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ONU quer combater a superexploração dos oceanos para assegurar a segurança alimentar

ONU quer combater a superexploração dos oceanos para assegurar a segurança alimentar | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

1/11/2012 Ecodebate

 

O relator da ONU sobre o Direito à Alimentação, Olivier de Schutter, lançou nesta terça-feira um apelo para combater a superexploração dos oceanos e assim evitar que a segurança alimentar de muitos países dependentes da pesca seja colocada seriamente em risco. Matéria de Céline Serrat, da AFP.


“Sem uma ação rápida para proteger os mares de práticas insustentáveis, os pescadores já não poderão desempenhar o seu papel fundamental na garantia do direito à alimentação para milhões de pessoas”, alertou Olivier de Schutter em um relatório divulgado nesta terça-feira.

Este relatório aponta para a responsabilidade das frotas industriais na superexploração dos oceanos e solicita o apoio aos pescadores artesanais, com o objetivo de combater os excessos e garantir o acesso aos alimentos para as populações locais.

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Uruguay / CAMPAIGN FOR NATIONAL REFERENDUM AGAINST OPEN PIT METAL MINING

Uruguay / CAMPAIGN FOR NATIONAL REFERENDUM AGAINST OPEN PIT METAL MINING | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

CAMPAIGN FOR NATIONAL REFERENDUM AGAINST OPEN PIT METAL MINING

 

Montevideo, december 8, 2013.

 

The last week was launched in Uruguay a campaign to collect signatures to promote a national referendum to include an amendment in the Constitution of the Republic to ban open pit metal mining throughout the national territory.

 

The National pro-Referendum Movement Uruguay Free from Open Pit Metal Mining (URUGUAYLIBRE)is a non partisan coalition of citizens and social groups from 11 of the 19 municipalities of the country concerned about the introduction of an activity with serious impacts on society and natural ecosystems.

 

Uruguay is located in the Humid Pampa, a privileged ecosystem of fertile soils and abundant surface and underground water resources that sustain grasslands and lands where agriculture and cattle-raising are developed. The national economy is based on these two activities that promote the country’s trade, industry and exports.

 

Over the last decades, this ecosystem has been threatened by large-scale agricultural plantations intended for the international market, which require a massive and ever-growing use of chemical pesticides and fertilisers and cause the degradation of large areas of the territory, increasing erosion and the pollution of water bodies.

 

More recently, a project to exploit the country’s metal ore deposits –mainly iron and gold- through open-pit mining is promoted by the government. Successive geological studies have confirmed that Uruguay is not rich in these minerals, its reserves are scarce and have low concentration levels, exhaustible after a few years of extraction.

 

An international speculative scenario –transient, as are they all, and the cycle of which is already at its declining stage-, raised metal prices above historical values and gave rise to the possibility of a lucrative business for companies whose objective is to rapidly extract the highest possible volume of these minerals and sell them abroad.

 

Open-pit mining of low-concentration metal deposits - particularly, of iron and gold- is the most depleting and polluting activity for soils and water bodies in the planet. Several countries have banned its development. Among these stands Costa Rica, a Centralamerican country with great similarities to Uruguay.

 

This activity jeopardises the integrity of the Uruguayan territory –and, therefore, the productive sectors and cultures that have historically supported the country- due to the downright destruction of the exploitation area and its additional massive impact on a vast portion of soils and water resources. To the above, inordinate privileges and subsidies must be added, which will be ultimately borne by taxpayers.

 

For the Uruguayan Constitution, signatures of ten percent of the electorate (260,000 signatures) are needed to be called a referendum, coinciding with the next national election, in which decide on whether or not the proposed amendment.

 

The proposal to amend the Constitution says:


To the President of the General Assembly of the Legislative Power
Mr. Danilo Astori

I, the undersigned, hereby promote before you the following Amendment to the Constitution, as per the provisions of Section 331, paragraph A of the Constitution of the Republic, which shall be subject to popular decision at the most immediate election.

 

Let the following paragraphs be added to Section No. 47:

 

 

"The integrity of soils and water resources is an essential part of the nation’s heritage and it must be preserved from any and all activities resulting in the final degradation or destruction thereof.

 

Open-pit mining activities intended for the extraction of metal ore are hereby forbidden in the whole national territory.

 

Any and all authorisations, concessions or licenses currently in force which in any way infringe this provision shall be rendered null and void as of the effective date of this reform."

