London24 Top chefs campaign for feeding pigs on food waste The Guardian Some of the UK's top chefs will cook thousands of free lunches in London on Thursday to highlight a campaign calling for pigs to be fed with food waste rather than food that...
Stuart said: "Feeding food waste to pigs is a millennia-old tradition and a fantastic way of producing meat that avoids the colossal environmental cost of growing commercial pig feed, much of which is currently imported from South America where it is causing deforestation and the destruction of the Cerrado habitat. Farmers could save money by using local sources of food waste instead of buying pig feed."
The United Nations estimates that if farmers from across the world returned to the centuries-old tradition of feeding their livestock on food waste and agricultural by-products, it would liberate enough grain to feed an extra three billion people.
The State Oyster shell recycling program faces problems CapitalGazette.com The Chesapeake Bay Foundation runs the “Save Oyster Shell” oyster-recycling program in the Maryland and Virginia watershed areas.
The foundation, due to a lack of proper funding, equipment and resources, joined forces with the partnership to deal with large-scale shell collection. Until now, the program has been mainly run on a volunteer basis, with the intention of giving people “a sense of ownership in helping to save the bay,” Willey said.
While the foundation and the partnership both wish to continue to encourage public participation, collection operates on a county-by-county basis, so working through restrictions on collection can take a while.
Despite the lapse in collection efforts lately, Day thinks the program is “quite successful” in building oyster bars all over the bay. He will continue to participate in the program once he gets more collection bins, because he would rather use his leftover oyster shells to help regenerate the bay than waste them.
“It’s a little extra work, but it’s worth it,” he said.
May said despite the setbacks, the program seems to be a success. “I think they’re headed in the right direction, they just need to get more people on board to help.” He cited the lag time in establishing a public dumping spot in Frederick as an example of the need for the community to rally behind the program.
San Francisco, CA-Recycling is a great business, as long as commodity prices are high.
Unfortunately, the commodities markets aren’t playing along, said Steiner. With the slump in commodity prices, the profits from recycling have dried up.
“Recycling is not profitable. We have lost money in recycling over the last one and a half years,” he said. “Investment has slowed to a trickle.”
Steiner, however, says that doesn’t mean that Waste Management will dump the idea. The benefits of recycling—fewer landfills, less demand for virgin materials-are still there. Instead, he has begun to advocates new types of contracts that limit risks for both sides of the transaction. When commodity prices are high, municipalities can share a greater portion of the resale revenue. But a floor will also exist so that the trash hauler’ s profits are eviscerated by high diesel costs or other factors beyond its control.
In other words, garbitrage.
“If you want us to invest, we need a sustainable business model,” he said.
Ars Technica Global waste production to triple by 2100, led by sub-Saharan Africa Ars Technica One of the unfortunate but inescapable consequences of population and economic growth has been the unabated proliferation of trash.
Every day, we generate over 3.5 million tons of solid waste—a tenfold increase over the past century. That figure will likely double again by 2025. On our current path, it could balloon to over 11 million tons per day by 2100, a tripling of today's rate, with sub-Saharan Africa fueling most of the growth. These worrisome projections, a group of authors argue in this week's Nature, underscore the already obvious need to balance future population growth and urbanization with more stringent waste reduction efforts.
While the US and other developed countries still account for a sizable proportion of global waste production, East Asia currently represents the locus of growth. China's output alone, which now exceeds half a million tons per day, could mushroom to around 1.4 million tons per day by 2025. Between 2025 and 2050, South Asia, led by India, is expected to take the lead. After 2050, sub-Saharan Africa surges ahead and, by 2100, is responsible for the production of about 3.2 million tons of waste per day—almost a third of the global total.
But the real challenge lies with developing countries. Improving waste management or urban density is one thing. But it's quite another to discourage consumption in countries like China and India, where rapidly growing middle classes want to consume more. The greatest potential for change could reside in those developing nations, particularly in Africa, that still have relatively low urbanization rates and are plagued by high poverty and inequality. With the right education and incentives, they could be encouraged to embrace sustainability—both as a way of life and as a tool of modernization.
Baguio's garbage woes refuse to disappear Inquirer.net BAGUIO CITY—The city's continuing garbage problem indicates that residents and businesses here have failed to comply with a policy on waste segregation, a city official said.
“We observed then that there was success in waste reduction. But lately, we have not noticed any change. It will appear on our records that the volume of garbage dumped in [landfills in] Tarlac and Urdaneta City has increased,” Fianza said.
