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LPFM Update: Sticking to the Road Map : CommLawBlog

LPFM Update: Sticking to the Road Map : CommLawBlog | LPFM | Scoop.it

by FHH Law

Jan. 30, 2014

 

Impressive processing progress seen, more supposedly on tap

 

Last month, shortly after the long-awaited LPFM window had closed, we reported on the Audio Division’s road map for addressing the 2,800 (or so) applications that came in during the window. The goal was to identify the non-MX singletons ASAP, get them out on public notice, and be ready to promptly wield the “grant” stamp for those that made it through the petition to deny period unscathed. Turns out the Division is sticking to its game plan. We hear that about 500 LPFM applications have already been granted. And word is that nearly 900 more singletons have been identified and are awaiting processing. 

 

More here: http://www.commlawblog.com/2014/01/articles/broadcast/lpfm-update-sticking-to-the-road-map/

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More than 400 LPFM Applications Granted this Month | Radio Survivor

More than 400 LPFM Applications Granted this Month | Radio Survivor | LPFM | Scoop.it

By Jennifer Waits

Jan. 30, 2014

 

It’s been a busy week at the FCC, with the tally of newly granted low power FM (LPFM)applications now inching towards 500 (up from just over 200 at this time last week). It’s incredible to see the wide variety of organizations that are now one step closer to getting on the air. Animal advocacy groups (at least three of them!), colleges, school districts, churches, tribal groups, cities & related municipal groups, arts organizations, and social service agencies are amid the mix of 450+ organizations with granted applications.

 

While applications are being granted at a nice pace, there were also some dismissals this week, including several applications that had been prepared by mass-filer Antonio Cesal Guel. As we’ve reported, several groups have been protesting hundreds of applications that are linked to Guel on the grounds that the proposed LPFM stations are not truly local. Yesterday, at least 18 of his applications were dismissed, including many in or near urban areas, including South San Francisco Hispanic Community Radio, North Chicago Hispanic Community Radio, Nashville Community Radio, North Kansas City Community Radio, and Portland Community Radio (in Oregon). So far, more than 68 of his applications have been dismissed.

 

More here: http://www.radiosurvivor.com/2014/01/30/lpfm-watch-more-than-400-lpfm-applications-granted-this-month/

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Welch to Get Radio Station! | WelchOK.com

Welch to Get Radio Station! | WelchOK.com | LPFM | Scoop.it

Jan. 24, 2014

Tyson Wynn

 

WELCH—FM radio service is coming to Welch! Voice of Welch Communications, Inc. (VOW) has been granted a construction permit by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to build a low-power FM (LPFM) radio station serving the Welch and Bluejacket areas.

 

VOW president, Tyson Wynn, said, “Providing radio service to my hometown area has long been a dream of mine. Since first working at Vinita’s KITO during high school, I have been in love with the medium of radio and its ability to provide immediate coverage of local news and events. I’m also thrilled that LPFM is designed to be a very local operation. Welchkins, including Welch school students, will have the opportunity to learn the craft of radio. Dave Boyd trained me and put me on the air at KITO when I was 16 years old, and we’re going to give another generation of young people that same opportunity.”

 

More here:  http://www.welchok.com/2014/01/24/welch-to-get-radio-station/

 
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Takoma Park group aims to start hyperlocal radio station -- Gazette.Net

Takoma Park group aims to start hyperlocal radio station -- Gazette.Net | LPFM | Scoop.it

Organizers want to bring community media back

 

by Sarah Scully

Jan. 27, 2014

 

Imagine a local radio station that covered community barbecues, aired oral histories from neighbors, and played music by local bands or dance music from El Salvador and Ethiopia.

 

This is what Marika Partridge and Diana Kohn envision forTakoma Radio, a future nonprofit station in Takoma Park. Basically, anything you don’t usually hear on the radio is what they want to include. The hyper-local, low-power FM station would only be heard within two to five miles of the transmitter.

 

“We don’t have real local media. It’s been dying,” Partridge said. Most radio in the region either plays popular music or national and worldwide news. Local coverage is hard to come by.

 

“We’re trying to bring that subversive local radio back,” she said.

 

More here: http://www.gazette.net/article/20140127/NEWS/140129364/1081/takoma-park-group-aims-to-start-hyperlocal-radio-station&template=gazette

 

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With over 200 LPFM apps granted sustainability discussion starts now | Radio Survivor

With over 200 LPFM apps granted sustainability discussion starts now | Radio Survivor | LPFM | Scoop.it

by Paul Riismandel

Jan. 23, 2014

 

In this week's LPFM Watch we tally up the latest count of construction permits issued. Then it's time to seriously consider how to sustain these new stations.