 

uruguay libre

 

(http://uruguayciudadanossinmegamineria.org)

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A l'ONU, un pas important pour la protection de la haute mer

Le Monde 24/01/2015


Elle reste peu connue, mais représente pourtant la moitié de la planète. La haute mer désigne cet immense espace qui s'étend au-delà des zones maritimes régies par des juridictions nationales, soit près des deux tiers des océans. Pour l'heure, elle constitue surtout une sorte de Far West sans règles, mais susceptible d'aiguiser beaucoup de convoitises. Lors de la conférence qui lui était consacrée par les Nations-unies et qui s'est achevée vendredi 23 janvier à New York, après quatre jours de délibérations, une large majorité d'États a décidé qu'il était temps d'entamer des négociations diplomatiques afin de parvenir - un jour -, à définir par quel moyen protéger la biodiversité marine.


Via Hubert MESSMER @Zehub on Twitter
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Brasil / Zamin Ferrous / Funcionários de mineradora no AP cobram salários atrasados há 2 meses

Brasil / Zamin Ferrous / Funcionários de mineradora no AP cobram salários atrasados há 2 meses | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

Globo 10/01/2014


Trabalhadores de vários setores da mineradora Zamin Ferrous Brazil, que atuam nos municípios de Santana e Pedra Branca do Amapari, reclamam que não recebem os salários desde novembro de 2014. Eles afirmam que a empresa não está pagando nenhum benefício aos cerca de 500 funcionários que ficaram na mineradora após demissões coletivas em 2014. 


Os desligamentos aconteceram após a empresa anunciar “o término da capacidade de estocagem de minério de ferro, tanto em Pedra Branca quanto em Santana, e o atraso nas obras de reconstrução do terminal de embarque de minério em Santana”. A estrutura a que se refere a empresa desabou em 28 de março de 2013, arrastando caminhões, guindastes e o minério estocado para o rio. Quatro pessoas morreram e duas continuam desaparecidas.

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Hebei's steel cities and China's pollution crisis

Hebei's steel cities and China's pollution crisis | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

The Guardian 13/01/2015


China’s Hebei Province has some of the worst air pollution in the country and the area’s vast steel industry is a key focus of government efforts to improve air quality. Lu Guang’s stark images capture the industrial landscapes of some of Hebei’s most polluted cities

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German Environment Ministry seeks unconditional GMO ban

German Environment Ministry seeks unconditional GMO ban | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

Euractiv 14/01/2015


Germany’s Environment Ministry is hoping for a complete ban on green genetic engineering,  but a Green party assessment warns that upcoming free trade agreements like TTIP and CETA could still bring genetically modified plants to the European market.

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En Amérique du Sud, la ruée vers l'or accélère la déforestation

En Amérique du Sud, la ruée vers l'or accélère la déforestation | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

RTL 14/01/2014


Le développement des mines d'or, parfois illégales, observé ces dernières années dans plusieurs régions d'Amérique du Sud accélère la déforestation, menaçant la biodiversité très riche de ces zones et contribuant aux émissions de gaz à effet de serre.

"Une ruée vers l'or mondiale a conduit à une augmentation significative de la déforestation des forêts tropicales en Amérique du Sud", écrivent les auteurs d'une étude publiée mercredi dans la revue Environnemental research letters.

Entre 2001 et 2013, environ 1.680 km2 de forêts tropicales ont été défrichés en Amérique du Sud pour permettre l'exploitation de mines d'or, ont-ils estimé.


Cela représente une part limitée de la déforestation totale, dont la surface est de plusieurs millions de km2 par an pour l'ensemble de la planète, mais la richesse biologique des zones visées par les chercheurs d'or est elle exceptionnelle.

"Bien que la perte de forêts due à l'exploitation des mines est moins importante que la déforestation en lien avec l'agriculture, elle intervient dans des régions tropicales qui ont la plus riche biodiversité", souligne Nora Alvarez-Berrios, l'un des auteurs de l'étude.


Dans la région de Madres de Dios au Pérou, par exemple, un hectare de forêt peut contenir jusqu'à 300 espèces d'arbres", explique la chercheuse de l'Université de Puerto Rico.

Fait aggravant, 90% des destructions recensées depuis 2001 ont eu lieu dans seulement quatre régions formant des écosystèmes, et très souvent à proximité de zones protégées.