“We may not have improved the system of handling our garbage, from the storage, to handling, and then segregation,” he added.
Fianza warned that should the city fail to reduce its wastes, the local government would spend more for hauling and dumping, especially during the rainy season.
He said the city used to generate 117 to 130 tons of garbage a day, but the volume increased to 140 to 160 tons daily.
The city government, he said, has been spending around P260,000 a day for hauling and tipping fees.
“About P300,000 a day is spent for taking care of biodegradable and nonbiodegradable wastes. This amount does not even include personnel cost, [garbage] collection from barangays to staging areas and the cost of dump trucks,” Fianza said.
In the multisectoral workshop, “Demystifying the city budget for waste management,” held at the University of the Philippines Baguio on Sept. 25, participants assailed the city government for using more than P214 million of the city’s 2013 budget for solid waste management.
Treehugger Waste seashells can help clean wastewater Treehugger The final step in wastewater treatment, sometimes called polishing, often uses a process called photocatalysis, which may be about to get cheaper and more environmentally friendlier,...
When treating wastewater, there are typically at least three stages in the process, with the first stage removing solids and oils, the second stage filtering the water, and the third stage improving the quality of the treated water before it gets released from the treatment plant. The third, or tertiary, treatment often uses a process called photocatalysis, which requires titanium dioxide to remove any final contaminants, such as fertilizers or pharmaceuticals, from the water.
But an alternative material could be used instead of titanium dioxide, which is an expensive component of the process, due to the recent work of Dr Darrell Patterson of the University of Bath's Department of Chemical Engineering.
Dr Patterson's process uses waste mussel shells, which are created by the ton by the shellfish industry, and which are just as effective, but much cheaper and more eco-friendly in the long run.
Recycling History: Even Cavemen Lived a Green Lifestyle TIME Recycling may seem like a relatively recent phenomenon in today's world, but archeologists are discovering that our prehistoric ancestors lived a green lifestyle.
A conference called “The Origins of Recycling” this week in Tel Aviv, Israel brought together nearly 50 scholars from 10 countries to discuss the ancient recycling phenomenon. Archeologists at the meeting shared their discoveries of recycled tools at sites in Spain, North Africa, Italy and Israel dating as far back as 1.3 million years ago.
Not only humans but also their predecessors, like Homo erectus and Neanderthals, recycled tools as a survival strategy. “Why do we recycle plastic? To conserve energy and raw materials. In the same way, if you recycled flint you didn’t have to go all the way to the quarry to get more so you conserved your energy and saved on the material,” Avi Gopher, a Tel Aviv University archeologist, told the Associated Press.
A report by the Alliance for a Greater New York also found that the city's 2,000-plus garbage collectors often have routes that crisscross each other.
The Alliance for a Greater New York, which wrote the report released Wednesday, blames a dysfunctional commercial waste industry that reeks of inefficiency.
“There is intense competition among commercial carters ... and the first thing they sacrifice is wages and safety standards.”
More than 2,000 carters — or garbage collectors — often have routes that crisscross over one another before hauling trash out of the city, the report says.
The solution, the report says, is for the city to adopt a franchise system like Los Angeles and Seattle that would involve competitive bidding, a reduced number of companies and higher environmental and labor standards.
“While composting is a noble idea, which we believe in, there is no real infrastructure in our area to handle a big increase in composting,” said Bergamini. “You simply have to travel too far.”
MANILA, Philippines - Though the Philippines boasts a healthy number of volunteers for International Coastal Cleanup Day, the amount of trash found in our seas is rising every year, said the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR).
According to the Washington-based group Ocean Conservancy, the volume of ocean trash recorded by volunteers doubled annually since 2010.
That year, 145,000 volunteers picked up a total of 240,360 kilograms of trash. In 2011, around 114,418 volunteers collected 485,091 kilos. In 2012, 144,000 people retrieved more than 1.3 million kilos.
"The population is increasing so more resources are consumed and more waste is produced," Save Philippine Seas chief Anna Oposa explained.
"We aren't moving that much in terms of proper facilities or waste management. We still lack proper materials recovery facilities, landfills, recycling programs and the like," she said.
And though more Filipinos are now aware of the importance of keeping our oceans clean, "awareness is different from action."
"For instance, one knows that one of the top marine pollutants is cigarette butts but that doesn't necessarily mean they'll stop smoking or even just throw their cigarette butts properly. If the facilities and programs aren't there, awareness can only go so far," she told Rappler.