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The FCC started issuing low-power station authorizations last week. This week, after a day off for Martin Luther King Jr. Day on Monday and a snowday on Tuesday, the FCC got busy issuing more LPFM construction permits on Wednesday. As of this afternoon more than 200 applications have been granted.

 

Any way you look at it, that’s a lot of stations. And the FCC still has around 900 singleton applications–those with no competitors–to process.

 

Sustaining an LPFM Movement

 

As I first mentioned a couple of weeks ago, with all of these new community stations coming on line I’ve been thining about what it will take to help them survive and thrive. I caught up with veteran community radio consultant Donna DiBianco to discuss this.

 

More here: http://www.radiosurvivor.com/2014/01/23/lpfm-watch-with-over-200-apps-granted-the-sustainability-discussion-starts-now/

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College and High School LPFMs are Next Wave of Student Radio | Radio Survivor

College and High School LPFMs are Next Wave of Student Radio | Radio Survivor | LPFM | Scoop.it

by Jennifer Waits

Jan. 22, 2014

 

Last week the FCC began granting new low power FM applications and in the mix are numerous future high school and college radio stations. 

 I profiled two of the college stations, Washington College and York Technical College, in College Radio Survivoron Friday and in this post I will run through the remaining school-affiliated applications that were granted last week.

 

The latest college grantee, the Board of Regents for University of Wisconsin, intends to utilize LPFM at its University of Wisconsin, Parkside campus. The new license, which was applied for in Kenosha, will allow the school’s student-run Internet-only radio station WIPZ (aka Ranger Radio) to broadcast over low power FM. According to its application, existing radio station WIPZ airs a range of programming, including “rock, metal, hip hop, techno, and jazz shows along with a variety of talk shows ranging from sports, to current events, wrestling, and gaming.”

 

More here: http://www.radiosurvivor.com/2014/01/22/newly-granted-college-and-high-school-lpfms-are-next-wave-of-student-broadcasters/

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Radio World: FCC Granting, Dismissing LPFM Applications

Radio World: FCC Granting, Dismissing LPFM Applications | LPFM | Scoop.it

by Leslie Stimson

Jan. 16, 2014

 

The FCC continues granting low-power FM applications for a construction permit while dismissing others.

 

Judging by a check of its broadcast actions from today and yesterday, the commission dismissed two applications for new LPFMs in Phoenix competing for the same 105.1 MHz frequency. The agency also dismissed applications from groups vying for a new LPFM in Moorhead, Minn., Madawaska, Maine, San Diego, Portland, Ore. and El Paso, Texas.

 

One of the approximately 100+ applications for new LPFMs granted so far is on 101.1 MHz in Palatka, Fla. After much back and forth, the commission granted a CP to Minority Educational Broadcasting.

 

See more at: http://www.radioworld.com/article/fcc-granting-dismissing-lpfm-applications/223254

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FCC Grants 107 LPFM Applications, More Oppositions Filed | Radio Survivor

FCC Grants 107 LPFM Applications, More Oppositions Filed | Radio Survivor | LPFM | Scoop.it

by Jennifer Waits

Jan. 16, 2014

 

This week there were some interesting developments on the LPFM front. Most notably, the FCC began to grant LPFM applications yesterday and by day’s end there were 107 non-profit groups that were one step closer to getting on the air with a new licensed radio station. These singleton applicants faced no competition for their frequencies, so are among the first to be granted.

 

Additionally, we are starting to see some movement within groups of competing applicants (MX groups), as some settlement agreements have been reached. This week, a couple of applicants in Portland, Oregon withdrew their applications as part of a settlement agreement with competing applicant, online community radio stationRadio23.

Community Media Assistance Project and Disjecta Contemporary Art Center entered into the settlement in order to “conserve Commission resources and enable the earlier inauguration of new noncommercial educational FM broadcast service.”

 

More here: http://www.radiosurvivor.com/2014/01/16/lpfm-watch-fcc-grants-107-lpfm-applications-more-oppositions-filed/#more-24825

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FCC Begins to Grant LPFM Applications | Radio Survivor

FCC Begins to Grant LPFM Applications | Radio Survivor | LPFM | Scoop.it

by Jennifer Waits

Jan. 15, 2014

 

I’m glued to REC Networks‘ LPFM application statustwitter feed, as it has been lighting up over the past few hours with messages about newly granted LPFM applications.

