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Roman military camp dating back to the conquest of Gaul throws light on a part of world history

Roman military camp dating back to the conquest of Gaul throws light on a part of world history | Mind Candy  { interdimensionally } Cubed... It's SO yesterday to be a Square | Scoop.it
In the vicinity of Hermeskeil, a small town some 30 kilometers southeast of the city of Trier in the Hunsrueck region in the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate, archaeologists have confirmed the location of the oldest Roman military...
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Test: Most students not proficient in writing

Just a quarter of eighth and 12th grade students in the United States have solid writing skills, even when allowed to use spell-check and other computer word processing tools.
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Dogs Understand Fairness, Get Jealous, Study Finds : NPR

A new study suggests that dogs can feel jealous and become resentful if they think another dog is getting a better deal. If canines spot unfair treatment, they're likely to become less cooperative, researchers found.
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Scientists reverse disorder of neuronal circuits in autism

Scientists reverse disorder of neuronal circuits in autism | Mind Candy  { interdimensionally } Cubed... It's SO yesterday to be a Square | Scoop.it

People with autism suffer from a pervasive developmental disorder of the brain that becomes evident in early childhood. Peter Scheiffele and Kaspar Vogt, Professors at the Biozentrum of the University of Basel, have identified a specific dysfunction in neuronal circuits that is caused by autism. In the respected journal Science, the scientists also report about their success in reversing these neuronal changes. These findings are an important step in drug development for the treatment for autism.

 

Read more at: http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-09-scientists-reverse-disorder-neuronal-circuits.html#jCp

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Malcolm McDowell explains why the death of Captain Kirk was such a waste

Malcolm McDowell explains why the death of Captain Kirk was such a waste | Mind Candy  { interdimensionally } Cubed... It's SO yesterday to be a Square | Scoop.it
Just in case you needed another reason to love Malcolm McDowell, here you go.

 

{but is death ever final when time travel and time paradoxes and multiverses and the ability to change the future are all possibilities in the star trek Universe? … The Doctor never dies in the Whoniverse…}

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Just Thinkin' Out Loud

Kant in his Critique of Pure Reason (1782) had shown us that certain questions have no answer within the limits of reason.

 

Kurt Godel proved that, basically: Some Things that are True can Never be Proven to Be True.

 

{…. THERE ARE TRUE STATEMENTS [expressible in its language] THAT ARE UNPROVABLE.} 

 

 

Don Quixote stated: Facts are the Enemy of Truth

 

{i opined: 'Fact and Truth serve different Masters'

i also once declared: 'Fire Is As All Beauty was Created: it Consumes Itself ' , but i digress…}

 

 Someone said: You can Never Know what ya' Just Don't Know

 

☞ SO, is wisdom seeking solely about the journey, if the destination is Inherently Inscrutable? 

 

Why try to Solve the Mysteries of Life, if the Ultimate Answers remain Just Past our Reach? 

 

i trust my intuition as a source of truth, but not of fact. 

 

i am compelled, regardless of the potential futility of my endeavors, to hunt and peck at Mysteries and Puzzles and the Great Unknowns. Alas, i fear i shall never truly know if the answers i find are INCONTROVERTIBLE, or if my faith in the determinations, solutions, and conclusions of others' is rightly placed. 

 

Question to Self: Do i Really want to solve the WHYs and HOWs of the Universe i Know; to Know 'the Mind of God'~ or am i, in the final analysis, simply seeking to Know Myself? 

 

 

 

 

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Orca menopause helps protect sons

Orca menopause helps protect sons | Mind Candy  { interdimensionally } Cubed... It's SO yesterday to be a Square | Scoop.it
Killer whale mothers live longer lives in order to protect their sons, a study finds.
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The glory days of physics -Small Museum In Paris Pays Homage to Marie Curie

The glory days of physics -Small Museum In Paris Pays Homage to Marie Curie | Mind Candy  { interdimensionally } Cubed... It's SO yesterday to be a Square | Scoop.it

‘At night, unaware of the peril, they admired the fruit of their work as it lay on a pine table: tubes of radium frag-ments that exuded a pretty bluish “fairy-like glow”, in Marie’s words.’

•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••

 

 

A small museum in Paris sheds light on a momentous era for physics, a time of heroic individuals who made extraordinary discoveries but often at hideous risk.

 

Within the walls of the former Radium Institute in the city’s Latin Quarter is the preserved laboratory of Marie Curie, a central figure of the greatest dynasty in modern science.