Les régions les plus impactées sont: une partie du nord-ouest du continent à cheval sur plusieurs pays (Guyane, Venezuela, Surinam, Guyane française, Brésil, Colombie), le sud-ouest amazonien (Pérou, Bolivie, Brésil), la région Tapajos-Xingu (Brésil) et la région de la Vallée Magdalena-Uraba dans le nord de la Colombie.

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Uruguay / Orosur Mining squeezed by weak gold price and deeper mining

Uruguay / Orosur Mining squeezed by weak gold price and deeper mining | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

Proactive investors 14/01/2015


Orosur Mining (LON:OMI) (TSE:OMI) has slipped into the red due to lower gold prices and higher costs as it delved deeper at its San Gregorio gold mine in Uruguay.

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Scientists Discover Two New Pollutants In Fracking Waste

Scientists Discover Two New Pollutants In Fracking Waste | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

Think Progress 14/01/2015



The primary waste product created by oil and gas drilling contains two types of potentially hazardous contaminants that have never before been associated with the industry, research published in the peer-reviewed journal Environmental Science & Technology on Wednesday revealed.


Duke University geochemistry professor Avner Vengosh and his team of scientists found that wastewater produced by both conventional and unconventional oil drillers contains high volumes of ammonium andiodide — chemicals that, when dissolved in water or mixed with other pollutants, can encourage the formation of toxins like carcinogenic disinfection byproducts and have negative impacts on aquatic life.


That’s a problem, the study said, because oil and gas industry wastewater is often discharged or spilled into streams and rivers that eventually flow into drinking water systems.

“We were not aware that they existed in oil and gas waste products,” Vengosh told ThinkProgress on Wednesday. “Until now, no one was aware — no one was monitoring for those contaminants.”

Both conventional and unconventional oil and gas development produce wastewater, which contains pollutants that can harm human health. The unconventional process of hydraulic fracturing, however, produces much more wastewater than its conventional counterpart (the process involves injecting thousands of gallons of water, sand, and chemicals underground to crack shale rock). Nationwide, fracking produces an estimated 280 billion gallons of wastewater per year, according to an Environment America report.


How to dispose of that polluted water has been an issue. Some gets stored in artificial ponds, some is injected underground, and some is treated and put back into rivers. None are foolproof systems — untreated fracking wastewater has spilled into the environmentmultiple times from both injection wells and ponds, and treated wastewater has been found to be harmful for human consumption.


However it is disposed, Vengosh and his team said that their discovery of two new pollutants shows that the danger posed by fracking wastewater to human health and the environment is becoming more clear.

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La Bolivie, déchirée entre extractivisme et protection de la Terre-Mère

La Bolivie, déchirée entre extractivisme et protection de la Terre-Mère | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

Reporterre 28/11/2014


Evo Morales a été réélu président de Bolivie pour un troisième mandat. Depuis 2006, le dirigeant bolivien doit composer entre développement socio-économique et urgence écologique. Mais l’extractivisme s’accommode mal des cultures amérindiennes, attachées à la protection de la Terre-Mère.

 La Paz, reportage


Un eldorado minier. Depuis l’arrivée des conquistadors espagnols au XVIesiècle, la Bolivie, anciennement le Haut-Pérou, vit au rythme de l’exploitation – ou du pillage – de ses ressources naturelles abondantes, et plus particulièrement de ses ressources minières.

Les mines de Potosi, exploitant l’un des plus importants gisements d’argent au monde, au cœur de la Cordillière des Andes, dans le Cerro Rico (la « montagne riche »), ont constitué, durant plus de trois siècles, un trésor inestimable pour la couronne espagnole (1).


Plus encore, selon l’historien Fernand Braudel, les flux d’argent entre ces mines et l’Europe ont contribué significativement à l’essor du capitalisme, au prix de la mort de huit millions d’Indiens et de deux millions d’esclaves africains...


Aujourd’hui encore, le modèle économique de la Bolivie – le pays le plus pauvre d’Amérique du Sud – est bâti sur l’exploitation intensive, voire agressive, de la richesse de son sous-sol. Avec l’argent et l’or, désormais l’étain, le zinc, le plomb, le cuivre, le fer, l’antimoine, l’arsenic, le cadmium, le tungstène, le manganèse, le bismuth, etc., sont extraits en quantités considérables – pour l’essentiel dans les régions occidentales de Potosi, Oruro et La Paz – et exportés, à l’état brut, vers les pays riches du Nord et les pays émergents (2).


