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A new vocabulary for the 21st Century: Cognitive Democracy - The Governance Lab @ NYU

A new vocabulary for the 21st Century: Cognitive Democracy - The Governance Lab @ NYU | More ... or less! | Scoop.it

"This also helps us think more clearly about the possibility conditions for highly successful problem solving in democracies. We summarize these in the most cursory fashion (we hope to expand on this in further work). First, in contrast to existing epistemic accounts, cognitive accounts suggest that individuals need to be able to expose their different points of view to each other, rather than the polling of individuals in strict isolation from each other required by Condorcet’s Jury Theorem. This goes hand-in-hand with a different account of problem solving — rather than asking whether people can determine whether a given decision will be correct or incorrect, as Condorcet does, it asks when individuals will be able to discover hitherto-unperceived solutions within a complex landscape. Second, individuals need to be at least “weak learners” in the terms of statistical learning theory (Schapire and Freund, 2012). Individuals who are fundamentally obtuse, profoundly blinded by ideology, or whimsically perverse will detract from collective learning rather than help it. Third and related, as Mercier and Sperber suggest, cognitive democracy requires that individuals participating in democratic argument have some core commitment to the truth, even if they disagree strongly about what the truth is. People need not be as disinterested as Gardner (this volume) would like them to be, but neither should they be so warped by self-interest that they cannot see the truth, or allow themselves to care for it. Fourth, even if people disagree on how to solve a problem, they agree on what the problems are that need to be solved in the first place, and have some minimal common empirical standards (see also McAfee, this volume).

Clearly, these conditions are falsified in our everyday political experience."

 

 

(p. 18 of the below mentioned document; via @henryfarrell)

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The text above is from a draft document mentioned in the page; the link is: http://www.lapietradialogues.org/area/pubblicazioni/doc000071.pdf

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Teresa Levy's curator insight, May 9, 2013 10:30 AM

here they go again

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Musings over teaching, e-Learning and universities' mission
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The Sleepwalkers: How Europe Went to War in 1914. CMClark (2013)

The Sleepwalkers: How Europe Went to War in 1914. CMClark (2013) | More ... or less! | Scoop.it

"In his System of Subjective Public Laws, published in 1892, the Austrian public lawyer Georg Jellinek analysed what he called ‘the normative power of the factual’. By this he meant the tendency among human beings to assign normative authority to actually existing states of affairs. Human beings do this, he argued, because their perceptions of states of affairs are shaped by the forces exerted by those states of affairs. Trapped in this hermeneutic circularity, humans tend to gravitate quickly from the observation of what exists to the presumption that an existing state of affairs is normal and thus must embody a certain ethical necessity. When upheavals or disruptions occur, they quickly adapt to the new circumstances, assigning to them the same normative quality they had perceived in the prior order of things.

Something broadly analogous happens when we contemplate historical events, especially catastrophic ones like the First World War. Once they occur, they impose on us (or seem to do so) a sense of their necessity. This is a process that unfolds at many levels. We see it in the letters, speeches and memoirs of the key protagonists, who are quick to emphasize that there was no alternative to the path taken, that the war was ‘inevitable’ and thus beyond the power of anyone to prevent. These narratives of inevitability take many different forms – they may merely attribute responsibility to other states or actors, they may ascribe to the system itself a propensity to generate war, independently of the will of individual actors, or they may appeal to the impersonal forces of History or Fate."

 

[op. cit., pp. 361-362]

Manuel J. Matos's insight:

A very sad story, but one that everyone must know about. Peoples played around by some persons in high places make poor decisions.

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Paula Silva's comment, March 4, 2014 2:57 PM
Will you check this scoop? Thank you so much. http://sco.lt/5okJ17 It's for my research project.
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e-learning, conocimiento en red: Microlearning: The building blocks of personalization ... Advantages of Microlearning

e-learning, conocimiento en red: Microlearning: The building blocks of personalization ... Advantages of Microlearning | More ... or less! | Scoop.it
e-learning, conocimiento en red y web colectiva
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The Critical Role Of Teachers In Transforming Education Systems - Forbes

The Critical Role Of Teachers In Transforming Education Systems - Forbes | More ... or less! | Scoop.it
VideoAndreas Schleicher is Director for Education and Skills and Special Advisor on Education Policy to the Secretary-General at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in Paris.
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The Death of Textbooks

The Death of Textbooks | More ... or less! | Scoop.it
Artificially intelligent software is reshaping traditional teaching materials—but it's unclear what the new technology will take away from the learning experience.
Manuel J. Matos's insight:

Something to think about ...