Hamilton and Morgan belong to a new food recovery organization called Gather Baltimore. Every week — under the direction of the energetic, foul-mouthed Morgan — volunteers collect some 15 tons of fresh produce that would otherwise end up in the compost, or more likely, the landfill. Then they give it away to people who need it. Hamilton, a development director who volunteers with the organization, articulates it thus: “The thing I love is it’s such a simple idea. It’s one of those ideas that when you see it, you think, How is this not happening already? How did we miss it?”
In the United States, around 40 percent of the food we produce goes to waste, while nearly 15 percent of American families experience food insecurity in a given year. It wouldn’t take much of an arm to kill those two birds with one stone. In fact, organizations like City Harvestin New York City, Food Runners in San Francisco, and Philabundancein Philadelphia have bridged the gap between wasteful food operations and the hungry for decades. But as awareness about our very leaky food system increases, even on the part of the government, new organizations with different takes on the problem are spreading like, uh, apple rot. Some focus on gleaning, others on farmers markets orrestaurants. One even targets college dining halls. (Because it sure would be a shame to toss those pasteurized liquid eggs.)
The Vancouver Observer Recovering energy and resources from garbage The Vancouver Observer The countries with some of the world's highest recycling rates are also those with the highest Waste to Energy recovery rates (Germany, Switzerland, Sweden,...
Like many urban regions in other countries with high recycling rates, Metro Vancouver has determined that Waste to Energy is the most environmentally responsible and cost effective means of dealing with garbage that cannot yet be recycled.
The best way to manage residual waste in our region has been discussed and studied for many years.
In 2008, the Metro Vancouver Board of Directors took the bold decision to abandon disposal of residual waste at a landfill in BC’s Interior.
Existing and planned recycling and reuse efforts are effectively removing resources from the waste stream before disposal. Organics programs are transforming food scraps and yard trimmings into compost and energy-rich biofuel.
So the question is not whether the communities of Metro Vancouver are committed to achieving the highest possible rates of waste diversion. They most certainly are. Rather, the question is about the most effective means of managing the inevitable volumes of waste that remain.
Leave the ocean garbage alone: we need to stop polluting first The Conversation Recent plans to clean plastics from the five massive ocean garbage patches could do more damage to the environment than leaving the plastic right where it is.
One of the more interesting aspects of the centres of the ocean gyres where the patches form, is that they are the ocean equivalent of deserts. There is very little life there. It is the reason why there are hardly any commercial fisheries in these areas and why it is perhaps one of the safest places for these plastics to remain.
It is because this area is an ocean desert that we can say (often in a dramatic voice) that if you were to put a net in the water in one of these gyre centres, you would pull up more plastic than ocean life.
I admit to being guilty of using this statement. However, while it is certainly true that there is a lot of plastic in the gyres, it is also true that there is very little ocean life in these same places, so the bar for this statement is set rather low.
The reason for this lack of life is because the water is nutrient poor. And the reason why the water in the gyres is nutrient poor is the exact same reason why the garbage patches form there.
By focusing on this far-from-shore clean up we are missing the more pertinent concern. The real and direct impact of ocean-going plastic is not where it ends up, but the route it takes from our beaches to the garbage patches.
It’s when the plastic passes through these ecologically and economically important regions that we should be most concerned. These are the places where we fish.
We have recently shown that it can take up to 50 years for plastic released from our shorelines to travel to the patches. That means that even if we would clean up the garbage patches today, the garbage would return within a few decades, as the plastic that is currently spread across the ocean slowly accumulates again.
If we stop polluting today, within a few decades there will be almost no more plastics in our oceans outside of the garbage patches.
Aug. 5 - Earth Day Philippines President Bert Guevara is shown explaining the program entitled "Full Waste Recovery Program for Metro Manila" to the Technical Working Group of the National Solid Waste Management Commission of the Philippines. The program was jointly conceived by Earth Day Network Philippines, with the business sector represented by the Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the Philippine Business for the Environment, with the full support of Coca-Cola FEMSA.
The program involved an "incentivized waste collection scheme" that will recover the non-traditional packaging materials, which would otherwise be the cause of Metro Manila's garbage and flooding problems. The incentives will be shouldered by private businesses and managed by Earth Day Philippines, through facilities called "Redemption & Recycling Depots", which will be hosted by Coca-Cola FEMSA. The recovered wastes will then be transferred to recycling, co-processing and biomass facilities to upgrade them into useful by-products.
This approved scheme hopes to be in place by early 2014, in time for the APEC Conference in Manila in 2015.