L’exploitation minière, encore artisanale, est la seconde industrie extractive du pays, après les secteurs pétrolier et gazier. Elle pèse environ 14 % du PIBnational et représente bon an mal an, avec les hydrocarbures, 75 % des exportations.



- La "montagne riche", au-dessus de Potosi. -


L’air, l’eau et le sol sont contaminés

Or, la Bolivie paie toujours au prix fort l’exploitation – multiséculaire – de ses richesses minérales. « La pauvreté (3) et la forte dépendance économique à l’industrie extractive des matières premières conduisent trop souvent à en négliger les impacts écologiques et sanitaires », indique l’équipe de scientifiques (géochimistes, écologues, médecins épidémiologistes, géographes et sociologues) engagés, de 2007 à 2010, dans le programme de recherche Toxbol (4).


Coordonné par l’Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), ce dernier était destiné à étudier les origines, la propagation et les conséquences environnementales et sanitaires des pollutions polymétalliques générées par les activités minières et métallurgiques actuelles et passées.


Via Aquitaine decroissance
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Ces biohackers qui "jouent aux Lego" avec l'ADN des bactéries

Ces biohackers qui "jouent aux Lego" avec l'ADN des bactéries | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

L'OBS Sciences 15/11/2014

Reprogrammer l'ADN des micro-organismes pour leur donner des fonctions nouvelles est à la portée des étudiants en biotechnologies du monde entier. Reportage à l'incroyable concours de "biologie synthétique", l'iGEM !


Via Pascal Faucompré
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La “mystérieuse” baisse du cours du pétrole

La “mystérieuse” baisse du cours du pétrole | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

La Quotidienne de la Croissance

14 novembre 2014 Cécile Chevré


Rien de bien mystérieux au premier abord puisque voici les cours du Brent (le pétrole de la mer du Nord) et du WTI (le pétrole américain). Mais c’est leur effondrement depuis l’été dernier qui inquiète et intrigue les médias et les commentateurs.


L’avancée de Daech en Irak et en Syrie a encore plus fait vaciller une région qui se relève difficilement des conséquences de la guerre d’Irak, de la chute de la Kadhafi ou encore des printemps arabes. Et qui n’a toujours pas réglé la question de la Syrie et de l’opposition à Bachar el-Assad…
Tous cherchent à expliquer pourquoi le baril de pétrole s’effondre alors que l’actualité géopolitique dans les principales régions productrices est pour le moins agitée.


Autre grand producteur : la Russie qui est elle plongée dans une tempête diplomatique et géopolitique avec l’Occident autour de la question de la Crimée et de l’est de l’Ukraine…


Et malgré tout, le pétrole continue de chuter, encore et encore.

J’étais revenue dans une précédente Quotidienne sur les raisons pouvant expliquer cette chute, en en identifiant 3 principales :


1. La stagnation de la demande mondiale, conséquence de la crise économique européenne mais aussi du ralentissement de la croissance chinoise et de la crise traversée par les principaux pays émergents. Celle-ci devrait atteindre les 91 millions de barils par jour en 2014.


2. L’augmentation de l’offre. Vous pourrez retrouver une explication plus détaillée de cette augmentation ici mais pour résumer, plusieurs pays producteurs ont vu leur production reprendre et augmenter (Libye, Iran, Irak…) ces derniers mois. Et puis il y a la "révolution du non-conventionnel" qui a vu les Etats-Unis faire un retour fracassant parmi les principaux producteurs de pétrole et de gaz de la planète. Conclusion, la production devrait atteindre les 92 millions de barils par jour cette année.


3. La décision de l’Arabie saoudite de casser les prix du pétrole qu’elle exporte.


Les fanatiques des hydrocarbures de schiste interprètent cette baisse comme la démonstration de l’autonomie énergétique retrouvée des Etats-Unis.
3 facteurs d’explication et, selon l’analyste ou le média, une prédilection portée à l’un ou l’autre. Les déclinistes insisteront sur la baisse de la demande y lisant un prochain grand effondrement mondial ou un krach boursier imminent.


Les complotistes ou les amateurs d’ententes parmi les puissants privilégieront la troisième hypothèse.


- See more at: http://quotidienne-agora.fr/2014/11/14/petrole-russie-arabie-saoudite-2/#sthash.dNopKpoA.dpuf



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USA / Toxic legacy haunts Montana

12/10/2014 Kitco.com


Sheared off mountain tops, towering piles of rubble and deep pits make it hard to ignore Montana's recent history of gold mining.

