques et d’experts, les débats rapportés par les réseaux sociaux et autres moyens d'information électroniques donnent aux citoyens les moyens d'apprécier tous les aspects des politiques publiques menées, y compris ce qui leur est caché. Ils contribuent puissamment à l'éveil des consciences. La question du gaz de schiste est emblématique de cet éveil, comme en témoignent les réactions des populations qui se mobilisent, non pour défendre des intérêts catégoriels, mais les intérêts à long terme de la nation. Cette question revêt donc un sens éminemment politique. [...]


Via Stop gaz de schiste
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Uruguay's Valentines iron ore project - what's the latest?

BN Americas 16/02/2015

By Juan Andres Abarca - 


It has been several years since Anglo-Swiss group Zamin Ferrous first proposed the US$3bn Valentines iron ore project in Uruguay, but its development is far from certain.


The project has faced strong opposition from the anti-mining lobby in Uruguay, which views the industry as competition for land in an economy where the agricultural sector is vital.


Last December Minera Aratirí, Zamin's local subsidiary that is in charge of the project, made public the environmental studies submitted to environment authority Dinama in August, updating the original study submitted in October 2011.


The Valentines project includes three aspects: the mine, in Durazno and Florida departments, a dual underground pipeline to transfer iron ore concentrates and water, and a new deepwater port in Rocha department.


Output is expected to start at 18Mt/y with an additional 18Mt/y planned for a second phase.



WHAT HAS HAPPENED SINCE?

Under the original agreement signed by the government of Uruguay and the company, February 28 was the deadline to sign the concession to develop the project.


But last week, the country's congress voted in favor of extending the negotiations for an extra year, which will allow the new authorities, led by president-elect Tabaré Vázquez, to conclude the process.

Additionally, local press reported that Aratirí has presented a new version of the project, considerably smaller than the original one. The extraction rate would shrink to just 1.5-2Mt/y, and exports would be via the port in capital Montevideo rather than a new deepwater one.


Outgoing president José Mujica – who leaves offices March 1 – recently expressed interest in the scaled down version of Valentines, noting that it will be up to the new administration to make the final call.


"We can't make a decision, but we see it with relative sympathy. We're gathering information and we'll provide the basis for the new government to make a decision," Mujica said.

The outgoing president said that the new scale of the project is "viable and practical" for a country the size of Uruguay, as the second smallest nation in South America and home to just 3.3mn people.


Mujica also came out in defense of the extension of the negotiating deadline, saying it gives the country more time to talk to the company, and avoids the danger of a potential lawsuit due to loss of income for Zamin, which has already invested US$300mn in trying to move the project forward.


But with falling iron ore prices, a new government, a smaller version of the project and an extra year to negotiate, the future of Valentines is not looking very auspicious, at least not in the short term.



http://www.bnamericas.com/news/mining/spotlight-uruguays-valentines-iron-ore-project-whats-the-latest

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L'Allemagne veut autoriser la fracturation hydraulique

L'Allemagne veut autoriser la fracturation hydraulique | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

Euractiv 16/02/2015


Le gouvernement allemand a présenté une proposition de loi autorisant la fracturation hydraulique. Les organisations de défense de l'environnement qualifient la proposition de fragmentaire et de dangereuse.


Via L'Info Autrement
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HERBICIDE-RESISTANT CROPS AND THE DECLINE OF MONARCH BUTTERFLIES IN NORTH AMERICA

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Les villes, refuges pour les insectes pollinisateurs

Les villes, refuges pour les insectes pollinisateurs | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it
Le nombre d'espèces sauvages d'abeilles est supérieur dans les périphéries des villes à celui des zones agricoles, souligne la BBC, qui présente une étude menée sur 36 sites périurbains.

Via Hubert MESSMER @Zehub on Twitter
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Climate Intervention Is Not a Replacement for Reducing Carbon Emissions

National Academies 10/02/2015


 There is no substitute for dramatic reductions in greenhouse gas emissions to mitigate the negative consequences of climate change, a National Research Council committee concluded in a two-volume evaluation of proposed climate-intervention techniques.  Strategies to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere are limited by cost and technological immaturity, but they could contribute to a broader portfolio of climate change responses with further research and development.  Albedo-modification technologies, which aim to increase the ability of Earth or clouds to reflect incoming sunlight, pose considerable risks and should not be deployed at this time.

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Algerie / Gaz de schistes/ Les manifestants d’In Salah répondent au PDG de Sonatrach

El WATAN 10/02/2015


La protestation antigaz de schiste prend l’allure d’un combat frontal entre une population organisée et hautement consciente des implications écologiques de l’industrie pétrolière et gazière et le gouvernement.


En réaction au maintien des forages d’exploration des hydrocarbures non conventionnels annoncé par Saïd Sahnoun, PDG par intérim de la compagnie nationale des hydrocarbures, dimanche à Alger, lors d’une conférence de presse, la population d’In Salah a décidé de déplacer son sit-in tenu place Somoud sur le site des forages dits expérimentaux.


Via Stop gaz de schiste
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