Messenger for mother Earth
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Arctic Ocean 'acidifying rapidly' thx to fossil fuel industry.

Arctic Ocean 'acidifying rapidly' thx to fossil fuel industry. | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it
Carbon dioxide is rapidly altering the chemistry of the Arctic, and the changes will last many thousands of years, a report says.
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the consequences will be immense for Mankind.

 

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#Accountability: What the #Food Industry Really Fears about #GMO Labeling #Greenpeace #health #Nuitdebout #France

#Accountability: What the #Food Industry Really Fears about #GMO Labeling #Greenpeace #health #Nuitdebout #France | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it
The food industry’s claim that GMO labeling will raise food costs can be easily disproved. The real reason for their opposition is a much bigger fear on their part.
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Welcome to #Auroville | Auroville #India true #vision of future

Welcome to #Auroville | Auroville #India true #vision of future | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it
Auroville is a universal city in the making in south-India dedicated to the ideal of human unity based on the vision of Sri Aurobindo and The Mother.
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Abrupt #Climate Change & #Greenland: Prof Jason Box (September 2016) #science #MSM

Fair Use: Educational
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#Hillary a life full of #lies #Clinton Just Flip-Flopped On #Nuclear Power For The 9th Time

#Hillary a life full of #lies #Clinton Just Flip-Flopped On #Nuclear Power For The 9th Time | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it
Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton told Scientific American the U.S. needed to explore using more nuclear power

Via Ton Kraanen
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#Satellites help link #Texas earthquakes to #wastewater injection

#Satellites help link #Texas earthquakes to #wastewater injection | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it

22.09.16. - The largest recorded earthquake in East Texas was triggered by the high-volume injections of wastewater from oil and gas activities deep underground.

A 4.8 magnitude earthquake that rattled residents and damaged buildings in East Texas in 2012 was triggered by the injection of large volumes of wastewater from oil and gas activities into rocks deep beneath the surface, a new satellite study by Stanford scientists and others confirms.

Geophysicists have long suspected that the 2012 temblor, which was the largest ever recorded in the region and followed by several strong aftershocks, was a manmade, or “induced,” quake resulting from the activities of nearby wastewater injection wells, but definitive proof had been lacking – until now.

“Our research is the first to provide an answer to the questions of why some wastewater injection causes earthquakes, where it starts and why it stops,” said study co-author William Ellsworth, a geophysics professor at Stanford’s School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences.

In a new study, published in this week’s issue of the journal Science, Ellsworth and his co-authors used a remote sensing technique called Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar, or InSAR, to measure ground deformations near the wells in East Texas where the quake occurred. InSAR satellites use radar to detect tiny, centimeter-scale changes in the shape of Earth’s surface.

“Our study reports on the first observations of surface uplift associated with wastewater injection,” Ellsworth said. “The detection of uplift when combined with well-injection records provides a new way to study wastewater injection.”

The team focused on four high-volume wells used for disposing wastewater, located near the town of Timpson, Texas, where the 2012 quake was centered. The four wells began operations between 2005 and 2007 and at their peak injected about 200 million gallons of wastewater per year underground.

Brackish water naturally coexists with oil and gas within the Earth. After extracting this slurry using hydraulic fracturing or other techniques, drilling companies separate the “produced water” from the oil and gas and then reinject it into Earth at disposal wells. Approximately 180,000 of these disposal wells are currently in operation in the United States, primarily in Texas, California, Oklahoma and Kansas. “You can think of the wastewater as ancient ocean water,” Ellsworth said. “It’s too salty and too contaminated with other chemicals to treat economically, so the only viable solution at present is to put it back underground.”

But where that wastewater is injected can make a huge difference. Injecting wastewater at a depth of over 1 mile, two of the wastewater disposal wells the scientists examined lie directly above where the earthquake occurred. The other two wells injected similar volumes of wastewater, but at shallower depths, just over half a mile below the surface.

The InSAR measurements revealed that wastewater injection at the shallow wells resulted in detectable ground uplift up to 5 miles (8 kilometers) away but only a modest rise in pore pressure, which is the pressure of fluids within the fractures and cavities of rocks, at the depth at which earthquakes happen 2 or more miles below the surface.

Increasing pore pressure within a geologic fault can cause the two sides of the fault to slip and release seismic energy as an earthquake.

This did not happen at the shallow well sites in East Texas because a thick layer of nearly impermeable rock beneath the injection sites of the shallow wells prevented the pore pressure from migrating downward towards the crystalline basement, a deep and faulted rock layer where earthquakes originate. Instead, the injected wastewater caused a subtle uplift of several centimeters over a broad area around the injection wells.

