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Intervention to Improve Foster Families' Trust, Connectedness

Intervention to Improve Foster Families' Trust, Connectedness | Mom Psych | Scoop.it
Researchers adapted a parenting program to help foster families address their greatest challenges, including overwhelmed foster parents and a lack of trust between caregivers and foster children.
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Stress, Willpower, and Wanting What You Want to Want

Stress, Willpower, and Wanting What You Want to Want | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Why is change so difficult? The #1 barrier to change that the Americans in the survey cited was a lack of willpower. But if willpower is the biggest barrier to overcome, this is good news, since scientists such as Roy Baumeister have shown that willpower can be developed with exercise. “Like a muscle,” Baumeister would say. About 71% of the adults surveyed believed that willpower can be learned so most people are not constrained by their own self-limiting beliefs.So what’s missing?

 

Why isn’t change easier? The answer seems to be motivation.

 

The participants who reported the highest levels of motivation were significantly more likely to be successful. It should be noted that participants reported that all or most of their motivation comes from within. Only 12% had the motivation of a family member, friend, or health care provider as the driving force.

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Revisiting why incompetents think they’re awesome | Ars Technica

Revisiting why incompetents think they’re awesome | Ars Technica | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

It is important to realize that the Dunning-Kruger paper was not such a shocking finding. It was, for instance, already known that seemingly everyone evaluates themselves as above average in everything. Are you a better driver than average? Certainly am. How do you rate your ability at math? Oh, a little better than average. How about mountain climbing? Well, I've climbed the local hill a couple of times. I bet Kilimanjaro can't be much more difficult.

A large pile of research on various groups of people, covering various skill sets, indicates that in the face of all evidence, humans are irredeemably optimistic about their own abilities. That is, by itself, not such a bad thing. The ugly side shows up when we also realize that the norm must be maintained. Studies show that we do this by considering that everyone else is much worse.

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What does it mean to be cool? It may not be what you think

What does it mean to be cool? It may not be what you think | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Do rebelliousness, emotional control, toughness and thrill-seeking still make up the essence of coolness? Can performers James Dean and Miles Davis still be considered the models of cool?

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This Is Your Brain on No Self-Control

This Is Your Brain on No Self-Control | Mom Psych | Scoop.it
MRI images taken by a University of Iowa researcher show what the brain looks like when you do something you know you shouldn’t.
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» Treating for Depression Can Prevent Teen Drug Abuse - Psych Central News

» Treating for Depression Can Prevent Teen Drug Abuse   - Psych Central News | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Treating adolescents for depression can reduce their chances of abusing drugs later on, new research has found.

[I know, right. But Duh studies are important . . . it's all part of putting the whole puzzle together.]

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Let Us Eat Cake: The Paradox of Scarcity

Let Us Eat Cake: The Paradox of Scarcity | Mom Psych | Scoop.it
Two University of Miami marketing experts, Juliano Laran and Anthony Salerno, are now offering a new and provocative idea about why Americans make poor food choices, along with some preliminary evidence to back it up.
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High blood caffeine levels in older adults linked to avoidance of Alzheimer’s disease

High blood caffeine levels in older adults linked to avoidance of Alzheimer’s disease | Mom Psych | Scoop.it
Those cups of coffee that you drink every day to keep alert appear to have an extra perk -- especially if you’re an older adult.
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Why Daydreaming Isn’t a Waste of Time

Why Daydreaming Isn’t a Waste of Time | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Parents and teachers expend a lot of energy getting kids to pay attention, concentrate, and focus on the task in front of them. What adults don’t do, according to University of Southern California education professor Mary Helen Immordino-Yang, is teach children the value of the more diffuse mental activity that characterizes our inner lives: daydreaming, remembering, reflecting.

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Does Dinner Make a Strong Family, or Does a Strong Family Make Dinner?

Does Dinner Make a Strong Family, or Does a Strong Family Make Dinner? | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

The family meal is often touted and encouraged for its social and health benefits, but a new Cornell University study questions the nature of this association, finding that the perceived benefits may only apply when other positive family characteristics are also part of the package.

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Bandura and Bobo - How a Doll Revolutionized Social-Learning Theory

Bandura and Bobo - How a Doll Revolutionized Social-Learning Theory | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

In 1961, children in APS Fellow Albert Bandura’slaboratory witnessed an adult beating up an inflatable clown. When it was their own turn to play with Bobo, children who witnessed an adult pummeling the doll were likely to show aggression too.  Children who were exposed to a non-aggressive adult or no model at all had far less aggression toward Bobo.

 

Bandura’s findings challenged the widely accepted behaviorist view that rewards and punishments are essential to learning. He suggested that people could learn by observing and imitating others’ behavior.


Today, questions about violent media and video games linger, so Bandura’s research on aggression remains relevant. His Bobo-inspired social learning theory also contributed to the development of cognitive-behavioral therapy.

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» Researchers Identify Red Flag for Autism in Infants - Psych Central News

» Researchers Identify Red Flag for Autism in Infants   - Psych Central News | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

A new study has found that weak head and neck control in infants is a red flag for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), as well as language and social developmental delays. This suggests new measures that can be added to existing pediatric developmental screenings.

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Scientists identify neurotranmitters that lead to forgetting

Scientists identify neurotranmitters that lead to forgetting | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

I was going to post this the other day, but I forgot: "Scientists have pinpointed a mechanism that is essential for forming memories in the first place and, as it turns out, is equally essential for eliminating them after memories have formed."

