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Hydrogel keeps implants from being rejected – in mice

Hydrogel keeps implants from being rejected – in mice | Longevity science | Scoop.it

No matter what sort of wondrous implantable medical devices are created, they’re not going to do anyone much good if the recipient's body simply rejects them. With that in mind, scientists at the University of Washington have developed a synthetic biomaterial that they claim is “exceptional” at keeping implanted materials from being attacked by the immune system.

 

 

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Artificial retina receives FDA approval | KurzweilAI

Artificial retina receives FDA approval | KurzweilAI | Longevity science | Scoop.it

In an historic move, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted market approval to an artificial retina technology, the first bionic eye to be approved for patients in the U.S.

 

 

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Implanted hearing aid uses bone conduction to bypass defective middle ear

Implanted hearing aid uses bone conduction to bypass defective middle ear | Longevity science | Scoop.it

There may soon be help for people who have been rendered functionally deaf by problems of the middle ear. Researchers from Sweden’s Chalmers University of Technology have developed an implant that bypasses the defective middle ear, transmitting sounds to the inner ear by sending vibrations right through the skull bone.

 

 

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A novel thought-controlled prosthesis for amputees | KurzweilAI

A novel thought-controlled prosthesis for amputees | KurzweilAI | Longevity science | Scoop.it

An implantable robotic arm controlled by thoughts is being developed by Chalmers University of Technology industrial doctoral student Max Ortiz Catalan in Sweden.

 

Ever since the 1960s, amputees have been able to use prostheses controlled by electrical impulses in the muscles, their functionality is limited because they are difficult to control, according to Catalan.

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Alexis GC's curator insight, February 13, 2013 8:50 PM

Definitivamente un post digno de RESCOOP
La idea es excelente, poco invasiva y con una muy alta probabilidad de éxito, además de ser totalmente revolucionaria pues hasta ahora no se han podido tomar los impusos electricos directamente de los nervios correspondientes para lograr el movimiento voluntario de una prótesis, con esta idea se aumentará la estabilidad de las señales captadas por los electrodos y podrán realizarse movimientos mucho más finos.

Excelente contenido, bien distribuído y perfectamente referenciado.

Puntaje 9.5 

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Bio-Retina to enter clinical trials in 2013

Bio-Retina to enter clinical trials in 2013 | Longevity science | Scoop.it

At least 25-30 million people worldwide have age-related macular degeneration (AMD), one of the leading causes of blindness in middle-aged and older adults.

 

Israeli start-up Nano Retina has announced its new Bio-Retina, a tiny array of photodetectors which can be implanted directly on the retinal surface. Ready to enter clinical trials in 2013, the Bio-Retina restores vision to AMD sufferers almost immediately following the simple implantation process.

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Extending People’s Lives – One Artificial Heart At A Time | Singularity Hub

A retired high-school teacher has become the first person in New England to receive an artificial heart. James Carelli, 66-years-old, was suffering from a rare condition that leads to total heart failure if left untreated. As with many others who have received an artificial heart, the substitute buys Carelli the vital extra time he needs while waiting for the real thing.

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Lab-grown human blood vessels could help study diseases, grow tissues for transplant

Lab-grown human blood vessels could help study diseases, grow tissues for transplant | Longevity science | Scoop.it

A team of bioengineers at the University of Washington has developed the first structure for growing small human blood vessels in the laboratory. The vessels behave remarkably like those in a living human and offer a better and much more modular approach to studying blood-related diseases, testing drugs and, one day, growing human tissues for transplant.

The past year alone has brought remarkable advances in blood vessel regrowth in the human body...

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Personalized bone substitutes created from skin cells | KurzweilAI

Personalized bone substitutes created from skin cells | KurzweilAI | Longevity science | Scoop.it

Patient-specific bone substitutes from skin cells for repair of large bone defects are now possible, thanks to research by a team of New York Stem Cell Foundation (NYSCF) Research Institute scientists.

 

The study represents a major advance in personalized reconstructive treatments for patients with bone defects resulting from disease or trauma. It promises to lead to customizable, three-dimensional bone grafts on-demand, matched to fit the exact needs and immune profile of a patient.

 

 

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Team Of Doctors Successfully Perform Double Arm Transplant On Veteran

Team Of Doctors Successfully Perform Double Arm Transplant On Veteran | Longevity science | Scoop.it

The most extensive bilateral arm transplant to date has been successfully achieved thanks to an interdisciplinary team of doctors and nurses at John Hopkins Hospital. The operation, which was performed on December 18, lasted 13 hours and involved 16 physicians from orthopedics, vascular medicine, plastic surgery, and other disciplines from five hospitals.

 

 

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Lab-grown brain tissue might lead to bioengineered implants

Lab-grown brain tissue might lead to bioengineered implants | Longevity science | Scoop.it

A team of researchers from MIT and Harvard Medical School have devised a cheap way of artificially growing three-dimensional brain tissues in the lab. Built layer by layer, the tissues can take on just about any shape and closely mimic the cellular composition of the tissue found in the living brain.

 

The advance could allow scientists to get a closer look at how neurons form connections, predict how cells of individual patients will respond to different drugs, and even lead to the creation of bioengineered implants to replace damaged brain tissue.

 

In recent years, we've seen big leaps forward in the technology we use to grow artificial bones, cartilage and blood vessels. As of late, scientists have even managed to grow biocompatible (though not naturalistic) brain tissue. One big hurdle remains, however: brain tissue contains thousands of different cell types, all intricately interconnected and present in varying concentrations in different areas of the brain, which is tough to recreate in the lab.

 

 

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Woman’s Ear Regrown In Her Forearm | Singularity Hub

Woman’s Ear Regrown In Her Forearm | Singularity Hub | Longevity science | Scoop.it

Doctors at Johns Hopkins University were able to give a woman her ear back by first growing it beneath the skin of her forearm.

 

The doctors reconstructed an incomplete ear using the limited amount of skin she had left on her face and neck for reconstruction. The ear was then planted beneath the skin of her forearm.

 

Cartilage from Walter’s rib cage, and skin and arteries from other areas of her body were placed in her arm...

 

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"Exercise" shown to improve the performance of lab-grown muscle implants

"Exercise" shown to improve the performance of lab-grown muscle implants | Longevity science | Scoop.it

We all know that you need to exercise if you want to develop your muscles. As it turns out, however, exercise also makes lab-grown muscle implants more effective when introduced to the body.

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Vein grown from stem cells saves 10-year-old girl

Doctors in Sweden have replaced a vital blocked blood vessel in a 10-year-old girl using the first vein grown in a lab from a patient's own stem cells.

 

The successful transplant operation, reported online in The Lancet medical journal on Thursday, marks a further advance in the search for ways to make new body parts.

 

It could open the door to stem cell-based grafts for heart bypass and dialysis patients who lack suitable blood vessels for replacement surgery, and the Swedish team said it is now working with an undisclosed company to commercialize the process.

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Same Kidney Transplanted Twice | Singularity Hub

Same Kidney Transplanted Twice | Singularity Hub | Longevity science | Scoop.it

Kidneys make up about 80 percent of transplanted organs. One kidney was transplanted into a young patient with a common disease called focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). After transplant, the donor kidney started growing diseased.

 

But it wasn't the end of the line for that transplanted kidney. Something unusual occurred- the same kidney was transplanted into another patient and the disease was reversed.

 

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