 

The Polish-born genius, her husband Pierre, their daughter Irene and son-in-law Frederic Joliot were colossuses of physics and chemistry, between them notching up five Nobel prizes in just over three decades.

 

Arriving as a student in Paris in 1891, Marie Curie experienced grinding poverty, xenophobia and hostility from the scientific establishment; at her death in 1934, she was a mega-star, mourned by the public and showered with honours.

 

The Curies helped rip aside the veil hiding radioactivity, even coining the term for it.

 

They discovered two new elements, polonium and radium, and made artificial radioactivity from stable elements such as boron and magnesium.

 

They contributed hugely to health, setting up mobile X-ray machines for hospitals on the World War I trenches. And they walloped cancer, pioneering the first studies into isotopes to kill tumorous cells.

Stepping into Marie Curie’s lab is to be time-warped to the era of horizon-sweeping ideas and men and women with a restless, questing spirit.

 

“When I first went into her office, into the sanctuary, it was almost like being in the presence of something sacred,” Claude Huriet, president of the Institut Curie, which runs the museum and famous Curie cancer hospital, said.

 

In 1903, Marie Curie became the first woman to receive a Nobel Prize, sharing the physics award with her husband and a pioneer in radioactivity, Henri Becquerel…...

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UC Davis to help disfigured 'hero dog'. Family took in Puppy to fatten up and Eat for dinner, but fell in love, and the dog saved 2 girls' lives...

UC Davis to help disfigured 'hero dog'. Family took in Puppy to fatten up and Eat for dinner, but fell in love, and the dog saved 2 girls' lives... | Mind Candy  { interdimensionally } Cubed... It's SO yesterday to be a Square | Scoop.it
The heroic exploits and tragic difficulties of a dog in the Philippines named Kabang have touched hearts across the world and grabbed the attention of a team of Northern California veterinarians who are stepping up to help.
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Water-repellent balls make liquid boil with no bubbles - physics-math - 12 September 2012 - New Scientist

Water-repellent balls make liquid boil with no bubbles - physics-math - 12 September 2012 - New Scientist | Mind Candy  { interdimensionally } Cubed... It's SO yesterday to be a Square | Scoop.it
Steel spheres coated with nanoparticles can keep water smooth and calm even when boiling, which could reduce the risk of industrial explosions...

 

The Leidenfrost effect is a concern in chemical plants and nuclear reactors, where liquid water touching hot metal may cause explosions.

 

But if hot water can be kept away from the material long enough, the team hypothesised, the vapour might stay in place past when the material cools to the boiling point of water, and there is no more explosion risk.

 

To test this, the team covered steel balls in a nanoparticle-based coating that gave them a rough texture (Nature, DOI: 10.1038/nature11418). They heated the balls to 400 °C and submerged them in hot water.

 

Rather than bubbling against the scorching metal, water droplets stretched across the grooves in the rough coating and cavities beneath them filled with vapour. This kept the surrounding water undisturbed as the temperature of the balls fell all the way to 100 °C.

 

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Video | Solvatten: Purifying Water with Sunlight | Link TV

Video | Solvatten: Purifying Water with Sunlight | Link TV | Mind Candy  { interdimensionally } Cubed... It's SO yesterday to be a Square | Scoop.it

Solvatten: Purifying Water with Sunlight

A new Swedish portable household water purifier makes unsafe water drinkable using solar energy. Solvatten can produce 20-30 liters of clean, drinkable water when exposed to two to six hours of sunlight. This specially designed container uses heat, UV light, and a built in filter to clean contaminated water. Developed by Swedish microbiologist and artist Petra Wadström, the unit inactivates microorganisms that cause diarrhoea and disease. It's also environmentally friendly by enabling people to reduce the use of fuels commonly used in developing countries to boil water like firewood, charcoal, and kerosene. As of 2012, Solvatten has been used in 20 countries around the world. Learn more in this Earth Focus report from Stockholm.

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Can't wait for Star Trek Into Darkness? Here are 2 new ultra-dark Trek spinoffs!

Can't wait for Star Trek Into Darkness? Here are 2 new ultra-dark Trek spinoffs! | Mind Candy  { interdimensionally } Cubed... It's SO yesterday to be a Square | Scoop.it

{YES, this Still from the Video Promo IS a Bald, Matured Chekhov….AND tuvok stars, too.}

 

We still have to wait until next year to find out how dark Star Trek Into Darkness will actually be.