Dominant on the landscape, industrial-scale gold mines provided jobs and tax revenues for parts of three decades in small communities that came to depend on the economic support. But big open-pit gold mines had such an impact on the environment that Montana effectively banned new ones 16 years ago.


Now, as a Canadian corporation looks to develop an industrial-scale gold mine in South Carolina ,Montana is struggling with the mess these massive operations left behind. Bankruptcies, sloppy mining practices and sometimes lax oversight created expensive and dangerous problems that other states could learn from as a new wave of gold exploration extends to the Southeast, Montana regulators say.


"We have had long and painful lessons," said Warren McCullough , a bureau chief with the Montana Department of Environmental Quality . "I would hope other states would look at that and keep that in mind."


State and federal taxpayers have spent at least $40 million in Montana to clean up environmental problems caused by four gold strip mines that shut down in the 1990s, according to the Department of Environmental Quality and the U.S. Forest Service .

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Uruguay: Bürger protestieren gegen den Ausverkauf des Landes

Uruguay: Bürger protestieren gegen den Ausverkauf des Landes | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

3/11/2014


Die Bürger in Uruguay gehen zu Tausenden gegen die Ausbeutung ihres Landes auf die Straße. Bereits zum siebten Mal hat die Bürgerbewegung Uruguay Libre einenProtestmarsch gegen das geplante Mega-Projekt Aratirí des Londoner Minen-Konzerns Zamin Ferrous organisiert. Kritiker befürchten, das drei Milliarden-Dollar-Projekt an der Atlantik-Küste könnte die Seen in der Region vergiften und die Wasserversorgung gefährden.

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Brazil in 'worst water crisis'

Brazil in 'worst water crisis' | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

BBC 24/01/2015


Brazilian Environment Minister Izabella Teixeira has said the country's three most populous states are experiencing their worst drought since 1930.

The states of Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais must save water, she said after an emergency meeting in the capital Brasilia.

Ms Teixeira described the water crisis as "delicate" and "worrying".

Industry and agriculture are expected to be affected, further damaging Brazil's troubled economy.

The drought is also having an impact on energy supplies, with reduced generation from hydroelectric dams.

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Alors que la banquise recule, la Norvège va redéfinir les zones d’exploitation pétrolière en mer de Barents.

Alors que la banquise recule, la Norvège va redéfinir les zones d’exploitation pétrolière en mer de Barents. | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

Usine nouvelle 23/01/2015


Alors que la banquise recule, la Norvège va redéfinir les zones d’exploitation pétrolière en mer de Barents. La décision soulève l’ire des écologistes qui jugent que l’exploitation de l’Arctique empêchera de tenir l’objectif d’un réchauffement climatique en dessous de 2°C.

Le gouvernement norvégien a annoncé que les frontières administratives de la banquise dans les eaux territoriale du pays allaient être redéfinies en raison du recul des glaces sous l’effet du changement climatique. "Il est important de disposer de connaissances actualisées sur l’emplacement géographique des zones fragiles (…). J’ai donc demandé à l’Institut polaire norvégien de mettre à jour ses calculs", a expliqué dans un communiqué Tine Sundtoft, le ministre de l’Environnement du Royaume. Les frontières actuelles de la banquise reposent sur des données satellites prises entre 1967 et 1989.


Via L'Info Autrement
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Brasil / Justiça decreta indisponibilidade de bens da Zamin Mineradora

Brasil / Justiça decreta indisponibilidade de bens da Zamin Mineradora | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

Amazonia Brasil 29/12/2014


A Vara única da Comarca do município de Serra do Navio deferiu o pedido do Ministério Público do Amapá (MP-AP) e decretou a indisponibilidade de todos os bens móveis e imóveis da Zamin Amapá Mineração S/A, oficiando-se à Junta Comercial do Amapá (Jucap), Detran, Cartório de Registro de Imóveis, Departamento Nacional de Produção Mineral (DNPM) e Incra e o bloqueio de valores, até o montante de R$ 50.000.000,00, (Cinquenta milhões de reais) , nas contas bancárias da empresa.


A Promotoria de Justiça daquele município ingressou com ação cautelar incidental contra Zamin e Pramod Agarwal, seu principal acionista, argumentando que a ação principal consiste em Ação Civil Pública, ajuizada contra a empresa Zamin, em razão de suposta poluição causada a diversos igarapés dos municípios de Serra do Navio e Pedra Branca do Amapari.


