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Israelis resort to phone apps to escape Hamas rockets — RT

Israelis resort to phone apps to escape Hamas rockets — RT | MLC Geo400 class portfolio |

With only about a third of Hamas rockets intercepted by the Iron Dome, Israeli civilians now have another means of protection – two smartphone apps that warn of incoming rockets and locate the nearest air raid shelters.


All there is really to say is that technology is indeed an advancement that has served thousands of people worldwide. New and innovative ways to keep people alert is amazing. I wonder however, if the apps themselves have been tested and if in fact they are reliable. I would personally stick to siren. - M.Carvajal 

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Rescooped by Michelle Carvajal from Geography Education!

An Interactive Map of the Blitz: Where and When the Bombs Fell on London

An Interactive Map of the Blitz: Where and When the Bombs Fell on London | MLC Geo400 class portfolio |
The extent of the campaign is shocking.

Via Seth Dixon
Michelle Carvajal's insight:

This is absolutely mind boggling. How were people supposed to survive this in the first place? The interesting point about this is that London in majority of its areas does not seem like it was ever hit by so many bombs to begin with. It puts into perspective just how a place can be affected and how it can improve and move on from those events. Incredible.

Maegan Connor's curator insight, December 17, 2013 5:46 PM

This is one of my favorite maps that I have seen. How devastating it must have been to live in London at the time, never knowing where the next one would land to destroy the city.

Nathan Chasse's curator insight, March 17, 2014 7:50 AM

This map shows the locations for the nearly 2000 bombs which were dropped on London during the Blitz in WWII. The bombs were dropped entirely inside the ring of M25 London Orbital Motorway which encircles London. The bombs are most concentrated in the center of the ring, likely to do the most damage, to either infrastructure or the people.

Hector Alonzo's curator insight, November 2, 2014 8:30 PM

This map shows just how devastating the bombs were on London. At first glance, this does not look like a map of the bombs dropped. It would not be until it was labeled as such would it show the results of the war on London. Very few areas were unaffected and the majority of London was hit.

Rescooped by Michelle Carvajal from Geography Education!

Perpetual Ocean by NASA

NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio — the same team that recently brought us an animation of the moon as it will appear from Earth for each hour of 2012 — has also released a stunning video called “Perpetual Ocean,” a time lapse of the world’s ocean currents as calculated by the ECCO2 computational model.


This is an stunning visualization of ocean currents.  Thanks for the suggestion! 

Via Seth Dixon
Michelle Carvajal's insight:

This video is pretty awesome! I love how it shows the different ways that the currents move around the continents and in mid ocean. How are we not to expect for natural phenomenoms to be unpredictable when our oceansa re the same. i would have never expected to see so many idfferent flows and currents but they do exist. It gives you a look into how are planet works and also gives you a chilling thought of how easily a ship would get lost in deep ocean waters. - M. Carvajal

Michelle Carvajal's comment, December 11, 2012 9:08 PM
I actually own a Starry night Van Gogh painting Beth. I agree with what you say!
Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 4:39 PM

This is an amazing video. The technology we have at our disposable is truly remarkable and we have reached a point where mapping all the currents of the ocean can be done and put up on youtube. This information is available to people who otherwise would have no idea how to interpret ocean currents.

Hector Alonzo's curator insight, December 16, 2014 10:18 AM

This video shows just how technology is advancing, being able to show how the world's water currents move and, especially, showing how different our bodies of water are. I always thought the currents were somehow connected, but now I see that many move in their own way.

Rescooped by Michelle Carvajal from Geography Education!

Turbulence on the Mekong River

Turbulence on the Mekong River | MLC Geo400 class portfolio |
The Mekong River was once a wild and primitive backwater. Today, growing demands for electricity and rapid economic growth are changing the character of what is the world's 12th-longest river.


Economic progress for some often entails job loss and environmental degradation for others.  The once isolated and remote Mekong is experiences some impacts of globalization with residents having mixed feelings about the prospects. 

Via Seth Dixon
Michelle Carvajal's insight:

There must be a better way to transport items and in return save the Mekong river from being degredated. Technological innovations are affecting the life in the river as local fishermen are seeing less and less fish traveling in the river. This is impacting them in the sense that they use these fish for their survival as well as for selling. They fear that in building dams and creating advanced roads over the Mekong will change their enviroment altogether and will hinder their livelihood. This is a beautiful river and I personally feel there could be a better way but there is always something sacrficed when the government choses a location to build on. - M. Carvajal

Emma Lafleur's curator insight, April 30, 2013 8:03 PM

It seems to be a theme that across the bored, people are building things that directly and negatively impact the environment and the local people. There are always two sides to the problem. On one hand, the dam can help with the development of Laos because it will bring in money, but it will also destroy the fish population and therefore many fishermen will lose their jobs and people will lose a food source. It is a difficult problem because Laos needs money because there is a lot of poverty in this rural country and the fishermen do not add a whole lot to the economy, but the people need a way to survive and make money for their families as well. It's a problem that I think will be around for generation to come.

Al Picozzi's curator insight, November 26, 2013 11:35 AM

Seems the price of modernizing will be the local economy that as existed here for centuries.  It is not a small industy either, it is according to the report a billion dollar fishing industry.  However with a growing population and a demand for electricity the river is the perfect source for this power.  This globalization, like all globalization, will help some and will hurt some.  What you have to ask yourself is will it help more than it hurts?  Will it help in the long run, over time?  For everyone involoved in globalization these answeres are never the same everywhere.

Hector Alonzo's curator insight, December 15, 2014 9:21 PM

The Mekong river is a river that many fisherman in Laos depend on for food and income. Plans to build dams that will cause the fish to seek an alternate route to migrate upstream. Critics of the dams say that the dams will cause the fish to abandon the Mekong river and go through their neighboring rivers, leaving the residents without a source of income. Many in favor of the dams say the reverse, that building the dams will boost economy and cause the area to flourish.

Rescooped by Michelle Carvajal from Geography Education!

BBC: Development-How bottles bring light to world's poorest

BBC: Development-How bottles bring light to world's poorest | MLC Geo400 class portfolio |
A simple initiative in the Philippines is bringing a bit of brightness into the lives of the country's poorest people.


