Moral Development
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Moral Development
"Everything has a moral, if only you can find it" - L.C.
Curated by Cindy Tam
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Games » Metro 2033: In Game Morality

Games » Metro 2033: In Game Morality | Moral Development | Scoop.it

With the anticipated release of Metro: Last Light, Metro 2033, circa 2010, provides an interesting look at in game morality.

 

"Metro 2033 does the unthinkable among modern narrative games. It holds the player accountable for a battery of decisions made throughout the game, but it refuses to reveal an optimal path or permit the player to game the system by framing his actions as 'choices.'" - Brainygamer.com

 

"The solution to the game's macro-conflict is determined by the outcome of dozens of micro-conflicts, implicating any game with a push-button solution to an ethical impasse in a kind of hypocritical ambivalence. A man is not only entitled to the sweat of his brow, Metro says, but to the formation of his identity. Who you were before doesn't matter: what matters is what you do now. All of it." - Exitwarp.blogspot.ca

 

Games can provide a 'safe' environment to explore action without palpable consequence to our lives.  But as much as we shape our gaming experience, how much does our gaming experience shape us?

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Films » Seeds of Freedom: Ethics in Agriculture

Films » Seeds of Freedom: Ethics in Agriculture | Moral Development | Scoop.it

"Seeds of Freedom charts the story of seed from its roots at the heart of traditional, diversity rich farming systems across the world, to being transformed into a powerful commodity, used to monopolise the global food system.The film highlights the extent to which the industrial agricultural system, and genetically modified (GM) seeds in particular, has impacted on the enormous agro -biodiversity evolved by farmers and communities around the world, since the beginning of agriculture.

 

Seeds of Freedom seeks to challenge the mantra that large-scale, industrial agriculture is the only means by which we can feed the world."

 

What is self-sufficiency worth?  When did we buy into the lie that it is undignified to live without child-like dependence?  How does one benefit from Intellectual Property Rights or Patents?  Who benefits?  How can agriculture meet global food demands and enrich the livelihood of farmers rather than corporations?

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News » The Vatican - Bringing Moral Back to Business Time

News » The Vatican - Bringing Moral Back to Business Time | Moral Development | Scoop.it

"In light of the economic crisis, for the first time the Vatican has given very specific recommendations in the document “Vocation of the Business Leader”. Those who helped to write it say the recent economic turmoil was the turning point that made them want to publish their “reflections” on the subject."

 

 

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Perspectives » What Makes a Moral Hero?

Perspectives » What Makes a Moral Hero? | Moral Development | Scoop.it

"In a time obsessed with victims, moral heroes have never been more important: who exemplify how to live in the world instead of just existing in it, who remind us that life is larger than the dimensions we are urged to accept."

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Perspectives » When Judging Gets Us Into Trouble

"I’m judgmental. Really judgmental.

 

And so are you.

 

You are so judgmental.

 

You can’t not be. Making judgments about other people’s behavior comes naturally to human beings; it’s wired into the way we think."

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Books » Man's Search for Meaning - Viktor Frankl

Books » Man's Search for Meaning - Viktor Frankl | Moral Development | Scoop.it

"Forces beyond your control can take away everything you possess except one thing, your freedom to choose how you will respond to the situation."

 

"Psychiatrist Viktor Frankl's memoir has riveted generations of readers with its descriptions of life in Nazi death camps and its lessons for spiritual survival. Between 1942 and 1945 Frankl labored in four different camps, including Auschwitz, while his parents, brother, and pregnant wife perished. Based on his own experience and the experiences of those he treated in his practice, Frankl argues that we cannot avoid suffering but we can choose how to cope with it, find meaning in it, and move forward with renewed purpose. Frankl's theory—known as logotherapy, from the Greek word logos ("meaning")—holds that our primary drive in life is not pleasure, as Freud maintained, but the discovery and pursuit of what we personally find meaningful."

 

 

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Perspectives » Philosophy in Film: Hollow Man

Perspectives » Philosophy in Film: Hollow Man | Moral Development | Scoop.it

"As a modern day nod to Plato’s Ring of Gyges, the film Hollow Man follows Sebastian Caine, a scientist who discovers a formula for invisibility. After testing the formula on himself, Caine seemingly begins to lose his moral responsibility, as he explores his newfound freedom."

 

"If you were able to act with impunity, would your moral character evaporate?"

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Books » The Truth About Honesty and Dishonesty

"In particular, one of the things we find is being mentally exhausted gets people to cheat more, and here is the finding: There is something called depletion. Depletion is the idea that when we exercise self control, when we try to resist temptation, we try to resist a cake and a cookie and Facebook and Youtube and saying something nasty to someone and so on. As we try and resist temptation more and more and more our ability to resist temptation diminishes until eventually we kind of collapse and give in.

