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America's Poverty-Education Link

America's Poverty-Education Link | Lockwood Schools Superintendent | Scoop.it
America, the land of opportunity, needs to create those opportunities for all its children.
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Lockwood Schools Superintendent
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Mindsets: Why Do Some People Learn Faster?

Mindsets: Why Do Some People Learn Faster? | Lockwood Schools Superintendent | Scoop.it
Do we ignore mistakes, brushing them aside for the sake of our self-confidence? Or do we investigate the errors, seeking to learn from the snafus? The latter approach, suggests a series of studies, could make you learn faster.

 

Jonah Lehrer writes:

 

One of the essential lessons of learning, which is that people learn how to get it right by getting it wrong again and again."

 

"Education isn’t magic. Education is the wisdom wrung from failure."

 

"A new study, forthcoming in Psychological Science, and led by Jason Moser at Michigan State University, expands on this important concept. The question at the heart of the paper is simple: Why are some people so much more effective at learning from their mistakes? After all, everybody screws up. The important part is what happens next. Do we ignore the mistake, brushing it aside for the sake of our self-confidence? Or do we investigate the error, seeking to learn from the snafu?"

 

Growth Mindset 

 

"It turned out that those subjects with a growth mindset were significantly better at learning from their mistakes. Because the subjects were thinking about what they got wrong, they learned how to get it right."

 

"Fear of failure (fixed mindset) can actually inhibit learning."

 

Praise: How Matters

 

Students praised for their intelligence almost always chose to bolster their self-esteem by comparing themselves with students who had performed worse on the test.

 

In contrast, kids praised for their hard work were more interested in the higher-scoring exams. They wanted to understand their mistakes, to learn from their errors, to figure out how to do better.

 

The experience of failure had been so discouraging for the “smart” kids that they actually regressed.

 

The problem with praising kids for their innate intelligence — the “smart” compliment — is that it misrepresents the psychological reality of education. It encourages kids to avoid the most useful kind of learning activities, which is when we learn from our mistakes.

 

Foresaking Self-Improvement for the Sake of Self-Confidence

 

Unless we experience the unpleasant symptoms of being wrong the mind will never revise its models.

 

We’ll keep on making the same mistakes, forsaking self-improvement for the sake of self-confidence. Samuel Beckett had the right attitude: “Ever tried. Ever failed. No matter. Try Again. Fail again. Fail better.”

 

 


Via Mel Riddile
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Carol Rine's curator insight, March 11, 2014 9:56 PM

My Cheetah Chat two weeks ago was about the importance of a GROWTH mindset.

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Formative Assessment Works

by Mel Riddile

 

Formative assessment or assessment for learning is a proven strategy to improve student achievement.


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Mel Riddile's curator insight, January 10, 5:50 PM

“Formative assessment is a planned process in which teachers or students use assessment-based evidence to adjust what they're currently doing.

• Formative assessment is a planned process in which assessment-elicited evidence of students' status is used by teachers to adjust their ongoing instructional procedures or by students to adjust their current learning tactics.

• Because formative assessment has been shown to improve students' in-class learning, many educators have adopted it in the hope that it will also raise their students' performances on accountability tests.

• The expanded use of formative assessment is supported not only by instructional logic but also by the conclusions of a well-conceived and skillfully implemented meta-analysis by Paul Black and Dylan Wiliam.” (Popham, 2008)After synthesizing over 250 publications, Black and Wiliam, concluded that formative assessment is perhaps the most effective educational practice when it comes to improving academic achievement. In addition, formative assessment has a disproportionately beneficial impact on low‐achieving students. http://www.hanoverresearch.com/media/The-Impact-of-Formative-Assessment-and-Learning-Intentions-on-Student-Achievement.pdfIn 


In 2009, John Hattie published a meta-meta-analysis of education research called Visible Learning: A synthesis of over 800 meta-analyses relating to achievement. In that study, Hattie found that formative assessment, when done correctly, had the highest effect size on student learning compared with other classroom strategies.


In recent years, neuroscientists have reported that retrieval practice—recalling and applying previously learning—had a huge impact (as much as 50%) on student retention of learned content. Combining retrieval practice and formative assessment can significantly reduce forgetting and increase retention of lesson content.


Each school’s instructional framework provides teachers with numerous opportunities to use formative assessments in the beginning and ending of a lesson as well as when engaging students and during student practice in the body of the lesson. Teachers use formative assessment to see if the students have mastered the content of the lesson—did they get it?