This clip is brimming with classroom potential.  Development is a key component to this clip, but it could also become a service learning project as students adopt a great project to help others in more difficult financial situations.  Learn more about the project at:

Via Seth Dixon
Michelle Carvajal's insight:

This is absolutely see how people think of new innovative ways to create simple gadgets that will serve as a source for them to live by. The fact that prices for certain services push people to find new ways of receiving the same service is sad but at the same time it stimulates people to try. I am fascinated at how much a person can do with their two hands. Very nice. - M. Carvajal

Kaitlin Young's curator insight, December 12, 2014 12:32 PM

The term "one man's trash is another man's treasure" is brought to new light with this video. Increased urbanization in the Philippines is creating a landscape of small, wall-to-wall huts with no windows. The lack of natural light coupled with limited energy resources makes these houses incredibly dark on the inside. One man figured out an ingenious  way to battle this issue while also reusing materials that otherwise would be considered trash. By using plastic soda bottles and a bleach solution, this man has created a type of skylight, providing light to those living in the slums of Philippines. 


This project has incredible potential not just in the Philippines, but on a global scale. Self-help housing all over the world could benefit from a light source while decreasing local problems with plastic waste.

Alyssa Dorr's curator insight, December 17, 2014 11:31 PM

This is very innovative as people in the Philippines have found a way to light their homes with just a plastic bottle. Using bleach and water and a piece of metal, there is temporary light for many people who would otherwise live in darkness. Starting with just 1 bottle in 1 home, this homemade product's total is now 15,000 units. I was very impressed that something as simple as a bottle filled with water can cost just $1 to make and give off even more light than an average light-bulb. I predict that this mini invention will become even more widespread as more poor countries catch on to this new, resourceful idea. 

Bob Beaven's curator insight, April 26, 3:45 PM

The solution to a problem in this video owes itself to geographical factors, had this been a problem in the US, the solution would have been different.  Having said this, the "American Way" to solve problems isn't always the best way to do so.  The Philippines is a collection of islands and they are ravaged by hurricanes, so to put above ground powerlines would be highly expensive, and to connect the whole nations infrastructure would require the nation running very expensive powerlines underneath the ocean.  What the man does in this video is ingenious given the location and the solution to the problem.  Since the Philippines are a warm country and the houses only have a single roof layer, by cutting a whole in the roof taping a coke bottle into the whole (filled with water and a bit of chlorine) allows a cheap and effective source of light.  By doing this, the people will not have to spend a great deal on electricity (if it is in their region) and if they do not have electricity then they still have a source of light. 

Scooped by Michelle Carvajal!

Israelis resort to phone apps to escape Hamas rockets — RT

Israelis resort to phone apps to escape Hamas rockets — RT | MLC Geo400 class portfolio |

With only about a third of Hamas rockets intercepted by the Iron Dome, Israeli civilians now have another means of protection – two smartphone apps that warn of incoming rockets and locate the nearest air raid shelters.


All there is really to say is that technology is indeed an advancement that has served thousands of people worldwide. New and innovative ways to keep people alert is amazing. I wonder however, if the apps themselves have been tested and if in fact they are reliable. I would personally stick to siren. - M.Carvajal 

No comment yet.
Scooped by Michelle Carvajal!

Israel-Gaza conflict expands to war of words on social media — RT

Israel-Gaza conflict expands to war of words on social media — RT | MLC Geo400 class portfolio |

As the IDF’s bombardment of Gaza continues into its seventh day, both Hamas and Israel are waging a digital war to shape public opinion. Both sides have made extensive use of social media as a platform for warmongering rhetoric.


Anoher scoop to link it with a twitter post. This video shows us the mentality that certain people have about how Palestinians should be treated. However the man objective is to show us what outcomes have come from this Israel/Gaza conflict and more importantly how the media is more involved in this matter then before. Personally, the media should not be source for conflicts nor conflict resolutions. Hopefully this serves as lesson for future issues that may arise in this area. - M.Carvajal 

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Rescooped by Michelle Carvajal from Geography Education!

The truth and it's opposite: Japanese Addresses

How Japanese addresses work, and other opposites, by Derek Sivers -


"I honestly believe that we see the rest of the world like it functions like us, or they are just poor and have their own systems. Even if the latter is true, we assume that if we were to visit, they would understand what we are asking and that finding a location would be easy because we have a map. This video reminds me of a visit I made to El Salvador in which street have names however in certain places it goes in this order:


1. Villages

2. Village Blocks (ex. 1, 2, 3...16, 17)

3. Passage (1,2,3 etc) within Block

4. House number


So different places in the world have their own address systems and they may feel like our system is just as strange as we see theirs.

As far as doctors go, it would make it easy for someone to pay when they are better then when they are sick. You have to remember that if a person is sick and does not have sick pay then they will not have enough for food and a doctors bill." - M.Carvajal

Via Seth Dixon
Alex Smiga's curator insight, October 4, 11:30 AM

Nice little eye opener for when you think you know anything for certain

Rescooped by Michelle Carvajal from Geography Education!

Worker safety in China

This video is absolutely phenomenal in the sense that it provides its viewers with a look into what many do for a daily living that is most likely less than $3 a day. (not saying that this is the case here) We also have to see how China is blatantly cutting corners by not implementing worker safety regulations. This alone saves them the money that they would not have to pay for any injuries on the job. Risking lives for a very low income and to live in a bad enviroment hardly seems worth it but for many this is what they NEED to do in order to put food on the table. Now, it isn't only China that has gone through this. Many countries have started off this way and later incorporated regulations that they must abide by. China however, has a booming economy in which it should worry about its workers since they are they ones who are building/demolishing in order to create better locations for companies to occupy. In a government where your whole ambition is to gain money and interest, the lives of a few are not important (or so it seems). -M.Carvajal

Via Seth Dixon
Samuel D'Amore's curator insight, December 17, 2014 5:23 PM

This video borders on difficult to watch. While it is definitely amazing to watch it really flies in the face of standard American job safety operations. These workers are perched on top of this building with no harnesses balancing in the shovel of a back hoe while sawing loose great slabs of concrete. Luckily no one was injured in this video but frankly this video does a great job of showing how China has been able to grow so rapidly. A lack of interest in individual workers safety and a sole goal of progress, at the possible cost of its citizens.