 

in the meantime, there are two new Star Trek projects that will fill you with unspeakable darkness.

 

First up, there's Star Trek: Renegades, a pilot for a brand new webseries from the people who brought you Star Trek: Gods and Men. 

 

Renegades will be a departure from previous Treks – delving into the dark side of the human psyche, pushing our heroes to their limits, forcing them to carry out actions that they never would have as Starfleet officers. The rules have changed, and they realize they might be the last hope to save the Federation.

 

 

And then there's Star Trek: Hive, a brand new comics miniseries, which takes place during the TNG era, but also 500 years later. A dark, dark, future, when the Borg have won! They've assimilated almost everything and everyone, and Picard is Locutus once again. Picard is over 500 years old, and still giving elocution lessons. The series is written by Brannon Braga, who's become notorious for some dreadful decisions on Voyager and Enterprise — but who also was responsible for many of the greatest WTF moments in TNG and later series. Braga is the reigning champion of mindfucks on Star Trek, so I'm kind of excited to see him doing a pure "what the hell" story in the comics medium, where budget is not an issue.

 

Talking to Media Geek Zone, Braga explains:

 

I really didn't feel done with the Borg…….

 

 

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The Disappointing Higgs and Sterile Neutrinos

The Disappointing Higgs and Sterile Neutrinos | Mind Candy  { interdimensionally } Cubed... It's SO yesterday to be a Square | Scoop.it
So far, the Higgs boson has been a disappointment. Of course, it was a major discovery that generated worldwide attention.

 

So far, the Higgs boson has been a disappointment. Of course, it was a major discovery that generated worldwide attention. The two independent experiments at the Large Hadron Collider that reported the discovery on July 4, involving thousands of physicists, engineers, and technicians, were conducted with praiseworthy skill and effort.

 

However, all that has been learned so far is that its mass is 125-126 GeV (billion electron-volts). Otherwise, the data look exactly as predicted by the standard model of elementary particles and forces that was formulated in the 1970s and has agreed with all observations since.

 

Scientists had anticipated that the LHC would point the way to new physics beyond the standard model. And, this will hopefully still happen, especially after its energy is doubled in 2013. One expectation that has not yet been fulfilled is the production of new particles predicted by a theoretical hypothesis called supersymmetry (SUSY). This principle postulates that the laws of physics are the same for integer spin particles, called "bosons," and half-integer spin particles called "fermions." SUSY predicts that every boson will have a fermion partner and every fermion will have a boson partner of the same mass. So, the spin ½ electron will have a spin zero "spartner," the selectron. And, the spin 1 photon will have a spin ½ spartner, the photino. My favorite is the spartner of the quark, which is called the "squark."

 

Since squarks, selectrons, and photinos have never been observed, physicists are forced to conclude these sparticles, if they exist at all, are so much more massive than their normal partners that they could not be produced by previous particle accelerators. It was anticipated that the energy of the LHC would be sufficient to reach the regime where supersymmetry comes into play and sparticles would appear. Theorists had, in fact, expected sparticles to appear by now, but it hasn't happened. By contrast, the Higgs showing up so soon was a pleasant surprise.

 

Supersymmetry has been a favorite idea among theoretical physicists for decades. It appears to be essential for any future quantum theory of gravity. A generation of young theorists has spent their careers developing the SUSY-based String theory, which they hope to be the ultimate theory-of-everything (TOE). If SUSY is falsified, it is unlikely that String theory will survive.

 

**Actually, that would not be all that bad. Any TOE would mean the end of physics.

 

One of the big questions in science today is the nature of the dark matter. For years, the favorite candidate has been WIMPs, weakly interacting massive particles. And the most popular WIMPs are supersymmetric particles referred to generically as neutralinos.

 

While reports that SUSY is dead are exaggerated, other options for the dark matter are currently receiving renewed attention. A recent cover story in New Scientist (September 10, 2012) talked about the role that neutrinos play in the search for physics beyond the standard model. Of particular note are sterile neutrinos, which could constitute both the ingredient of dark matter and a pointer to new physics…...

