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WHO | Ebola in Uganda

WHO | Ebola in Uganda | Medical Microbiology & Infectious Disease | Scoop.it

The Ministry of Health of Uganda has notified WHO of an outbreak of Ebola haemorrhagic fever in Kibaale district in the western part of the country.  Ebola is caused by a virus and there is no known cure. A total of 20 cases, including 14 deaths have been reported since the beginning of July 2012. The deceased include a clinical officer who attended to a patient, and her four month-old child. Nine of the 14 deaths have occurred in a single household.

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Medical Microbiology & Infectious Disease
All about current topics & breaking news in human infectious disease.
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Study: Ebola virus didn't mutate into more dangerous strain

Study: Ebola virus didn't mutate into more dangerous strain | Medical Microbiology & Infectious Disease | Scoop.it
The Ebola virus in West Africa that has killed 11,000 is not more virulent than prior strains as had been feared, according to a study published Tuesday.
Dr. Mary T. Johnson's insight:

All through the epidemic, I wondered about this. Infection with the Ebola virus has always been associated with high mortality rates! The presence of confounding factors like social upheaval and political strife has such a profound effect on outcomes.

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A rapid antimicrobial susceptibility test based on single-cell morphological analysis

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Serious respiratory illness hits hundreds of kids

Serious respiratory illness hits hundreds of kids | Medical Microbiology & Infectious Disease | Scoop.it
CHICAGO (AP) — Hundreds of children in more than 10 states have been sickened by a severe respiratory illness that public health officials say may be caused by an uncommon virus similar to the germ that causes the common cold.
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UVa Researchers Are One Step Closer to Being Able to Stop Ebola from Spreading

UVa Researchers Are One Step Closer to Being Able to Stop Ebola from Spreading | Medical Microbiology & Infectious Disease | Scoop.it
Researchers at the University of Virginia School of Medicine are known for making incredible medical discoveries, with their most recent exploration of how the deadly Ebola virus smashes into...
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Third case of MERS confirmed in Illinois resident

Third case of MERS confirmed in Illinois resident | Medical Microbiology & Infectious Disease | Scoop.it
An Illinois resident tested positive for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome after having contact with a patient in Indiana who carried the first confirmed case of the virus from Saudi Arabia to the U.S., reports say.
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Syphilis cases increase among U.S. gay and bisexual men: CDC

ATLANTA (Reuters) - Syphilis, a sexually transmitted venereal disease, is rising among gay and bisexual men after being nearly eliminated in the United States more than a decade ago, according to a federal
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Scientists identify target for treating dengue

Scientists identify target for treating dengue | Medical Microbiology & Infectious Disease | Scoop.it

"The research shows that the virus causing dengue fever and other closely related viruses like West Nile and Japanese encephalitis use instructions encoded on a single strand of RNA to take over an infected cell and reproduce," explained Jeffrey S. Kieft, an associate professor of biochemistry and molecular genetics at University of Colorado's school of medicine.  The viruses also exploit an enzyme that cells use to destroy RNA to instead produce short stretches of RNA that, among other things, may help the virus avoid the immune system of its host.

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Nanoparticles make turkey eggs tough to crack

Nanoparticles make turkey eggs tough to crack | Medical Microbiology & Infectious Disease | Scoop.it
Naturally occurring coating helps to fend off microbial invasion.
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Cases of TB in domestic cats and cat-to-human transmission - GOV.UK

Cases of TB in domestic cats and cat-to-human transmission - GOV.UK | Medical Microbiology & Infectious Disease | Scoop.it

These are the first documented cases of cat-to-human transmission.  However, the risk to the public is very low." 

Dr. Mary T. Johnson's insight:

The actual organism is Mycobacterium bovis, which is the same strain used in inoculations in the UK and elsewhere, not Mycobacterium tuberculosis, typically involved in human-to-human disease transmission.

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Poor diagnosis driving global multidrug-resistant TB, WHO warns | Reuters

"WHO says drug-resistant TB is a global security risk and that faster diagnosis is crucial to help combat disease.  Drug-resistant TB could affect 2 million globally by 2015. 