[…]

The new findings highlight the importance of understanding the local geology for wastewater injection operations, the scientists say. “The recent upturn in seismicity in Oklahoma and Kansas commonly happens where injection occurs close to the crystalline basement, so we’re getting lots of earthquakes in those places,” Ellsworth said. “Injecting at shallower depth above a blocking formation would reduce the ability of the pore pressures to migrate to the basement and activate the faults.”

The research also demonstrates the potential of remote sensing for understanding how and where pressure changes move through Earth. “Moving forward, we need to predict where pressures will increase in order to reduce the potential for inducing earthquakes,” Ellsworth said. “Our research uncovers new possibilities for operating wells in ways that reduce earthquake hazard.”

 


Via isa77_Jouarre
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#CADTM - #Monsanto #Bayer=MoBay, le cartel des empoisonneurs contre la planète #herbicides #pesticides

#CADTM - #Monsanto #Bayer=MoBay, le cartel des empoisonneurs contre la planète #herbicides #pesticides | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it
L’Inde est embourbée dans une controverse artificielle créé par Monsanto à propos de la première culture génétiquement modifiée, censée avoir reçu le feu vert pour sa commercialisation. Impliquée dans des litiges sur plusieurs fronts, Monsanto tente de contourner nos lois sur les brevets, la loi de protection de la variété végétale, celles sur les droits des agriculteurs, sur les produits de base et sur la concurrence. Elle se comporte comme s’il n’y avait, en Inde, aucun parlement, aucune démocratie, aucune loi souveraine à laquelle elle devrait obéir. Ou tout simplement, elle s’en moque.

Via Uston News, degrowth economy and ecology
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The grey #parrot and the race against #Africa’s wildlife #extinction

The grey #parrot and the race against #Africa’s wildlife #extinction | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it
The number of African greys has plunged to 1% of past levels, conservationists warn.
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Record rains are sending untreated sewage into U.S. cities #disease #pollution #toxic

Record rains are sending untreated sewage into U.S. cities #disease #pollution #toxic | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it
Well, shit.
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#FF #America #EPA Plans to Allow Unlimited Dumping of #Fracking Wastewater in the Gulf of #Mexico #pollution

#FF #America #EPA Plans to Allow Unlimited Dumping of #Fracking Wastewater in the Gulf of #Mexico #pollution | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it
Environmentalists say the EPA should prohibit, not permit, the dumping of fracking fluids into the ocean.
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#FF A total ban on #ivory would be disastrous for #elephants. Better to legalise it says #moron Simon Jenkins #deathpenalty for #poaching 

#FF A total ban on #ivory would be disastrous for #elephants. Better to legalise it says #moron Simon Jenkins #deathpenalty for #poaching  | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it
Allowing African farmers to profit from ivory in a carefully controlled market would give them an incentive to conserve wildlife
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Deadly flash #floods and #landslide hit West #Java, #Indonesia #deforestation #climate

Deadly flash #floods and #landslide hit West #Java, #Indonesia #deforestation #climate | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it
Indonesia's National Disaster Management Authority (BNPB) have reported that the death toll from devastating floods and landslides in West Java province, Indonesia has now risen to 26. At least 19 people are still missing.
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Bumble #bee is proposed for U.S. endangered species status | The #Japan Times #EU #pesticides #herbicides

Bumble #bee is proposed for U.S. endangered species status | The #Japan Times #EU #pesticides #herbicides | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service on Wednesday proposed listing the rusty patched bumble bee, a prized but vanishing pollinator once widely found in the u
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Les humains ont détruit un dixième de la nature en 25 ans #Alaska

Les humains ont détruit un dixième de la nature en 25 ans #Alaska | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it
En seulement deux décennies, les zones naturelles ont reculé de 3,3 millions de kilomètres carrés, soit deux fois la taille de l’Alaska. La cause 

Via Hubert MESSMER @Zehub on Twitter, degrowth economy and ecology
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#Evil #Monsanto Gets the First #CRISPR License to Modify Crops #GMO #MAM #Bayer

#Evil #Monsanto Gets the First #CRISPR License to Modify Crops #GMO #MAM #Bayer | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it
Monsanto has licensed the CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing tool, which will allow the agritech giant to add and delete DNA from crops.
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Air #Pollution: The Multi Billion Dollar Damage Thx #fossil fuels #health

Air #Pollution: The Multi Billion Dollar Damage Thx #fossil fuels #health | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it

The World Bank has released a new report highlighting the fact that air pollution costs world governments billions upon billions every year and ranks among the leading causes of death worldwide. The estimates — drawn from a number of sources, including the World Health Organization’s most recently completed data sets compiled in 2013 — can for the first time begin to examine the overall welfare cost of air pollution.

