Python has been more tightly integrated in the new release of ArcGIS 10, allowing scripting to occur directly through a Python process without even opening up ArcMap. Admittedly this was available before, but now everything is more tightly coupled and a lot cleaner in it’s implementation. However, what has really interested, and indeed confused me of late is how to use Python in the ‘field calculator’.
Field Calculator is a really useful tool, when you are looking at an attribute table for a shapefile in ArcGIS and you want to derive a value for each object in the file based on a function you can input the function into the field calculator and it will work it out for you row by row. Sometimes the value you want to derive is a bit more complicated than simple arithmetic and you need to write a script. Previously you could do this in VBA, but I always found it limited and confusing, now however you can do it in Python – much simpler!
There are a few pitfalls to using Python in ArcGIS field calculator, and so I’m going to specify how to write simple field calculator python scripts in ArcGIS from my early experience.
Firstly, for Python in field calculator the way to do it seems to be in write a Python function, and then call it for each row. In addition to this, because you are writing a function you have to give it the relevant parameters (i.e fields) with which to do the computation. Finally, and annoyingly you have to write your function in a little box, and use a consistent indentation standard (1 space works best for reasons of space) as Python requires.
Via Elpidio I F Filho