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MMDA: Pinoys should change 'mindset' about garbage disposal - Philippine Star

MMDA: Pinoys should change 'mindset' about garbage disposal - Philippine Star | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it
MMDA: Pinoys should change 'mindset' about garbage disposalPhilippine StarThe Metropolitan Manila Development Authority on Tuesday said the problem of proper garbage disposal in the Metro should be addressed by an effort of the entire community.and...
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From Crisis to Myth: The Packaging Waste Problem (3Rs are working on packaging; but volume still up")

From Crisis to Myth: The Packaging Waste Problem (3Rs are working on packaging; but volume still up") | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it
While trash bags floating down streams still cause environmental headaches, packaging has not become the landfill headache Americans once feared.

Looking at the period from 1994 to 2012, the number of U.S. households rose nearly 25 percent. Garbage — what the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) calls municipal solid waste — typically grows in line with the number of households and all the new "stuff" each household needs. Interestingly, EPA data indicates that waste during that period grew only 20 percent, less than household growth.

Good. That means Americans are generating a bit less waste per household than in the past.

But what's really encouraging is that packaging waste generated during that period did not increase (well, it did by 0.3 percent, basically equal to a rounding error). While overall waste increased 20 percent, packaging waste remained constant. As a result, packaging waste declined from 36 percent of our total waste to 30 percent.

This good news stands in stark contrast to predictions in 1994. Back then, the EPA stated that by 2010, packaging waste would grow by nearly a third to account for 38 percent of waste. That didn't happen. Instead, 24 million tons of annual packaging waste just didn't show up.

Where did it go? Did we start carrying everything home in old boxes and bottles? Hardly. There are two primary reasons for all that missing packaging waste.

First, remember the mantra "reduce, reuse, recycle"? Reduce comes first for a good reason: It's the best way to prevent waste in the first place. 

The second reason for all that missing packaging waste should be a source of pride. Of all the packaging waste generated from 1994 to 2012, more than half of it was recovered through recycling or energy recovery. 

Bert Guevara's insight:

It is true that the 3Rs mantra is now stronger than ever, with the improvement of technology. Even if the volume of packaging waste has "plateaued", notwithstanding the increase in population, the municipal solid waste volume continues to increase.

So the problem must be coming from somewhere else, not the packaging!

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The threat of e-waste | Manila Bulletin (serious threat of banned POP-PBDEs found in dumps")

The threat of e-waste | Manila Bulletin (serious threat of banned POP-PBDEs found in dumps") | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it

POP-PBDEs are human-made chemicals used in flame-retardants that can be found in many items like electronics, automobiles, and even toys.

Banned by the Stockholm Convention in 2004 due to the various environmental and health hazards they pose, POP-PBDEs still find their way into junkyards and landfills in the country. An estimated 11,040 tons of e-wastes and an equivalent of 5,650 tons of POP-PBDEs are accumulated and handled in these sites on an annual basis, posing a threat to the environment.

A team of researchers from De La Salle University’s (DLSU) Br. Andrew Gonzalez College of Education and Gokongwei College of Engineering recently embarked on a project that looked into the proper handling and management of these e-wastes. Headed by Science Education Department professor Dr. Maricar Prudente, she says the team is tracking the chemicals in the country’s solid waste. This initiative is relatively new in the Philippines.

“We are in the infancy stage. Not everyone knows about this, that’s why we’re pushing for more fora so the general public will know,” she says. She notes that while environmental chemists and members of the academe convene about the problem, there is a great need to educate the general public about the issue.

Traces of POP-PBDEs have been found in animals, water, and even human breast milk, a clear indication of how the spreading of this persistent contaminant must be mitigated. Once a critical amount of this substance is absorbed by the human body, it mimics certain hormones and may cause harm to sensitive organs in the central nervous, nervous, endocrine, and reproductive systems.

Bert Guevara's insight:

e-Waste is a relatively new phenomenon and its dangers are known to a few. Reckless handling of e-waste is endangering the public. The problem is that even the government has incomplete data on the extent of the problem.


"No matter how tedious and painstaking, the inventory of e-wastes is a crucial step towards treating a large-scale problem. The problem of e-wastes can be solved if we have a clear idea of what we are truly up against."

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Making paper from poop to preserve rhinos | Environment | DW.DE | 10.04.2015

Making paper from poop to preserve rhinos | Environment | DW.DE | 10.04.2015 | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it
Rhinoceroses in the jungles of the Indian state of Assam are being ruthlessly poached for their horns. One initiative to save them involves changing attitudes in forest communities - by making paper from rhino dung.

From experience, he also knew that rhinoceroses, like elephants, pass most of the grass they eat without digesting it. In his travels and work, he'd seen jungles being encroached into, which led the animals to eat crops and then defecate in cultivated fields.

All these observations added up and began brewing into a business idea for the active senior.

Rhinos often return to a single location to poop, for up to 10 days. That can result in as much as 400 kilograms (882 pounds) of rhino dung piling up in a hapless farmer's field.

For a month, Bora had also lived in Sanganer, Rajasthan - where every household makes handmade paper from cotton rag. When he returned to Assam, he convinced a senior officer at the Guwahati Zoo to share some rhino and elephant dung. The officer obliged - and Bora took it home.

"First, I washed it in running water. Then quietly I took my wife's mixie [blender] - stole it rather - and made a pulp out of rhino and elephant poop," Bora said with twinkling eyes. He then took a section of the shirt he was wearing, shredded it, and added it to the mixture.

"I made a pulp, then I put it in a wire mesh screen," he said. Bora said he'll never forget the resulting thin, textured, beautiful piece of paper - green like his shirt. And thus, Elrhino Eco Industries was born.