 

[via @jordi_a]
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The Future of Digital Scholarship

"This paper advocates that connectivity is the technological foundation of digital scholarship and argues that the characteristics of modern science, i.e. data-centric, multidisciplinary, open, network-centric and heavily dependent on internet technologies entail the creation of a linked, semantically enhanced scholarly record composed of interconnected discipline-specific literature and scientific, social, and humanities data spaces. The changing scenario of the scholarly record is illustrated by describing the principal transformations now being enabled by advanced linking and semantic technologies. The main functionality of a cyberscholarship infrastructure is described, i.e. the ability to effectively and efficiently support a linking environment."

Manuel J. Matos's insight:

A probable glimpse of the future, I hope ...

[via @antonesp]

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The Year the World Really Changed | Niall Ferguson | Journalism

"That set me thinking. Could it be that my friends and I didn't in fact miss an event of world-historical importance? Was the fall of the Berlin Wall not really History with a capital H, but just news with a lower-case n-a wonderful story for journalists but, 20 years on, actually not that big a deal? Could it be that what happened 10 years earlier, in the annus mirabilis 1979, was the real historical turning point?"

Manuel J. Matos's insight:

What is an historic turning point? Does it mean really something or it is just a convenient label?

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American Schools Are Training Kids for a World That Doesn't Exist | WIRED

American Schools Are Training Kids for a World That Doesn't Exist | WIRED | More ... or less! | Scoop.it
Being dumb in the existing educational system is bad enough. Failing to create a new way of learning adapted to contemporary circumstances might be a national disaster.
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Are culture labs one answer? Something to watch for ...

 

[via @jseelybrown]

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What Amazon's ebook strategy means - Charlie's Diary

What Amazon's ebook strategy means - Charlie's Diary | More ... or less! | Scoop.it

I submit that, as with all other large corporations, you cannot judge Amazon by the public statements of its executives; they are at best uttered with an eye for strategic propaganda effects, and at worst they're deeply self-serving and deceptive. Rather, you need to examine their underlying ideology and then the steps they take—and the actions they consider legitimate—in order to achieve their goals.

[via @cshirky]

Manuel J. Matos's insight:

I wonder: if Amazon "wins" this war, who will publish books? Amazon itself? What will that sort of thing mean for customers?

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El valor del saber

El valor del saber | More ... or less! | Scoop.it

"El valor del saber que la Universidad está obligada a representar no es el del almacenamiento, la competencia o la utilidad inmediata. Cuando sostenemos que la Universidad es un espacio en el que hay docencia e investigación no estamos aludiendo a dos actividades que deban realizarse al mismo tiempo sino a la naturaleza del saber que se cultiva en la Universidad; que uno enseña lo que investiga e investiga lo que enseña quiere decir que nos interesa aquella dimensión del saber que lo tiene como algo provisional, revisable, discutible, sujeto a crítica; de alguna manera nos dedicamos a enseñar lo que no sabemos. Para el saber asegurado están otras academias de noble oficio."

 

[via @jordi_a]

Manuel J. Matos's insight:

I don't agree fully with this perspective from the author, as it's too sided in the knowledge debate, but it's worth the reading.

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Southern stories

Southern stories | More ... or less! | Scoop.it
I have always been interested in the American Civil War. It was a conflict which, in many ways, introduced the industrial warfare that became so deadly in the 20th century. It was for example the f...
Manuel J. Matos's insight:

History must be a guide for present and future conflicts. We are remembering World War I in a world full of small wars, some going on for so long that no one seems to remember anymore the why. Maybe it is time to learn something from past ones.

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20 small changes to modernise the workplace learning experience

Here the key slides from my recent interactive presentation at the Learning Technologies Summer Forum 2014

Via Ana Cristina Pratas
Manuel J. Matos's insight:

Sensible advice, and sensible clues for further develpoment ...

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Manuel Castells - A obsolescência da educação - YouTube

Manuel Castells, sociólogo espanhol, analisa o sistema de ensino contemporâneo na era da rede. De acordo com Castells, além de informar, a escola sempre inte...

Via Miguel Zapata-Ros
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The year abroad 2.0: how technology is changing foreign study

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Technology can help combat loneliness – but won’t solve all the problems you encounter
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The Changing Face of Learning - e-Learning Feeds

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Education today has acquired a different meaning from what used to be, say, 20 years ago. Earlier, as per social standards, the only ‘respectable
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Access To Learning Content Is Not The Same As Equity In Education

Access To Learning Content Is Not The Same As Equity In Education | More ... or less! | Scoop.it
One of the big problems with education has to do with content. It is not a problem with the quality of content, the delivery of information, nor access to knowledge.
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Education made the difference | Sunday Oliseh | TEDxEuston - YouTube

This talk was given at a local TEDx event, produced independently of the TED Conferences. Education made the difference SUNDAY OLISEH Sunday Oliseh always lo...
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Libro electrónico Technology Tools for Teachers. pdf.