 

Dishonesty is one of those things."

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Perspectives » Modern movies can't replicate morality of ‘RoboCop’

Perspectives » Modern movies can't replicate morality of ‘RoboCop’ | Moral Development | Scoop.it

Pop-Culture on Morality.

 

"Movies today lack the “morality” found in 1987′s “RoboCop,” the film’s star Peter Weller told the audience at the Hero Complex Film Festival on Saturday afternoon."

 

“All of art, even movies, especially movies, is just a continuum of images that tell stories"

 

Can modern culture tell moral stories?

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Research » The Neuroscience of Your Brain on Fiction

Research » The Neuroscience of Your Brain on Fiction | Moral Development | Scoop.it
Stories stimulate the brain. Metaphors like “He had leathery hands” rouse the sensory cortex.

 

"Brain scans are revealing what happens in our heads when we read a detailed description, an evocative metaphor or an emotional exchange between characters. Stories, this research is showing, stimulate the brain and even change how we act in life. ... The brain, it seems, does not make much of a distinction between reading about an experience and encountering it in real life; in each case, the same neurological regions are stimulated."

 

 

“A reader lives a thousand lives before he dies," said Jojen. "The man who never reads lives only one.”
― George R.R. Martin


Via Katherine Stevens
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Cindy Tam's comment, June 10, 2012 12:36 AM
Curious. Do you know if there is the same effect from film or oral story-telling?
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»» Rafe Esquith: The 6 Levels of Moral Development

"In this clip, Rafe Esquith -- one of America's most famous teachers and the author of 'Lighting Their Fires' -- discusses his use of Lawrence Kohlberg's 6 levels of moral development with his students. By challenging his children to understand the motivation behind their own behaviour, Esquith is able to achieve a remarkable level of discipline that is based solely on the children's respect for themselves, and one another."

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Bites » Fiery Cushman on Moral Luck

02 June 2012 - Why do many of use feel that there is something more culpable about a drunk driver who happens to kill someone accidentally on the way home than one who, though equally drunk, manages to get home without incident? Fiery Cushman, a psychologist, has done some fascinating research on the phenomenon of moral luck.

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Perspectives » Taking Solitary Confinement to Court

An argument against the "unimaginable cruelty" of solitary confinement.

 

Regardless of which side of the argument you fall into this article can lead us to some very important questions:

If someone puts their life on the line is it wrong to deny their request? 

Is solitary confinement an unjust punishment?

Is grounding a child for misbehaving unimaginably cruel and unjust?

What is the purpose of judicial punishment? What are some other ways this can be achieved?

Are drug possession, burglary, and other crimes permissible so long as they are non-violent?

Is a "three strikes" policy for punishment unfair?

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Research » Frans de Waal: Moral Behavior in Animals

Research » Frans de Waal: Moral Behavior in Animals | Moral Development | Scoop.it

"TED Talks Empathy, cooperation, fairness and reciprocity -- caring about the well-being of others seems like a very human trait."

 

In animals we have the opportunity to analyze a system of morality free from doctrine.  Observation and research seem to be demonstrating that qualities such as empathy and fairness are not uniquely human.  While humans and other species do have their distinct differences, how can we honor the dignity of species besides our own?

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Mariana Soffer's comment, June 16, 2012 10:46 AM
cool, love this
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News » Morality from Science

"Do you find morning TV’s trademarked mix of anecdotes, musical acts, and human interest stories a little bland? Apparently NBC does, because they’ve found just the thing to get people to notice the Today Show: eugenics!

 

During a discussion of genetic testing breakthroughs on the June 8 show, NBC chief medical editor Nancy Snyderman gushed about how great it’ll be when parents can know in advance whether their children are good enough for birth"

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Perspectives » Legislating Morality

"As the election cycle heats up, it is interesting to see which social issues come to the fore. This election seems to be mainly about the economy (code language for high unemployment, depressed housing prices, loss of household overall wealth, and stagnant wages). This elephant in the room may be so big that social issues are crowded out and seen as irrelevant. But, I suspect that a few will make a reappearance before I enter a voting booth in November."

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Perspectives » Good News or Bad? Ethics Causing a Rise in CEO Exits

Perspectives » Good News or Bad?  Ethics Causing a Rise in CEO Exits | Moral Development | Scoop.it

Tough Love: We can do better.

 

What are the poignant childhood memories guiding your ethics?  Where have your choices led you?