 

(See Nature News Vol 464, March 18, 2010)

 

{ **UH, NO, NOT REALLY}

 

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`Tutankhamun died early due to a rare genetic disorder`

Egyptian Pharoah Tutankhamun and many of his immediate predecessors may have died early due a unique genetic disorder, which led to their unusually large breasts, a new theory suggests.
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Pet jerky treats update: 360 dog deaths, 2,200 illness reports, more

Pet jerky treats update: 360 dog deaths, 2,200 illness reports, more | Mind Candy  { interdimensionally } Cubed... It's SO yesterday to be a Square | Scoop.it
Continued danger exists for pets that ingest chicken jerky tenders, strips or treats that have been contaminated with an ingredient still unknown to the FDA as...
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When it comes to understanding fairness, young children get it

When it comes to understanding fairness, young children get it | Mind Candy  { interdimensionally } Cubed... It's SO yesterday to be a Square | Scoop.it
Most parents like to believe that their children are more intelligent and insightful than the average person realizes. When it comes to concepts of fairness, they might be right, according to Harvard researchers.
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Pain from sexual assault often untreated, study says

Pain from sexual assault often untreated, study says | Mind Candy  { interdimensionally } Cubed... It's SO yesterday to be a Square | Scoop.it
(HealthDay)—Although most victims of sexual assault experience severe pain after their attack, fewer than one-third receive medication to ease their discomfort, according to a new study.
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At last, the field of physics has its own version of the urban legend

At last, the field of physics has its own version of the urban legend | Mind Candy  { interdimensionally } Cubed... It's SO yesterday to be a Square | Scoop.it
Ever heard the one about the barometer? It's a famous physics urban legend that has been attributed to everyone from a cheeky student at MIT to Niels Bohr himself.

 

It goes like this:

 

An instructor administering an exam to his students asks them to measure the height of a building using a barometer. A students turns in a paper which says, "Tie a string to the barometer, lower it down the side of the building, and measure the string." The instructor is furious and fails the student. The student appeals the decision, stating that he gave a correct answer. The committee decides that, yes, the answer was correct, but the student did not show any understanding of physics so it is inadmissible. They will give the student one more chance to answer, but he will have to demonstrate a knowledge of physics to pass. The student sits there thinking. When the examiners ask him if he gives up, he says that there are so many answers that, by golly, he just can't pick one. They tell him that they'll fail him unless he says something. He says this:

 

You can measure the shadow and the length of the barometer, and then measure the shadow of the building, and use the ratio of shadow-to-length to figure out the height of the building.

 

You can just drop the barometer over the side of the building and figure out the height by the time it takes to hit the ground.

 

You can make a pendulum from the barometer and measure the gravitational force exerted by measuring the swing, calculate the force of Earth's gravity, which lessens as you get away from the Earth, thus determining the height of the building.

 

You can climb down the fire escape, using the barometer as a ruler, and mark off the building's height in barometer lengths.

 

If you're very dull, you can use the barometer to calculate the air pressure on the ground and at the top of the building and use the difference to work out the height of the building.

 

Or if you're smart, you can go to the janitor and tell him that you'll give him this beautiful new barometer if he tells you the height of the building

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Rescued oiled otter amazes with birth

Rescued oiled otter amazes with birth | Mind Candy  { interdimensionally } Cubed... It's SO yesterday to be a Square | Scoop.it
Olive, a 4-year-old California sea otter, has amazed researchers by becoming the first sea otter not only to survive a dunking in oil but then also go on to deliver a healthy pup.

 

"She was pregnant," Young said. "We couldn't believe it. We were very excited."

Last Friday, Young spotted Olive lolling about the kelp forest with a whiskery little baby on her belly.

"To see she had carried the pup a full term, and they both seemed healthy ... It just felt great," Young said. "I felt lucky to be a part of all this. She's showed that rehabilitating oiled wildlife does work."

Some have argued that rescuing oiled wildlife is a poor use of resources because the animals often don't survive, and almost certainly can't reproduce. Few studies have been conducted on the reproductive rates of oiled wildlife, which is why Olive's story is so important, Van Bonn said.

"No one ever has the resources to follow up with these animals, but Olive was unique," he said. "So this is just great news. It's awesome."

The state scientists don't plan to name Olive's pup, but her fans on Facebook have made a few suggestions. Top pick: Pimento.

 

 

Read more: http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Rescued-oiled-otter-amazes-with-birth-3864297.php#ixzz26YhYz31Z

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Music Video Uses Three Projectors and a Blank Room To Make Your Holodeck Fantasies Come True

Music Video Uses Three Projectors and a Blank Room To Make Your Holodeck Fantasies Come True | Mind Candy  { interdimensionally } Cubed... It's SO yesterday to be a Square | Scoop.it

 { Ummm….TRES Cool. But you might want to Mute the Sound…}

 

If Star Trek: The Next Generation was any indication, we're still hundreds of years away from actual holodeck technology that lets us travel the world without ever leaving home.