Jason Schneider's curator insight, April 2, 9:45 PM

China has one of the strongest economies in the world. However, I think sometimes, China takes that for granted. They think that just because they have a strong economy, they don't have to worry about safe working environments and they have nothing to lose if something happens to someone. As much as I'm sure China gives good paychecks to manufactured workers because of its wealth, there are some jobs, such as this one, that they think they don't have to pay enough. However at the same time, it's not China's fault. Sometimes, it's the workers faults for not using common sense while working, I'm a firm believer in "work smarter, not harder."

Kristin Mandsager San Bento's curator insight, May 1, 4:32 PM

Well nobody ever accused China of being a Union favoring country.  These people are risking their lives because its their job.  This is a country where you have very little leeway to argue for benefits.  If they want to do this, then come to the US.  Although I wonder why they don't just use dynamite?  Faster and few people are involved.  

Rescooped by Michelle Carvajal from Geography Education!

Dhaka: fastest growing megacity in the world

A five-part, multimedia series on the coming dystopia that is urbanization.


It seems like this is inevitable for many megacities especially in places like Dhaka where there are no jobs unless you live in the city. One of the issues not mentioned here is the potential for crimes, murders etc. The slums are full, the conditions are getting worse. What does this mean for families that have more then two children? The water is contaminated because its used as waste water, trash and harsh chemicals go into it as well yet people who can't afford to pay have to bathe and drink from it The health issues that will come from this are many. It is hard to believe but it is happening and with the constant enviromental issues, matters will only get worse. -MC

Via Seth Dixon
Brett Sinica's curator insight, November 19, 2013 2:21 PM

I recently did a project on the topic of megacities in the past, present, and future and how the natural risks they posed.  In past decades there was Tokyo, New York City, or even Mexico City.  I also covered present cities such as Shangai and Los Angeles to name a few.  The city that basically topped the growth charts in my statistics was Dhaka.  The city literally is growing like a chia pet, but with no direct plan or proper use of land.  According to future calculations, the city of Dhaka can reach roughly 23 million by 2025, that's about 600,000 new people coming in every year up until that point.  This video is just an example of how poorly planned this megacity is, and what the future holds for all of the people living there.  It's simply chaos.  There are already squatter settlements and unorganized living conditions for the current residents, picturing the population to grow even more is outrageous!

Meagan Harpin's curator insight, November 20, 2013 11:43 AM

The city of Dhaka has experienced a massivie boom in population. Both the rich and the poor are flowing into this city causing many problems that all complain the government is ignoring instead of fixing. The city is very inefficient, with traffic so bad that it is costing the city millions of dollars. There are frequent water shortages resulting in protests in the streets. There is much infrastructure throughout the city as well. But it is also represents a sense of hope to the people that are coming in and moving into the slums, that with the better jobs and money they will be able to get they can better provide for themselves or their family.

Joseph Thacker 's curator insight, April 6, 2014 11:23 PM

Dhaka is the fastest growing city in the world, as rich and poor people move to the city everyday. So many poor people are moving here due to the fact there is no other place worth living in Bangladesh. The city is facing many problems, such as lack of traffic signals, minimal clean drinking water for residents and horrible housing for many people. However, some feel the city’s slums offer the best chance for an improved life.   

Rescooped by Michelle Carvajal from Geography Education!

India's Census: Lots Of Cellphones, Too Few Toilets

The results of India's once-in-a-decade census reveal a country of 1.2 billion people where millions have access to the latest technology, but millions more lack sanitation and drinking water.


Listening to this makes you wonder what the priorities are for some people. Granted many are investing in the latest technology and it is boosting the economy, wouldn't a family chose to save what they have and invest on sanitation changes within their own home? Many would not be able to because the government probably has to make changes to the infrastructureto allow this but in areas where you can, why not invest on this rather then getting a luxury item? For some, investing in technology is worth it because they have never had anything like that but there is always an updated model of anything you buy. Again, I understand that sometimes no changes can be made unless the government is involved in it but for a country that has a high percentage of people without toilets, I would see to fixing this issue. The money is being received through from the purchases people are making, so what is the real delay? Would this not increase jobs as well?


Via Seth Dixon
Melissa Marie Falco-Dargitz's curator insight, November 23, 2014 10:10 AM

Government in India may be ill equipped to handle the need for sewage, sanitation and clean water. These items are harder to come by than cell phones and televisions. Over 1/2 of the country lacks basic sanitation, but yet, have cell phones. This dystopia is leading to even people climbing out of poverty from having some of the basics needed for a healthy life.

Wilmine Merlain's curator insight, November 29, 2014 3:41 PM

Its interesting in a country as large as India, its number one problem is waste management. Its telling of the priorities of the country's leader and it also speaks on the country's reception of first world waste. While more than half of Indians have access to a cell phone device, television and other electronic products, its also embarrassing on the country's behalf that less than half of the country's population have access to toilets.

I believe the case for this is Indian government not have the proper equipment to be able to establish properly install proper sanitation in the land. In order for the government to put in place they would need to establish a proper pipelines throughout the land to ensure that once toilets are set in place, waste is properly disposed of.

Samuel D'Amore's curator insight, December 17, 2014 12:59 AM

This sound clip highlights an interesting issue today in India, as the population has exploded the logistics to support these people is nonexistent while access to modern technology is present. Its an odd concept that one can readily find cheap accessible technology such as cell phones or TVs yet something as basic as a toilet or running water is out of reach for many. This is the problem when a population expands faster than it is possible to increase its logistical capacity.

Rescooped by Michelle Carvajal from Geography Education!

Awaiting Tomorrow - People Living with HIV/AIDS in Africa

From | "Awaiting Tomorrow" tells the story people living with HIV/AIDS in the war-torn Eastern region of the Democratic Republic of Congo...