 

Bert Guevara's insight:

Paper production as a sustainable conservation effort - fantastic advocacy for wildlife protection.

 

"Though the amount of dung used to make the paper is not much compared to all that the local rhino population produces, ElRhino includes advocacy with every item it sells. Nisha Bora says they are seeing an attitude change on the ground, in the villages that collect dung and around the factory, toward perceiving the large animals as more valuable.

"The elder Bora has a much greater vision. "We have a lot of natural raw material in Assam - bananas, pineapples, water hyacinths - which is all fiber. My dream is to see entire villages where they make handmade paper," he says."

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Now we're even recycling cigarette butts in Seattle - Puget Sound Business Journal ("small irritant")

Now we're even recycling cigarette butts in Seattle - Puget Sound Business Journal ("small irritant") | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it
The newly announced program features 15 places where smokers can deposit their butts to be turned into new products.

The Metropolitan Improvement District, a nonprofit that cleans streets and offers other services in downtown Seattle, has placed 15 cigarette recycling boxes where people can deposit their spent smokes. The butts will be shipped off to a warehouse in Hamilton, N.J., and be turned into industrial products, such as plastic pallets. Even the remaining tobacco is recycled as compost.

Smoking is relatively uncommon in Seattle with Men's Health once naming the city as one of the one of the top 10 smoke-free cities in the nation. But this doesn't mean that cigarette waste is uncommon here. It's a universal problem with cigarette butts the most littered item in the world, according toAmericans for Nonsmokers' Rights.

Now, though, the MID is trying to capitalize on Seattle's passion for recycling and composting to help clean up downtown.

The MID, which collects more than 2,200 gallons of trash downtown on any given day, is working with a company called TerraCycle to recycle the butts. The 14-year-old New Jersey company works with a variety of companies to collect difficult-to-recycle packaging and products and repurposes the material. The programs benefit different charities and other causes.

Bert Guevara's insight:

A partnership between a tobacco manufacturer, a recycling company and an NGO makes a statement about cigarette waste.

 

"Funding for TerraCycle's cigarette butt recycling project comes from Santa Fe Natural Tobacco Co., which makes American Spirit cigarettes. For every pound of cigarette waste collected, TerraCycle and Santa Fe Natural Tobacco Co., donate $1 toward the Keep America Beautiful Cigarette Litter Prevention Program.

"Money also will come back to the MID for its participation.

"TerraCycle collects cigarette butts from more than 6,000 locations, according to its website, and calculates it has diverted more than 23.4 million butts from the waste stream.

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Seoul City to build first upcycling centre ("a giant step in waste recycling; creates new jobs")

Seoul City to build first upcycling centre ("a giant step in waste recycling; creates new jobs") | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it
The country's first-ever upcycling centre will be opened in Seoul in 2017 in an aim to boost green industries, officials said Thursday.Seoul Metropolitan Government broke ground for the Seoul Upcycling Plaza (tentative name) in Janganpyeong, eastern Seoul, as part of the project to stimulate the culture of reusing, recycling and upcycling.

The country's first-ever upcycling centre will be opened in Seoul in 2017 in an aim to boost green industries, officials said Thursday.

Seoul Metropolitan Government broke ground for the Seoul Upcycling Plaza (tentative name) in Janganpyeong, eastern Seoul, as part of the project to stimulate the culture of reusing, recycling and upcycling.

In contrast to reusing and recycling, upcycling uses waste materials to convert them into new products. It has been a rising global trend, especially in the European fashion market. In Korea, only about 30 upcycling companies exist as of this year, the city said.

Spread over 16,500 square meters, the five-story building will consist of workspaces for upcycling-focused social start-ups and artists, and a large market for upcycling products, processed waste materials and secondhand items, the city said.

Once the facility is opened, the Janganpyeong area will transform into an environment-friendly town with the existing Jungnang water treatment facility, used car market and water sewage museum, the city said.

This is part of the city government's long-term environment project aimed at using the waste as a source for the green industry.

Along with the nation's largest upcycling centre, Seoul City vowed to make efforts to expand the number of upcycling companies to 1,000 and create about 20,000 fresh work opportunities with new jobs such as upcycling material planner and eco-designer, the city officials said.

Bert Guevara's insight:

This should be replicated in the Philippines!

"It will also raise the recycling rate from the current 64 per cent to 75 per cent by 2017, which will be the highest in the world. The city will also improve the food garbage-turned-biogas rate to 100 per cent. The current rate is around 30 per cent, they added."

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Watch Your Dead Tech Get Demolished at an E-Waste Recycling Plant - YouTube ("this is how it ends")

It's called e-waste, and it's made of millions of broken, dead, and obsolete gadgets. But often, it's too toxic (and too valuable) just to toss in a dumpster...

It's called e-waste, and it's made of millions of broken, dead, and obsolete gadgets. But often, it's too toxic (and too valuable) just to toss in a dumpster. So it gets recycled. We visited an e-waste recycling facility in upstate New York to see the afterlife of dead tech for ourselves. This video captures what we saw.

Bert Guevara's insight:

This is a good and simple example of how to handle e-waste. Watch the video.

With the Filipino's crazy appetite for new gadgets, our country needs facilities like this.

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Canada’s Largest Food Retailer To Sell Ugly Produce At Low Prices To Cut Food Waste

Canada’s Largest Food Retailer To Sell Ugly Produce At Low Prices To Cut Food Waste | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it
Most food waste ends up in landfills, where it decomposes and releases methane, a greenhouse gas much more potent than carbon dioxide.

Loblaws, the country’s largest food retailer, launched a campaign last week to sell misshapen, “ugly” produce at a discounted rate in an effort to curb the country’s food waste problem (annually, Canadians waste some 40 percent of their food).