The Hindu GAIN from GARBAGE The Hindu S. Rajendran talks biotechnology in his own simple way. But before delving into the subject, he offers me biscuits to eat. What is the connection between the biscuits and biotechnology here?
The Associate Professor of Botany at Saraswathi Narayanan College has successfully cultivated mushroom with the use of organic manure obtained from municipal solid waste. Over the years it has been his attempt to optimally use the waste generated in the city.
“Mushroom is a storehouse of proteins,” he says. “It can be consumed as a fresh vegetable as well as in the powdered form.”
“The organic substance is separated from the waste and oyster mushroom is cultivated through the solid state fermentation technology,” he explains. It is a process where theorganic matter is seeded with mushroom spawns. The substrate is then left in a temperature controlled room for 15 days to get the first yield of mushroom.
Once the results were encouraging, he branched out and applied the same technology to municipal waste. He first demonstrated the study in Paramakudi Municipality.
After the mushroom harvest, the fungal fermented substrate is used to make briquettes. “The calorific value of these briquettes can be upgraded to that of lignite coal. These briquettes are potential power-generating agents as well as efficient fuel,” notes Rajendran. Apart from the briquettes, he has also made tiles out of agricultural substrate, which are efficient acoustic enhancement material.
Nevada off to good start on its goal of zero waste Las Vegas Sun Nevada is not alone — communities around the world are making tremendous progress in keeping waste out of landfills and incinerators through reuse, recycling and composting.
When the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency began working with Nevada businesses, state officials and community leaders in 1999, the state’s recycling rate was one of the lowest in the country at just 11 percent — far below the Legislature’s 25 percent goal set in 1991. I am happy to report that by 2012, Nevada surpassed that goal with a 28.8 percent rate.
In Douglas County, the recycling rate is 54.4 percent — the highest in the state. Washoe County isn’t far behind at 33.6 percent. Critical to the state’s success is Clark County; its recycling rate jumped from 8.3 percent in 1999 to 27.5 percent in 2012.
Nevada is not alone — communities around the world are making tremendous progress in keeping waste out of landfills and incinerators through reuse, recycling and composting. The national recycling rate is 34.7 percent. Many communities are now targeting a zero waste future, which maximizes efficiencies in the way we develop, use and dispose of products.
November 8, Ang Bahay ng Alumni, UP Diliman, Quezon City - In the middle of the onslaught of super typhoon Yolanda, the conference on "Adopt the Zero Waste Lifestlye: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle" pushed through with a good turnout from several sectors.
The Phil. Association of University Women UP, the Zonta District 17, Rotary International District 3830, Earth Day Network Phil. and many other NGOs and LGUs participated in the conference. Senator Cynthia Villar was the keynote speaker.
Speakers included Ms. Luz Sabas and Dr. Metodio Palaypay, who spoke about adopting the zero waste lifestlye.
Sec. Mary Ann Lucille Sering, vice-chair of the Climate Change Commission, spoke of the relevance of solid waste management in the climate change mitigation efforts.
Mr. Richard Tamayo, President of the University of Perpetual Help and Dr. Ponciano Aberin, consultant of the the UP System, spoke of the Plan of Action.
Mr. Bert Guevara, President of Earth Day Network Phil., spoke of the "Full Waste Recovery Program" which is an adopted program of the National Solid Waste Commission for Metro Manila.
Mr. Gonzalo Catan, Jr., President of Zero Waste Philippines, gave the closing remarks.
KUTV 2News Time for a national recycling mandate The Hill (blog) As strange as it sounds, the United States does not have a national law that mandates recycling. Instead, Washington, D.C.
As a nation, we need to set forward a strategic vision for this problem. First, there’s should be a national landfill ban on recyclable material. Michigan, Minnesota, North Carolina and Wisconsin have already such prohibitions in place and they appear to be working.
We need to implement this ban by no later than 2020, to start having a cleaner nation by the middle of the century.
Next, let's pass laws that establish deposits or refund values on beverage containers to promote reuse and recycling.
Beside those steps, the most important decision we can make is the establishment of a national mandate. Recyclable material would be prohibited from all garbage centers.
Arguably, one of the most successful recycling mandates currently implemented in the U,S. is the one in Seattle. The city passed its mandatory recycling law in 2006 as a way to counter declining recycling rates there. Recyclables are now prohibited from both residential and business garbage. Businesses must sort for recycling all paper, cardboard and yard waste. Households must recycle all basic recyclables, such as paper, cardboard, aluminum, glass and plastic.
