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Bringing the Social Back to MOOCs (EDUCAUSE Review)

Bringing the Social Back to MOOCs (EDUCAUSE Review) | MOOC | Scoop.it
For MOOCs to be considered valued spaces for learning, they need to adopt aspects of the earlier connectivist MOOCs (cMOOCs) and reintroduce social elements. While it might seem logical to copy our largest traditional course format when creating MOOCs, the importance of social connections in learning has been recognized in environments highly relevant to MOOCs. Researchers have described social elements as key to self-directed learning.2 Referring to online learning environments in particular, Kreijns, Kirschner, and Jochems identified two pitfalls for social learning online: "the assumption that social interaction can be taken for granted and that it will automatically happen" and "forgetting the social-psychological/social dimension of social interaction that is salient in non-task contexts."3 These shortcomings have been widely recognized in xMOOCs, with even the president of Stanford saying, "When I think about MOOCs, the advantage — the ability to prepare a course and offer it without personal interaction — is what makes them inexpensive and makes them very limited."4

While distinct, these two separate forms of learning networks — cMOOCs and open content–focused xMOOCs — need not conflict. In addition to the content, learners require opportunities to reflect on and use the new information they have acquired. Bringing together learners around a common topic or theme is what MOOCs have to offer the open content movement as a whole. By creating these communities, MOOCs can create a cycle of using, producing, and improving open content on the web. For this to happen, courses need to have interaction built into their platforms and consider the advantages of complete openness at scale.


Platforms with Support for Social Interaction

The major MOOC providers' platforms bear a striking resemblance to the learning management systems popular on most campuses: The primary function is to provide content, with the only tool for learner-to-learner interaction frequently being the discussion board. The central content is almost always video lectures, divided into segments and often with multiple-choice questions interspersed. While many pundits claimed MOOCs would revolutionize education, really they reverted to the most traditional and hierarchical model of online education. One of the original MOOC creators, George Siemens, lamented, "One of the drawbacks of MOOCs are [sic] that they've really instantiated the worst pedagogical practices, and they've allowed us to broadcast [them] and export [them] more effectively."5

Although changes are limited, we have begun to see a shift back toward the social within the larger xMOOC platforms. Coursera has introduced hubs where course participants can meet in the real world. Many of the courses within the major MOOC platforms provide participants with the ability to connect via popular social media platforms as well, usually via a common Twitter hashtag, Facebook page, links to regular Google Hangouts, or OpenStudy. While an improvement, these tools generally remain underused because the course design continues to mimic a traditional lecture course.


Via Miloš Bajčetić, Lynnette Van Dyke
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Major Players in the MOOC Universe

Major Players in the MOOC Universe | MOOC | Scoop.it
Where is all the knowledge and money coming from for MOOC's (Massive Online Open Courses)
Zhongrui Yao's insight:

I cannot believe someone could summarize major players in the MOOC university in such a comprehensive way. I believe you will have a clear picture of MOOCs.  

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MOOC Resources - moocnewsandreviews.com

MOOC Resources - moocnewsandreviews.com | MOOC | Scoop.it
Newbies have arrived at the right page for basic information on Massive Open Online Courses. Bookmark this MOOC Resources page. We’ll add to it as we develop more material.
Zhongrui Yao's insight:

I do not hesitate to share this resource at all because on the website you can find lots of resources about different issues related to MOOCs. I want to share with you one single resources from the website. But I hope you will check this website, and find more useful resources. 

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7 Common Mistakes About Open Online Education - Inside Higher Ed (blog)

7 Common Mistakes About Open Online Education - Inside Higher Ed (blog) | MOOC | Scoop.it
7 Common Mistakes About Open Online Education
Inside Higher Ed (blog)
What open online education is doing is pushing colleges and universities to ensure that our traditional educational offerings are truly valuable.
Zhongrui Yao's insight:

It did a great job to summarize 7 mistakes or say misconceptions about MOOCs. After going through it, you will know better about MOOCs.

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» Three Kinds of MOOCs»Lisa's (Online) Teaching & History Blog

» Three Kinds of MOOCs»Lisa's (Online) Teaching & History Blog | MOOC | Scoop.it
Zhongrui Yao's insight:

This is the first time I have heard about there are three kinds of MOOCs. I think they all make sense. The classification of MOOCs are easy to understand. So what kinds of MOOCs do you often take? I often take the content-based one! 

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Do You Even Know What Your Social Media Goals Are?

Do You Even Know What Your Social Media Goals Are? | MOOC | Scoop.it
Not quite another four-quadrant model — 4R’s Reach, Revenue, Retention, & Relationship Let’s step through this labyrinth, so you can get some traction out of your social media efforts. You…
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Rescooped by Zhongrui Yao from Educational Technology News
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Survey: MOOCs Supplement Traditional Higher Ed

Survey: MOOCs Supplement Traditional Higher Ed | MOOC | Scoop.it
A new survey of students enrolled in massive open online courses (MOOCs) suggests that the courses are supplementing traditional higher education forms and "democratizing learning."