The campaign, called No Name Naturally Imperfect, offers aesthetically displeasing apples and potatoes at a discount of up to 30 cents in select Loblaws-owned stores in Ontario and Quebec. “We often focus too much on the look of produce rather than the taste,” said Ian Gordon, senior vice president, Loblaw Brands, Loblaw Companies Limited, in a press statement. “Once you peel or cut an apple you can’t tell it once had a blemish or was misshapen.”

According to the U.N. Environment Program, between 20 and 40 percent of produce is thrown away by farmers simply because it isn’t pretty enough for grocery store shelves. The produce being sold under Loblaws’ new campaign would have been used for juices or soups, or might not have been harvested at all, due to their appearance. Though the campaign is beginning with apples and potatoes, company officials hope that the program will serve as a springboard for the sale of other ugly fruits and vegetables in the future.

The move offers savings to both the consumer, who can access healthy produce at lower costs, and the Canadian government, which loses some $31 billion dollars annually on food waste. Globally, food waste costs nearly $400 billion annually, but according to a February report released by the U.K.-based Waste & Resources Action Program (WRAP), countries could save between $120 and $300 each year by focusing on reducing food waste.

Bert Guevara's insight:

Who says that the world doesn't produce enough food? Check this out and discover that there are many ways of curbing food waste, even in the Philippines. With the proliferation of supermarkets, I wonder how much is wasted because of appearance?

"In developed nations, food waste happens most often at the retail and consumer level. Grocery stores often adhere to strict quality guidelines that place too much emphasis on appearance, leading to the disposal of produce that is nutritionally sound but not aesthetically pleasing. Each year, enough unspoiled food is thrown away in developed nations to feed the world’s 870 million hungry people."

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Slimming down food waste could save European businesses £7bn a year ("need smarter ways to avoid")

Slimming down food waste could save European businesses £7bn a year ("need smarter ways to avoid") | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it
New Rabobank report urges supermarkets to work with their suppliers to encourage the use of innovative new technologies to reduce waste

The biggest losses occur in the market for fruit and vegetables, where the supply chain accounts for 72 per cent and 66 per cent of waste respectively, and leads to total losses worth around €28bn (£20.1bn) per year. Wasted starchy root vegetables also account for around €8bn (£5.8bn) in industry losses.

The report highlights how a range of new packaging technologies, such as It'sFresh! and PerfoTec, which prolong the life of fruit and vegetables, new harvesting machinery that can reduce damage to crops and the use of new food storage systems, can all help slash waste levels.

However, current business models do not always reward this kind of efficiency. For example, why would a wholesaler want to reduce food waste in a way that means a customer will buy less? Bosch said retailers needed to work with growers, packagers and wholesalers to overcome these challenges and incentivise them to invest in new technologies.

"Overcoming this 'split incentive', where costs and benefits fall to different parties, requires an innovative approach to supply chain partnerships and business models," said Bosch.

Benefits would not only include increased shelf life, but also opening up new geographical markets and reducing the cost of dealing with stock that has passed its use by date, the report argues.

 

Bert Guevara's insight:

This food waste problem is the same in the Philippines.

Calling on our economic geniuses or guys with better common sense to figure out this problem. The benefits of minimizing food waste is not always a "win-win" for all stakeholders, but definitely a "must-win" for the environment.

"... why would a wholesaler want to reduce food waste in a way that means a customer will buy less? Bosch said retailers needed to work with growers, packagers and wholesalers to overcome these challenges and incentivise them to invest in new technologies.

"Implementing innovations for food waste reduction should start with selecting partners that understand and attach a value to all of the potential benefits of reducing waste – partners that are willing to work towards realising these benefits,"

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The art of upcycling ("changing the way people look at waste leads to behavioral changes")

The art of upcycling ("changing the way people look at waste leads to behavioral changes") | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it
Re-purposing discarded objects through art and design could inspire consumers to be more conscious and provide solutions to the worlds waste problems.

From medical advancements, to creating masterful pieces of art, travelling vast oceans, to building cities, inventing the lightbulb, to developing the internet, humans are capable of creating greatness, but our ingenuity comes with its problems. 
‘As a species were are just too damn clever,’ said Dr Brandon Gien, CEO of Good Design Australia in a recent panel at Link Festival.  ‘We have designed ourselves into this world and as a result there are some significant challenges facing our planet as a result of our own ingenuity.
‘It is a case of taking a step back and saying we got ourselves into this mess, we can design ourselves out of it as well.’ 
This mess has a lot to do with excessive consumption and the waste we produce. Australia is one of the highest waste producers in the world, producing the equivalent of three million garbage trucks full of compacted rubbish each year. 
But an art movement may have the answer: upcycling. Nathan Devine, creator ofRetrash – an online platform that showcases upcycling innovation from artists and designers around the world – said that rethinking waste ‘represents a small part of the solution to our growing problem’. 
Devine said Retrash is an ‘inspirational platform’ designed to get people thinking about how we can reuse everyday objects. ‘[Upcycling] is about two things: first it’s about reconsidering the amount of things that we buy and the waste that creates, and secondly how we can rethink second-hand materials by adding value to them.

Bert Guevara's insight:

Creative up-cycling can make a difference in the behavioral aspect of waste management, which is an important component of the solution.

"‘The philosophy behind Retrash celebrates the creative arts element of upcycling, while at the same time improving our environment by reconsidering our connection to it,’ said Devine."

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Ask Umbra: Is my compost pile contributing to climate change? ("can composting be methane-free? yes!")