This video alone quite frankly is very touching. To see how people still live in poverty and still have the hope to live long, to make it through their adversity and more importantly to inspire others. This man lives with AIDS but he can not receive the adequate medication because his family is poor. It is sad to hear that there have been appeals to the government and head of health in the Congo to help build a center where people with Aids can go for medication. & yet no response has been given and no help is being provided. Granted the country is torn in war, but why not help those who need it seeing as this issue is affecting so many. It's not a recent issue as the man stated in the video, and all they are truly asking for is a chance to live longer than what is expected. They want to inspire others to pursue their dreams regardless of the predicament they may be in. That alone serves as motivation for anyone. Economically it may hinder but at the same time it could give the country people who will work while so many have passed due to the wars. If I saw a president who is giving someone I know the chance to live, I would work twice as hard and would vote because it proves that he/she cares for the people. -M.Carvajal

Via Seth Dixon
Lisa Fonseca's comment, December 5, 2011 12:49 AM
Many more people should be aware of this clip. Here is a twenty five year old with four children, and now has been dealing with aids for one year. The likely chance of him surviving being that he is living in such poverty, is very low. It is awful to see his four children watching their father slowly die of aids, but it also can be seen as a lesson to the children to learn and become aware of aids and learn how to avoid them. This young adult not only wanted to survive but also wanted to survive to be a spokesperson to the world. I think more and more people need to be aware of situations like these. Yes, many people know Africa has a high percentage of aids but 2.6 million people in just Democratic Republic of Congo are living with aids. If people became more aware of this situation by watching videos like these and seeing how they could make an impact I think this number could be lowered. Possibly we can start by showing videos like this to adolescents and getting them knowledged in this area at a young age.
Maegan Connor's curator insight, December 17, 2013 8:36 PM

This video is so sad because HIV/AIDS  in the DRC and other African countries is definitely preventable and treatable but due to the immense amounts of poverty and the lack of information about contraceptives and protection, millions are infected every year.

The man featured in this video mentions that the government does nothing to help fund medical centers or any other assistance and it is truly shameful.

Sarah Ann Glesenkamp's curator insight, September 16, 2014 12:17 PM

Unit 2

Rescooped by Michelle Carvajal from Geography Education!

Virtual tour of the Haga Sophia

Virtual tour of the Haga Sophia | MLC Geo400 class portfolio |

It is so interesting to see the different layers and the structure of this landmark. Istanbul has been dominated by both christian and muslim faith yet this has remained. The intricate designs represent a rich historical culture. The location itself has been a basilica then a mosque and now it is a museum. Just looking for additional pictures and information about the Hagia Sophia you will see an array of architecture that is pleasing to the eye. --M. Carvajal

Via Seth Dixon
Brett Sinica's curator insight, October 29, 2013 4:26 PM

Turkey is a very unique country.  The land is spread among Europe, as well as Asia and the Middle East.  Its people are among many religions such as Christian and Muslim, and they speak various languages which show how diverse the region is.  Turkey acts almost like a bridge between the two continents and within its borders lie attributes that are hard to find anywhere else on earth.  What is strange about this specific site being the Haga Sophia is that it has been both a Christian and Muslim landmark.  In many other areas of the world, each religion holds authority to their respective traditions and structures.  Though the holy site in Istanbul shows how truely diverse the nation is and has been for its people and especially religions.

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 12:57 PM

Visiting the Haga Sophia is on my bucket list for sure! I find it fascinating how one beautiful site can radiate so many different historical periods as well as cultural differences. The Haga Sophia has traces of the religions and people that held control over it at one time or another. 

Rescooped by Michelle Carvajal from Regional Geography!

Viewfinder: Gaza's Tunnels

A World Report Viewfinder from inside the tunnels that connect blockaded Gaza to the outside world...

Why are tunnels from Egypt to Gaza forming?  How is Israel's policies a part of this phenomenon?


"It's sad to see that in order for these people to survive, they have to build these tunnels and put themselves at risk of death. Unfortunately, the situation between both countries is still at no better point then it was a few years ago. people have to build tunnels to be able to sell things withing the walls of Gaza and make a living to travel back and feed their families. The fact that this is even an option puts into perspective how people around the world struggle to survive. Understandably, Israel would have their government monitoring the tunnels and getting rid of them whenever found. The transfering in of ammunition and weapons poses a threat but at the same time, they have to see who the buyers of these goods are. You can't only blame one side if the other is supporting by buying them. The point of the video is for the viewer to understand to what extreme the issue has gotten to and to see how people put their lives in danger on a daily to be able to make a days living. Building the tunnels is dangerous as it is, now imagine having to spend majority of your day in them not knowing whether or not you will make it back home." - M.Carvajal 

Via Seth Dixon
Al Picozzi's curator insight, October 22, 2013 12:09 AM

Amazing to see what people will do to survive.  They are doing this out of necessity.  Many goods they are smuggling are what I believe should be allowed in through normal means, food, water, medicine and anything needed for basic human needs.  I understand the blockade in stopping weapons and items of that nature, but stopping basic foodstuffs is just plain wrong.  The people are living and surviving by these tunnels and built an economy on them.  One thing that was really interesting was at the end when the man seemed he wanted the blockcade to go on or else it would close his tunnel and he would have to get "a real job."  The effects of this blockcade are on both ends of the spectrum, people want it to end so things can return to normal and others want it to go on to continue to make money.

Brett Sinica's curator insight, October 29, 2013 4:20 PM

What some media has led the "western world" to perceive is that many of the people living here would be trying to smuggle illegal goods such as bombs, drugs, etc.  Sure that may be true in some cases, but many times there are respectable citizens which simply need food or necessary items to sustain their lives.  Because of the tight security measures regarding people and goods, the people of Gaza simply try to find a way around the authorities, and the best current option is by tunnels.  Situations like this show that if people really need certain things, with some help and determination, they can achieve that goal.  In the end, hopefully it is for good more often than bad.

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 12:09 PM

These tunnels give the Palestinians a way to access a world that has been politically blockaded from them. Connections that allow the sharing of goods are not something that should be avoided. Food and goods could be a way to make a pseudo peace and interdependence between both sides of a centuries old conflict.

Rescooped by Michelle Carvajal from Geography Education!