Via EDTECH@UTRGV
Zhongrui Yao's insight:

From the survey, you will see clear that young people and elder have different goals for taking MOOCs. I want to emphasize the two findings. 


  • Students in the youngest group also reported taking MOOCs to explore different disciplines to help weigh academic and career choices;
  • Those in the over-65 group reported taking MOOCs to pursue lifelong learning, to keep their minds active and to mentor younger students in their own professional field; and
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The pedagogical foundations of massive open online courses | Glance | First Monday

The pedagogical foundations of massive open online courses | Glance | First Monday | MOOC | Scoop.it
The pedagogical foundations of massive open online courses
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You will learn from an expert about the underlying teaching philosophy for MOOCs. 

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Massive Open Online Classes and International Learning

Massive Open Online Classes and International Learning | MOOC | Scoop.it
Online classes that reach an international audience are an effective tool for increasing awareness, stimulating research, and creating widely dispersed learning networks.
Zhongrui Yao's insight:

This is a report made by a university president about how MOOCs promote international learning. He claimed that" Rather than fear them or celebrate them as 'disruptive forces,'we should work at making them more effective for reaching an international group of 'earners' who want to connect with important material and with one another."

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File:Figure 1 MOOCs and Open Education Timeline p6.jpg - Wikimedia Commons

File:Figure 1 MOOCs and Open Education Timeline p6.jpg - Wikimedia Commons | MOOC | Scoop.it
Zhongrui Yao's insight:

This figure demonstrates clear about the timeline for the development of MOOCs. It was initiated in 2008. You will see how the three main MOOCs providers developed. 

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Redirect Notice

Redirect Notice | MOOC | Scoop.it
Zhongrui Yao's insight:

Do you know about MOOCs? This can help you understand it better! 

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China

China | MOOC | Scoop.it
Zhongrui Yao's insight:

Do you want to know more Chinese culture and reality? Check these MOOCs.

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Who takes Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)? A HarvardX, MITx study - Journalist's Resource

Who takes Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)? A HarvardX, MITx study - Journalist's Resource | MOOC | Scoop.it
2015 report from Harvard University and MIT, building on previous studies that look at participation and completion rates for their Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs).
Zhongrui Yao's insight:

Interesting findings! Check it out!  Women were more likely to take courses in humanities, history, religion, design and education. Men were attracted to classes in computer science and the so-called STEM subjects of science, technology, engineering and mathematics. For example, on average, 83% of students in computer-science courses were male. 

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Rescooped by Zhongrui Yao from Learning with MOOCs
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3 pros and 3 cons of MOOCs - eCampus News

3 pros and 3 cons of MOOCs - eCampus News | MOOC | Scoop.it
A new report cautions that there may be drawbacks to supporting all forms of distance learning, like MOOCs, and that some trends might not last forever.

Via Peter Mellow
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#jiscwebinar What Is A MOOC? @dkernohan @mweller @jonathan_worth @loumcgill @daveowhite [visual Notes]

#jiscwebinar What Is A MOOC? @dkernohan @mweller @jonathan_worth @loumcgill @daveowhite [visual Notes] | MOOC | Scoop.it
Note: I have added this to the #edcmooc tag cloud not necessarily as a contender for the contest (though I would love a gelaskin for my phone) but rather as a reaction to seeing someone else upload this image to Flickr as their own. It was a good opportunity to talk about creative commons, share-alike and attribution, further proof that the network teaches all in many ways. www.jisc.ac.uk/ webinar on MOOCs. While I have listened to MOOC talks up to my eyeballs, these folks had some new things to say and it was really interesting to hear the analogies and discussion unfold from so many perspectives. {Sorry, I didn't write it in the drawing but all acronyms should always be deconstructed: MOOC, in case you may not have heard yet, is a Massively Open Online Course} gforsythe.ca/nothing-can-stop-it/
Zhongrui Yao's insight:

This picture is very messy. But I am sure you will learn about lots of truth about MOOCs from the picture. 

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Don't Be a MOOC Dropout: How to Survive and Thrive in a Massive Open Online Course - moocnewsandreviews.com

Don't Be a MOOC Dropout: How to Survive and Thrive in a Massive Open Online Course - moocnewsandreviews.com | MOOC | Scoop.it
You might have heard about the workload or the high MOOC dropout rate. By following this advice, you should be able to finish a MOOC.
Zhongrui Yao's insight:

I really love this article because it shares some specific suggestions for participants in MOOCs. As participants in MOOCs, we do not care about the high drop out rate for MOOCs. What we care is how I can make the best of MOOC experiences:  Two suggestions I like most: Hang on, and continue networking. 