 

The first granted license was for Center Pole, Inc. in Montana. So far I’ve been excited to spot a college (York Technical College in Rock Hill, South Carolina), several high schools (Mitchell County High School in Georgia, Worth County High School in Georgia, and Wayne High School in West Virginia) and other schools/districts (Warrick County School System in Indiana, Vacaville Christian Schools in California) among the application grants.

 

More here: http://www.radiosurvivor.com/2014/01/15/fcc-begins-to-grant-lpfm-applications/

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LPFM Watch: Reviewing 2013, looking ahead to 2014 | Radio Survivor

LPFM Watch: Reviewing 2013, looking ahead to 2014 | Radio Survivor | LPFM | Scoop.it

by Paul Riismandel

January 9, 2014

 

Summing up the past year in LPFM is not difficult. We had the second-ever licensing opportunity, wherein 2780 applications for new community radio stations were submitted. While that was fewer than many advocates had predicted or hoped for, it’s undeniable that this licensing window will lead to a significant expansion in community radio in the US.

 

The Scorecard

 

Thanks to REC Networks’ LPFM scorecard we know that so far the FCC has accepted 1298 applications (47%) for filing. It means these applications passed initial scrutiny for any glaring errors or failures and Audio Division staff are busying doing full reviews in order to assign construction permits. Another 356 applications, 12.8% of all submitted, have been dismissed for an assortment of reasons, like being technically unfeasible or having an unqualified applicant.

 

More here: http://www.radiosurvivor.com/2014/01/09/lpfm-watch-reviewing-2013-looking-ahead-to-2014/

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Little Raleigh Radio wants to be the Triangle's latest addition to the FM dial

Little Raleigh Radio wants to be the Triangle's latest addition to the FM dial | LPFM | Scoop.it

by Jane Porter

Jan. 2, 2014

 

In a shoebox of a room in a building off St. Mary's Street stuffed with soundboards, microphones, digital consoles and coils and coils of wire, Kelly Reid and Jacob Downey are making radio.

 

Reid and Downey are the duo behind Little Raleigh Radio, a proposed low power FM station with an intensely local focus. "Our goal is to create something that's eclectic and accessible at the same time," Reid says. "We're trying to build something that is community-driven and community-focused but also is sexy and that has desire and that people want to keep listening to."

 

LPFM stations are relatively rare. Only two exist in the Triangle: WCOM, 103.5 in Carrboro and WRLY, 93.5, which covers primarily a small section of northeastern Raleigh. If awarded the frequency that Reid and Downey have requested—106.5— Little Raleigh Radio will reach listeners within southeast Raleigh and inside the beltline.

 

However, LRR has competition. Four religious groups, including one from Texas, are also vying for 106.5, indicating that despite LPFM's weak signal—stations can broadcast at no more than 100 watts, which covers about 3.5 miles—these frequencies are coveted, even in the age of Internet and satellite radio.

 

More here: http://www.indyweek.com/indyweek/little-raleigh-radio-wants-to-be-the-triangles-latest-addition-to-the-fm-dial/Content?oid=3796003

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Will Aimee Semple McPherson win the Low Power FM sweepstakes? | Radio Survivor

Will Aimee Semple McPherson win the Low Power FM sweepstakes? | Radio Survivor | LPFM | Scoop.it

by Matthew Lasar

Dec. 26, 2013

 

I cannot predict which of the thousands of applicants for Low Power FM radio stations will win frequencies from the Federal Communications Commission next year, but of one thing I am sure. Many of the winners will be churches, especially in the south and southwest. You do not have to be a spiritual psychic to figure this out. Just look at the FCC’s list of mutually exclusive LPFM applications and it is obvious. Take, for example, the list of filers for a single Houston, Texas area LPFM signal:

 

Betesda Iglesia Hispana International
Bread Of Life, Inc.
Centro Cristiano Mundial Fe Y Amor Inc.
Fundacion Arte Catolico Christiano
His Sanctuary Ministries Usa International, Inc.
Iglesia Mundial De Oracion Inc
Ntd Public Media
Nueva Jerusalen Church
Positive Broadcasting Company

 

More here: http://www.radiosurvivor.com/2013/12/26/will-aimee-semple-mcpherson-win-the-low-power-fm-sweepstakes/

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Low Power FM in Texas: the next wave | Radio Survivor

Low Power FM in Texas: the next wave | Radio Survivor | LPFM | Scoop.it

by Matthew Lasar

Dec. 19, 2013

 

I was happy to see that our friend Jim Ellinger’s Low Power FM event last Saturday in Austin, Texas went well. ”Half a dozen applicants, commissioners and academics, radio talent and sponsors showed up,” the Austin Airwaves Facebook page reports. “A phone in call from Ian Smith of the Prometheus Radio Project answered a lot of questions. Good meeting!”

