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subrealism: the biological origin of linguistic diversity

subrealism: the biological origin of linguistic diversity | manually by oAnth - from its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it
Just as reading relies on neural mechanisms that pre-date the emergence of writing [17], so perhaps language has evolved to rely on pre-existing brain systems. However, there is more agreement about the origin of linguistic ...

Via Athanasios Karavasilis, oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide"
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oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide"'s curator insight, March 10, 2013 9:52 PM

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plosone - http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0048029

 

(Abstract) In contrast with animal communication systems, diversity is characteristic of almost every aspect of human language. Languages variously employ tones, clicks, or manual signs to signal differences in meaning; some languages lack the noun-verb distinction (e.g., Straits Salish), whereas others have a proliferation of fine-grained syntactic categories (e.g., Tzeltal); and some languages do without morphology (e.g., Mandarin), while others pack a whole sentence into a single word (e.g., Cayuga). A challenge for evolutionary biology is to reconcile the diversity of languages with the high degree of biological uniformity of their speakers. Here, we model processes of language change and geographical dispersion and find a consistent pressure for flexible learning, irrespective of the language being spoken. This pressure arises because flexible learners can best cope with the observed high rates of linguistic change associated with divergent cultural evolution following human migration. Thus, rather than genetic adaptations for specific aspects of language, such as recursion, the coevolution of genes and fast-changing linguistic structure provides the biological basis for linguistic diversity. Only biological adaptations for flexible learning combined with cultural evolution can explain how each child has the potential to learn any human language.

 

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http://subrealism.blogspot.de/2013/03/the-biological-origin-of-linguistic.html

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New e-Journal Highlights Balkan History and Archaeology - via Global Voices 2013-02-20 | offene Ablage: nothing to hide

New e-Journal Highlights Balkan History and Archaeology - via Global Voices 2013-02-20 | offene Ablage: nothing to hide | manually by oAnth - from its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

 

Haemus journal Vol.1 (2012)
http://haemus.mk

 

The inaugural issue of Haemus Journal, an academic e-journal devoted to the history and archaeology of the Balkan Peninsula, also covering a wide range of related interdisciplinary topics, was published recently. It follows the principles of Free and Open Access and publishes its content under a Creative Commons license.

Haemus Journal is a publication of ‘HAEMUS‘ – Center for Research and Promotion of Culture, based in Skopje, the Republic of Macedonia. The publishers hope that the serious and thorough approach, as well as the quality of the content, will cause interest in the academic community, thus helping to establish a longstanding, effective scholar co-operation.

 

// via http://globalvoicesonline.org/2013/02/20/new-e-journal-highlights-balkan-history-and-archaeology

 

 

 

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