Ask Umbra: Is my compost pile contributing to climate change? ("can composting be methane-free? yes!") | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it
A reader worries that her banana peels are giving off bad gas. Umbra forks over some scrappy advice.

Backyard composting sounds almost too good to be true, doesn’t it? You divert food scraps from the landfill and create an ultra-enriching soil booster that nourishes crops and gardens — and you do it all right out the back door so there’s no fuel used in shipping. So where’s the catch? Well, under certain conditions, decomposing matter does produce methane — a highly potent greenhouse gas 20 times worse for the climate than carbon dioxide. But here’s the unequivocally good news: Your compost pile doesn’t have to. With the right management, backyard compost can indeed be methane-free.

Here’s why: Methane forms under anaerobic, or zero-oxygen, conditions. Just like what’s found inside a landfill, you say? Exactly. Sealed inside landfills (where 96 percent of our orange peels and coffee grounds go, by the way), food waste slowly rots, spewing methane as it goes. Our trash heaps account for 17 percent of all U.S. methane emissions.

I should point out, Adriana, that not all that methane flies into the atmosphere to further warm the globe. We do have the technology to harvest and burn the gas to generate electricity, reducing it to water and carbon dioxide (which officials don’t count against us on the climate change scale because decomposing organic matter releases it naturally anyway). Happy face: Powering your fridge with methane means you’re not tapping a fossil fuel source. Sad face: These projects are limited in scope.

Bert Guevara's insight:

Composting can be methane-free, if properly managed.

"And really, that’s it. Composting takes a little trial and error to get right, but that’s essentially what it takes to run a tight, methane-free ship. The steps are simple, yet classically important."

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Innovative Startup Sells Coffee Grounds to Fuel Cars and Power Buildings » EcoWatch ("cool fuel idea")

Innovative Startup Sells Coffee Grounds to Fuel Cars and Power Buildings » EcoWatch ("cool fuel idea") | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it
Bio-bean, a new London-based company, is upcycling coffee grounds into biofuel, which can help power buildings and fuel cars while reducing waste. Coffee shops

With 200,000 tons of coffee grounds produced in London annually, the potential of pulp-into-power can be massive. Bio-bean doesn’t just collect used grounds from local coffee shops, they also target roasting and freeze-dried coffee facilities.

After collecting the grounds, the company transports it to their processing plant in north London where machines turn these old grinds into biomass pellets and biodiesel in a patented process. This carbon-neutral fuel is then sold to businesses to power buildings and vehicles.

Coffee shops usually pay to have their grounds incinerated, taken to an anaerobic digestion plants or dumped in a landfill, where it releases harmful greenhouse gases, the company points out on their website. But with bio-bean, coffee grounds go further than giving you your morning fix.

“Bio-bean is aligned closely with the concept of the circular economy,” Kay told Co.Exist. “We view waste more as a valuable resource, simply in the wrong place.” (If you’d like to give a second life to your own coffee waste, try composting).


Bert Guevara's insight:

As a coffee-lover, I like this idea.

"Bio-bean says they can save up to 53,200 barrels of oil a year, or the same as driving a London bus around the world 7,675 times. That’s not to mention that the company uses its own biofuel to power their fleet of trucks that’s used to collect coffee waste.

“Bio-bean uses a cradle-to-cradle business model, which means we use a waste product and turn it into something of value.” Kay says in the video. “London produces over 200,000 tons of waste coffee annually. Bio-bean hopes to tap into this resource in order to offset some of London’s energy demands.”

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Growing recycling programs help us inch closer to Zero Waste ("so much to learn from new methods")

Growing recycling programs help us inch closer to Zero Waste ("so much to learn from new methods") | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it
Looking beyond traditional recyclables and the "blue bin", here are some of the organizations and companies seeking to redefine what we consider trash with alternative recycling initiatives and methods of reuse.

Much of our time is often devoted to increasing the recycling rates of more conventional recyclable materials. That is: aluminum, paper, PET and HDPE plastic containers, and glass. There are large markets for these materials, so it makes a lot of sense to further build the recycling infrastructure for them.

Even so, there are countless other waste streams that we still struggle to unpin the “non-recyclable” label from. But where municipal systems for complicated waste streams fail or are lacking, a growing number of alternative programs from third-party organizations are rising up and changing our perceptions of garbage and waste.

Some are smaller and highly targeted programs from socially responsible companies, while others are broad reclamation and reuse initiatives operated by nonprofits and entire municipalities. All of them are proving that viable recycling and reuse solutions, even for some of our most complicated waste streams, are possible.

Bert Guevara's insight:

There are so many new possibilities in recycling which need to be put in place, such as:

Greywater

Building Material Recycling

Recycling E-Waste

Undergarments

Converting Plastic to Oil

Styrofoam and Polystyrene Recycling

Recyclebank

Battery Recycling

Zero Waste Box

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Toxic E-Waste Piles Up as Manufacturers End Free Recycling ("cheap gadgets = more e-waste disposed")

Toxic E-Waste Piles Up as Manufacturers End Free Recycling ("cheap gadgets = more e-waste disposed") | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it
Some 55 million pounds of e-waste could be recycled in 2015, but that's not likely to happen despite laws on the books

“It’s a shame,’’ said Sen. Bob Smith (D-Middlesex), the chairman of the Senate Environment and Energy Committee. “Our program is not working well.’’
It is no small problem. A projection from the state Department of Environmental Protection, estimates that approximately 55 million pounds of e-waste material could be recycled in 2015, according to John Purves, an attorney who represents some of the recycling facilities.
Whether that goal can be achieved, however, is questionable, considering changes in the marketplace.
Manufacturers used to accept the e-waste for free, but are now balking at doing so. Counties and towns that had to pay recyclers are bailing out of the program because of higher costs, according to Purves.
“This problem is going to get worse,’’ he said. “I fear a big rise in illegal dumping. It only works if the cost of recycling is borne by manufactures, which is not happening today.’’
The result is that some of the waste ends up being stored in county Department of Works warehouses, instead of being recycled, according to Jeff Tittel, director of the New Jersey Sierra Club.
“A lot of towns have stopped recycling the stuff and the DEP not enforcing the law,’’ Tittel said.
In part, that is because many municipalities and counties have reduced their workforces, Purves said.
To fix the problem, Purves said the state should require manufacturers of electronic equipment to accept an unlimited amount of material to be recycled.

