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Moral Enhancement | Issue 91 | Philosophy Now

Moral Enhancement | Issue 91 | Philosophy Now | Mind (un?)fitting the future | Scoop.it
Julian Savulescu and Ingmar Persson argue that artificial moral enhancement is now essential if humanity is to avoid catastrophe.
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Mind (un?)fitting the future
Humanity needs a new design and architecture of mind to fit the future
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Pareidolia: Why People Keep Seeing Crazy Stuff on Mars - YouTube

Why do people supposedly see a woman in pictures sent from Mars by the Curiosity Rover? For the same reason that people see Pepe the Frog in their toast, or ...
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Older People More Easily Distracted than the Young

Older People More Easily Distracted than the Young | Mind (un?)fitting the future | Scoop.it
A new study reports we tend to be more easily distracted as we age.
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Emotions Directly Influence Learning and Memory Processes

Emotions Directly Influence Learning and Memory Processes | Mind (un?)fitting the future | Scoop.it
Researchers report emotions directly influence the neurological processes associated with memory and learning.
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So You Flunked A Racism Test. Now What?

So You Flunked A Racism Test. Now What? | Mind (un?)fitting the future | Scoop.it
Scientists are working on ways to train our brains away from deeply held prejudices — including hacking your subconscious while you sleep.
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How Algorithms Can Beat Back Prejudice in Companies and Courts

How Algorithms Can Beat Back Prejudice in Companies and Courts | Mind (un?)fitting the future | Scoop.it
The way the justice system sets bail for defendants is far from a hard science, and th
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Can an Algorithm Hire Better Than a Human?

Can an Algorithm Hire Better Than a Human? | Mind (un?)fitting the future | Scoop.it
Start-ups say they can eliminate biases and create more skilled and diverse workplaces, but data science will probably need human supervision.
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The Good, The Bad and The Robot: Experts Are Trying to Make Machines Be "Moral"

The Good, The Bad and The Robot: Experts Are Trying to Make Machines Be "Moral" | Mind (un?)fitting the future | Scoop.it
Good vs. bad. Right vs. wrong. Human beings begin to learn the difference before we learn to speak—and thankfully so. We owe much of our success as a species to our capacity for moral reasoning. It’s the glue that holds human social groups together, the key to our fraught but effective ability to cooperate. We are (most believe) the lone moral agents on planet Earth—but this may not last. The day may come soon when we are forced to share this status with a new kind of being, one whose intelligen
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The Last Word On Nothing | The trolley and the psychopath

The Last Word On Nothing | The trolley and the psychopath | Mind (un?)fitting the future | Scoop.it
Not only does a “utilitarian” response (“just kill the fat guy”) not actual reflect a utilitarian outlook, it may actually be driven by broad antisocial tendencies, such as lowered empathy and a reduced aversion to causing someone harm.
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"Not only does a “utilitarian” response (“just kill the fat guy”) not actual reflect a utilitarian outlook, it may actually be driven by broad antisocial tendencies, such as lowered empathy and a reduced aversion to causing someone harm." ...

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Using Adderall to Get Ahead, Not to Fight A.D.H.D.

Using Adderall to Get Ahead, Not to Fight A.D.H.D. | Mind (un?)fitting the future | Scoop.it
What will happen as more workers try to get an edge with stimulants intended to counteract attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?
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Mixed Signals: Why People Misunderstand Each Other

Mixed Signals: Why People Misunderstand Each Other | Mind (un?)fitting the future | Scoop.it
The psychological quirks that make it tricky to get an accurate read on someone's emotions
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Humans, Not Robots, Are the Real Reason Artificial Intelligence Is Scary

Humans, Not Robots, Are the Real Reason Artificial Intelligence Is Scary | Mind (un?)fitting the future | Scoop.it
Intelligent weapons are too easily converted by software engineers into indiscriminate killing machines.

Via Spaceweaver
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Neuroscience: In the blink of an I : Nature : Nature Publishing Group

Neuroscience: In the blink of an I : Nature : Nature Publishing Group | Mind (un?)fitting the future | Scoop.it
Douwe Draaisma is impressed by a study on the science behind 'maladies of the self'.
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Can we design machines to automate ethics? – Tom Chatfield – Aeon

Can we design machines to automate ethics? – Tom Chatfield – Aeon | Mind (un?)fitting the future | Scoop.it
Automation, in this context, is a force pushing old principles towards breaking point. If I can build a car that will automatically avoid killing a bus full of children, albeit at great risk to its driver’s life, should any driver be given the option of disabling this setting? And why stop there: in a world that we can increasingly automate beyond our reaction times and instinctual reasoning, should we trust ourselves even to conduct an assessment in the first place?

Beyond the philosophical friction, this last question suggests another reason why many people find the trolley disturbing: because its consequentialist resolution presents not only the possibility that an ethically superior action might be calculable via algorithm (not in itself a controversial claim) but also that the right algorithm can itself be an ethically superior entity to us.
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Common medications sway moral judgment

Common medications sway moral judgment | Mind (un?)fitting the future | Scoop.it
Serotonin and dopamine drugs may change willingness to inflict harm on self and others
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Ruby Wax on Neuroplasticity: "You're the Architect of Your Own Brain" | Big Think

Ruby Wax on Neuroplasticity: "You're the Architect of Your Own Brain" | Big Think | Mind (un?)fitting the future | Scoop.it
Ruby Wax gave up a career in comedy to study the brain. In this video, she explains the therapeutic qualities of neuroplasticity.
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Can an online quiz spot a psychopath?

Can an online quiz spot a psychopath? | Mind (un?)fitting the future | Scoop.it
Online quizzes claim to unmask the psychopaths among us. But just how accurate are these tests?
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Forget the internet of things – we need an internet of people

Forget the internet of things – we need an internet of people | Mind (un?)fitting the future | Scoop.it
From cars to umbrellas, everyday objects are becoming increasingly connected. But the question we need to ask is – should they be?
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Professor Nita Farahany on the ethical implications of neuroscience for the law

Professor Nita Farahany on the ethical implications of neuroscience for the law | Mind (un?)fitting the future | Scoop.it
Renown academic and presidential advisor Nita Farahany recently spoke with BioEdge about neuroscience and the law.
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A.D.H.D. Drugs Are Equalizers in a Stressful World, If Used Properly

A.D.H.D. Drugs Are Equalizers in a Stressful World, If Used Properly | Mind (un?)fitting the future | Scoop.it
Prohibition never works. The best approach is to learn more about the drugs, regulate them and teach people about them.
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Would You Vote for a Gay or Atheist President in 2016? | Big Think

Would You Vote for a Gay or Atheist President in 2016?  | Big Think | Mind (un?)fitting the future | Scoop.it
Americans are more likely to vote for a gay candidate than an atheist
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