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Avatars may help children with social anxiety ... - Health Centers

Avatars may help children with social anxiety ... - Health Centers | Mom Psych | Scoop.it
The National Institute of Mental Health, part of the National Institutes of Health, provided a $500000 grant to fund the development of the software and a 12-week study that will begin this summer. Researchers at the University of Central Florida’s Anxiety Disorders Clinic and the Atlanta-based company Virtually Better want to give more children with social anxiety the practice they need to become comfortable in social situations. They have developed a new, one-of-a-kind computer simulation program that enables children to interact with avatars playing the roles of classmates, teachers and a principal.




Via The Writing Goddess, Gina Stepp
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Facebook Gets a Psychological Review

Facebook Gets a Psychological Review | Mom Psych | Scoop.it
With all the abuse it has faced, clearly Facebook would qualify as a candidate for therapy; so it’s no surprise to find three psychologists checking out the online social network in the May 2012 issue of Perspectives on Psychological Science.
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The Psychology Of The Honor System At The Farm Stand : NPR

The Psychology Of The Honor System At The Farm Stand : NPR | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

People like using the honor till at farm stands because being trusted feels good. Still, it's not universal. Even if most people do the right thing, eventually someone is likely to try to take all the money, researchers warn.

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Book Reviews: Your Brain on Self-Deception

Book Reviews: Your Brain on Self-Deception | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

All three books in this review focus on the cognitive tricks employed by the brain as it works to preserve its cherished beliefs and self deceptions.

Pathological Altruism
Barbara Oakley, Ariel Knafo, Guruprasad Madhavan and David Sloan Wilson (editors). 2012. Oxford University Press, New York. 496 pages.

 

Thinking, Fast and Slow
Daniel Kahneman. 2011. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York. 512 pages.

 

A Mind of Its Own: How Your Brain Distorts and Deceives
Cordelia Fine. 2005, 2008. W.W. Norton & Company, New York. 256 pages.

A car

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Yet another way stress may delay brain development in early years

Yet another way stress may delay brain development in early years | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Yet another study showing ways stress may affect brain development in children. This one focuses on spatial working memory. 

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Study: Moody Toddlers Could End Up as Compulsive Gamblers

Study: Moody Toddlers Could End Up as Compulsive Gamblers | Mom Psych | Scoop.it
Is your 3-year-old overly cranky, impulsive and restless? If the answer is yes, you could be raising a future gambler.

 

So says a new study published recently in the journal Psychological Science that found a correlation between so-called "under-controlled" temperament in preschoolers and compulsive gambling later in life.

 

[This is not as surprising as it might at first seem--all sorts of addictions may have their root in mechanisms such as faulty dopamine reception/regulation in the brain. Which may be linked to deficiencies in interpersonal caretaker attunement during the first months of life.]

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Creepy People Leave You Cold: Scientific American Podcast

Creepy People Leave You Cold: Scientific American Podcast | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Jack Nicholson, playing the crazed caretaker in The Shining, makes me reach for a blanket. Now a study finds that people we find, well, creepy can actually make us feel colder. The research will be published in the journal Psychological Science. [N. Pontus Leander, Tanya L. Chartrand and John A. Bargh, "You Give Me the Chills: Embodied Reactions to Inappropriate Amounts of Behavioral Mimicry"]

 

The results drove researchers to conjecture that because the brain tries to interpret social cues and purely physical ones simultaneously, people unconsciously associate icy stares and chilly interactions with actual physical coldness.

So the next time you have to visit your doctor with the creepy receptionist, bring a sweater.

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» Preemies at Greater Risk for Future Bipolar, Depression, Psychosis - Psych Central News

» Preemies at Greater Risk for Future Bipolar, Depression, Psychosis - Psych Central News | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Babies born prematurely are at a much greater risk for developing severe mental disorders including psychosis, bipolar disorder and depression, according to a new study.

 

[Yes, researchers have narrowed it down to "brain development" issues. But let's talk attachment here. What's different between preemies and full-term babies? Kept in the hospital versus full-time with moms? I know there isn't much they can do about that at this point, but . . .  something to think about maybe?]

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Bloomberg's Sugary Drink Ban May Not Change Soda Drinkers' Habits : NPR

Mayor Bloomberg's proposed ban on large sugary drinks may not slake peoples' thirst for them, or address the obesity problem. In Cornell's experiments on food and behavior, if people are told that they can't have a large size for health reasons, they tend to fight it. So for example, instead of a 64 oz. soda, they may go buy eight 8 ounce bottles, he says.

 

Also, Just says, soda is just one small piece of the obesity puzzle, and it's ultimately pretty hard to pin a whole epidemic on one item.
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Advertising: Why we think sexy men are men and sexy women are objects - Association for Psychological Science

Advertising: Why we think sexy men are men and sexy women are objects - Association for Psychological Science | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Society has grown accustomed to depictions of scantily clad women being used to sell everything from hamburgers to SUVs, now a study has found that at a basic cognitive level, both men and women see images of sexy women’s bodies as objects, while sexy-looking men are viewed as people.

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Good Cholesterol May Not Be What Keeps The Heart Healthy - Science News

Good Cholesterol May Not Be What Keeps The Heart Healthy - Science News | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

By themselves, higher levels of HDL don’t explain lower cardiovascular risk.

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» Chinese Herb May Curb Binge Drinking - Psych Central News

» Chinese Herb May Curb Binge Drinking   - Psych Central News | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

An extract of the Chinese herb kudzu may be useful in treating alcoholism and curbing binge drinking, according to a new study by McLean Hospital and Harvard . . .

 

[Finally! A commercial use for kudzu!)

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