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Poor Quality of Life Does Not Predict Low Survival Rates in High-Risk Lung Cancer Patients Undergoing Surgery

Poor Quality of Life Does Not Predict Low Survival Rates in High-Risk Lung Cancer Patients Undergoing Surgery | Lung Cancer Dispatch | Scoop.it

"Quality of life is rarely reported in surgical publications, yet it can be an important metric that can be of use to physicians and patients when making treatment decisions. Prior studies of average-risk patients undergoing lobectomy suggested that low baseline quality-of-life scores predict worse survival in patients undergoing non–small cell lung cancer surgery.


"However, the results of a multicenter, longitudinal study of high-risk lung cancer patients who underwent sublobar resection counters this idea, finding that poor baseline global quality-of-life scores did not predict for worse overall survival or recurrence-free survival or greater risk of adverse events. Bryan F. Meyers, MD, presented the results of this research today on behalf of the Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology at the 94th American Association for Thoracic Surgery Annual Meeting in Toronto, Ontario."

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The ASCO Post  |  Apr 29, 2014

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Radiation and Chemotherapy Before Surgery Best Option in Patients with Stage IIIA(N2) NSCLC

Disagreement persists about the best treatment for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with stage IIIA(N2) disease, that is, cancer that has spread to lymph nodes just outside the lung. A recent study compared the outcomes of different treatments. Patients who had received neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (chemotherapy and radiation administered before surgery) followed by lobectomy (removal of the lung subsection containing the cancer) had higher 5-year survival rates than patients treated with:

  • neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and pneumonectomy (removal of the whole lung containing the cancer);
  • either lobectomy or pneumonectomy plus adjuvant therapy (chemotherapy and/or radiation administered after surgery);
  • concurrent chemoradiotherapy (chemotherapy and radiation delivered at the same time, without surgery).

These findings suggest that neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by lobectomy is the preferable treatment for stage IIIA(N2) NSCLC.

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Journal of Thoracic Oncology | Jul 1, 2013

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Lobectomy Linked to Better Outcomes in Lung Cancer than Wedge Resection

Small, early-stage lung cancers can be removed using either wedge resection (removal of a small, wedge-shaped piece of lung that contains the cancer and a margin of healthy tissue around the cancer) or lobectomy (removal of the entire subsection, or lobe, of the lung that contains the cancer). A study of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that was less than 2 cm in diameter and had not spread to the lymph nodes (stage T1N0) showed that those who received lobectomy were more likely to remain cancer-free and had higher survival rates compared to those who received wedge resection. The study authors recommend lobectomy as the preferred treatment for small NSCLC tumors, with wedge resection reserved for patients whose lung function would be decreased too much by lobectomy.

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Minerva Chirurgica | Dec 2012

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Tissue Analysis May Help Predict Risk of Early-Stage Lung Cancer Returning

Tissue Analysis May Help Predict Risk of Early-Stage Lung Cancer Returning | Lung Cancer Dispatch | Scoop.it

The tissue types present in early-stage lung adenocarcinomas, a type of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), may help predict the chances of the cancer returning after surgery. A retrospective study examined outcomes among adenocarcinoma patients whose tumors were 2 cm in diameter or smaller. Patients whose tumors contained 5% or more of a so-called 'micropapillary' tissue structure had a higher risk of the cancer returning if they had just the tumor removed. This difference was not found in patients who underwent lobectomy (removal of an entire subsection of lung). The higher risk of recurrence in patients with 5%-plus micropapillary tissue in their tumor may make them better candidates for the more invasive lobectomy procedure.

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MedPage Today | Aug 7, 2013

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Analysis Highlights Most Cost-Effective Treatments for Early-Stage Lung Cancer

Researchers have constructed a model to assess the cost-effectiveness of different treatments for stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) based on treatment costs, predicted life expectancy, and expected quality of life. Model simulations indicate that lobectomy (removal of an entire subsection of the lungs) is the most cost-effective treatment for patients whose cancer is clearly operable. For patients who are only borderline eligible for surgery due to poor health ('marginally operable'), who often cannot withstand lobectomy, a type of radiotherapy called stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT), also known as stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR), was found to be more cost-effective than wedge resection (removal of a small piece of lung containing the cancer).

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CancerNetwork | June 26, 2013

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