Bert Guevara's insight:

We need a win-win solution for everyone to do his part - consumer, government and industry.

"To fix the problem, Purves said the state should require manufacturers of electronic equipment to accept an unlimited amount of material to be recycled."

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How Food Waste Costs Our Cities Millions | World Resources Institute ("city dwellers take food for granted")

How Food Waste Costs Our Cities Millions | World Resources Institute ("city dwellers take food for granted") | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it
It would take a Mexico-sized area of farm land to grow the amount of food people waste every year.

It would take farm land the size of Mexico just to grow the amount of food that humans produce, but do not eat, every year.

More food goes uneaten at theconsumption phase of the supply chain—in places like homes, restaurants and cafeterias—than at any other stage. Almost all urban areas experience high levels of food waste—food that is fit for consumption when it reaches consumers but is discarded before or after spoiling. While food waste presents significant challenges, addressing waste also provides an opportunity for growing cities to reduce their carbon emissions, curb deforestation, and mitigate water withdrawals caused by agriculture.

If current trends continue, the world will need to increase food production by 70 percent by 2050. Growing that amount of food will put a significant strain on the planet. Food production is emissions-intensive because it converts lands—such as forests and savannas that store carbon and preserve ecosystems—into pasture or crop land. For example, farmers are chopping down Indonesia’s rainforests to grow crops like palm oil, making Indonesia the world’s largest carbon emitter per unit of GDP. In addition, 13 percent of the world’s 2010 carbon emissions came from agricultural activities like raising cattle, using tractors, and producing and using nitrogen fertilizers. Including land conversion,agriculture contributes 24 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, uses 37 percent of Earth’s land, and accounts for 70 percent of water withdrawals worldwide.

Given the staggering effect that food production has on the environment, reducing food waste and easing the growing need for food production can move us toward a more sustainable world.

Bert Guevara's insight:

The food waste numbers are staggering and scandalous to a hungry population. There has to be widespread action to combat it.

 

"According to The Royal Society, consumers in developed economies waste more food due to the low cost of food relative to disposable income, high standards for the appearance of food, and a lack of understanding of the realities of food production. Urbanization introduces these three factors into consumer behavior because urbanites earn more money than rural workers, buy more food from supermarkets that have high food appearance standards, and live further from where their food grows."

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Seaman barred at NAIA for anti-littering case ("litterers deserve the delay") The Phil Star Digital

Seaman barred at NAIA for anti-littering case ("litterers deserve the delay") The Phil Star Digital | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it

For not settling his P500 fine with the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA) for an anti-littering case two years ago, a seaman bound for Singapore was stopped by immigration officers at the Ninoy Aquino International Airport and missed his flight last week.

Raul Samson was apprehended on April 25, 2013 for dropping a cigarette butt at the Metro Rail Transit EDSA-Guadalupe station, according to the MMDA.

Samson was charged with violation of Republic Act 9003 or the Solid Waste Management Act before the Makati Metropolitan Trial Court (MTC) for failing to settle his fine within the prescribed period.

Makati MTC Branch 67 Judge Jackie Crisologo Saguisag issued a warrant for Samson’s arrest on Oct. 8 last year after he failed to appear in court for his arraignment.

MMDA senior health program officer Rose Blay said Samson may now be able to leave for Singapore after he showed up at the MMDA office in Makati City on April 6 and paid his penalty.

The MMDA had informed the Makati court that it would no longer pursue the case against Samson, Blay said.

Blay explained that a litterbug apprehended by the MMDA is given three days, from the time of his apprehension, to pay a fine of P500 to P1,000 or to render community service for a maximum of 16 hours. Should the litterbug fail to do either penalty within three days, the MMDA will file a case before the court.

Bert Guevara's insight:

For not settling his anti-littering fine, this seaman wasn't allowed to board his plane to Singapore. A simple cigarette butt littering case can cause major bother, but the law is the law.

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Borderlands Food Bank: Cutting Food Waste at The Border - Food and Environment Reporting Network

Borderlands Food Bank: Cutting Food Waste at The Border - Food and Environment Reporting Network | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it
Just across the border from Nogales, Ariz., rows of north-bound trucks line up for inspection. Over half of the produce that’s grown in Mexico and imported — $4 billion worth — comes through this border crossing. Most gets distributed to all parts of the U.S. and Canada, but some fruits and vegetables get rejected before… » Read More

Yolanda Soto is determined to give that produce a second life, by redirecting it to needy families across the country. She runs Borderlands Food Bank, which rescues between 35 and 40 million pounds of safe, edible fruits and vegetables headed for the landfill each year. That’s about one serving of produce for every child in the U.S.

Three miles north of the border, at the Borderlands warehouse on Produce Drive, Soto walks purposefully through stacks of fruits and vegetables, pointing out eggplant, Roma tomatoes, cucumbers. Forget about the usual worker’s uniform of boots and heavy jackets: Soto is wearing bright pink, head to toe.

Reaching into a cardboard box, Soto pulls out a Mexican gray squash, pointing out a tiny bit of surface scarring. “It’s perfectly good, but because it had some scarring, they couldn’t sell it. Who’s going to buy it?” she asks.

