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Moving cells with light holds medical promise | KurzweilAI

Moving cells with light holds medical promise | KurzweilAI | Longevity science | Scoop.it

Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have shown they can coax cells to move toward a beam of light. The feat is a first step toward manipulating cells to control factors such as insulin secretion or heart rate using light.

 

Their research is published April 8 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

 

“We have succeeded in using light as a kind of on-off switch to control cells’ behavior,” says principal investigator N. Gautam, PhD, a professor of anesthesiology. “Much of the way cells behave is due to their ability to sense signals in the environment. In these experiments, what the cells sense is the presence of light.”

 

 

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Insulin “docking“ breakthrough could lead to better diabetes treatments

Insulin “docking“ breakthrough could lead to better diabetes treatments | Longevity science | Scoop.it

Despite decades of study, scientists remained unsure as to how insulin binds to the insulin receptor on the surface of cells to allow them to take up sugar from the blood and transform it into energy.

 

Now, a definitive answer has now been found with a team of scientists capturing the first three-dimensional images of insulin “docking” to its receptor.

 

It is hoped that the new knowledge can be exploited to develop new and improved insulin medications to treat type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

 

 

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