 

Reading this, I went back to the Federal Communications Commission’s recent posting of LPFM mutually exclusive [MX] application clusters and noticed something: there are a lot of Low Power FM applications in the Lone Star State.

 

Austin, for example, has a cluster of six, which includes the Workers Defense Project, at whose headquarters the LPFM meeting took place. Dallas/Fort Worth has an MX cluster of thirteen around two LPFM channels.

 

More here: http://www.radiosurvivor.com/2013/12/19/low-power-fm-in-texas-the-next-wave/

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Addison given go-ahead for radio station­

Addison given  go-ahead for radio station­ | LPFM | Scoop.it

by Dan Cherry

Feb. 1, 2014

 

A low-power FM radio station could come to Addison Community Schools this fall, part of what the administration is calling an expansion of educational opportunities at the school.

 

Superintendent Steve Guerra said Tuesday he had received word from board trustee Mike Murphy that the Federal Communications Commission has approved the district’s application paperwork for launching the station. Murphy has prior experience in radio broadcasting and has been guiding the district in the process.

 

The proposed digital station would be student-run and would be used for educational and occupational purposes, Guerra said. It would also be used to broadcast home sporting events live. The station would be at 95.7 FM and would have a broadcast range of approximately 31⁄2 miles. Call letters for the station have yet to be determined.


Read more: http://www.lenconnect.com/article/20140201/News/140139712#ixzz2tFan53RU

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Sisters radio has new burst of energy - Nugget Newspaper - Sisters, Oregon

by Bill Mintiens

Jan. 28, 2014

 

Sisters' very own community radio station, KZSO 94.9 LPFM, has gone through several stages of life - and near-death - since its first broadcast from Sisters High School back in August of 2005.

The station is now coming back strong with a new location in the Sisters Art Works building, a committed steering committee, and a focused mission of providing quality community radio service in Sisters Country.

KZSO's origins in Sisters stem from Mike and Jan Gould's vision in 2000. They believed the community could benefit from a community radio station.

"We got involved because of the belief that community radio would be a great asset for our community, and I had a narrow area of expertise that could facilitate the process," said Mike.

Low-power FM (LPFM) radio service was opened up by the FCC (Federal Communications Commission) in January of 2000. Stations around the country applied for and were authorized for "noncommercial educational broadcasting" only; meaning no traditional commercials like those heard on commercial radio stations. 

 

More here: http://www.nuggetnews.com/main.asp?SectionID=8&SubSectionID=8&ArticleID=21955

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Home-grown KFUG is DN's open mic

Home-grown KFUG is DN's open mic | LPFM | Scoop.it

by Adam Spencer

Jan. 23, 2014

 

“I absolutely plan on sticking with this and getting involved with the local radio station wherever I go to college or start my career,” said 14-year-old Chase Reilley, sitting back from the microphone during a set-break of his “An Alternative Universe” music show broadcast on KFUG Community Radio in Crescent City.

 

Going by the DJ name Rockin’ Reilley, he and his friend Taylor “T-Smash” Patch, also 14, have been co-hosting the 3 to 5 p.m. Tuesday show since June, and the radio duo, who both get school credit for producing the show, couldn’t be more excited about KFUG’s upgrade last weekend to a 100-watt FM receiver. Leaving their AM signal in the dust, KFUG is now broadcast at 101.1 FM throughout Del Norte County from Klamath to Smith River.

 

“This is really amazing,” Patch said, from KFUG’s storefront-window studio. “It’s like a step up from a stone wheel to a car… maybe not the same leap — but it feels the same.”

Sharon Mahoney's insight:

The writer meant to say above that KFUG was upgraded to a 100-watt FM transmitter, not "receiver." Oops.

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Meow! Get ready for Low Power FM radio for cats and dogs | Radio Survivor

Meow! Get ready for Low Power FM radio for cats and dogs | Radio Survivor | LPFM | Scoop.it

by Matthew Lasar

Jan. 24, 2014

 

The Federal Communications Commission has approved Low Power FM licenses to two animal advocacy groups: Flash Cats Animal Advocacy of Mississippi and Cause 4 Paws of Indiana.