Via Educación INTEF, Sifop-CARM
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May be useful.

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Javier Quintas's curator insight, January 8, 1:12 PM

Aplicaciones educativas para Profesores.

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World Library of Science

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World Library Of Science is an open online teaching/learning portal combining high quality educational articles authored by editors at NPG with technology-based community features to fuel a global exchange of scientific insights, teaching...
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May be useful ...

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Informe de la Unión Europea sobre "Nuevos modos de aprendizaje y enseñanza en las universidades" [actualizado]

“El grupo de alto nivel de la Unión Europea sobre modernización de la educación superior ha publicado un informe sobre "nuevos modos de aprendizaje y enseñanza en las universidades". El mensaje es claro.”


Via L. García Aretio
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Democracy 2.0, The Power of Integrated Human Networks

Democracy 2.0, The Power of Integrated Human Networks | More ... or less! | Scoop.it
The concept of integration can work for your own mind, your family and society at large. We need to invest energy to unleash the power of integrated human networks....
Manuel J. Matos's insight:

Something to watch for ...

 

[via @Thierry_Dufay]

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Does the World Need the Idea of “Bad” Germans?

Does the World Need the Idea of “Bad” Germans? | More ... or less! | Scoop.it
Since World War Two, guilt and shame have defined Germany's international role. Why does the world still cling to the idea of "bad" Germans?

 

[via @TiagoDF]

Manuel J. Matos's insight:

This is a must read article ...

 

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The greater market integration of the European Higher Education Area may have unequal benefits across countries and disciplines.

The greater market integration of the European Higher Education Area may have unequal benefits across countries and disciplines. | More ... or less! | Scoop.it
Since the late 1990s, European higher education has moved towards greater integration, increasing student mobility and more comparable national systems. The past two decades have also seen a gradua...

Via Ana Cristina Pratas
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To watch ...

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Quo vadis, Europe? | openDemocracy

Quo vadis, Europe? | openDemocracy | More ... or less! | Scoop.it

"Europe, just like the rest of the planet, is nowadays a dumping ground for the globally generated problems and challenges. But unlike that rest of the planet and almost uniquely, the European Union is also a laboratory in which the ways to confront those challenges and tackle those problems are daily designed, debated and tested in practice. I would go as far as to suggest that this is one (perhaps even the sole) factor that makes Europe, its dowry and contribution to world affairs, exclusively significant for the future of a planet faced with the prospect of a second seminal transformation in the modern history of human cohabitation - of the crushingly toilsome leap, this time, from the ’imagined totalities’ of nations-states to the ’imagined totality’ of humankind. "

 

[via @jordi_a]

Manuel J. Matos's insight:

Europe sometimes looks like an entity from "Alice in wonderland": you have to keep running just to be in the same spot. But maybe that is its identity marker ...

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Europe's New Status Quo: 'Ukraine Is Fighting Our Battle' - SPIEGEL ONLINE

Europe's New Status Quo: 'Ukraine Is Fighting Our Battle' - SPIEGEL ONLINE | More ... or less! | Scoop.it

"Three things have changed internationally: The EU is being confronted with a fundamental threat for the first time, America once again values the transatlantic partnership, and Ukrainian identity has been strengthened. Anyone who thinks Putin is a strategic genius should take a look at what he's achieved. If he had allowed things to continue as they had, America would gradually have drifted away from Europe, (former) President Viktor Yanukovych would have continued to ruin Ukraine and the Europeans would have kept doing what they were doing."

 

[via @observadorpt]

Manuel J. Matos's insight:

It is easy to worry about local stuff, easy to overlook things that happen in a "planet" far, far away ... And we do it to our own peril!

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Crisis of the Eurocrats - NYTimes.com

Crisis of the Eurocrats - NYTimes.com | More ... or less! | Scoop.it

"And the European elite’s habit of disguising ideology as expertise, of pretending that what it wants to do is what must be done, has created a deficit of legitimacy. The elite’s influence rests on the presumption of superior expertise; when those claims of expertise are proved hollow, it has nothing to fall back on."

 

[via @PCMagalhaes]

Manuel J. Matos's insight:

Harsh words, but sound ones ...

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