Older men are less likely to survive melanoma than women; new research shows that the same holds for younger men. Melanoma is the third most common cancer in adolescents and young adults. The researchers followed 26,000 white individuals aged 15 to 39 years who had skin melanomas. About 7 years after diagnosis, men were 55% more likely to die than women of same ages and melanoma thicknesses. Moreover, even though melanomas less than 1 mm thick are linked to lower risk, men with these thin melanomas were twice as likely to die as women of the same age. The researchers call for more outreach to alert young men to their heightened risk of melanoma and for more research to find out why.