New York City is perhaps the most famous case of a city putting recycling to the economic test. In 2002 city leaders decided to stop its least cost-effective recycling programs (plastic and glass). But rising landfill costs ate up the $39 million savings expected.
As a result, the city reinstated plastic and glass recycling and committed to a 20-year contract with one of the country’s largest private recycling firms, which built a state-of-the art facility along South Brooklyn’s waterfront.
Economic Times NEPRA Resource Management: How technology is helping waste recycling ...
Ahmedabad-based NEPRA Resource Management uses internally developed software to track the movement of waste from collection points to the recycler. "This will have a huge impact on our operational costs and ability to scale our operations," said Sandeep Patel who— along with Dhrumin Patel, Ravi Patel and Chirag Patel—started the recycling business with an initial investment of Rs 1 crore in 2006. This year, Patel expects his company's turnover to soar from Rs 1.59 crore to Rs 12 crore.
The spurt in growth will be because of the introduction of technology, including mobile applications that help NEPRA staff to receive alerts and collect waste at a faster pace. The company works with a network of over 881 rag-pickers who collect waste and sell directly to NEPRA.
"The potential for the business is immense, given its scalability, inclusive construct and sustainability," said Ajay Maniar, a principal at Aavishkaar Venture. For Patel, it all began in 2006, when his friends and he began discussing waste industry issues, such as lack of transparency and exploitation of rag-pickers. "The idea was to create a business model around the rag-pickers, making them an indispensable part of the business," said Patel. But the business began to do well only in 2010, nearly five years after it was set up.
Restaurants Lets Diners Exchange Food Waste For Menu Discounts PSFK BIOMAT is a restaurant concept by product designer Vera Wiedermann that invites diners to bring their own bags of biodegradable food waste to the venue.
BIOMAT is a restaurant concept by product designer Vera Wiedermann that invites diners to bring their own bags of biodegradable food waste to the venue. These bags are then weighed for their energy value, and handed back to the customer as a discount voucher to use in the restaurant.
For every donated kilo of bio-waste, the customer received a single Euro discount off the food being served at the restaurant, which made its debut appearance during the Vienna Design Week earlier this month. After the biodegradable food waste was handed over, the material was sent away to be recycled into a biogas used for cooking that is produced when food waste is broken down.
Novelis Completes Largest Aluminum Beverage Can Recycling Center in Asia Environmental Leader Novelis began the expansion of its aluminum rolling and recycling facilities in 2011 to meet the rising demand for flat rolled aluminum in high...
Novelis began the expansion of its aluminum rolling and recycling facilities in 2011 to meet the rising demand for flat rolled aluminum in high value-added products in the Asian market such as consumer electronics. The expansion includes a hot rolling finishing mill, cold rolling mill, pusher furnace, high-speed slitter and annealing furnaces, in addition to the previously commissioned fully-integrated recycling center at Yeongju.
The demand for aluminum in the Asian automotive market is expected to exceed the 25 percent compound annual growth rate projected globally over the next five years, as more auto manufacturers move to build lighter, more fuel-efficient vehicles. Novelis says its expansion in South Korea will help it meet this growing market.
Earlier this year Novelis announced the commercial availability of what it says is the industry’s first independently certified,high-recycled content aluminum designed specifically for the beverage can market. With a minimum of 90 percent recycled aluminum, the Novelis evercan aluminum beverage can body sheet allows beverage companies to deliver soft drinks, beer and other beverages in a low-carbon footprint consumer package, the company says.
China's 'number one beach' swamped by rising tide of pollution Telegraph.co.uk But over the past decade Silver Beach, once seen as one of the country's most desirable holiday destinations, has become another victim of China's growing pollution...
And now, instead of discovering miles of pristine sands, the 3.5 million Chinese tourists who visit every year are just as likely to encounter condom wrappers, chunks of polystyrene and bottles dropped by sunbathers or washed up from the sea - so much detritus that the squads of cleaners who patrol it say that there is sometimes no area of clean sand large enough for people to lie down.
The beach was littered with around 60 tons of rubbish, Xinhua reported.
Sunbathing had become “a nightmare of garbage and mounting maritime pollution,” with plastic bags, shattered glass and bamboo sticks scattered along the beach.