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Gonorrhea is about to become impossible to treat

Gonorrhea is about to become impossible to treat | Medical Microbiology & Infectious Disease | Scoop.it
Gonorrhea has taken many forms over the last few decades. The strain that people acquire today isn't the same one that previous generations had to deal with. In fact, it might not be the same...
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Biggest-ever virus revived from Stone Age permafrost - life - 03 March 2014 - New Scientist

Biggest-ever virus revived from Stone Age permafrost - life - 03 March 2014 - New Scientist | Medical Microbiology & Infectious Disease | Scoop.it
The largest virus ever seen has been isolated from 30,000-year-old Russian permafrost and then filmed infecting amoebas
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Chronic Superantigen Exposure Induces Systemic Inflammation with a Possible Role in Diabetes

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Is an Unusual Virus Spreading in the Midwest?

Is an Unusual Virus Spreading in the Midwest? | Medical Microbiology & Infectious Disease | Scoop.it
The CDC is closely monitoring the outbreak of a rare respiratory infection afflicting people in Illinois and Missouri. Just how bad is it, and what can be done to stop the spread?
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'Phantom' superbugs cloak themselves to avoid detection

'Phantom' superbugs cloak themselves to avoid detection | Medical Microbiology & Infectious Disease | Scoop.it
Researchers discover antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the Middle East that cloak themselves in genetic material to avoid detection, thereby increasing risk of deadly infections.
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Ancient Lyme Disease Bacteria Found in 15-Million-Year-Old Tick Fossils

Ancient Lyme Disease Bacteria Found in 15-Million-Year-Old Tick Fossils | Medical Microbiology & Infectious Disease | Scoop.it
The oldest known evidence of Lyme disease may lie in ticks that were entombed in amber at least 15 million years ago, scientists announced.
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Deadly MERS Virus Detected In Florida

Deadly MERS Virus Detected In Florida | Medical Microbiology & Infectious Disease | Scoop.it
A case of Middle East respiratory syndrome has been found in the U.S. The virus has killed about a quarter of the people known to have been infected. But the risk to the public remains low.
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Pet Owners: Salmonella Cotham Infections Linked to Pet Bearded Dragons | CDC

Pet Owners: Salmonella Cotham Infections Linked to Pet Bearded Dragons | CDC | Medical Microbiology & Infectious Disease | Scoop.it

"Contact with reptiles can be a source of human Salmonella infections. Reptiles can be carrying Salmonella bacteria but appear healthy and clean and show no signs of illness. Always protect yourself and others, especially children, from contact with Salmonella bacteria that reptiles may carry".

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NewsDaily: Ebola virus in Africa outbreak is a new strain

NewsDaily: Ebola virus in Africa outbreak is a new strain | Medical Microbiology & Infectious Disease | Scoop.it

Scientists from the Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine in Hamburg, Germany have determined that the Ebola virus strain causing the recent outbreak is not the same as earlier outbreak strains, and that the source is unknown.

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Deadly H5N1 bird flu needs just 5 mutations to spread easily in people

Deadly H5N1 bird flu needs just 5 mutations to spread easily in people | Medical Microbiology & Infectious Disease | Scoop.it
It’s a flu virus so deadly that scientists once halted research on the disease because governments feared it might be used by terrorists to stage a biological attack.
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Antibiotics may not kill Lyme, studies say

Antibiotics may not kill Lyme, studies say | Medical Microbiology & Infectious Disease | Scoop.it

Lyme disease bacteria may persist even after a complete antibiotic treatment course, according to a study by Dr. Brian Fallon, director of Columbia University's Lyme and Tick-Borne Diseases Research Center. Ticks that fed on mice infected and subsequently treated for Lyme disease still acquired the spirochete bacteria, according to the study. "[The research] has forced the academic community to rethink their understanding of Lyme disease," Fallon said. "No longer do they think that the antibiotic treatment necessarily wipes out all the spirochetes."

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Gut Bacteria Linked to Late-Onset Sepsis in Neonates

Researchers have identified three bacteria present in the gut of neonates that may be linked to late-onset sepsis in premature babies, according to a study in Clinical Infectious Diseases.
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Gut bacteria essential for immune cell development

Gut bacteria essential for immune cell development | Medical Microbiology & Infectious Disease | Scoop.it
Study finds mice born without gut bacteria have fewer immune cells - particularly white blood cells that form the first line of defense against pathogens - than healthy mice.
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Long-Acting HIV Drug May Offer Better Protection Against Infection

Long-Acting HIV Drug May Offer Better Protection Against Infection | Medical Microbiology & Infectious Disease | Scoop.it
In monkey studies, shots guarded against disease for human equivalent of up to three months
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