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Dog and owner reunited after 2½ years, 1,300-mile journey

Dog and owner reunited after 2½ years, 1,300-mile journey | Mind Candy  { interdimensionally } Cubed... It's SO yesterday to be a Square | Scoop.it
ROSCOE — If ever there is a poster dog for the value of microchipping, little Namme is it.

 

Namme went missing in 2010 when a gate was left open at Cole’s Colorado Springs home.

 

Last week, a concerned citizen saw a stray dog walking the streets in Ionia, Mich., and brought the dog to the attention of a police officer who turned the stray over to the Ionia County Animal Shelter.

 

Dirty and a bit underweight, Namme was scanned for a microchip, which revealed Cole’s contact information.

 

Although Cole had moved, her phone number remained the same.

 

Cole recalled listening to the voice mail left by Animal Control Officer Gordon Douglas, who left a message stating he had a dog in his possession with Cole’s contact information.

 

“I about dropped the phone,” Cole said. “I was like ‘No way! No way!’”

 

Cole couldn’t call Douglas fast enough. Not only was she shocked to learn Namme was still alive, both she and Douglas were both amazed she had traveled some 1,300 miles away to Michigan. Coincidence would have it, Cole’s sister, Paula Pulter, lives in Haslett, Mich., about 45 minutes away from the shelter.

 

 

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Judge refuses to dismiss Wis. wolf hunt challenge

Judge refuses to dismiss Wis. wolf hunt challenge | Mind Candy  { interdimensionally } Cubed... It's SO yesterday to be a Square | Scoop.it
The group filed a lawsuit last month alleging Department of Natural Resources rules enacting the hunt don't include any restrictions on dog training or use in hunting, creating the potential for bloody dog-wolf fights.

 

MADISON, Wis. (AP) — A judge refused Friday to throw out a lawsuit challenging the use of dogs in this winter's wolf hunt, marking another victory for a group of humane societies working to reduce the chances of deadly dog-wolf encounters in the woods.

 

The group filed a lawsuit last month alleging Department of Natural Resources rules enacting the hunt don't include any restrictions on dog training or use in hunting, creating the potential for bloody dog-wolf fights. DNR attorneys asked Dane County Circuit Judge Peter C. Anderson to toss the lawsuit, arguing the agency didn't have the authority to impose restrictions and the lack of regulations doesn't harm the humane societies.

 

But Anderson said the lawsuit can proceed. The judge said DNR officials incorrectly assumed they lacked the power to impose restrictions and he agreed with the humane societies' argument that they will have to spend more resources caring for injured dogs and wolves and unfettered dog use will put wolf trackers in danger.

"These are more than trifling injuries," Anderson said.

 

The wolf hunt is slated to begin Oct. 15 and run through the end of February. More than 20,000 people applied for a permit; the DNR this week made 1,160 applicants chosen through a lottery eligible for a permit.

 

The hunt has left animal lovers outraged. The Republican-authored bill creating the hunt pulls out all the stops on wolves, allowing hunters to put out bait, trap, hunt at night and use dogs. The law says hunters can use up to six dogs to track or trail wolves after the November gun deer season ends but imposes no other limitations.

 

The DNR drew up emergency rules setting up the details of the hunt. The regulations don't include any restrictions on dog training and hunting use, allowing hunters to train their animals on wolves year-round and send them after wolves without any controls such as a leash during the hunt. The humane societies maintain the lack of regulations is a recipe for carnage…….

 

 

Read more: http://www.sfgate.com/news/article/Judge-refuses-to-dismiss-Wis-wolf-hunt-challenge-3866598.php#ixzz26YESzDXg

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{Popular Version:} New Monkey Species With Bright Blue Buttocks Discovered

{Popular Version:}  New Monkey Species With Bright Blue Buttocks Discovered | Mind Candy  { interdimensionally } Cubed... It's SO yesterday to be a Square | Scoop.it

 A shy, brightly colored monkey species has been found living in the lush rainforests at the heart of the Democratic Republic of Congo, a find...

 

Further investigation revealed the full story of the strange monkey. It turned out that C. lomamiensis, a cryptic, skittish primate, roams a swath of dense rainforest some 6,500 square miles (17,000 square kilometers).

