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Hello June: It's PTSD Awareness Month

Hello June: It's PTSD Awareness Month | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

In honor of PTSD Awareness Month, let's look at a couple of studies about resilience: that quality that helps us cope to whatever extent we can. What supports resilience? Can we turn traumatic experience into posttraumatic growth?

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PTSD Research: Distinct Gene Activity Patterns from Childhood Abuse

PTSD Research: Distinct Gene Activity Patterns from Childhood Abuse | Mom Psych | Scoop.it
Study shows post-traumatic stress disorder in individuals with a history of childhood abuse is distinct from PTSD related to other causes.
Gina Stepp's insight:

Some people develop PTSD as a result of experiences in adulthood. But PTSD is different when it's the result of trauma that occurred during important periods for brain development during childhood.  That said, other studies indicate that soldiers are more likely to succumb to PTSD (due to  lower stores of resilience) if they have also suffered childhood abuse. 

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AvidDisk's curator insight, May 2, 2013 5:05 PM

PTSD and child abuse - genetic mutations.  Great article!

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Embattled Childhoods May Be the Real Trauma for Soldiers With PTSD - Association for Psychological Science

Embattled Childhoods May Be the Real Trauma for Soldiers With PTSD - Association for Psychological Science | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

New research on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in soldiers challenges popular assumptions about the origins and trajectory of PTSD, providing evidence that traumatic experiences in childhood – not combat – may predict which soldiers develop the disorder.


Psychological scientist Dorthe Berntsen of Aarhus University in Denmark and a team of Danish and American researchers wanted to understand why some soldiers develop PTSD but others don’t. They also wanted to develop a clearer understanding of how the symptoms of the disorder progress.


“Most studies on PTSD in soldiers following service in war zones do not include measures of PTSD symptoms prior to deployment and thus suffer from a baseline problem. Only a few studies have examined pre- to post-deployment changes in PTSD symptoms, and most only use a single before-and-after measure,” says Berntsen.

 

The findings challenge the notion that exposure to combat and other war atrocities is the main cause of PTSD.


“We were surprised that stressful experiences during childhood seemed to play such a central role in discriminating the resilient versus non-resilient groups,” says Berntsen. “These results should make psychologists question prevailing assumptions about PTSD and its development.”

 

[Note from Mom Psych: The really surprising thing is that the researchers were surprised. Other researchers have long known that secure attachment in childhood supports resilience (against the effects of stress as well as trauma), and that differences in resilience help explain why some people succumb to mental health issues later in life and others don't.]  See also: http://www.mom-psych.com/Articles/Trauma-and-Resilience/What-Is-Resilience-GS1001.html 

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Cognitive-behavioral therapy equally effective across multiple anxiety disorders, study suggests

Cognitive-behavioral therapy equally effective across multiple anxiety disorders, study suggests | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Whether it is a phobia like a fear of flying, public speaking or spiders, or a diagnosis such as obsessive compulsive disorder, new research finds one set of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) treatment works across all anxiety disorders.

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PTSD, Depression Passed Through Generations, Study Finds

PTSD, Depression Passed Through Generations, Study Finds | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Researchers at UCLA have identified mutations within three genes that they say may make some people more likely to develop symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression.

[Image courtesy Ramberg Media images).

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For Combat Veterans with PTSD, Fear Circuitry in the Brain Never Rests

For Combat Veterans with PTSD, Fear Circuitry in the Brain Never Rests | Mom Psych | Scoop.it
New imaging study of combat veterans shows that brain regions linked to PTSD function abnormally even in the absence of external stress.
Gina Stepp's insight:

Why do some soldiers develop PTSD while others don't? Our fear circuitry is regulated in the early stages of life . . . partly genetic, partly epigenetic factors--here's one piece of the puzzle . . .

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Why Some Soldiers Develop PTSD and Others Don't

Why Some Soldiers Develop PTSD and Others Don't | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Pre-war vulnerability is just as important as combat-related trauma in predicting whether symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) will be long-lasting, according to new research published by the Association for Psychological Science.

Gina Stepp's insight:

When they talk about pre-war vulnerability, they're essentially referring to a person's level of psychological resilience. 

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After Aurora, Expect PTSD to Spread Far Beyond Theater -

After Aurora, Expect PTSD to Spread Far Beyond Theater - | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Like all such tragedies, the mass shooting at a Colorado movie theater will claim more victims than is immediately apparent. In the coming weeks and months, many people who were somehow involved in the event but physically unhurt will find themselves experiencing the sometimes debilitating symptoms of PTSD.

 

Who will experience this psychological trauma, and what’s the best way to help them? A pair of recently published studies examining the aftermath of the 2007 Virginia Tech massacre, which claimed 32 lives, offer some clues.

 

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Childhood emotional maltreatment causes troubled romantic relationships, studies suggest

Childhood emotional maltreatment causes troubled romantic relationships, studies suggest | Mom Psych | Scoop.it

Not a huge surprise, since we know childhood maltreatment has distinct effects on the brain, but here's more evidence to add to the already-impressive pile: In two separate studies, researchers examined the stability and satisfaction of intimate relationships among college students with a history of childhood emotional maltreatment. And what do you think they found?

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