Moar here:  http://www.radiosurvivor.com/2014/01/24/meow-get-ready-for-low-power-fm-radio-for-cats-and-dogs/

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Edgar Radio Station Off Air, For Now

Edgar Radio Station Off Air, For Now | LPFM | Scoop.it

Jan. 22, 2014

 For the last three years, Dustin Williams of Edgar has operated a hobby radio station, broadcasting a mix of his favorite music and some syndicated BBC programs to listeners within city limits.

 

His 100 milliwatt limitation under the hobby station received an upgrade last Friday when Williams’ received his license from the Federal Communications Commission for an LP-FM frequency.

 

The license gave his KCGW-LP Williams Life Radio the ability to broadcast at 100 watts, which, he estimates, would give his signal about a 30-mile radius.

 

At 2 p.m. on Friday, Williams received the license.

 

Fourteen hours later, though, he had to shut down his broadcast.

 

More here: http://www.theclaycountynews.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2545:edgar-radio-station-off-air-for-now&catid=3:featured-articles

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Local groups seeking old-school radio stations - The Sacramento Bee

Local groups seeking old-school radio stations - The Sacramento Bee | LPFM | Scoop.it

by Ed Fletcher

Jan. 17, 2014

 

In the age of streaming music, free podcasts and digital downloads, more than a dozen Sacramento area nonprofits are trying to launch old-fashioned radio stations in 2014.

 

Fourteen local groups have applications pending with the Federal Communications Commissionto launch low-power FM stations. The opportunity – poised to reverse the long-term trend toward big media consolidation of theradio waves – comes after years of lobbying by interest groups.

 

While the National Association of Broadcasterssought to maintain the current radio landscape, advocates led by the Prometheus Radio Projectsought to persuade the FCC to allow nonprofits to utilize frequencies in between those used by existing commercial broadcasts.


Read more here: http://www.sacbee.com/2014/01/17/6079709/local-groups-seeking-old-school.html

 

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Radio World : Blog - I’ve Got High Hopes

Radio World : Blog - I’ve Got High Hopes | LPFM | Scoop.it

by Dan Slentz

Jan. 16, 2014

 

This is the latest edition of Dan Slentz’s quest to start an LPFM radio station.

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Wednesday, Jan. 15th, was a banner day for a group of LPFM applicants (myself included). The FCC granted a large group of applicants their official construction permits. This means “the clock is ticking” with 18 months to build, license, and launch their LPFMs.

 

For me, this journey started over 30 years ago when I, as just a kid, dreamed of starting my own radio station (as is the case with many LPFM applicants). But as the tides of ownership changed from mom & pop stations to group owners, the price of purchasing a station or bidding on a commercial CP went above the means of most people, the dream of owning a station quickly started vanishing. Now being a part of an LPFM (not “owning” since no individuals can actually “own” a station as they must be part of a nonprofit organization) has become a reality.

 

So what’s next? Well, now is the part where the boards and members of these nonprofit organizations must really start beating the pavement to bring in the capital needed to build their stations. Also, the flood of “junk email” has started with many people offering to supply gear. One mail indicated that you could do everything for about $5k.

 

More here: http://www.radioworld.com/default.aspx?tabid=75&entryid=989

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Radio World: FCC Begins LPFM CP Approvals

Radio World: FCC Begins LPFM CP Approvals | LPFM | Scoop.it

by Leslie Stimson and Paul McLane

Jan. 15, 2014

 

The FCC has begun issuing construction permits for additional low-power FM stations. Grants from the Audio Division of the Media Bureau are appearing in the commission's Consolidated Database System.

 

Consultant Michi Bradley of REC Networks has listed various grants on her Twitter feed. And here is an entry for an LPFM permit in Dover, Ohio, as pursued by RW contributor Dan Slentz. Bradley said Center Pole Inc. of Garryowen, Mont., was the first one to be granted, Facility 195668.

 

Looking at the name of the community, one wag wrote to Radio World, "Someone at the FCC has a great sense of humor."

 

See more at: http://www.radioworld.com/article/fcc-begins-lpfm-cp-approvals/223233

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ART ON THE RADIO | A community radio station devoted to art operates on the Internet while trying to make the FM dial

by Elizabeth Kramer

Jan. 15, 2014

 

Late last summer, a notice went out by email blast and over Facebook inviting people to a meeting about a new radio station, prompting about 50 people to show up at a stark, vacant building at 829 E. Market St. Among the group were artists, musicians, people who had worked for local media outlets and many who were just curious about this new creative endeavor.