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News » Drugs in Portugal: Did Decriminalization Work? (2009)

News » Drugs in Portugal: Did Decriminalization Work? (2009) | Moral Development | Scoop.it
In 2001, Portugal officially abolished all criminal penalties for personal possession of drugs, replacing punishment for therapy. Did it work?
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Cindy Tam's comment, June 14, 2012 11:23 PM
"Legalize pure ecstasy and sell it like alcohol, B.C. health chief says"

http://news.nationalpost.com/2012/06/14/ecstasy-can-be-safe-if-taken-in-its-purest-form-b-c-health-chief-says/
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Stories » The Cask of Amontillado - Edgar Allan Poe

Stories » The Cask of Amontillado - Edgar Allan Poe | Moral Development | Scoop.it

Amoral story?  Or a Moral story?

What does Morality preclude in the face of insult?

 

"THE thousand injuries of Fortunato I had borne as I best could, but when he ventured upon insult, I vowed revenge. You, who so well know the nature of my soul, will not suppose, however, that I gave utterance to a threat. AT LENGTH I would be avenged; this was a point definitively settled -- but the very definitiveness with which it was resolved precluded the idea of risk. I must not only punish, but punish with impunity. A wrong is unredressed when retribution overtakes its redresser. It is equally unredressed when the avenger fails to make himself felt as such to him who has done the wrong."

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Perspective » Create a Life with Purpose

"Clay Christensen, Harvard Business School professor and best-selling author, discusses his new book and explains why it's essential to follow your commitments 100% of the time."

 

"I think we can say that at graduation time everyone plans to live a life that is honest and filled with integrity and then something happened and they decided 'just this once, in this extenuating circumstance, I can do it because this is unique... '  And they become what they become."

 

My question to everyone is this: Do you do what you do because someone told you to, are you rebelling, or do you have an internal set of guiding principles? 

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Perspectives » Do Animals Commit Suicide?

Perspectives » Do Animals Commit Suicide? | Moral Development | Scoop.it

""The questioning of animal suicide is essentially people looking at what it means to be human," says Duncan Wilson, a medical historian at the University of Manchester and co-author of a study in the March issue of the British journal Endeavour on the history of self-destructive animals. "The people talking about animal suicide today seem to be using it as a way to evoke sympathy for the plight of mistreated and captive animals."

 

Changes in how humans have interpreted animal suicide reflect shifting values about animals and our own self-destruction, the paper argues."

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News » Public Contracts with Moral Clauses

"The contract of interim Des Moines schools superintendent Tom Ahart will include a morality clause — something that’s not been found in the employment agreement of the district’s top administrator for at least 15 years.

 

“You don’t typically see that language in the agreement,” she said. “That’s because a whole range of things could violate the code. Ethical violations are almost on a continuum of range. We have privately censured members for professional fouls that a governing body may not feel is such a significant violation.”

 

As long as public trust isn’t damaged, Perego said, a public administrator could violate an ethics code like the IMCA’s and not warrant termination. After all, she said, people can be redeemed."

 

If not trust, what is damaged by Ethics violations?

What is being protected with Moral clauses?

Do we have a duty to behave with Honor and Integrity in the workplace?  Why?

 

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Books » How Can Higher Education Remain Relevant?

Books » How Can Higher Education Remain Relevant? | Moral Development | Scoop.it

"Let’s hope the day comes soon, as Sommerville and many of us yearn, when more college and university students are encouraged to openly explore questions of meaning, to serve real human needs and to deepen their own spiritual formation.

 

“Imagine the university being frank and relaxed about arguments over moral judgments,” Somerville writes in The Decline of the Secular University.

 

“Imagine taking ‘Know thyself’ as a central educational goal.”"

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Research » Psychopaths’ Brains Deviate—and That’s Good: less gray matter-involved in empathy

Research » Psychopaths’ Brains Deviate—and That’s Good:  less gray matter-involved in empathy | Moral Development | Scoop.it

"Identifying physical differences in the brains of psychopathic violent offenders suggests there may be hope in rehabilitating other violent criminals.

 

When it comes to committing violent crime, psychopaths may not be bad to the bone, but a new brain study suggests they may lack key neural structures—literally less gray matter—involved in empathy, moral reasoning, and feelings of guilt.


And that gives grounds for optimism about the potential to rehabilitate nonpsychopathic offenders, according to a British neuroscientist who studies the brains of the violent."


Via Edwin Rutsch
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Research » Why Floundering Makes Learning Better

Research » Why Floundering Makes Learning Better | Moral Development | Scoop.it
Call it the "learning paradox": the more you struggle and even fail while you're trying to master new information, the better you're likely to recall and apply that information later.

 

"The learning paradox is at the heart of 'productive failure,' a phenomenon identified by Manu Kapur. ... Kapur points out that while the model adopted by many teachers and employers when introducing others to new knowledge — providing lots of structure and guidance early on, until the students or workers show that they can do it on their own — makes intuitive sense, it may not be the best way to promote learning. Rather, it’s better to let the neophytes wrestle with the material on their own for a while, refraining from giving them any assistance at the start."

 

Can we apply this paradigm to Moral development?


Via Katherine Stevens
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