Video -- Dive into the Deep

Video -- Dive into the Deep | MLC Geo400 class portfolio |
March 26, 2012—In a state-of-the-art submersible, National Geographic explorer-in-residence and filmmaker James Cameron reached the deepest point of the Mariana Trench, breaking a world record for the deepest solo dive.


For those who haven't been following National Geographic news, James Cameron (director of "Titanic" and "The Abyss") entered a submarine named DEEPSEA CHALLENGER, and dove to the bottom of the Mariana Trench, the deepest point on Earth. Enjoy this video describing this "lunar-like" environment that is so deep it is lightless and near lifeless with extreme pressure. For more on the expedition, read:

Via Seth Dixon
Michelle Carvajal's insight:

This is amazing! I love the fact there isalways one person willing to rishk his own life just to gain more knowledge of the world we live in. The Mariana Trench is definteley a scary place and by it being the deepest trench in the world, I can see why not many would consider going down there. I am looking forward to the release of any videos that may come from this expedition he took. - M. Carvajal

Brett Sinica's curator insight, December 10, 2013 5:06 PM

When the show South Park has made an entire episode based around you, you've certainly done something extraordinary.  James Cameron not only risked his life,  but proved a point and set a new standard in underwater exploration.  In a way, he literally went to the bottom of the earth, something that has been a mystical feat until now.  With technology advancing so quickly and people constantly pushing limits and standards it makes us wonder what will be discovered next.

Ryan Amado's curator insight, December 11, 2013 5:45 AM

It is mind boggling how much of our oceans are still to be discovered. Cameron's journey here is one that needs to be taken all over the world. We have more ocean that is unexplored than explored.  We may also find some answers to fundamental questions to human existence if we are able to research the deep sea more effectively.  It is hard to believe we have been able to research 36,000 feet below and still have more questions than answers. 

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 4:44 PM

This is a really cool video, the pressure that exist at the bottom of the ocean has kept humans trapped above a certain depth. Today technology has let us explore areas that have been off limits in the past. Letting an influential filmmaker like Cameron do this is a way to raise awareness about these expeditions to the pop culture obsessed audiences around the world.

Rescooped by Michelle Carvajal from Geography Education!

Lurking in the Deep

Lurking in the Deep | MLC Geo400 class portfolio |
Divers on Australia's Great Barrier Reef recently snapped rare pictures of a wobbegong, or carpet shark, swallowing a bamboo shark whole.


The diversity of life on this planet and the ecosystems which such creatures live in is something that continually leaves me in awe at the wonders of the natural world.

Via Seth Dixon
Michelle Carvajal's insight:

Not only is the ocean full of diverse wildlife but the fact they have been able to camoflouge with their enviroment is amazing. Australia seems to be the home of many different types of wildlife on land and in the ocean. It would be interesting if there could be a google earth view of australias coral reefs and wildlife. - M. Carvajal

Gregory S Sankey Jr.'s curator insight, September 1, 2014 10:38 AM

This article reminds me of another video i've seen recently of a grouper fish swallowing a 4-foot black tip shark whole. A fisherman caught that on camera while trying to reel in the shark. Time and time again I'm reminded that not everything in nature is as it seems and that the unexpected should be expected. 

This makes me want to buy some scuba gear and take some diving classes, I ought to conquer my fear of sharks by safely observing them with a research team! 

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 4:36 PM

Amazing photos, there are so many different kinds of life that exists in the Ocean. As the Great Barrier Reef falls victim to climate change and pollution, the number of species at risk is almost calculable. 

Hector Alonzo's curator insight, December 16, 2014 1:26 PM

Australia's marine life is amazing, being able to hide by blending in to their environment is a testament to the waters that Australia has. The diverse wildlife of Australia waters is shown to be an adaptive bunch and begs the question: How many more animals are out there that we do not know of?

Rescooped by Michelle Carvajal from Geography Education!

Unusual ways to avoid Jakarta's traffic

Unusual ways to avoid Jakarta's traffic | MLC Geo400 class portfolio |
Jakarta's traffic is legendary and locals have now become experts at finding ways to get around the jams, with some even making money out of them.


The population of Indonesia is heavily concentrated on the island of Java, and the capital city of Jakarta faces a tremendous strain on it's transportation network.  This video show that resourceful people will find inventive ways to make an unworkable situation manageable. 

Via Seth Dixon
Michelle Carvajal's insight:

"This other video of the poeple in Jakarta shows us how people have to in a sense ignore all laws that could indeed get them in much trouble. Traffic jams are annoying as it is for us when the we're stuck for more than fifteen minutes. Living in Jakarta, being stuck in traffic for an hour is a normal thing on a daily. We see that there are strict regulations for people to have a certain amount of individuals in a car in order to enter the rush hour. It has forced many who are uneomployed to be the extra people in a car but for a price. No matter what you may think, the price is very low. Others have purchased bikes and use them as taxis to maneuver people through the traffic. This is also illegal. What will happen as the increase in population goes up in this city? Very interesting." - M. Carvajal

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 2:35 PM

The amount of traffic in Jakarta is staggering and the traffic itself has built up a business of making commuting to work easier. What is troubling is that the government hasn't made enough of an effort to fix the problem of traffic in its largest and most economically viable city. If Jakarta wants to keep growing the government has to step in and find a way to make getting to work realistic for Indonesians.

Hector Alonzo's curator insight, December 15, 2014 9:38 PM

The traffic in Jakarta is insane, to be in a constant standstill on your way to work is unreal. The reporter in the video says that if the city of Jakarta continues on its current path, it could be "in a state of Paralysis" which for an entire city is not good. The traffic has, for some, become a way to make money, illegally but money nonetheless.

Kendra King's curator insight, April 13, 9:01 PM

Humans instinctively look to profit when the situation arises, this is one of those situations. The government implemented regulations that barely seem to manage the traffic jams, i.e. having 3 people per car. Since people do have to work and may not always be able to meet the requirements, others have started making a living as a “jockey,” an individual who offers to ride in a car so the 3 people limit is met. Doing this is considered illegal. Yet, there aren’t good enough jobs for people to work (otherwise they won’t be a jockey) and those who do work can’t seem to always follow the rule without it harming there work life.  Plus, more police now turn their attention towards these people thereby deterring them away from their other duties. I realize that the state probably never intended these consequences to happen, but now that it is I really wonder just how useful this law really is. One thing is certain though, without better planning or economic innovation by the government, the jams will continue to happen.