“Após o acidente no porto, a empresa anunciou que daria férias coletivas aos trabalhadores por 90 dias e negociaria com seus empreiteiros um confortável adimplemento do passivo. Também jurou colaborar com as autoridades locais para amenizar os impactos econômicos e sociais na região. Nada disto aconteceu”, informou o promotor de Justiça Jander Vilhena Nascimento.

O MP-AP alegou que existem laudos periciais nos autos do processo principal atestando a existência de danos ambientais na área e atribuindo 60% da responsabilidade desses danos à mineradora Zamin.


“Desde 2013, a Zamin paralisou suas atividades, após acidente no Porto de Santana, onde seus minérios eram embarcados. A empresa anunciou, após o referido acidente, férias coletivas aos seus empregados, por 90 dias, que negociaria com seus credores o adimplemento de seu passivo e que colaboraria com as autoridades para amenizar os impactos econômicos e sociais na região. Entretanto, nada disso teria ocorrido”, disse o promotor de Justiça Wueber Duarte Penafort, que subscreve a ação.

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Australia / Could this stop mining?

Australia / Could this stop mining? | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

News 16/01/2014


A COURT case that could choke the growth of mining in Australia has been launched against the largest coal mine in Queensland.

Mackay Conservation Group is taking on Indian mining giant Adani, arguing that the impact of greenhouse gas emissions on the Great Barrier Reef was not adequately taken into account when its $16.5 billion Carmichael coal mine was approved.

If successful it could have far reaching consequences for mining projects and how they are assessed, and could potentially require climate change impacts to be included in future assessments.

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Environment, not genes, dictates human immune variation, research finds

Environment, not genes, dictates human immune variation, research finds | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

Medical Xpress 15/01/2015


A study of twins conducted by Stanford University School of Medicine investigators shows that our environment, more than our heredity, plays the starring role in determining the state of our immune system, the body's primary defense against disease.

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L’opposition au gaz de schiste rassemble le sud de l'Algérie -

L’opposition au gaz de schiste rassemble le sud de l'Algérie - | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it
El Watan 15/01/2015
Pour la première fois, le sud de l’Algérie apparaît sous son vrai jour, loin de l’image purement industrielle ou touristique, il offre au pays sa diversité ethnique et culturelle colorée dans un paysage de citoyenneté dynamique, mobilisée, fusionnée et qui regarde dans la même direction.  Le gouvernement est sommé de répondre sous huitaine, le mouvement menace de se radicaliser dans les jours qui viennent. D’ailleurs, les manifestants ont d’ores et déjà annoncé de nouvelles manifestations, jeudi prochain. 
 
Choukran abtal In Salah
 
Que ce soit à In Salah, berceau de la contestation écologique citoyenne, à Tamanrasset, son chef-lieu de wilaya qui a pris à bras le corps le combat de la périphérie de l’Ahaggar mais aussi à Ouargla, la capitale de la fronde des chômeurs ou Aoulef, Brezina, Djanet, les citoyens ont été encore plus nombreux, plus déterminés, plus expressifs, dépassant les espérances les plus folles des organisateurs.  Plus de 15 000 à In Salah, 4 000 à Tamanrasset, 5000 à Ouargla et autant ou un peu moins ailleurs, mais on compte des dizaines voire des centaines de personnes qui se sont donné le mot, le slogan, la cause. Ilamen à Tamanrasset, Tin Khatma à Djanet, à Aoulef, ont un message unique « les habitants sont contre l’extraction de gaz de schiste au Sahara, un débat national s’impose ». Les estimations sont positives, la présence sur le terrain permet aujourd’hui  de confirmer, sans risque de se tromper, que le sursaut citoyen est là, réel et définitif et que la cause écologique a uni le sud sur une position commune, celle du refus de l’exploitation du gaz du schiste. « Merci  aux héros d’In Salah » un slogan qui est revenu dans toutes les manifestations ou l’opposition au gaz de schiste a fédéré les collectifs et a donné un nom et un statut à la préoccupation première des wilayas sahariennes, un avenir différent, plus équitable, plus humain    
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Environmentalists blast proposed mining project in Uruguay

Environmentalists blast proposed mining project in Uruguay | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

Fox Latino News 23/12/2014


Uruguayan environmentalists are upset because a report by the Industries, Energy and Mining Ministry classified as "confidential" issues that, they say, are important to assess the environmental impact of the Aratiri mining project.