 

Sharon Scott introduced herself and her dream — to have a low-powered FM radio station dedicated to art. She and a few dozen cohorts had a name for it: ART x FM.

 

They had laid some groundwork — obtaining legal nonprofit status a year earlier and meeting with key people in the community and artists who could support the effort. One of them was Kris Kimel, president and co-founder of the Kentucky Science and Technology Corp. and founder of IdeaFestival.

 

More here: http://www.courier-journal.com/article/20130915/SCENE05/140115006/ART-RADIO-community-radio-station-devoted-art-operates-Internet-while-trying-make-FM-dial

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How ultra-local radio has sparked airwaves revival

How ultra-local radio has sparked airwaves revival | LPFM | Scoop.it

by Joe Bill

January 5, 2014

 

BRFM radio, Minster (PIC: Ady Kerry)

When the era of television dawned, the smart money was on the decline of radio.

 

After all, with all-singing, all-dancing TV beaming images into our front rooms, just why would we need to be entertained by that distant voice emerging from our radio sets?

 

Yet radio’s very simpliciticy and ease of delivery has proved like a suit of armour.

 

Be it a voice for the lonely or a free ticket to the world of music for adolescents, radio continues to fulfil a vital role and remains a comfortably affordable platform – a basic set, after all, will set you back just a few pounds.

 

And while technological breakthroughs mean we can now summon movies, TV and music via broadband in the twinkling of an eye, radio simply surfed in on the back of it.

 

It is the format which refuses to die; not only maintaining an audience share, but on a local level flourishing once again.

 

More here: http://www.kentnews.co.uk/news/how_ultra_local_radio_has_sparked_airwaves_revival_1_3174533

Sharon Mahoney's insight:

This is a UK-based story, but most of what it has to say, especially about local radio serving its community, is applicable to the US. 

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Radio World: LPFM Application Tally Surprises

Radio World: LPFM Application Tally Surprises | LPFM | Scoop.it

by Randy J. Stine

Jan. 2, 2014

 

WASHINGTON — The low-power expansion of the FM dial will not include as many stations as some LPFM faithful had estimated. The FCC said some 2,819 applications were filed in the LPFM window, which closed in November. Some LPFM supporters had predicted upwards of 10,000 applications. The typical cost for putting a LPFM on the air — cited as $15,000 to $20,000 by some observers — could have been a deterrent. Other observers believe self-filers may have been discouraged because they felt they lacked the technical expertise needed to file an LPFM application.

Low-power FM stations, which broadcast at a maximum of 100 watts and typically reach seven to 10 mile from the antenna, must be licensed to non-profit entities; they often are operated by community groups, schools and churches. 

There were 3,258 low-power FM applications filed in the first window in 2000–2001, according to FCC data. Today there are approximately 800 licensed LPFMs.

The commission has begun processing the new applications. It was expected to reject some because of errors; it then is expected to begin issuing construction permits soon after the first of the year. That would be a “lightning-fast pace for the FCC,” according to one observer.

See more at: http://www.radioworld.com/article/lpfm-application-tally-surprises-/223002

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Radio World: Some Basic Definitions

Radio World: Some Basic Definitions | LPFM | Scoop.it

by Dan Slentz

Dec. 20, 2013

 

The following terms appear in Dan Slentz’s eBook article about building an LPFM. They are explained in only basic terms here for readers who may not be familiar with them. Detailed definitions can be found via numerous online resources. 

STUDIO TECH RACK TERMS

AoIP or Audio over Internet Protocol — Similar to VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol in telephone systems), Audio over Internet Protocol is the latest in audio board technologies, where digital uncompressed audio is delivery over a single Cat-5e/6 cable between studios and gear. The audio characteristics are of full CD quality and noise/interference are better rejected by twisted pair audio than traditional wiring. Additionally (and unlike AES digital audio or balanced analog audio), control of equipment can be made through the AoIP interface, and cable and connectors (RJ-45) are both less expensive than traditional wiring. 

Cat-5e / Cat-6 — This is the cabling use for computer connections (including AoIP). Cat-5 is the older standard that is steadily being replace by Cat-5e and/or Cat-6. Though 5e or 6 cable can be used for video (with the use of baluns) or telephone, it’s most frequently used in computer connections or for data.

Mix-Minus — The ability to give a phone caller who is on-the-air the sound out of the audio console (the “mix) minus their own voice (the “minus”). Without this ability, you would create a “loop of sound” (callers voice to board to caller to board to caller… etc.) creating a feedback loop.

More here: http://www.radioworld.com/article/some-basic-definitions/222912

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