Many U.S. consumers think tasty produce has to look perfect on the outside – though, as The Salt has reported, food-waste fighters across the country are working to change that perception.

“We are crazy,” Soto says. “The waste is enormous, and it’s just not right.”

Bert Guevara's insight:

Fantastic common sense leads to an underground distribution of rejected food that feeds a lot of hungry people.


“At the U.S. border, all our fruits and vegetables, and whatever we’re importing, can be subject to inspection by about 40 different government agencies” searching for anything from drugs to pests, Chamberlain says.

"As for fruits and vegetables too ripe for much travel, Borderlands can distribute them to individuals and agencies in southern Arizona and northern Mexico within hours. Thousands of people also show up for POW-WOW: Produce on Wheels Without Waste, weekly distributions near Nogales and in Phoenix and Tucson.

"Soto has lots of future plans for Borderlands. “I could rescue millions’ more [pounds of] product,” she says. “I could also do composting, I could do juicing, I could do dehydration and canning.”

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How you can practice closed loop recycling ("example of earth day practice to make a difference")

How you can practice closed loop recycling ("example of earth day practice to make a difference") | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it
There's more to recycling than just bringing items to the curb. Find out how to incorporate all levels of recycling into your life.
If you're a regular recycler, hauling your bottles, cans, and paper to the curb or to dedicated drop-offs, more power to you. You are working hard to keep our planet green. However, this effort addresses just a part of the recycling equation. For the process to work as it's intended, someone (or, more likely, some corporation) has to be ready to pick up the materials and transform them into usable goods, which, in turn, consumers must choose to buy. This entire multi-step process, encompassing the entire product lifecycle, is referred to as closed loop recycling. Why recycle?Proponents of recycling tend to emphasize the importance of creating a cleaner planet. That's an excellent reason to recycle, but there are many additional benefits, which may appeal to members of your household who are less idealistic. Here are some of the advantages of recycling. Reduces need for landfillsLandfills are ugly. In addition, many of them are, to put it bluntly, simply running out of space, with remaining capacities of perhaps another 30 years or less. And if you look at it in terms of dollars and cents, recycling tends to be a less expensive means than landfill dumping for local governments to manage waste.
Bert Guevara's insight:

"Proponents of recycling tend to emphasize the importance of creating a cleaner planet. That's an excellent reason to recycle, but there are many additional benefits, which may appeal to members of your household who are less idealistic. Here are some of the advantages of recycling.

- Reduces need for landfills

- Saves natural resources

- Reduces pollution in air and water

- Is more energy-efficient

- How to make wise purchasing choices

- Building materials

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New York’s trendiest restaurant is serving you garbage (and it’s awesome) - ("a menu paradigm shift")

New York’s trendiest restaurant is serving you garbage (and it’s awesome) - ("a menu paradigm shift") | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it
Waste is the quintessential American diet, says renowned chef Dan Barber. But it doesn't have to be that way

It begins to make sense, though, once you begin to consider how much of what we see as disposable actually has value. Or can have value, in the hands of the right person. Stepping up to the challenge is Dan Barber, the chef and co-owner of Manhattan’s Blue Hill, who transformed the high-end restaurant, for two weeks only, into wastED, a pop-up experiment that just might change the way we think about food waste.

I first spoke with Barber before the release, last year, of “The Third Plate,” his nearly 500-page attempt to push the farm-to-table movement even further, into a full-fledged food revolution. It was through his research for the book, Barber recently told me, that he made the connection that led to wastED. The history of diet and cuisine, he realized, is based on preventing waste: “You couldn’t afford waste when these recipes and expectations for meals were being developed; you didn’t have the luxury of waste,” Barber explained. It’s a principle, though, that’s been lost in our modern way of eating.

“Waste, in so many ways, is the American experience,” he said. “It’s the American diet.”

If that’s the case, then the meal I enjoyed this past weekend at wastED was the most exotic I’ve ever had.

Here I should note that I attended WastED, on Barber’s invitation, in order to better understand the project — and not in the capacity of a food reviewer. To be honest, I wouldn’t know the first thing about doing that — although, an actual food reviewer who was sitting next to me at the bar (and who seemed to enjoy his experience) told me it’s easier than I think: All you have to do, he said, is say whether the food tasted good or not.

Bert Guevara's insight:

Actually, you may be surprised at what ingredients are in your fast food and junk food. At least, this chef explains it in his menu through a glossary. I like the idea.

"That was to be expected from the moment I saw WastEd’s menu, which comes complete with its own glossary. I learned, before putting anything into my mouth, that there’s edible grain left over from the brewing and distilling process; that “unlaid eggs…are sometimes discovered in the oviducts of slaughtered laying hens”; and that laying hens, which are slaughtered in old age, when their egg production slows, typically end up in pet food — but can also be used to make a mean chicken soup."

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Island residents start Facebook page to shame illegal garbage dumpers ("the social media weapon")

Island residents start Facebook page to shame illegal garbage dumpers ("the social media weapon") | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it
A few residents have banded together on social media to start the Facebook page 'Stop Illegal Garbage Dumping - Vancouver Island'.

Some residents are continuing to dump garbage illegally on the nature trails and in the forests and Guilfoy wants it to stop.

She, along with a few other residents, have banded together on social media to start the Facebook page ‘Stop Illegal Garbage Dumping – Vancouver Island‘. It only started six days ago and already has more than 3,500 likes.

“I was so sick of somebody dumping [garbage] up the road from my house,” says Guilfoy. “When it gets cleaned up, it is dumped there again.”