The Uruguay Free of Megamining group has been waging a campaign for years against the Aratiri open pit iron mine projected to sprawl over 6,210 hectares (15,345 acres) in the central region of the country.

The Uruguayan subsidiary of Anglo-Swiss firm Zamin Ferrous plans to invest more than $1 billion in the project, including building a 212-kilometer (132-mile) underground pipeline to send a mix of water and iron ore to a new deepwater port on the Atlantic.

Both the government and Zamin Ferrous say the project will generate big benefits and many jobs in an area traditionally dedicated to cattle ranching, and it could lead to the growth of industries.


"The classification of confidentiality hides issues that are important to assess the impact of this mining project on rocks, water and the treatment of waste," Ana Filippini, one of the coordinators of the environmental group, told Efe.

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Iron ore massacre: below $70 for first time in five years

Iron ore massacre: below $70 for first time in five years | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

Mining.com 25/11/2014

Ceclia Jamasmie


Iron ore prices dipped below $70 Tuesday for the first time since 2009 as the world’s top producers continue to boost supply and Chinese demand weakens.

Ore futures for China, the world’s largest consumer, dropped over 3% a record low, while the steel-making ingredient with content rate of 62% delivered to the port of Qingdao dropped 1.2% to $69.58 a dry metric ton today, the lowest so far since June 2009, data from Metal Bulletin (subs. required) shows. This is almost two-thirds below a peak of $191.90 reached in February 2011, which was when huge new mines were being approved.

Prices are heading for a 13% loss this month, the most since May. The commodity has lost 48% of its value this year.

According to Bloombergprices are heading for a 13% loss this month, the most since May. The commodity has lost 48% of its value this year.

Analysts predict that the situation won’t improve much next year. Some global miners such as Rio Tinto (LON:RIO) have said they will ramp up supply by roughly 10%, mostly in the first half of next year, based on Citigroup estimates. This, more than worries about demand, has the futures market predicting that iron ore will be down another 5%, CME Group data shows.

Over the next five years Australia’s iron ore exports are projected to increase at an average annual rate of 5% and total 900 million tonnes in 2019.

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France / Gaz de schiste : le filon parisien est-il toujours convoité ?

France / Gaz de schiste : le filon parisien est-il toujours convoité ? | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it
VIDEO. Les pétroliers continuent-ils à s’intéresser au potentiel du Bassin parisien malgré la loi ? "L’Obs" a tenté de le vérifier, en Seine et Marne, deuxième gisement estimé de gaz de schiste en France.

Via Hubert MESSMER @Zehub on Twitter
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Entretien avec Marie-Monique Robin - Sacrée croissance -

Cette nouvelle investigation interroge le dogme de la croissance illimitée et présente des alternatives au modèle de la croissance dans le domaine de la production alimentaire (agriculture urbaine) de l’argent et de la richesse (monnaies sociales et nouveaux indicateurs de richesse) et de l’énergie (villes en transition).

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Texas oil town makes history as residents say no to fracking

Texas oil town makes history as residents say no to fracking | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it

The Guardian 5/11/2014


Oil and gas industry spent $700,000 to defeat ban in Denton, Texas, probably the most heavily fracked town in US.


The Texas town where America’s oil and natural gas boom began has voted to ban fracking, in a stunning rebuke to the industry.

Denton, a college town on the edge of the Barnett Shale, voted by 59% to ban fracking inside the city limits, a first for any locality in Texas.


Organisers said they hoped it would give a boost to anti-fracking activists in other states. More than 15 million Americans now live within a mile of an oil or gas well.

“It should send a signal to industry that if the people in Texas – where fracking was invented – can’t live with it, nobody can,” said Sharon Wilson, the Texas organiser for EarthWorks, who lives in Denton.

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PLEBISCITE FOR CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM BY «URUGUAY FREE FROM MINING»

PLEBISCITE FOR CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM BY «URUGUAY FREE FROM MINING» | MOVUS  Movement for a Sustainable Uruguay | Scoop.it
Mapping popular alternative proposals of envisioning infrastructure
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PLEBISCITE FOR CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM BY «URUGUAY FREE FROM MINING»

Several projects of open pit mining in Uruguay have advanced significantly in recent years. These projects could have very negative impact on water and ecosystems. To protect key resources as water, the «Uruguay Free from Mining» movement proposes a plebiscite for a constitutional reform.

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