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This Is Your Brain on No Self-Control

This Is Your Brain on No Self-Control | Mom Psych | Scoop.it
MRI images taken by a University of Iowa researcher show what the brain looks like when you do something you know you shouldn’t.
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» Treating for Depression Can Prevent Teen Drug Abuse - Psych Central News

» Treating for Depression Can Prevent Teen Drug Abuse   - Psych Central News | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Treating adolescents for depression can reduce their chances of abusing drugs later on, new research has found.

[I know, right. But Duh studies are important . . . it's all part of putting the whole puzzle together.]

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Let Us Eat Cake: The Paradox of Scarcity

Let Us Eat Cake: The Paradox of Scarcity | Mom Psych | Scoop.it
Two University of Miami marketing experts, Juliano Laran and Anthony Salerno, are now offering a new and provocative idea about why Americans make poor food choices, along with some preliminary evidence to back it up.
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High blood caffeine levels in older adults linked to avoidance of Alzheimer’s disease

High blood caffeine levels in older adults linked to avoidance of Alzheimer’s disease | Mom Psych | Scoop.it
Those cups of coffee that you drink every day to keep alert appear to have an extra perk -- especially if you’re an older adult.
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Why Daydreaming Isn’t a Waste of Time

Why Daydreaming Isn’t a Waste of Time | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Parents and teachers expend a lot of energy getting kids to pay attention, concentrate, and focus on the task in front of them. What adults don’t do, according to University of Southern California education professor Mary Helen Immordino-Yang, is teach children the value of the more diffuse mental activity that characterizes our inner lives: daydreaming, remembering, reflecting.

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Does Dinner Make a Strong Family, or Does a Strong Family Make Dinner?

Does Dinner Make a Strong Family, or Does a Strong Family Make Dinner? | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

The family meal is often touted and encouraged for its social and health benefits, but a new Cornell University study questions the nature of this association, finding that the perceived benefits may only apply when other positive family characteristics are also part of the package.

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Bandura and Bobo - How a Doll Revolutionized Social-Learning Theory

Bandura and Bobo - How a Doll Revolutionized Social-Learning Theory | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

In 1961, children in APS Fellow Albert Bandura’slaboratory witnessed an adult beating up an inflatable clown. When it was their own turn to play with Bobo, children who witnessed an adult pummeling the doll were likely to show aggression too.  Children who were exposed to a non-aggressive adult or no model at all had far less aggression toward Bobo.

 

Bandura’s findings challenged the widely accepted behaviorist view that rewards and punishments are essential to learning. He suggested that people could learn by observing and imitating others’ behavior.


Today, questions about violent media and video games linger, so Bandura’s research on aggression remains relevant. His Bobo-inspired social learning theory also contributed to the development of cognitive-behavioral therapy.

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» Researchers Identify Red Flag for Autism in Infants - Psych Central News

» Researchers Identify Red Flag for Autism in Infants   - Psych Central News | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

A new study has found that weak head and neck control in infants is a red flag for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), as well as language and social developmental delays. This suggests new measures that can be added to existing pediatric developmental screenings.

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Scientists identify neurotranmitters that lead to forgetting

Scientists identify neurotranmitters that lead to forgetting | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

I was going to post this the other day, but I forgot: "Scientists have pinpointed a mechanism that is essential for forming memories in the first place and, as it turns out, is equally essential for eliminating them after memories have formed."

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Newly discovered Mayan calendar goes way past 2012

Newly discovered Mayan calendar goes way past 2012 | Mom Psych | Scoop.it
Maya astronomers left calculations on walls pointing to a future long after 2012, the year expected to be the end of the world.
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Exercise: The Natural Psych Drug - Jerusalem Post

Exercise: The Natural Psych Drug  - Jerusalem Post | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Exercise has many physical benefits. However, perhaps the most important benefits of exercise affect the mind.

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Self-worth needs to go beyond appearance, experts say

Even though we get tired of the "Well, duh" studies, they really are important for establishing what is "common sense" and what is "common assumption." So. Now we know. Women with high family support and limited pressure to achieve the 'thin and beautiful' ideal have a more positive body image.

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Childhood emotional maltreatment causes troubled romantic relationships, studies suggest

Childhood emotional maltreatment causes troubled romantic relationships, studies suggest | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Not a huge surprise, since we know childhood maltreatment has distinct effects on the brain, but here's more evidence to add to the already-impressive pile: In two separate studies, researchers examined the stability and satisfaction of intimate relationships among college students with a history of childhood emotional maltreatment. And what do you think they found?

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Yet another way stress may delay brain development in early years

Yet another way stress may delay brain development in early years | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Yet another study showing ways stress may affect brain development in children. This one focuses on spatial working memory. 

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Study: Moody Toddlers Could End Up as Compulsive Gamblers

Study: Moody Toddlers Could End Up as Compulsive Gamblers | Mom Psych | Scoop.it
Is your 3-year-old overly cranky, impulsive and restless? If the answer is yes, you could be raising a future gambler.

 

So says a new study published recently in the journal Psychological Science that found a correlation between so-called "under-controlled" temperament in preschoolers and compulsive gambling later in life.

