One exception: Many experts recommend Vitamin D supplements for kids of all ages.
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In the last 100 years vitamins have been found to play vital roles in our health and wellbeing, but the full benefits of many vitamins is yet to be elucidated.In this special edition article NutraIngredients looks at some of the areas of vitamin...
Why Do Homocysteine-Lowering B Vitamin and Antioxidant E Vitamin Supplementations Appear To Be Ineffective in the Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases?
A review published in Cardiovascular Therapeutics examined recent reports of ineffective vitamin supplements. They found that some of the studies were poorly designed and inconclusive. There may have been complications due to subjects medications, as well.
The report concludes that vitamin use for cardiovascular disease cannot be scientifically rejected based solely on these studies. The authors believe that further research should be conducted to investigate the uses of vitamins for disease prevention.
Taking a multivitamin supplement daily can improve cognitive performance in both children and adults, say UK researchers.
A series of neurological studies evaluated multi-vitamin usage amongst men, women and children. The findings associated supplementation with improved cognitive effects and mood.
In a randomized trial that included nearly 15,000 male physicians and started in 1997, long-term daily multivitamin use resulted in a modest, but statistically significant, reduction in cancer after more than a decade of treatment and follow-up, according to a study appearing in JAMA that was released Wednesday. The multivitamin used in the study was Pfizer's Centrum Silver.
The Council for Responsible Nutrition (CRN), the dietary supplement industry's leading trade association, has released its comprehensive report, The Benefits of Nutritional Supplements (4th Edition).
The updated book assesses the current state of the science on the health benefits associated with select nutritional supplements. It looks at positive studies as well as null and negative study results.
Specifically, the report addresses multivitamins, antioxidants (vitamins C and E), calcium, long chain omega-3 fatty acids (fish oils), vitamin D, vitamins B-6 and B-12, fiber and folic acid.
The report can be downloaded (individual chapters or in its entirety) at the CRN website.
The U.S. National Poison Data System has published its 2010 annual report on poisonings.
There are 60 billion doses of vitamin and mineral supplements taken per year in the USA, with zero fatalities reported.
Of all reports made to Poison Control, those that involved vitamins or minerals caused zero deaths (and very few incidents).
There were no reported deaths related to multiple vitamins, any of the B vitamins, vitamins A, C, D, or E; or any other vitamin.
There was a small number of incidents listed under minerals. These mainly related to iron (not supplement pills) and sodium.
Source: Bronstein AC, Spyker DA, Cantilena LR Jr, Green JL, Rumack BH, Dart RC. 2010 Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers' National Poison Data System (NPDS): 28th Annual Report.
Minerals, page 131 of report (pdf page 163)
Vitamins, pages 137-139 (pdf 169-171)
(203 page pdf report: http://www.aapcc.org/dnn/Portals/0/2010%20NPDS%20Annual%20Report.pdf )