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Thought Beyond Language:

Thought Beyond Language: | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

UCLA psychologists investigated a widely-held view that natural language underpins different areas of thought, such as mathematic reasoning. However, their findings overturn this assumption: language and algebra are processed through different neural mechanisms.

 

"Our findings indicate that processing the syntax of language elicits the known substrate of linguistic competence, whereas algebraic operations recruit bilateral parietal brain regions previously implicated in the representation of magnitude," write the study authors. "This double dissociation argues against the view that language provides the structure of thought across all cognitive domains."

 

These results are consistent with neuropsychological evidence (Butterworth, 2005; Cipolotti et al., 1991; Varley et al., 2005) and findings showing parallel dissociations between the operations of language and those of logical reasoning (Monti & Osherson, 2012; Monti, Osherson, Martinez, & Parsons, 2007; Monti et al., 2009).

 

As a side note on their way toward further supporting their findings, the researchers observed that "on a behavioral level, algebraic equivalence was more difficult than linguistic equivalence" for their participants.  [Yep, I think a lot of us could have helped them out with that assessment . . . ]

 

 

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Self-Esteem Boost: Throw Away Someone Else’s Trash

Self-Esteem Boost: Throw Away Someone Else’s Trash | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Self-esteem is a topic that has generated a fair amount of controversy over the last few decades, but one thing seems clear: you don’t get healthy self-esteem from constantly telling yourself how great you are, or even from other people telling you how great you are


Via Dimitris Agorastos
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The Marvels And The Flaws Of Intuitive Thinking Edge Master Class 2011 | Conversation | Edge

The Marvels And The Flaws Of Intuitive Thinking Edge Master Class 2011 | Conversation | Edge | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Kahneman: Expert behavior is in System 1. Most of the time we are expert in most of what we do. Sometimes it's very striking. I like the example that I pick up the phone, and my wife, Anne, says one word and I know her mood. That's very little information, but it's enough. That is expertise of a high order. How did it come about? It came about through reinforced practice, a lot of reinforcement, and a lot of practice. All of us are experts on things. The stories about fireground commanders, or about physicians who have those marvelous intuitions, they're not surprising if they have had the opportunity to learn as much about their field as I have learned about Anne on the telephone, then they're skilled. It's in System 1; it comes with complete confidence.

 

What's interesting is that people also have intuitions that they're equally confident about except they're wrong. That happens through the mechanism that I call "The mechanism of substitution." You've been asked a question, and instead you answer another question, but that answer comes by itself with complete confidence, and you're not aware that you're doing something that you're not an expert on because you have one answer. Subjectively, whether it's right or wrong, it feels exactly the same.

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Metacognition: I know (or don't know) that I know

Metacognition: I know (or don't know) that I know | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

At New York University, Sir Henry Wellcome Postdoctoral Fellow Dr. Steve Fleming is exploring the neural basis of metacognition: how we think about thinking, and how we assess the accuracy of our decisions, judgements and other aspects of our mental performance.


Via Rexi44
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