Note that mastery means that the students can demonstrate both that they ‘know’ the content and that they can apply what they learned to future or past learning.


Formative Assessment in the Beginning and Ending of the Lesson


• Purposeful Learning – The expectation that all activities be purposeful means that teachers always have something to check on or assess for understanding.

• Focusing (Beginning) – Ask students to demonstrate mastery of the previous lesson through bell ringer, do now, or warm up.

• Knowing the Lesson’s Purpose (Beginning) – Ask students to repeat the learning target or essential question in their own words

• Ask students to predict (“prediction effect”) the “why” of the learning target/essential question (Beginning).

• Use a closure activity or ‘exit ticket’ that asks more than comprehension level, regurgitation questions. Ask students to both recall (retrieval practice) and apply what they learned to future or past learning (Ending).

• Purposeful reading, writing, and discussion - Reflection of some kind that addresses learning using evidence from the lesson that connects the learning to something else (Ending).


Formative Assessment in the Body of the Lesson (Practicing and Engagement)


• Connection activities that ask students to link new learning to older learning• Visualization activities where students draw some concept that has been learned

• Question design - ask kids to write their own questions with different levels of Bloom's involved

• Game play where appropriate can be a great tool as well• Blog writing as a reflective or questioning tool

• Mentor activities that ask the student to create something original using the learning as a model

• Problem solving activities where students apply skills to arrive at a solutionIf students can complete any or all of the above, then we know they have demonstrated proficiency on some level. As we seek to move kids to mastery, we need to be acutely aware of their progress.


Beth Crisafulli Hofer's comment, January 10, 6:54 PM
I'm going to add some of these to our framework!
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'That will be a void:' Native education program to shut down after 16 years

'That will be a void:' Native education program to shut down after 16 years | Lockwood Schools Superintendent | Scoop.it
Woodrow Pretty On Top is in the zone.
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How do states support their public schools? Badly, a new 50-state report card shows.

How do states support their public schools? Badly, a new 50-state report card shows. | Lockwood Schools Superintendent | Scoop.it
No state gets better than an overall C on six different criteria by a public education advocacy group.
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Gazette opinion: Keep the date to communicate with Lockwood

Gazette opinion: Keep the date to communicate with Lockwood | Lockwood Schools Superintendent | Scoop.it
If two public elected bodies agree to a public meeting and one then backs out, nobody benefits.
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Explaining key points of the new K-12 education law

Explaining key points of the new K-12 education law | Lockwood Schools Superintendent | Scoop.it
Diane Ravitch asks the questions. The staff director of the Senate education committee answers.
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Redistricting committee removes Lockwood school choice option from potential recommendations

Redistricting committee removes Lockwood school choice option from potential recommendations | Lockwood Schools Superintendent | Scoop.it
The School District 2 redistricting committee narrowed new high school boundary proposals Tuesday, striking the sole remaining option that would have allowed Lockwood students to choose between Senior and Skyview
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Why I’m Fighting My Teachers Union – WSJ

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Great insight from a teacher involved in the Supreme Court case.

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Lockwood shares their experience with seat belts and school buses

Lockwood shares their experience with seat belts and school buses | Lockwood Schools Superintendent | Scoop.it
The talk of seats belts being added to our school buses, is being had by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and the US Department of Transportation, on a nation-wide scale.Lockwood ...
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Splitting one high school into two — What can Bozeman learn from Kalispell?

Splitting one high school into two — What can Bozeman learn from Kalispell? | Lockwood Schools Superintendent | Scoop.it
KALISPELL — Walking into the new Glacier High School feels almost like entering a cathedral instead of a public high school.
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“I would say we are a far better school because we’re smaller,” Langohr said. “Absolutely no question in my mind.”


“You get to know kids,” she said. “We have twice as many kids in activities. … Band, orchestra numbers are double. That’s a huge win for students."

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Lockwood school board named best in the state

Lockwood school board named best in the state | Lockwood Schools Superintendent | Scoop.it
Lockwood School trustees were named School Board of the Year by the Montana Association of School Superintendents on Thursday at the Montana Conference of Education Leadership.
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#commoncore materials have already crept into all the states that have refused to adopt the standards

#commoncore materials have already crept into all the states that have refused to adopt the standards | Lockwood Schools Superintendent | Scoop.it

"The consulting group McRel did an analysis of Nebraska's previous state standards in 2013 and found that 417 of the 546 common-core math standards (or about 76 percent) were addressed by the Nebraska standards.

