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Montana Indian Education for All Law

Montana Indian Education for All Law | Mixed American Life | Scoop.it

From the "Essential Understanding" pdf under "Related Links"

 

Indian Education for All

Essential Understandings Regarding Montana Indians

 

Essential Understanding 1
There is great diversity among the 12 tribal Nations of Montana in their languages, cultures, histories and governments. Each Nation has a distinct and unique cultural heritage that contributes to modern Montana.

 

Essential Understanding 2
There is great diversity among individual American Indians as identity is developed, defined and redefined by entities, organizations and people. A continuum of Indian identity, unique to each individual, ranges from assimilated to traditional. There is no generic American Indian.

 

Essential Understanding 3
The ideologies of Native traditional beliefs and spirituality persist into modern day life as tribal cultures, traditions, and languages are still practiced by many American Indian people and are incorporated into how tribes govern and manage their affairs. Additionally, each tribe has its own oral histories, which are as valid as written histories. These histories pre-date the “discovery” of North America.

 

Essential Understanding 4
Reservations are lands that have been reserved by the tribes for their own use through treaties, statutes, and executive orders and were not “given” to them. The principle that land should be acquired from the Indians only through their consent with treaties involved three assumptions:
I. Both parties to treaties were sovereign powers.
II. Indian tribes had some form of transferable title to the land.
III. Acquisition of Indian lands was solely a government matter not to be left to individual colonists.

 

Essential Understanding 5
Federal policies, put into place throughout American history, have affected Indian people and still shape who they are today. Much of Indian history can be related through several major federal policy periods: ...

 

Essential Understanding 6
History is a story most often related through the subjective experience of the teller. With the inclusion of more and varied voices, histories are being rediscovered and revised. History told from an Indian perspective frequently conflicts with the stories mainstream historians tell.

 

Essential Understanding 7
Under the American legal system, Indian tribes have sovereign powers, separate and independent from the federal and state governments. However, the extent and breadth of tribal sovereignty is not the same for each tribe.

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Community Village Sites's comment, December 6, 2011 4:21 PM
Awesome. It took a long time to get here. Now we need it in more states and for every culture.
Mixed American Life
Mixed Heritage, Mixed Culture,  Mixed Identity | mixedamericanlife.us
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Multiracial Asian Families: Reflections on the 2014 Critical Mixed Race Studies Conference

Multiracial Asian Families: Reflections on the 2014 Critical Mixed Race Studies Conference | Mixed American Life | Scoop.it


by Sharon H Chang

Ah. Where do I begin. I'm sitting on a plane waiting to takeoff to Seattle (correction, taking off) thinking on my last 3 days in Chicago at the Critical Mixed Race Studies Conference. I'm exhilarated, emotional, exhausted, enlightened. I got to present some of my research for the first time. 


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Community Village Sites's insight:


I met Sharon at Critical Mixed Race Studies in Chicago. 


She's super down to earth and really passionate about the cause! Follow her work! She's great at social media too! 


-glenn


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Robert Slone's curator insight, November 18, 9:25 AM

Awesome to see people coming together and acknowledging that racial barriers are crazy.

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Toni Morrison to Colbert: ‘There’s No Such Thing As Race’ - COLORLINES

Toni Morrison to Colbert: ‘There’s No Such Thing As Race’ - COLORLINES | Mixed American Life | Scoop.it
The Nobel and Pulitzer Prize-winning author broke it down.
Community Village Sites's insight:


The audience was dead silent when she said there is no such thing as race. 

I bet there were confused as hell. 

'Cause they and we all know racism is real, and how can racism be real without race? 

I think when we oversimplify 'race as a social construct' - only - then we confuse the hell out of people.


===

Disambiguation and the answer to why all this talk about race

Ice, water, and steam are all forms of water. Race also needs to be understood in different ways and through different lenses. 


The  lens of society


Society racializes us. A race label is applied to us regardless of our true ethnic heritage. 


The lens of sociology


Race is the label that the census and school applications require of us to self identify  in order to track discrimination, a requirement since the 1964 civil rights. Race (phenotype) is based on our outward appearance, whereas race (haplotype) takes into account our whole physical identity – inside and out.


The lens of medical science

Most anthropologists describe race (phenotype) as a social construct, often used to discriminate and segregate. Whereas most medical scientists, who are curing diseases, will describe race (haplotype) as real. Medical institutions collect data on self identified race (phenotype). As dangerous as the slippery slope of race-base medicine is, there has been success in finding bone marrow donors through race based donation drives for groups who find it challenging to find a bone marrow match for example.