The garbage includes household items, furniture, car batteries, tires, bikes and lots of mail, with names, addresses and personal details clearly visible.

Gilfoy says they have contacted people whose mail has been found in the garbage but they have decided against putting the details on the Facebook page. “I don’t want to destroy someone’s life,” she says, as they don’t know if the person whose mail is dumped is the person who dumped it there.

“We just want to bring awareness of how big the issue is, to show people there are repercussions, the [Regional District of Nanaimo] is following up,” she says.

“We also want to bring awareness to identity theft. We found credit card statements, insurance papers, it’s crazy.”

Bert Guevara's insight:

This community is using social media to shame the illegal garbage dumpers. In the Philippines, this can be a good idea to mobilize citizens.

"She, along with a few other residents, have banded together on social media to start the Facebook page ‘Stop Illegal Garbage Dumping – Vancouver Island‘. It only started six days ago and already has more than 3,500 likes.

“I was so sick of somebody dumping [garbage] up the road from my house,” says Guilfoy. “When it gets cleaned up, it is dumped there again.”

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How expiring fruits and veggies can help end hunger ("preserving food before it rots extends use")

How expiring fruits and veggies can help end hunger ("preserving food before it rots extends use") | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it
How do you feed 9 billion people by 2050? Graduate students propose to extend the life of about-to-expire fruits and vegetables

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Freeze-drying food can preserve micronutrients, thus helping people, especially children, reduce the risk of hunger and malnutrition.

No complex machinery is needed aside from the one used in freeze-drying the product, making it less expensive compared to other consumables used by several organizations. The target price for selling is only $2 (P80).

FoPo will take advance of the strict regulations requiring companies to sell their expiring produce by buying these from them at a cheaper price and transporting them to the processing facility to freeze-dry them.

Before selling to retailers and organizations, the freeze-dried products are put through a simple pulverizer to convert them into powder form.

Once purchased, consumers can use these powdered fruits and vegetables in making food products such as healthy juices, porridges, and even sandwich spreads.

The concept won in the recently concluded Thought For Food Challenge on February 14, 2015 in Lisbon, Portugal. The event encouraged members of the food industry to come up with social entrepreneurship business ideas to help address the problem of food insecurity.

Gerard Marin, one of the two Filipino members of the team, said that the concept is also effective especially in emergency situations.

Bert Guevara's insight:

Another great idea that can be used to reduce food waste.

"The creators of FoPo emphasized that food insecurity does not come from the lack of food. To address hunger, the problems in the existing food system should be fixed.

“The world does not need to produce more food to feed the population,” Marin said. “People just have to see the value from the inefficiency of the current food system, and create a sustainable, innovative, and socially relevant business out of it.”

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7 wastes Lean Six Sigma - YouTube ("tips from the #1 car manufacturer; identify the waste and solve it")

The 7 wastes of Lean six sigma, otherwise known as the 8 wastes if you include the most important waste - the waste of under utilised talent within your orga...

The reduction and elimination of waste is core to lean manufacturing. But what do we mean by waste? What types of waste exist? Well 7 types of waste (or Muda) were originally classified by Taiichi Ohno, the Chief Engineer at Toyota.  By reducing waste in all its forms, processes become more efficient, more productive and produce fewer defects. As we’ve seen lean manufacturing is all about adding value for the customer. Waste does not add value. So when we eliminate waste, by definition, we add value. Let’s take a look at the different types of waste.

Bert Guevara's insight:

The reduction and elimination of waste is core to lean manufacturing. 

1. Overproduction

2. Waiting

3. Transporting

4. Inappropriate Processing

5. Unnecessary Inventory

6. Unnecessary Motions

7. Defects

In addition to the 7 original wastes, a new one is sometimes quoted. This is the Waste of Untapped Human Potential. The idea here is all the other wastes are only effective if you get the whole workforce involved. 

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The Zero Waste Dream ("it starts with the decision; then the assessment; next is the lifestyle change")

The Zero Waste Dream ("it starts with the decision; then the assessment; next is the lifestyle change") | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it
Advocates are turning that dream into reality!

There have been a few vocal minorities in the crowd of many who claim they have adopted waste-free lifestyles. In addition to refraining from plastic usage, these waste-free diehards have made other lifestyle choices. They’ve replaced their trash bins with refuse and recycling bins, and they’ve adopted a minimalist mantra that some people could deem counter-cultural. 

One of the most well known zero-wasters is Bea Johnson, author of the bestselling book, “Zero Waste Home.” 

“Since embarking on the zero waste lifestyle, our lives have changed for the better,” Johnson explained on her website. “We feel happier and lead more meaningful lives, based on experiences instead of stuff. My goal is to share (zero waste’s) incredible health, financial and time-saving benefits.” 

Throughout her book and website, Johnson frequently chronicles how she has led a waste-free lifestyle. As a starting point, she recommends people consider what she deems the five “Rs”: 

• Refuse what you do not need.

• Reduce what you do need.

• Reuse what you consume.

• Recycle what you cannot put in a refuse pile or reuse for future consumption.

• Rot (compost) the rest.

Johnson offers an array of tidbits for people serious about taking a crack at the zero-waste lifestyle. She swears by mason jars for food storage and oftentimes buys in bulk. In lieu of paper products, Johnson uses ceramic dishes and cloth napkins for food storage and clean up, respectively.

In an example of how deeply she has pondered this topic, Johnson also encourages people to flee from the long-running free pencil and pen giveaways. When she needs to scribe something by hand, Johnson instead uses pens equipped with refillable ink. 

There are other indirect ways people can contribute to the zero-waste lifestyle, according to Johnson. For those embarking on gardening activities this spring, for example, consider leaving room for a compost pile. After all, food waste needs to go somewhere if you’re ditching the garbage can!

