Brisbane Times Schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and depression share genetic roots: study Brisbane Times Schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and depression share common genetic variations, a new study has found, with researchers saying they can now...
'Building resilient communities' calls on local councils to prioritise mental health within their public health strategy. The report has been launched at a time when more people are seeking help to manage their mental health.
:: A leading neurologist at the University of Oxford said this week that recent developments meant that science may one day be able to identify religious fundamentalism as a “mental illness” and a cure it. During a talk at the Hay Literary Festival in Wales on Wednesday, Kathleen Taylor was asked what positive developments she anticipated in neuroscience in the next 60 years. “One of the surprises may be to see people with certain beliefs as people who can be treated,” she explained, according to The Times of London. “Somebody who has for example become radicalised to a cult ideology – we might stop seeing that as a personal choice that they have chosen as a result of pure free will and may start treating it as some kind of mental disturbance.” ::
[Abstract] Current drugs for treating schizophrenia are mostly variations on a theme that was started over 50 years ago. Sadly, clinical efficacy has not improved substantially over the years. We argue that both clinical and preclinical researchers have focused too much on psychosis, which is only one of the hallmarks of schizophrenia. This narrow focus has hampered the development of relevant animal models and human experimental medicine paradigms. Other fields in psychiatry, most notably in the realms of addiction and anxiety, have prospered from results obtained in parallel studies using animal models and experimental human studies. Lessons to be learned from those models and recent genetic and cognitive insights in schizophrenia can be utilized to develop better animal and human models and, potentially, novel treatment strategies. - by Geyer MA et al., Trends in Pharmacological Sciences, Volume 33, Issue 10, 515-521, 17 July 2012
The beginning of my depression had been nothing but feelings, so the emotional deadening that followed was a welcome relief. I had always wanted to not give a fuck about anything. I viewed feelings as a weakness ...
Child and adolescent mental health services run by the West London Mental Health NHS Trust have been awarded funding to take part in a national programme which will improve the scope of mental health services ...
Will Self (The drug pushers, 3 August) wrongly accuses Tom Burns of post hoc ergo propter hoc because he asserts that he is "convinced that psychiatry is a major force for good or I would not have spent my whole life in it".
British doctors reveal 'extremely important' research that could help tens of thousands of women at risk
British doctors have identified the first advance blood test for postnatal depression, it was reported on Monday.
The development could see pregnant women have a £10 screening test that would allow those found to be at risk to receive treatment before they give birth. Professor Dimitris Grammatopoulos, who led the research at University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, described the research as being "extremely important"...
Joining a choir can improve the quality of life for people suffering from chronic mental illness, according to research published in the July issue of Psychology of Music. “The choir study showed that people with mental health ...
Impaired Theory of Mind (ToM) has been repeatedly reported as a feature of psychotic disorders. ToM is crucial in social interactions and for the development of social behavior. It has been suggested that reasoning about the belief of others, requires inhibition of the self-perspective. We investigated the neural correlates of self-inhibition in nineteen low psychosis prone (PP) and eighteen high PP subjects presenting with subclinical features. High PP subjects have a more than tenfold increased risk of developing a schizophrenia-spectrum disorder. Brain activation was measured with functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging during a ToM task differentiating between self-perspective inhibition and belief reasoning. Furthermore, to test underlying inhibitory mechanisms, we included a stop-signal task. We predicted worse behavioral performance for high compared to low PP subjects on both tasks. Moreover, based on previous neuroimaging results, different activation patterns were expected in the inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) in high versus low PP subjects in self-perspective inhibition and simple response inhibition. Results showed increased activation in left IFG during self-perspective inhibition, but not during simple response inhibition, for high PP subjects as compared to low PP subjects. High and low PP subjects showed equal behavioral performance. The results suggest that at a neural level, high PP subjects need more resources for inhibiting the self-perspective, but not for simple motor response inhibition, to equal the performance of low PP subjects. This may reflect a compensatory mechanism, which may no longer be available for patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders resulting in ToM impairments.
New research suggests that brain physiology might account for psychopaths lack of empathy.
Psychiatrists, criminologists, and tabloid readers have all struggled to understand what goes on in the minds of psychopaths such as Jeffrey Dahmer and Ted Bundy. A study published today in JAMA Psychiatry puts the blame on the brain, specifically, a neurological absence of empathy in psychopaths.
Researchers at the University of Chicago and the University of New Mexico recruited 80 male prisoners between the ages of 18 and 50 who were incarcerated for murder in a North American correctional facility. They tested the men to find out which ones could be classifeied as psychopaths.
New York Times When Philosophy Meets Psychiatry New York Times “We started out as a reading group for trainee psychiatrists,” said Gareth S. Owen, a researcher at the Institute of Psychiatry who co-founded the group in 2002.
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