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Researchers bypass the blood-brain barrier, widening treatment options for neurodegenerative and central nervous system disease | KurzweilAI

Researchers bypass the blood-brain barrier, widening treatment options for neurodegenerative and central nervous system disease | KurzweilAI | Longevity science | Scoop.it

The first known method to permanently bypass the blood-brain barrier*, using mucosa, or the lining of the nose, has been demonstrated by researchers in the department of Otology and Laryngology at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear/Harvard Medical School and the Biomedical Engineering Department of Boston University.

The method opens the door to new treatment options for those with neurodegenerative and CNS disease.

 

 

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Brain cells made from urine | KurzweilAI

Brain cells made from urine | KurzweilAI | Longevity science | Scoop.it
Getting neurons from cells discarded in urine, may one day help develop therapies for neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson's disease (credit: Lihui
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Parkinson’s breakthrough could slow disease progression | KurzweilAI

Parkinson’s breakthrough could slow disease progression | KurzweilAI | Longevity science | Scoop.it

Northwestern University scientists have developed a new family of compounds that could slow the progression of Parkinson’s disease.

 

Parkinson’s, the second most common neurodegenerative disease, is caused by the death of dopamine neurons, resulting in tremors, rigidity and difficulty moving. Current treatments target the symptoms but do not slow the progression of the disease.

 

The compounds work by blocking calcium. The compounds target and shut a relatively rare membrane protein that allows calcium to flood into dopamine neurons.

 

 

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Promising compound restores memory loss and reverses symptoms of Alzheimer’s | KurzweilAI

Promising compound restores memory loss and reverses symptoms of Alzheimer’s | KurzweilAI | Longevity science | Scoop.it

New research in the FASEB Journal by NIH scientists suggests that a small molecule called TFP5 rescues plaques and tangles by blocking an overactive brain signal, thereby restoring memory in mice with Alzheimer’s — without obvious toxic side effects.

 

“We hope that clinical trial studies in AD patients yield an extended and a better quality of life, as observed in mice upon TFP5 treatment,” said Harish C. Pant, Ph.D., a senior researcher involved in the work from the Laboratory of Neurochemistry at the National Institute of Neurological Disorders at Stroke at the National Institutes of Health.

 

 

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New stem-cell-derived cells hold promise for Alzheimer’s, other brain diseases | KurzweilAI

In neurodegenerative diseases, the choroid plexus and CPECs age prematurely, resulting in reduced CSF formation and decreased ability to flush out the plaque-forming proteins that are a hallmark of Alzheimer’s.

 

Transplant studies have provided proof of concept for CPEC-based therapies. However, such therapies have been hindered by the inability to expand or generate CPECs in culture.

 

“Our method is promising, because for the first time we can use stem cells to create large amounts of these epithelial cells, which could be utilized in different ways to treat neurodegenerative diseases,” said Monuki, an associate professor of pathology & laboratory medicine and developmental & cell biology at UCI.

 

 

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