 

"For a big mammal to go unnoticed is pretty unusual," said Kate Detwiler, a primatologist and assistant professor at Florida Atlantic University, and an author on the paper. Yet one visit to the area that the lesula calls home reveals why the monkeys escaped scientific notice for so long, Detwiler told OurAmazingPlanet. This region of the DRC is remote and vast.

 

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The Academic Version: PLOS ONE: Lesula: A New Species of Cercopithecus Monkey Endemic to the Democratic Republic of Congo and Implications for Conservation of Congo’s Central Basin

The Academic Version: PLOS ONE: Lesula: A New Species of Cercopithecus Monkey Endemic to the Democratic Republic of Congo and Implications for Conservation of Congo’s Central Basin | Mind Candy  { interdimensionally } Cubed... It's SO yesterday to be a Square | Scoop.it

 

in June 2007, a previously undescribed monkey known locally as “lesula” was found in the forests of the middle Lomami Basin in central Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). We describe this new species as Cercopithecus lomamiensis sp. nov., and provide data on its distribution, morphology, genetics, ecology and behavior. C. lomamiensis is restricted to the lowland rain forests of central DRC between the middle Lomami and the upper Tshuapa Rivers. Morphological and molecular data confirm that C. lomamiensis is distinct from its nearest congener, C. hamlyni, from which it is separated geographically by both the Congo (Lualaba) and the Lomami Rivers. C. lomamiensis, like C. hamlyni, is semi-terrestrial with a diet containing terrestrial herbaceous vegetation. The discovery of C. lomamiensis highlights the biogeographic significance and importance for conservation of central Congo’s interfluvial TL2 region, defined from the upper Tshuapa River through the Lomami Basin to the Congo (Lualaba) River. The TL2 region has been found to contain a high diversity of anthropoid primates including three forms, in addition to C. lomamiensis, that are endemic to the area. We recommend the common name, lesula, for this new species, as it is the vernacular name used over most of its known range………..

 

 

 

 

 

1. Ethics Statement

 

The Congolese Wildlife Authority (Institut Congolais pour la Conservation de la Nature, ICCN) issued permits to the TL2 (Tshuapa, Lomami, and Lualaba) Project for all sites where biological samples and field observations were made. The ICCN is the governmental authority that has jurisdiction over the wildlife of this territory. Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUC) approval was not required for the noninvasive behavioral observations and biological samples of wild monkeys used in this study. IACUC protocols were followed for the collection of one skin snip specimen from a captive monkey. For the specimens collected from hunted animals, we obtained approval from the hunters to use these samples and no animal was hunted for the purpose of research. We acquired specimens only opportunistically in villages outside of the forest and we did not request samples from all lesula available to avoid targeting this species. When we encountered captive monkeys in villages, we photographed them with permission from the owner. We advised owners on the monkeys’ care and discouraged owners to acquire wild animals as captives. All the necessary exportation and importation permits were acquired by CITES, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services.

 

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Redhead Genetics Linked To Evolution, But Extinction?

Redhead Genetics Linked To Evolution, But Extinction? | Mind Candy  { interdimensionally } Cubed... It's SO yesterday to be a Square | Scoop.it
Happy Roodharigendag (that's Redhead Day in Dutch). It's a summer festival that takes place the first weekend in September in the Netherlands.

 

I heard the other day that people with red hair are going extinct. Then I looked it up online, and wouldn't you know, there it was, all over the place: the great demise of the redhead. Luckily, we don't believe everything we see on the Internet. (More on that later...)

 

How do redheads get that coppery tone? Melanin. It's a pigment found in human skin and hair that gives it color. It's made by special cells appropriately called melanocytes. We all have them, but some people's produce more melanin than others. Like people with albinism: they produce little or none. Biologically speaking, and I say this with love, of course, redheads are mutants. See, melanocytes have a special receptor on them that tells them to produce a certain kind of melanin. It's called the melanocortin-1 receptor, and in redheads, it doesn't work properly.

 

Fair skin and freckles are hallmarks of redheadedness. But with those unique signs of beauty comes an increased risk of developing skin cancer. And strangely, research has suggested that that women with red hair require higher doses of anesthesia. But a recently published study by a team of Australian scientists suggests no significant effect of hair color on anesthetic requirements or overall patient recovery. Clearly, more research is needed to get to the bottom of this. Because even though red is the rarest hair color on earth, there are still a fair amount of redheads out there………...

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