If you like, feel free to share it out! 

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What factors discourage or encourage students to engage in MOOCs?

McAuley, Stewart, Siemens and Cormier (2010) proposed several factors limiting students participation in MOOCs, which included lack of experience with both the platform and content, lack of accreditation or external rubber stamp, differences in cultural norms and language barriers, technology ownership and bandwidth, time zones, and the volume of information flowing, and the capacity of MOOC facilitators to attract and engage participants. The final factor was about how facilitator motivate participants.

 

The above factors were worth further exploring because Siemens and Cormier were course designers and facilitators with Stewart and McAuley as participants in MOOCs. 

 

McAuley, A., Stewart, B., Siemens, G. and Cormier, D. (2010). “The MOOC Model for Digital Practice.” SSHRC Application, Knowledge Synthesis for the Digital Economy. Retrieved from: www.elearnspace.org/Articles/ MOOC_Final.pdf

 

Zhongrui Yao's insight:

Even though this article is academic, you will find lots of interesting things about it.  

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The Dark Side of the MOOCs - Big Problems with Massively Open Online Courses

The Dark Side of the MOOCs - Big Problems with Massively Open Online Courses | MOOC | Scoop.it
When it comes to MOOCs, not everything has worked out as planned. Find out what problems these massively open online courses are facing.
Zhongrui Yao's insight:

The dark side of MOOCs? I love this article. I agree  that there are lots of problems with MOOCs just as many educators and citizens criticize traditional higher education. Those identified problems are all so true. But just remember, the big thing  that matters is that we can really take courses offered by Harvard University, or MIT. I still remember how I feel excited to watch the whole course "Justice' online offered by Harvard university. 

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How can we democratize higher education by the use of MOOC?

This content includes a simple introduction to an interesting study on the demographic data about participants in MOOCs in order to explore the issue about the democratizing higher education by using MOOCs. 

Zhongrui Yao's insight:

Most participants in MOOCs are from developed countries, have college degrees, young, who have access to lots of excellent educational resources (Christensen, Steinmetz, Alcorn, Bennett, Woods, & Emanuel, 2014). They argued those underrepresented students should have benefited most from MOOCs aiming at promoting learning equality. Those underrepresented students included students from other countries instead of USA who do not have chances to receive higher education. 


My question is how we can really use MOOCs to offer a chance to those unprivileged students to receive elite higher education. 


References


Christensen, G., Steinmetz, A., Alcorn, B., Bennett, A., Woods, D., Emanuel, E. (November 6, 2013). The MOOC phenomenon: Who takes massive open online courses and why? Retrieved from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2350964

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What’s wrong with MOOCs and why aren’t they working?

What’s wrong with MOOCs and why aren’t they working? | MOOC | Scoop.it
Not too surprisingly, Boston has become one of the epicenters of the next would-be education revolution: Online learning. Spearheaded by EdX, which gained backing from Harvard and MIT, the city that hosts some hundred institutions of higher education is also trying to reform it. Harman Singh, the founder and chief executive of WizIQ, shares where he sees the field stumbling.
Zhongrui Yao's insight:

This news report analyzed MOOCs were not working very well because of lack of teacher-student engagement. Do you agree with it? 

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MOOCs

MOOCs | MOOC | Scoop.it
Thinking about taking a #MOOC? The MOOC decision flowchart #education
Zhongrui Yao's insight:

This is a complete flowchart when you consider about taking a MOOC. After making sense of the flowchart, you will know clearly whether you want to take one. 

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Top US universities put their reputations online - BBC News

Top US universities put their reputations online - BBC News | MOOC | Scoop.it
A million students are going to begin online courses as major universities promise a "revolution".
Zhongrui Yao's insight:

This will tell you why Harvard and MIT universities would like to develop MOOCs and how they started. . 

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Learning and Connectivism in MOOCs

In this presentation I examine the phenomenon of MOOCs as I see them, explaining how they result from and support an understanding of the world based in patter…
Zhongrui Yao's insight:

This presentation will tell you how we see the teaching in MOOCs. MOOCs embodies the concept of connectivism. 

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Anant Agarwal: Why massively open online courses (still) matter

2013 was a year of hype for MOOCs (massively open online courses). Great big numbers and great big hopes were followed by some disappointing first results.
Zhongrui Yao's insight:

Despite high drop-out rate and controversial quality, why do we still care about MOOCs? 

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1000 Free Online Courses from Top Universities | Open Culture

1000 Free Online Courses from Top Universities | Open Culture | MOOC | Scoop.it
Get 1000 free online courses from the world's leading universities – Stanford, Yale, MIT, Harvard, Berkeley, Oxford and more. You can download these audio & video courses (often from iTunes, YouTube, or university web sites) straight to your ...
Zhongrui Yao's insight:

Do you want to know what courses offered by leading universities? Here is the way. 

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