Bert Guevara's insight:

The hope is for every person in the planet to generate less waste on a daily basis. This means individual decisions based on their personal value system -- not all people look at waste in the same way!

With continuing education and a corresponding change in the design and engineering of our environment, the zero waste lifestyle can make a significant dent in our total waste generation (approx 10-13k tons per day in Metro Manila).

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How Uganda is turning waste into power ("choice of recycling technology should fulfill a need")

How Uganda is turning waste into power ("choice of recycling technology should fulfill a need") | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it
A pilot project to turn that waste into biogas is getting started this month in Uganda, Ethiopia and Tanzania, writes Sophie Mbugua.

At the Kampala City Abattoir, the changeover is already underway.

To turn waste into power, the slaughterhouse puts its waste and wastewater through a fermentation process that releases methane, which is then captured and burned to produce electricity.

The facility uses the biogas it produces to power its generator.

“We are generating on average about 10 to 15 cubic metres of biogas daily,” said Joseph Kyambadde, head of biochemistry at Makerere University and one of those involved with the project.

“With 60 cubic metres of gas we (would be) able to run about 15 security lights, 15 deep freezers and 15 refrigerators at the abattoir, helping save around 8 million Ugandan shillings ($2,800) per month,” he said.

To add to the project’s green credentials, it uses solar panels to heat water and raise the temperature in the digester, to allow it to produce the most burnable methane, said Robinson Odong, a biological sciences lecturer at Makerere University and a manager of the biogas project.

Besides helping the slaughterhouse get around the city’s frequent blackouts, using biogas for energy has cut the plant’s monthly diesel bill by 90 percent.

“We are now spending 300,000 Ugandan shillings ($105) per month on diesel instead of 3.5 million shillings ($1,200), as the generator now runs on biogas during power blackouts,” said Nsubuga Muhamed, the Kampala City Abattoir secretary.

Bert Guevara's insight:

Solving a waste problem by producing needed energy.

“We are an energy-poor country, with 95 percent of rural households having no access to electricity,” said Ronald Kaggwa, an environmental economist at the Uganda National Environmental Management Authority.

"If the biogas project is scaled up, it could allow Ugandans who live too far from the power grid to generate their own energy, he said.

"And if the country could turn more of its waste and wastewater into biogas, it would also be closer to its goals of switching to greener power sources and reducing deforestation, officials say."

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Recleim Opens Closed-Loop Recycling Facility ("focus on resource recovery thru de-manufacturing")

Recleim Opens Closed-Loop Recycling Facility ("focus on resource recovery thru de-manufacturing") | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it
Recycling services provider Recleim has opened its $40.6 million flagship center in Graniteville, South Carolina — the first facility in North America to feature an entirely closed-loop resource recovery process, t...

Recycling services provider Recleim has opened its $40.6 million flagship center in Graniteville, South Carolina — the first facility in North America to feature an entirely closed-loop resource recovery process, the company says.

Using exclusively licensed recycling technologies, Recleim de-manufacturers household appliances, HVAC systems, vending machines and related electronics into commodities — such as plastic, aluminum, copper, steel and pelletized foam — that are sold for reuse.

The company says it reduces landfill waste by recovering 95 percent of components in the appliances it processes and properly disposing of non-recyclable materials.

Recleim has already announced several agreements with companies to process their equipment including BSH Home Appliances, Pepsi Bottling Ventures and the South Carolina.

Bert Guevara's insight:

This type of "de-manufacturing" facility which focuses on resource recovery is needed in many countries, including the Philippines. With the increasing volume of electric appliances and e-gadgets, which significantly contribute to landfill trash, "closed-loop" recovery and recycling facilities like this are urgently needed.

The $40.6M price tag is quite high for a developing country like the Philippines, but with more manual labor, it can be set up a lot cheaper.

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Good news! Another ‘Zero Waste’ grocery store opens in France ("new behavioral options make a diff")

Good news! Another ‘Zero Waste’ grocery store opens in France ("new behavioral options make a diff") | Global Recycling Movement | Scoop.it
High quality bulk ingredients, as long as you bring your own container -- sounds like my kind of dream store!

At day by day, there is no packaging; all 450 products are sold loose. You must bring your own containers or use the ones “graciously provided by other clients,” according to the website. This helps both the planet and one’s wallet, since we often pay for fancy excessive packaging without even realizing it. Bigorgne told La Voix du Nord that, in some cases, her package-free products are 40 percent cheaper than what you would pay in a conventional store, despite being of higher quality.

You can buy precisely the quantity of food that you want. “If you need only a single spoonful of coffee or two cinnamon sticks, I’ll sell it to you,” Bigorgne says. The idea is to reduce the amount of food waste that gets thrown away by selling exactly what a person will use. (An estimated 24 percent of calories produced globally are wasted, and that number is much higher in the U.S.)

This is not a new concept; it’s the way that many of our grandparents shopped. They would take a jar to the corner store to have it filled with however much of a particular ingredient they needed or could afford. While we enjoy a much greater selection of food than previous generations did, it is unfortunate that we’ve moved so far away from the bulk shopping model and the acceptance of reusable containers in stores.

Bert Guevara's insight:

New options in consumer behavior patterns make far better sense in finding sustainable solutions to the waste problem. The banning of plastic has not made a dent in our garbage volume. The latest MMDA data shows a 20% increase in Metro Manila landfill waste volume. We must be attacking the problem the wrong way.

"Stores like day by day show that the trend may be changing. Hopefully North America will take a lesson from Europe’s more forward-thinking grocery models and start realizing that there is another way to shop that doesn’t involve vast quantities of plastic packaging waste."

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