The lens of hate


Humans are tribal by nature. Wired into us is a fear of the new that we do not understand and therefor a fear of the other. The word for this is xenophobia. Having unchecked fear and living in a society that normalizes the doctrine of white supremacy leads to the normalization of racism.


===


PS - I read The Bluest Eye. It's good. 

  

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Separate Is Never Equal: Sylvia Mendez and Her Family's Fight for Desegregation - Kindle edition


From School Library Journal
Gr 2–5—When the Mendezes moved to Westminster, CA, in 1944, third-grader Sylvia tried to enter Westminster School. However, the family was repeatedly told, "'Your children have to go to the Mexican school.' 'But why?' asked Mr. Mendez……'That is how it is done.'" In response, they formed the Parents' Association of Mexican-American Children, distributed petitions, and eventually filed a successful lawsuit that was supported by organizations ranging from the Japanese American Citizens League to the American Jewish Congress. Younger children will be outraged by the injustice of the Mendez family story but pleased by its successful resolution. Older children will understand the importance of the 1947 ruling that desegregated California schools, paving the way for Brown v. Board of Education seven years later. Back matter includes a detailed author's note and photographs. The excellent bibliography cites primary sources, including court transcripts and the author's interview with Sylvia Mendez, who did attend Westminster School and grew up to earn the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Tonatiuh's illustrations tell a modern story with figures reminiscent of the pictorial writing of the Mixtec, an indigenous people from Mexico. Here, the author deliberately connects his heritage with the prejudices of mid-20th century America. One jarring illustration of three brown children barred from a pool filled with lighter-skinned children behind a sign that reads, "No Dogs or Mexicans Allowed," will remind readers of photographs from the Jim Crow South. Compare and contrast young Sylvia Mendez's experience with Robert Coles's The Story of Ruby Bridges (Scholastic, 1995) to broaden a discussion of school desegregation.—Toby Rajput, National Louis University, Skokie, IL
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"Global Mixed Race" 3rd biennial Critical Mixed Race Studies Conference

"Global Mixed Race" 3rd biennial Critical Mixed Race Studies Conference | Mixed American Life | Scoop.it


A big THANK YOU to the over 600 people who attended Global Mixed Race.


The 2016 conference will be held Nov 10-12, 2016 at University of Southern California and will be hosted by Associate Professor Duncan Ryuken Williams


We are pleased to announce the establishment of the Paul Spickard Graduate Student Paper Award for Critical Mixed Race Studies.

Pursue graduate work in Critical Mixed Race Studies under DePaul University’s new MA in Critical Ethnic Studies. DePaul is currently accepting applications for the first cohort of graduate students to begin in Fall of 2015.

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I taught my black kids that their elite upbringing would protect them from discrimination. I was wrong.

I taught my black kids that their elite upbringing would protect them from discrimination. I was wrong. | Mixed American Life | Scoop.it


",... I insisted that he report the incident to the school. His chief concern was not wanting the white students and administrators to think of him as being special, different, or “racial.” That was his word. “If the other kids around here find out that I was called a nigger, and that I complained about it,” my son pleaded, “then they will call me ‘racial,’ and will be thinking about race every time they see me. I can’t have that.”


Community Village Sites's insight:

 

The fear should not be about bringing up racism. 


The fear should be allowing racism to continue rampant and unchecked without any push back to slow it down. 


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Pocahontas

Pocahontas | Mixed American Life | Scoop.it


Matoaka (1595?-1617), whose married name was Rebecca Rolfe, is best known by her nickname, Pocahontas (“Little Wanton”). She is known for saving the life of John Smith, a leader of Jamestown, Virginia, the beginning of what would become the US. She has been an Anglo American legend since at least the early 1800s, a Disney princess since 1995.


What is now the US north-east circa 1600. The Powhatan Confederacy is at the bottom. Click to enlarge.

She lived in Tsenacommacah (now Tidewater Virginia), a member of thePamunkey nation. She was one of ten daughters of Powhatan, who led the 30 Algonquian nations of the Powhatan Confederacy.

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Why Race Remains Relevant

Why Race Remains Relevant | Mixed American Life | Scoop.it


"I’ve  done a lot of reading on race and its progeny, on the effects of our hatreds, on the traditions of prejudice.  As a child, it began as an interest, a hobby.  I was naturally drawn to things that were race- related.  Not dolls, miniature kitchen sets or even sports but books, movies, pictures that told the story of race- relations."