I find it odd that the people keep staying despite the major traffic problem. As one interviewee mentioned. I guess as long as you can find ways to stay productive and still receive enough compensation, the time spend in traffic isn't enough of a hassle for them. As someone who has enough economic opportunity with far less wait time in traffic though, I would find this situation unbearable. Clearly, this isn't that case though. So, I am not sure of the immediate solution. As we learned in class, the government tried transmigration. This just lead to more problems. It was then suggested that the type of opportunity. If that is the case though, what should the government do now? Waiting for a more natural economic opportunity to get the people out of Jakarta won't happen quick enough to curb the increasing population growth. Therefore the strain on the infrastructure will continue because the population's carrying capacity is exceeded. Whatever the answers, I think this would be a great case study for urban planning and the impact raising car dependency has on a society as this driving nightmare shows just how important planning is with more cars. 

Rescooped by Michelle Carvajal from Geography Education!

A Keyhole into Burma

A Keyhole into Burma | MLC Geo400 class portfolio |
On my last afternoon in Bagan, I went in search of a meal that would serve as both lunch and dinner, before boarding my flight...


First and foremost the fact that this man was recommended to go down a dirt path road to find a restaurant is incredible. Based on his observations, it doesnt seem like it is a place a restaurant would be and even so, it was recommended to him. What is best about this article is how a simple restaurant owner knew how to effectively communicate and also provided an inside look to the mentality of how some Burmese people think. It is good to see that he opened up and explained how proud he was to be from Burma, especially with the fact the Robbie Williams made a song and within that song mentioned Mandalay. He also speaks of a ban in the country that doesnt allow for the buying of western music or anything that is not from Burma. This restriction is a little extreme for my taste but to each their own. I am glad to see that one man can inspire people to learn more of what is out in the world and more importantly his story gives us a glimpse of what may come. I feel as though the more people know about the world, the more they interact and benefit from tourists, researches etc...the more the government will open up to allowing things outside of their political, social realm. - M.Carvajal

Via Seth Dixon
Cam E's curator insight, April 8, 2014 12:23 PM

Yet another collection of pictures I'm scooping, but this time there's over 100 of them! Getting a western view into the insulated society of Burma is a rare opportunity, this shows some interesting pastimes such as Water buffalo surfing, but also things of major cultural significance, such as the importance of Buddhism.

Jessica Rieman's curator insight, April 23, 2014 4:41 PM

This article depicts the differences and the little things that we in the USA take for granted for instance in this case it is a cd that is known as the "Western" type of misc and mass media culture that has been transported in this Burmese society.  It truly is the little things such as the Robbie Williams CD that is being depicted as not only the Western musical society but also being grouped with Bob Marley songs that would depict from the Burmese translation the Western society. And even though the people in this society don't know what the lyrics mean they can still be moved by the melody.  

Hector Alonzo's curator insight, December 15, 2014 10:51 PM

I found the fact that the government of Burma banned certain music, it seems like an odd thing to refuse the people of the country, but we forget that it is the small things that we take for granted in the US, that are seen as luxuries in other parts of the world and that is an interesting idea to wrap your mind around.

Scooped by Michelle Carvajal!

Sirens in Jerusalem as Hamas rockets hit outskirts, blast felt in city center — RT

Sirens in Jerusalem as Hamas rockets hit outskirts, blast felt in city center — RT | MLC Geo400 class portfolio |

Palestinian militants have fired two rockets at Jerusalem, setting off warning sirens for the second time since Israel launched Operation Pillar of Defense in Gaza.


Scooping off my twitter again...

This article is interesting because it shows us how military forces quickly respond. In this situation the response was quick and efficient so that those citizens knew what was happening when they heard the sirens. What is very interesting however is that the perception of the Hamas military capabilites was far more then what they expected. In a sense, this thought alone, has now raised awareness to military forces to be prepared for any and all possible situations. Politically we see how different politicians meet to bring an end to this issue.. Hillary Clinton is one who will meet with local government leaders to find a solution, and somehow use some american influence to bring a calm to both sides involved. How much of an influence do we have and what does this mean for other nations who are watching this happen? -M. Carvajal

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Scooped by Michelle Carvajal!

Exposed: UN agency rips IDF for video alleging militants use its Gaza schools to launch rockets — RT

Exposed: UN agency rips IDF for video alleging militants use its Gaza schools to launch rockets — RT | MLC Geo400 class portfolio |

A UN relief agency has shot down allegations levied by the IDF via an animated film posted on their official YouTube channel saying Hamas used UN schools and facilities to fire rockets at Israel.


"Had postede on twitter but needed to scoop on my own page. This is very interesting to see how both sides can use the internet to have media war. They do not however realize that certain comments and actions can affect an agency negatively and therefore bring a bad image to said agency who is probably not even involved in the issue. Not only this but to use the internet to influence people on supporting your point of view is wrong. I say this because misinformation is the key issue in many political and social matters." - M. Carvajal 

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Rescooped by Michelle Carvajal from Geography Education!

Hiroshima after the Atomic Bomb

Hiroshima after the Atomic Bomb | MLC Geo400 class portfolio |
360° panoramic photography by Harbert F. Austin Jr.. Visit us to see more amazing panoramas from Japan and thousands of other places in the world.


A very eye opening panoramic photo of how easily one simple bomb can destroy thousands of lives in a blink of an eye. Not only this but how easily a whole landscape is transformed because of such an event. Many forget. This was literally the end of the world for many much like the tsunami that also hit in Japan. -M. Carvajal

Via Seth Dixon
Cam E's curator insight, April 8, 2014 11:26 AM

The thing that always stumps me about pictures after bombings and other disasters is the reason why some things are left standing. Here we see buildings destroyed and utterly annihilated as far as the eye can see, yet the telephone poles are still standing in some areas. The picture can't capture the true scope of the destruction, but it also shows how destruction is a bit random in its own way.