“On bad days, the beach is almost totally covered with rubbish, leaving only standing room,” said one female cleaner, who declined to give her name. “We can barely keep up.” Further along, tourists posed for photographs beside the putrefying body of a finless porpoise that had been swept ashore. It was unclear how the endangered animal had died but environmentalists blame pollution, growing shipping traffic and illegal fishing in the waters around China for the decline in its numbers.
“So here’s what Ed Miliband’s One Nation government will do… A One Nation Labour government will ban food from landfill so that less food gets wasted in the supermarket supply chain and more food gets eaten by hungry children.”
Asked whether food waste would likely be banned for landfillearlier this year, Resource Minister Lord de Mauley said that before introducing any restriction of materials from landfill, government would ‘need to be content’ that it was ‘the best-value way of moving material up the waste hierarchy’ and that the costs to business and the public sector were ‘affordable’. This statement came just days ahead of government’s decision not to place a landfill ban on wood waste, as it believed that the amount of wood waste sent to landfill was ‘likely to continue to decline without further government intervention’.
Speaking of Creagh’s announcement, Chief Executive of the Chartered Institution of Wastes Management, Steve Lee, said: “The current debate about banning food waste to landfill highlights the seriousness of the issue. In addition to the cost to both society and the environment of discarded food that could have been consumed, the need to reduce the amount of biodegradable waste going to landfill continues to be a strong policy driver.
“In the short term, we need to strengthen our efforts to raise awareness about the environmental and economic costs of food waste and ensure we have the right infrastructure to extract value from unavoidable food waste. In the medium term, we expect to see further policy measures across the UK governments to tackle this waste stream.”
The world wastes 1.3 billion tons of food annually—a third of all the food that’s produced—according to a report published last week by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
The world wastes 1.3 billion tons of food annually—a third of all the food that’s produced—according to a report published last week by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). This waste not only results in major economic loss, but also causes significant harm to the natural resources that we rely on for food production. It also has moral implications, given that an estimated 870 million people go to bed hungry every night.
According to the report’s authors, food that is produced but not eaten consumes a volume of water three times greater than Lake Geneva and adds 3.3 billion tons of greenhouses gases to the atmosphere every year—more than the entire global shipping industry. Approximately 1.4 billion hectares of land—28 percent of the world’s agricultural area—is used annually to produce this food.
Food is wasted at all stages of the food chain. Fifty-four percent occurs “upstream” during production, post-harvest handling, and storage, while 46 percent occurs “downstream” during the processing, distribution, and consumption stages, according to the report. Generally, developing countries suffer more food loss during agricultural production, whereas food waste at the retail and consumer level tends to be higher in middle- and high-income regions.
China's Operation Green Fence: a blessing in disguise? Encouraging waste reduction & improved processing with policy http://t.co/OtbsCxeNaH
Operation Green Fence, a campaign by Chinese customs to strictly enforce laws governing the import of waste, "could be a game changer," says Doug Kramer, president of Kramer Metals, an international scrap dealer in Los Angeles. "A lot of companies have used China as a dumping ground, getting rid of ... substandard scrap and trash," Mr. Kramer says.
As China's government seeks to raise environmental standards, he says, "I understand China's need to take a hard look" at its imports.
That hard look, involving stepped-up inspections of containers filled with scrap metal, paper, and plastic at Chinese ports and a merciless application of the rules, has intercepted more than 800,000 tons of illegal waste since the campaign began in February, according to the customs agency.
Now nervous traders are refusing to ship consignments of recyclables that might contain unacceptably large amounts of unrecyclable materials (anything from unwashed items to the wrong kind of plastic to random bits and pieces of garbage that get mixed in with the recyclables). And cities and towns across the US and Europe are finding there is no longer a ready market in China for their poorly sorted and often impure bales of plastics, paper, and other waste.
The city, two other governments and a business filed an application Friday for a $1.4 million state grant to fund a regional composting program.
"Food composting is the standard in Europe and, just like mainstream recycling, will come eventually to New York," says the program summary provided by Manning.
"This grant (in) the Capital District (will) seed a new industry that can serve all 160 municipalities," the summary continues.
Manning said the initiative would help the region meet its sustainability goals.
A successful application, Manning said, would permit Watervliet to move its composting program forward to include an anaerobic digester to produce energy. The city has a compost program and wants to further expand it.
The grant would permit Schenectady County to expand its composting site. Along with Watervliet's digester, this would cater to the regional food waste recycling market, according to the application.
"Composting and digestion sites can be small and compact and can be sited in communities of all sizes. Sites are flow-through, meaning nothing is stored long term on site creating no future brown fields or legacy landfill problems," the summary continues.