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Community Village Sites's insight:


Regarding #6: We have the words haplogroup, haplotype, and cline - but they are very similar to 'race'. 


The most important relevance for race is the requirement by the 1964 civil rights act to track race in order to (hopefully) prevent discrimination.


Racial statistics have been used by civil rights lawyers to prove that Black and Latino students are punished with suspension disproportionally more than White and Asian students for the same infractions. 

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Luisa Casagrande's curator insight, November 8, 12:48 PM

Just another point of view.

 

      
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White Hispanics

White Hispanics | Mixed American Life | Scoop.it


White Hispanics (1977) are people in the US with roots in Latin America who consider themselves White by race. Among US Hispanics (aka Latinos), about half do.


Latin America has long had White people. Like in Anglo America, they came from Europe, took Native land, brought in Black slaves and built their societies on racism. But the term “White Hispanic” was rare in English before 1977. It was then that the US government came out
with Statistical Policy Directive #15. It said in part:
 

"Hispanic. A person of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race.”


From that came the terms “White Hispanics” and “non-Hispanic Whites”.


In 2012
 the term “White Hispanic” became more widely known when the New York Times called George Zimmerman a “white Hispanic”. It had rarely used that term before.


Hispanics who identified as White on the US Census in 2010:

  • 85% Cuban Americans
  • 53% Puerto Rican Americans
  • 53% Mexican Americans
  • 40% Salvadoran Americans
  • 39% Guatemalan Americans
  • 30% Dominican Americans

It comes to 53% overall.


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Community Village Sites's insight:


There are White Hispanics like those with heritage from the Iberian peninsula and there are also people who are of half European heritage and half Latin American heritage - and they can select both 'White' and 'Hispanic' on the census and school applications but people may not visually identify them as White Hispanics because they can actually be 'of color' instead of the pink, or beige that the term White is associated with.  


These categories are required by the 1964 Civil Rights act to track racial discrimination. 


The next Civil Rights monitoring that needs to be increased are for both the LGBTQ communities and religious communities. And, oddly enough, it's some of the religious communities who persecute the LGBTQ communities.  


If racial labels are required to help reduce racism and discrimination. Shouldn't LGBTQ/Cis labels be required to reduce homophobia, and transphobia? 


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U.S. Anthropologist marries teen from the Amazon [AUDIO]

U.S. Anthropologist marries teen from the Amazon [AUDIO] | Mixed American Life | Scoop.it


A young anthropologist working in the Amazon jungle has no idea what he’s in for, nor the impact it will have on his family for generations. -Snap Judgement


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Community Village Sites's insight:


This is a fascinating story. 


One the one hand I want to say leave these people in the Amazon alone. 


On the other hand we know from history that if one group does not make contact, then another group will make contact. 


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Brian Copeland: Not a Genuine Black Man

Brian Copeland: Not a Genuine Black Man | Mixed American Life | Scoop.it


The memoir that started it all, "Not a Genuine Black Man" – "Or, How I Claimed My Piece of Ground in the Lily-White Suburbs" is available at Amazon.com in hardcover or paperback.


Community Village Sites's insight:


Copeland also has both of his one man shows playing in San Francisco. 



I've seen both and 'em recommend both! 
 

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Juan Rodriguez

Juan Rodriguez | Mixed American Life | Scoop.it
Juan Rodriguez (early 1600s), also known as Jan Rodrigues, was the first non-Native person known to live in what is now metropolitan New York. His trading post of 1613 in Lower Manhattan grew into ...
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An Adorable Children's Book That Tackles the Color Complex

An Adorable Children's Book That Tackles the Color Complex | Mixed American Life | Scoop.it
Hi Meltingpot Readers, I think you all know I'm working on a book about colorism in families and right now I'm in the research phase. That means I'm deep diving into all thing colorism related, spe...
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Japanese, Mexican, Spanish, French Canadian, German

Japanese, Mexican, Spanish, French Canadian, German | Mixed American Life | Scoop.it


Hello My name is Ariel and I am mixed with Japanese, Mexican, Spanish, French Canadian, and German.


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Book Review: 'The Year She Left Us' by Kathryn Ma

Book Review: 'The Year She Left Us' by Kathryn Ma | Mixed American Life | Scoop.it


Kathryn Ma's debut novel explores the inner world of an adopted Chinese teenage girl.


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Diversity Explosion: How New Racial Demographics are Remaking America

Diversity Explosion: How New Racial Demographics are Remaking America | Mixed American Life | Scoop.it


Diversity Explosion shares the good news about diversity in the coming decades, and the more globalized, multiracial country that U.S. is becoming.