Lauren Stahowiak's curator insight, April 14, 2014 6:32 PM

This panoramic photograph shows the devastation of Hiroshima after the Atomic Bomb. Everything in sight is destroyed. Houses and poles that were lucky enough to still be standing are even lost causes. 

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 2:10 PM

These images are chilling and sad. The United States is the only country to ever use the Atomic Bomb on another country, a status I am not proud of. We can see why for 60 years people lived in constant fear during the Cold War. Also some would argue that the Atom Bomb has prevented world wars since WWII. It makes you fearful of the one leader who has access to A bombs and chooses to use them.

Rescooped by Michelle Carvajal from Geography Education!

Over 27 and unmarried? In China, you’re an old maid

Over 27 and unmarried? In China, you’re an old maid | MLC Geo400 class portfolio |
January and February are sweet times for most Chinese — they enjoy family reunions during the spring festival, which this year fell on January 23, and they celebrate Valentine’s Day, which is well-liked in China.


This article is interesting because from the perspective of the two women interviewed, it does not seem like they are sad or worried that they are the "leftovers" of society. In fact, they hold themselves to high standard and believe that they can still find someone who will meet their expectations. This is because they are normally well employed and well educated. Many women are also called "leftovers" because they are in their late 20's or in their 30's. Men seek younger women but you also have to understand that because of the one-child policy, finding a woman could also be very hard. There are more men in the rural areas who are also staying single because the availability of women & "leftover" women is for those men who have a steady career and a good income. Not only this, while very few want to marry for love, the reality is, you need to have something to offer a woman for them to marry you. Many are interested in cars, homes, bank accounts etc.

As prices have increased in China for apartments, homes and other necessities a person from a rural area who farms for a living would not be able to "impress" someone who lives in the city. Even if the woman lives in a rural area, she is most likely trying to get out of poverty and would not take you on an offer for marriage. Basically what we can take away from this article is that because of the economic necessity, many women are in higher paying jobs that require them to seek someone of equal or higher pay, and others are waiting for the "one." - M.Carvajal

Via Seth Dixon
Marissa Roy's curator insight, December 5, 2013 1:32 PM

It is interesting to see this as in American culture, marrying in your 20s is not a necessity anymore, it's almost unexpected. With so many men to choose from, these girls have time to find a man. The culture is going to shift as these ladies get married later in life.

Alyssa Dorr's curator insight, December 14, 2014 9:13 PM

Being 27 years old and unmarried in China considers you to be an old maid? I had to do a double take when I saw this. In the United States, 27 years old is around the average age a couple decides to get married. In China, Valentine's day is a really well liked holiday. Therefore, you would think that there would be excessive amounts of marriages, especially around this time. However, we know about the one child policy put into place at China. I can imagine that this might play a role because of the gender imbalances. As horrible as this sounds, in China, they call the women who are thirty and single "leftovers". During the season of the Chinese New Year and Valentine's Day, the "leftovers" just get questioned about their relationship status or go to matchmaking parties. However, the "leftovers" are said to have three good things; good career, good education and good looks. This is interesting because if they had all these good qualities, why would they still be single at 30 years old? As the article continues, we talk about true love and believe it or not, some "leftovers" still believe in true love and that they may experience that one day.

Amanda Morgan's curator insight, December 15, 2014 4:14 PM

The fact that success relatively young women are seen as leftovers in China is a completely foreign idea to me.  n the United States we are seeing that more and more women are marrying later in life after they have received an education, higher education and have been established in a career.  Emily Liang is an extremely successful women who should be proud of her accomplishments, yet has to declare herself as "divorced" in order for men to think something isn't "wrong" with her.  It is extremely obvious that the role and view of women in China is significantly distorted. 

Rescooped by Michelle Carvajal from Geography Education!

Pakistan Trees Cocooned in Spider Webs

Pakistan Trees Cocooned in Spider Webs | MLC Geo400 class portfolio |
Documented by an aid worker, millions of spiders took to the trees to spin their webs after heavy floods inundated Pakistan in 2010.


Its interesting to see how spiders have had to change to their enviroment as the floods devastated many in 2010. Spiders have had to in a way get used to dealing with the waters but they have had a great beneficial impact on the human race. With spiders moving to higher grounds, they have been able to decrease the amount of Malaria cases which affect so many in these areas. We rarely consider how insects and animals are affected when a natural disaster hits but this was interesting to think about. Something that should be mentioned or researched is how many of these spiders can pose a threat to humans that may still be in that area? You can solved the malaria issue but hopefully not at the risk of another problem. -M.Carvajal

Via Seth Dixon
Cam E's curator insight, April 1, 2014 11:07 AM

As cool as it is creepy. I'm reminded of entire fields of spider webs after similar heavy flooding in Australia. I certainty would get nowhere near those trees if this were to happen locally.

Kaitlin Young's curator insight, December 12, 2014 2:29 PM

Intense flooding occurring in December 2010 left 2,000 people dead in Pakistan. The flood waters left both the people, and the insects, with no where to go. Spiders, trying to escape from the flood waters, climbed into trees and bushes in order to avoid drowning. Almost every type of vegetation was covered in webs, making the landscape appear as though it was planed in cotton candy trees. While definitely peculiar, the massive amounts of spider webbing averted a mosquito crisis. While something positive did come from this occurrence, most of the trees were killed since their leaves were smothered by the webbing and unable to collect sunlight. Now the landscape contains little to know shade for the people living their. 


When observing geographies, it is important to understand not just the people, but the other organisms that affect a place, and how they too can make an effect. 

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 16, 2014 8:19 AM

These floods damaged the ecosystems in Pakistan. It also manipulated the natural order of things. With he heavy floods lots of mosquito were attracted by the water and then millions of spiders followed for food. What resulted are these remarkable images. For those who suffer from arachnophobia this may their worst nightmare but it has an odd beauty to it.

Rescooped by Michelle Carvajal from Regional Geography!

Healthcare Problems in Developing Countries

The article itself fully explains the necessity for a supportive community, government and people when it comes down to education and healthcare.