Epler of the Nebraska education department said he anticipates that, at some point, his organization will do a crosswalk with the new standards, "mainly to support our teachers and schools as many resources (textbooks, etc.) are CCSS-based."

As I've written before, common-core materials have already crept into all the states that have refused to adopt the standards—Nebraska included."


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Education Gap Between Rich and Poor Is Growing Wider

Education Gap Between Rich and Poor Is Growing Wider | Lockwood Schools Superintendent | Scoop.it
Racial disparities in education have narrowed significantly, but the achievement gap between more affluent and less privileged children is wider than ever.
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Coach John Wooden’s Ted Talk: 15 Lessons on the Difference between Winning and Succeeding.

Coach John Wooden’s Ted Talk:  15 Lessons on the Difference between Winning and Succeeding. | Lockwood Schools Superintendent | Scoop.it
These are my 15 takeaways from this inspirational teacher-coach’s speech:
We are all average in some areas, and there is no fault to be assigned or shame in this. “They thought a C was all right for the neighbors’ children, because the neighbors children are all average. But they weren’t satisfied when their own — would make the teacher feel that they had failed, or the youngster had failed. And that’s not right.”
Be the best version of YOU.

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40 Under Forty: Adrian Jawort, freelance writer, owner, Off the Pass Press

40 Under Forty: Adrian Jawort, freelance writer, owner, Off the Pass Press | Lockwood Schools Superintendent | Scoop.it
Adrian Jawort remembers that one of his first journalism projects was interviewing Joe Medicine Crow, the legendary Crow historian and warrior, whose name will appear on a new middle school
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Lockwood Alumnus

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How can schools stop giving students bad tests?

How can schools stop giving students bad tests? | Lockwood Schools Superintendent | Scoop.it
The acting US Secretary of Education said Tuesday that the Department of Education will begin to help states streamline and improve testing in schools by getting rid of 'low-quality, redundant or unhelpful' exams.
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Lockwood trustees discuss school issues, agree to pursue future SD2 meeting

Lockwood trustees discuss school issues, agree to pursue future SD2 meeting | Lockwood Schools Superintendent | Scoop.it
Lockwood school trustees in a meeting Tuesday night focused on finding ways to keep students engaged through activities and class options as students transition to School District 2 high schools.
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Educators Speak Up as Supreme Court Hears Arguments in Friedrichs v. CTA - NEA Today

Educators Speak Up as Supreme Court Hears Arguments in Friedrichs v. CTA - NEA Today | Lockwood Schools Superintendent | Scoop.it
Approximately 500 workers representing a coalition of labor unions expressed their support for working Americans as justices consider Friedrichs lawsuit.
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Lion's Lair 2.0 playground equipment arrives; fundraising finish in sight

Lion's Lair 2.0 playground equipment arrives; fundraising finish in sight | Lockwood Schools Superintendent | Scoop.it
Slides, a 75-foot zipline, swings and more arrived in Lockwood last week as the Lockwood Parent Teacher Association continues to close in on its $230,000 fundraising goal for the Lion’s
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Interim panel tackles Montana school building needs

Interim panel tackles Montana school building needs | Lockwood Schools Superintendent | Scoop.it
Do Montana’s kids have an equal opportunity to receive high quality public education?
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Arts Integration or Arts and Crafts?

Arts Integration or Arts and Crafts? | Lockwood Schools Superintendent | Scoop.it
Arts integration is a gateway for engagement, motivation, and creativity as students use critical thinking skills to they learn content through relevant and individualized projects.
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Foundation worries teachers might (gulp) teach

The Montana Family Foundation wants you to be afraid — scared of your teachers, scared of your school district, scared of "bureaucrats" who are apparently obsessed with body parts and
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SD2 increases its graduation rate but still trails state average

SD2 increases its graduation rate but still trails state average | Lockwood Schools Superintendent | Scoop.it
The proportion of Billings students who graduated high school increased again last year, but so did the number of those who dropped out.
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Hellgate Intermediate School wins National Blue Ribbon School award

Hellgate Intermediate School wins National Blue Ribbon School award | Lockwood Schools Superintendent | Scoop.it
The students and staff at Hellgate Intermediate School in Missoula have now been nationally recognized for their work in making sure all students have the opportunity to succeed in education.
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