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Community Village Sites's insight:


HT Steven Riley of MixedRaceStudies.org @mixed_race 

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OKCupid expands options for gender and sexual orientation

OKCupid expands options for gender and sexual orientation | Mixed American Life | Scoop.it
Do you identify as agender, asexual or intersex? If so, OKCupid has you covered with expanded options in categories of gender and sexual orientation.
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PHOTOS from Critical Mixed Race Studies, DePaul University, Chicago 2014

PHOTOS from Critical Mixed Race Studies, DePaul University, Chicago 2014 | Mixed American Life | Scoop.it
Critical Mixed Race Studies, DePaul University, Chicago 2014 (78 photos)
Community Village Sites's insight:


When people say 'Where are you from?", I say 'How far back you wanna go?"


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Counseling Multiracial Families

Counseling Multiracial Families (Multicultural Aspects of Counseling And Psychotherapy)

Product by Brand: SAGE Publications, Inc ~ Mark E. Kenney (author) More about this product
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Multiracial families comprise a rapidly growing population in the United States. This volume addresses this population, so often neglected in the counselling literature.


Following an historical overview, the authors: address both the special needs and special strengths of multiracial families; explore the challenges facing interracially married couples; examine social and cultural issues pertinent to parenting multiracial children; and translate results of biracial identity development research into counselling practice.


Community Village Sites's insight:


HT Mark Kenney at Critical Mixed Race Studies 2014


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Powerhouse Road by Ronald D Maloney


In the 1950's and 1960's , especially in the Southeast Region of the United States, being bi-racial was like a death sentence. For one seven-year-old boy, it led to being torn from the home he loved and sent to a "colored orphanage," where he was told he was "in denial of being a Negro". This is my story.

It is a gripping story that depicts my thirteen-year social and emotional adjustment to institutional childcare, post transition and survival.

As probably the first, bi-racial out-of-home placement case on file in North Carolina and other states in the Deep South, it provides a foundation to inspire and motivate discussion for others who are also battling issues of abandonment and displacement.


Community Village Sites's insight:


Met this man at the Critical Mixed Race Conference in Chicago. 


Looking forward to reading his book!


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Pigmentocracies: Ethnicity, Race, and Color in Latin America

Pigmentocracies: Ethnicity, Race, and Color in Latin America | Mixed American Life | Scoop.it


Pigmentocracies—the fruit of the multiyear Project on Ethnicity and Race in Latin America (PERLA)—is a richly revealing analysis of contemporary attitudes toward ethnicity and race in Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru, four of Latin America’s most populous nations. Based on extensive, original sociological and anthropological data generated by PERLA, this landmark study analyzes ethnoracial classification, inequality, and discrimination, as well as public opinion about Afro-descended and indigenous social movements and policies that foster greater social inclusiveness, all set within an ethnoracial history of each country. A once-in-a-generation examination of contemporary ethnicity, this book promises to contribute in significant ways to policymaking and public opinion in Latin America.


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Community Village Sites's insight:


HT Steven Riley @mixed_race 


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Star Wars and the 4 Ways Science Fiction Handles Race

Star Wars and the 4 Ways Science Fiction Handles Race | Mixed American Life | Scoop.it
Even after the apocalypse, race and racism aren't that easy to escape.
Community Village Sites's insight:


HT @Charles Franklin

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UCLA Faculty Approves Diversity Class Requirement for Incoming Students in 2015

UCLA Faculty Approves Diversity Class Requirement for Incoming Students in 2015 | Mixed American Life | Scoop.it
UCLA Faculty Approves Diversity Class Requirement for Incoming Students in 2015
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White father hopes black son's skin never gets dark, lists 7 things he can do his son can't

White father hopes black son's skin never gets dark, lists 7 things he can do his son can't | Mixed American Life | Scoop.it
theGRIO REPORT - A White father writes an emotional essay saying that he hopes black son's skin never gets dark, and later lists 7 things he can do that black son can't....
Community Village Sites's insight:

"This reminds me of Peggy McIntosh's White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack"

- -Glenn Robinson

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The Transformation of Justin Bieber From a White Youth to a Black Man

The Transformation of Justin Bieber From a White Youth to a Black Man | Mixed American Life | Scoop.it
Because many whites feel that US society is now "post racial," enabling them to "get their black on" without a physical presence in the black community, white label executives package black culture and style through white artists ...
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