 

Specifically, researches studied the amount of money that world governments must spend on health emergencies, long term illnesses and chronic conditions caused by air pollution. They also took into account missed work and unemployment subsidies. The report finds that, in terms of the economy, the burden is extremely high.

 

To be sure, some countries come out of this analysis relatively well off. For example, Iceland only loses $3 million of its gross domestic product to air pollution. Given that the country has a relatively small population and a slight industrial profile, that’s probably not that surprising though.

 

Other countries, like Liberia, performed relatively well despite their low levels of economic development. Several African nations also have low overall air pollution impact costs. Despite mid-to-high populations, infrastructure is comparatively low density in places like Malawi and Zimbabwe, so perhaps this isn’t that surprising either.

 

It’s when we get to rapidly developing and “developed” nations that the costs really start to mount up. For example, the United States is estimated to lose $45 billion every year due to air pollution, while the UK loses $7.6 billion annually. Germany comes in at $18 billion, though it will be interesting to see how the country’s renewable energy strategy might alter that figure over the coming years.

 

China, one of the most rapidly developing nations in the world, is estimated to be losing a staggering 10 percent of its overall GDP, while India is not far behind at roughly eight percent.

Financial losses will, however, seem trivial when we look at the potential human cost of air pollution.

 

The World Bank estimates that global air pollution kills roughly five and a half million people every year, or to put that another way: it will kill one out of every ten people worldwide.


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
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Study confirms that #fluoride causes weight gain and #depression

Study confirms that #fluoride causes weight gain and #depression | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it
Study confirms that fluoride causes weight gain and depression
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Wow! Toxic #Algae Blooms Set Historic Records From Coast to Coast in #America #California

Wow! Toxic #Algae Blooms Set Historic Records From Coast to Coast in #America #California | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it
Toxic algal blooms have popped up in more than 20 states, with ongoing blooms choking waterways and aquatic life from California to Chesapeake Bay. In Florida
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African #elephant numbers plummet during 'worst decline in 25 years’ #extinction thx to #greed #capitalism

African #elephant numbers plummet during 'worst decline in 25 years’ #extinction thx to #greed #capitalism | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it
African elephant population has contracted by around 111,000 in the past decade as a result of poaching, study finds
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The Killer #Shrimp Bullies Species into #Extinction

The Killer #Shrimp Bullies Species into #Extinction | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it
New research shows this invasive crustacean isn't quite as deadly as its name suggests--but it's still causing localized extinctions
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#Tunesia 'We Are Thirsty' Say Tunisians as #Drought Creates Tensions

#Tunesia 'We Are Thirsty' Say Tunisians as #Drought Creates Tensions | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it
TUNIS, Tunisia—Struggling with extremism and economic woes, Tunisia now faces another menace: persistent drought across several regions that is creating ne
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Hexavalent chromium (chromium-6) was just found in 75% of drinking water... the mass chemical #suicide of #America is under way #Brokovich

Hexavalent chromium (chromium-6) was just found in 75% of drinking water... the mass chemical #suicide of #America is under way #Brokovich | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it
Hexavalent chromium (chromium-6) was just found in 75% of drinking water... the mass chemical suicide of America is under way
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#FF 375 top #scientists warn of 'real, serious, immediate' #climate threat. Why not mention them!? #Greenpeace #virus #bacteria #fungi

#FF 375 top #scientists warn of 'real, serious, immediate' #climate threat. Why not mention them!? #Greenpeace #virus #bacteria #fungi | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it
John Abraham: 375 National Academy of Sciences members sign an open letter expressing frustration at political inaction on climate change
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#Farming on the edge: the #India #salt producers coping with 48C heat

#Farming on the edge: the #India #salt producers coping with 48C heat | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it
An initiative to support female salt farmers in Gujarat provides loans to help them switch to solar in the face of climate change
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#FF #Bayer And #Monsanto: A Marriage Made In Hell | The Sleuth Journal

#FF #Bayer And #Monsanto: A Marriage Made In Hell | The Sleuth Journal | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it
Bayer And Monsanto: A Marriage Made In Hell
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Prince #William: #Africa #elephants could be gone from the wild by the time Charlotte turns 25 #extinction

Prince #William: #Africa #elephants could be gone from the wild by the time Charlotte turns 25 #extinction | Messenger for mother Earth | Scoop.it
Duke of Cambridge tells audience at a conservation charity event in London that he is not prepared to be part of a generation that lets the species disappear from the wild
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Impressive #video of the #floods today in #Trabzon #Turkey

Impressive video of the floods today in Trabzon, Turkey Creepy Strange weakly events Tornado rolls strange, weather, warning, events, all, over, the, world
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