To get straight to the point, if there is an abundance of help and donation to devloping countries so that they may build medical infrastructures and educational ones, then we can see a prosperous future in everyone's economy. People will have the accessibility to quality healthcare that is provided by educated individuals who probably did not have the chance before. By creating better jobs, better educational facilities, roads, water resources, food etc. A country provides a reason for people to try and do better with their lives. Those who did not have medication before would receive it and they too would then be a part of the working class. In order accomplish this there has to be a group of people who are willing to invest money and time into making this a reality. The more countries are able to produce goods and have people that can work in health, education, agriculture etc...the more each country can trade and increase survival rates plus economy. You have to give to receive.

Women will receive proper healthcare for their issues and pregnancies. Families will not be subject to hygiene diseases because they would have sanitation rooms in their homes and they would have a system where waste would go elsewhere. This is all possible but someone has to be willing to try. --M.Carvajal


Via Seth Dixon
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Rescooped by Michelle Carvajal from Geography Education!

U.S. AID education/poverty infographic

U.S. AID education/poverty infographic | MLC Geo400 class portfolio |

This is very interesting because it shows the percentage of females that are likely to advance with an education and not contract aids. It also shows the percentage of females that do end up with AIDS because of the lack of education they receive. However, we must consider that in any third world country there is some type of knowledge about what deadly diseases are no matter how "uneducated" a female (person) can be. Many say that it is up to schools to educate people on the diseases that exist and though this may be true, now it seems like HIV/AIDS is known world wide. Many females that do end up dropping out of school are because they indeed become pregnant at an age where they have to work. Though educated women will provide the valuable information to their children about how to protect themselves, it is inevitable that an accident may happen where blood may be swapped or even worse there is some sexual interaction with a person carrying the disease. No matter how advanced we may feel to be, no matter how knowledgeable a person is, we run the risk at any given moment. I agree that education is key, the educated women will know more then one who doesn't, but lets not leave everything to schooling. I learned about HIV/AIDS through my parents who also knew about it from their parents. So its information that can be passed down as well. None the less it was informative. --M.Carvajal     

Via Seth Dixon
Fiqah Nasrin's curator insight, January 27, 2014 8:37 AM

From this article i get to know that a child who born to an educated mother will benefit more than a child who born to mothers without an education. Quite a number of women in the world are without a proper education. Is it fair to women without a proper education to be condemn to be told that their child will do poorly rather than a child of an educated mothers. Their child would eventually suceed through hard work and support from their family.

Zemus Koh's curator insight, January 27, 2014 10:11 AM

From this infographic, I can see the importance of education and how it can impact us in our lives. Education is key as it can help us in many ways such as being able to teach our offspings survival skills and also help us to earn more so that we can bring up a family and support them. However important education is, it still comes with a price. As such, many are deprived of this oppurtunity to be educated even though education is somewhat considered a neccessity. Other benefits of education to women include a lesser chance of contracting STDs and also having a higher chance to immunize their children compared to non-educated women. Since education is a key to survival and an important part in our lives, why is it that no effort is made to promote this or to fund more projects that help the less fortunate to get a chance to be educated?

Fiqah Nasrin's curator insight, February 23, 2014 7:28 AM

This article tells me that a child who born to an educated mother will benefit more than a child who born to mothers without an education. Quite a number of women in the world are without a proper education. Is it fair to women without a proper education to be condemn to be told that their child will do poorly rather than a child of an educated mothers. Their child would eventually succeed through hard work and support from their family. It stated that most children who drop out from school are girls and most of the people cant read live in developing countries. In this century i am sure that proper education are given to those who could not afford it as everyone want to succeed. I think that it does not matter if a child's mother is without an education as they can succeed if they work hard and opportunity is given to them.

Rescooped by Michelle Carvajal from Geography Education!

Why is King Abdullah willing to let Saudi women vote but not drive cars?

Why is King Abdullah willing to let Saudi women vote but not drive cars? | MLC Geo400 class portfolio |
King Abdullah announced on Sunday that  Saudi women will be allowed to vote and run for office in municipal elections beginning in 2015.


Many take for granted the privelege of driving. For some, they consider it a right as a citizen of XYZ country. Saudi women however, see it as a necessity in certain cases and in other cases they do not want said privelege. It shows how strict the laws over women are in Saudi Arabia that in the age we're in, they are still denied the simplest of things. The fear is that woman will become independent. They will start looking for jobs and having the mentality that they can do anything and do not have to rely on a man. This is something that most men fear in Saudi Arabia and want to prevent from happening. This would bring a new more westernized culture which clearly goes against all their traditions.

From a political standpoint many feel as though the right to vote for women will never happen. That Kng Abdullah can change his mind or his successor may go back on his word by 2015. What if does go through with his word? Is he possibly trying to score points with the female population so that they do vote for his successor and others? This is something to ponder. In all, I believe it will take time for the change to happen as it did here in the US, but it would be economically beneficial if the traditions were not so strict and women could be entitled to work in areas where men were not needed. M.Carvajal

Via Seth Dixon
Joseph Thacker 's curator insight, April 4, 2014 7:54 PM

It seems odd that women can vote but not drive an automobile. It appears the King does not want women to explore the country freely. He may not want to give women all that freedom at one time… Also, he must not want women traveling and exploring areas alone in a car. Although the entire situation in Saudi Arabia is sad, this appears to be a small step forward for women. 

James Hobson's curator insight, October 21, 2014 7:04 PM

(Central Asia topic 5 [independent topic])

The decrees made by Saudi Arabia's King regarding women's future rights are being viewed as empty promises. On top of that, this topic is at the convergence of not just political, but also social and religious topics. Political, social, economic, and religious interests are all tugging issues such as women's rights to vote and drive in different directions.

I am surprised this article did not mention something which I had heard before: the Saudi government still does not allow women to drive not only out of social custom, but also because their highways are facing a congestion problem. Giving women drivers licenses could roughly double the number of cars on the already-gridlocked roads, making commuting and transportation even more of a hassle.

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 12:51 PM

What I find interesting is that allowing women to vote seems like a big step towards equality but it may be more superficial at addressing the real issue at hand. Women in this country are living with so much constraint, letting them vote may not be the giant step forward it seems to be. There are still cultural and institutional barriers that restraint the freedom and natural rights of women.