 

[This is not as surprising as it might at first seem--all sorts of addictions may have their root in mechanisms such as faulty dopamine reception/regulation in the brain. Which may be linked to deficiencies in interpersonal caretaker attunement during the first months of life.]

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Creepy People Leave You Cold: Scientific American Podcast

Creepy People Leave You Cold: Scientific American Podcast | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Jack Nicholson, playing the crazed caretaker in The Shining, makes me reach for a blanket. Now a study finds that people we find, well, creepy can actually make us feel colder. The research will be published in the journal Psychological Science. [N. Pontus Leander, Tanya L. Chartrand and John A. Bargh, "You Give Me the Chills: Embodied Reactions to Inappropriate Amounts of Behavioral Mimicry"]

 

The results drove researchers to conjecture that because the brain tries to interpret social cues and purely physical ones simultaneously, people unconsciously associate icy stares and chilly interactions with actual physical coldness.

So the next time you have to visit your doctor with the creepy receptionist, bring a sweater.

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» Preemies at Greater Risk for Future Bipolar, Depression, Psychosis - Psych Central News

» Preemies at Greater Risk for Future Bipolar, Depression, Psychosis - Psych Central News | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Babies born prematurely are at a much greater risk for developing severe mental disorders including psychosis, bipolar disorder and depression, according to a new study.

 

[Yes, researchers have narrowed it down to "brain development" issues. But let's talk attachment here. What's different between preemies and full-term babies? Kept in the hospital versus full-time with moms? I know there isn't much they can do about that at this point, but . . .  something to think about maybe?]

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Bloomberg's Sugary Drink Ban May Not Change Soda Drinkers' Habits : NPR

Mayor Bloomberg's proposed ban on large sugary drinks may not slake peoples' thirst for them, or address the obesity problem. In Cornell's experiments on food and behavior, if people are told that they can't have a large size for health reasons, they tend to fight it. So for example, instead of a 64 oz. soda, they may go buy eight 8 ounce bottles, he says.

 

Also, Just says, soda is just one small piece of the obesity puzzle, and it's ultimately pretty hard to pin a whole epidemic on one item.
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Advertising: Why we think sexy men are men and sexy women are objects - Association for Psychological Science

Advertising: Why we think sexy men are men and sexy women are objects - Association for Psychological Science | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Society has grown accustomed to depictions of scantily clad women being used to sell everything from hamburgers to SUVs, now a study has found that at a basic cognitive level, both men and women see images of sexy women’s bodies as objects, while sexy-looking men are viewed as people.

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Good Cholesterol May Not Be What Keeps The Heart Healthy - Science News

Good Cholesterol May Not Be What Keeps The Heart Healthy - Science News | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

By themselves, higher levels of HDL don’t explain lower cardiovascular risk.

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» Chinese Herb May Curb Binge Drinking - Psych Central News

» Chinese Herb May Curb Binge Drinking   - Psych Central News | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

An extract of the Chinese herb kudzu may be useful in treating alcoholism and curbing binge drinking, according to a new study by McLean Hospital and Harvard . . .

 

[Finally! A commercial use for kudzu!)

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Can Infidelity Save a Marriage? | Psychology Today

Can Infidelity Save a Marriage? | Psychology Today | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

It all depends on the meaning of the word marriage. By J. R. Bruns, M.D.

 

[GS: I THINK (hope?) what he's saying is that marriages with real intimacy are preferable to affairs. It's not ENTIRELY clear to me . . . but that's where I think he's going based on his final comment: "The good news is we have a choice: do we perpetuate this romantic cancer on our partner and children, or do we become part of the cure and seek relationships of true intimacy instead of cheating on the side?"]

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Feeling tired? 'Social jetlag' poses obesity health hazard, study shows

Feeling tired? 'Social jetlag' poses obesity health hazard, study shows | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Social jetlag -- a syndrome related to the mismatch between the body's internal clock and the realities of our daily schedules -- does more than make us sleepy.

The findings should weigh in on decisions about Daylight Saving Time, not to mention work and school times, they add. It would also help if people began spending more time outdoors in open daylight or at least sitting by a window. As people fail to do this for one reason or another, their body clocks get set later and later, leaving them awake into the night and tired by day.

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Male College Students Believe Taking Performance-Enhancing Drugs for Sports Is More Unethical Than Using Stimulants to Improve Grades

Male College Students Believe Taking Performance-Enhancing Drugs for Sports Is More Unethical Than Using Stimulants to Improve Grades | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

In the eyes of young college men, it’s more unethical to use steroids to get an edge in sports than it is to use prescription stimulants to enhance one’s grades, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.

The reasearchers gave the guys the benefit of the doubt: maybe they thought it was harder to affect intelligence than physical ability, so it was justifiable to cheat on grades. On the other hand. . . I'm inclined to think it was because they consider sports more important than academics--and therefore real ability counts more there. ;)

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Treating Fat with Fat | The Scientist

Treating Fat with Fat | The Scientist | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Is brown fat ready for therapeutic prime time? Brown fat, found only in mammals, has long been known to play a role in keeping hibernating animals and newborns warm by directing the conversion of calories into heat, rather than chemical energy, within the mitochondria. Three decades ago, however, researchers uncovered the tissue’s link to metabolism, revealing a whole new function for brown fat.

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