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From Contagion to Incoherence: Toward a model of the unfolding Eurozone Crisis

From Contagion to Incoherence: Toward a model of the unfolding Eurozone Crisis | manually by oAnth - from its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

 

 

 

 

 

 

This post offers readers a fully-fledged analytical model of the unfolding Eurozone Crisis. It begins with a macro-economic analysis of the Crisis’ causes and then, importantly, models the feedback between Europe’s institutional and policy responses and the contagion process that began with Greece. For the fully-fledged (wonkish) version of the paper,

 

 

 

click here ( http://varoufakis.files.wordpress.com/2013/03/from-contagion-to-incoherence-a-simple-macroeconomic-model-of-the-eurozone-crisis1.pdf ). What follows below is a maths-free summary of each of the paper’s sections.

 

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Via Ioannis, oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide"
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A short intro to Corpus Linguistics

A short intro to Corpus Linguistics | manually by oAnth - from its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

What is Corpus Linguistics?
Corpus linguistics is the use of digitalized text (corpus) or texts, usually naturally occurring material, in the analysis of language (linguistics). Techniques used include generating frequency word lists, concordance lines (keyword in context or KWIC), collocate, cluster and keyness lists. The plural of corpus is corpora.

 

What does one need to do corpus linguistics?
A personal computer (Windows, MAC, Linux, etc) is usually enough for small corpora. With it one can use a concordance program or concordancer to analyse plain-text files (extension “.txt”).

 

What does one need to know to do corpus linguistics?
To know the language you want to study is, of course, important. You also need to know some of the basic ideas in corpus linguistics, such as word list, frequency, type, token and concordance. Since these are the most basic and important concepts let us have a quick look at them.

 

The first thing you would want to do is make a word list. It is usually arranged from highest to lowest frequency of types. A type is a unique form of a word. A “word“ is defined as running letters separated by space or punctuation. Thus the sentence:


“To be or not to be; that is the question.“

 

[...]

 

 


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Verb Phrase book published

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The grammar of English is often thought to be stable over time. However a new book, edited by Bas Aarts, Joanne Close, Geoffrey Leech and Sean Wallis, The Verb Phrase in English: investigating recent language change with corpora (Cambridge University Press, 2013) presents a body of research from linguists that shows that using natural language corpora one can find changes within a core element of grammar, the Verb Phrase, over a span of decades rather than centuries.

 

The book draws from papers first presented at a symposium on the verb phrase organised for the Survey of English Usage’s 50th anniversary and on research from the Changing English Verb Phrase project.

 

 

- A methodological range

 

This collection of corpus linguistics studies offers the reader a range of methodological perspectives from linguists such as Doug Biber, Geoffrey Leech and Mark Davies, who present data in terms of frequencies per million words (pmw), to sociolinguists like Sali Tagliamonte and others who operate in a variationist paradgim, who frame their research questions in terms of probabilities of a particular choice.

 

Chapter 2, by Bas Aarts, Jo Close and myself, discusses why a focus on choice is to be preferred if possible, while exploring how corpus experimental designs can be refined in a series of steps. Papers were shared between authors and not all concurred, ensuring a lively and occasionally controversial ‘edge’ to some of the contributions. The volume is of interest on the basis of its subject matter, but also as a  ‘state of art’ conversation about methodology between contemporary corpus linguists.

 

 

- Statistical methods used

 

Papers employ a number of statistical methods discussed in corp.ling.stats, including:

Wilson score interval

Newcombe-Wilson interval

Chi-square type tests

Measures of association

 

 

- Citation

 

Aarts, B., Close, J, Leech, G. and Wallis, S.A. (eds.) The Verb Phrase in English: Investigating recent language change with corpora. Cambridge: CUP.

 

 

- More information

 

Table of contents and ordering info:

http://www.ucl.ac.uk/english-usage/projects/verb-phrase/book/

 

 


Via Pascual Pérez-Paredes, oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide"
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Pascual Pérez-Paredes's curator insight, February 19, 2013 2:20 PM

Thanks to Costas Gabrielatos.