A recent study has been reported as indicative of inborn capacities for self-control. BIG MISTAKE, says Darcia Narvaez, PhD. It's easy to jump to the incorrect conclusion that self-control is in the genes, but there is much more evidence for an alternative conclusion. What else do children share besides the same genetic material? Yes, of course, the caregiving environment. Here are three examples how self-control capacities are shaped by early caregiving.