Local Areas and Historical Events
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Places in local area associated with historical events
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ANZAC Day Education

ANZAC is the name given to the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps soldiers who landed on the Gallipoli Peninsula in the East Mediterranean early on the morning of 25 April 1915 during the First World War (1914-1918).
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ANZAC DAY MEMORIAL - HYDE PARK SYDNEY

 

This website has a range of activities and informational facts concerning the Anzac Day Memorial in Hyde Park in Sydney which is found on its Memorial page.  The website will need to be used carefully for Stage 1 as some of the content surrounding this topic is aimed at upper primary.

 

Teaching Ideas: Teachers can use this page to begin discussions around importance of past and present people, days and events in the students lives, and how this has impacted upon their lives today.  Have class discussion about Anzac Day, what this day means to the students, if they celebrate it and where - have they been to a memorial like this one in their community on Anzac Day?  The website also has some great links to some teacher resources (again aimed at mostly upper primary), however it has a great PDF in the classroom activities called 'What does Anzac Day mean to you?'  which asks students to write why the day is special, what it means to them and why is it still important today and to draw a picture of Anzac Day.

 

Teaching ideas:  Photo of the memorial up on the whiteboard for students to look at and they can have a discussion about why this memorial was created.  What is the purpose of a memorial?  What does this memorial signify, what does it mean to you? Have the students ever been there? Why is what those soliders did so important to our lives in Australia today?


Literacy: Children books concerning Anzac Day such as 'My Granddad Marches on Anzac Day' by Catriona Hoy and 'Anzac Day Parade' by Glenda Kane and Lisa Allen, which can be used to introduce this topic after the discussion.  Winch (2010 p.91) notes that "The need to use and develop a reader's background knowledge before and during reading is increasingly being seen as vital to effective reading comprehension".

 

References

Winch, G., Johnston, R., March, P., Ljungdahl, L., Holliday, M. (2010). Literacy: reading, writing and children's literature (4th ed).  South Melbourne: Oxford University Press

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ABC TV: Captain Cook

ABC TV: Captain Cook | Local Areas and Historical Events | Scoop.it
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BOTANY BAY

 

This website is a fantastic interactive journey of Captain Cook and his landing in Botany Bay. The website outlines Captain Cook's life from his early years to his death, and explicity maps out his voyages using an interactive map and transcriptions from his journals.

 

At the site of Botany Bay, found in his second voyage, an factual video about the landing as well as other information pops up concerning his landing on 29th April 1770.  On the site that he landed, the video explains that there is a plaque commerating Isaac Smith, who stepped off the boat first onto Australia, as well as a monument to Captain Cook.  The website also shows an important Indigenous perspective of the landing, saying Cook claiming Australia for Europe was highly controversial due to the Aborigines that were already living in Australia

 

Teaching ideas: Watch the ABC TV show 'Captain Cook' found on the website, particulary episode 2 which shows the landing.  After reading out the information page on Botany Bay to the class, and disussing the importance of Captain Cooks landing in Australia, the Aboriginal perspective could be discussed.  Was Captain Cook right in saying the land was now theres? Who did the land belong to? Would that be fair if someone came to Australia now and said it belonged to them now?

 

Literacy: Students could use this resource to look at in computer rooms with a partner, with the teacher asking them to find at least three facts about Captain Cook, Botany Bay and the landing.  These can be written up on a word document which can be printed out and shared with the class. Using technology in classroom activities is important in modern teaching as "technlogy provides opportunities for access to resouces and tools that facilitate the construction of personal meaning by relating new knowledge to existing conceptions and understanding" (Hannafin & Land 1997 as cited in Hermans, Tandeur, Braak & Valke, 2008, pg.1500).

 

Assessment: The word documents can be collected for assessment purposes, as well as all class discussions.

 

References

 

Hermans, Tandeur, Braak and Valke (2008). The impact of primary school teacher's educational beliefs on the classroom use of computers. Accessed from http://www.academia.edu/179454/The_impact_of_primary_school_teachers_educational_beliefs_on_classroom_use_of_computers on the 19th April 2013

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Sydney Harbour Bridge - australia.gov.au

Sydney Harbour Bridge - australia.gov.au | Local Areas and Historical Events | Scoop.it
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This website is an informational website for teachers with many interesting facts and stories about the bridge that should engage students in this important historical place in the local area that was opened in 1932.  The website also has a number of useful links to other websites that may help teachers for this topic.

 

Teaching Ideas:  As a class students can discuss the bridge, and the intersting facts found on the website.  The class can discuss and brainstorm why the bridge might have been built (e.g transport, work and housing opportunities).  Ask a grandparent to come to the class and discuss life in Sydney during the 1920's-1930s during the building of the bridge.  After the talk, ask students to write a letter thanking the person for coming in and what they enjoyed hearing about. Furthur on in the topic, students can work in pairs to create their own bridge design, and construct it using materials such as Lego, containers, string and cardboard.

 

Literacy: Using a non-fiction information book such as 'Building the Harbour Bridge' by John Nicholson, students can not only learn more facts and information about the bridge, but also explore how authors create different text types for different reasons, which is found in the Syllabus English outcome RS1.6-  Draws on an increasing range of skills and strategies when reading and comprehending texts.

 

Assessment:

The class discussions and the letter can be used as an assessment task, as well as the model bridge. 

 

References

 Board of Studies NSW (2007).  English K-6 Syllabus.  Accessed at http://k6.boardofstudies.nsw.edu.au/files/english/k6_english_syl.pdf on the 22nd April 2012.

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Australian War Memorial, London

Australian War Memorial, London | Local Areas and Historical Events | Scoop.it
This memorial in Hyde Park commemorates the service men and women who served in WWI and WWII by listing the names of the towns in which they were born.
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AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL - LONDON

 

Following on from the students work on the Anzac Day Memorial in Hyde Park Sydney, the teacher can use this informational website to discuss the Australian War Memorial in Hyde Park Corner in London.  This global website is dedicated to  the Australian War Memorial that was erected in 1937 to serve as a reminder to all those Australian soliders who lost their lives fighting in the World Wars, alongside English troops.  

 

Teaching Idea:  Teachers can use this website to have a class discussion about the global impact of Australian soliders.  Why do Australia and England have a strong friendship?  The memorial was built by the English to commemorate the sacrifice Australian soliders made to not only Australia, but also to England and the Commonwealth.  Teachers have to take care when discussing these content ideas, as most of the content would be discussed in upper primary years, however this website is a great way to discuss connections between places in the local area - such as the Anzac Day Memorial in Sydney, with this one in London.  What are the similarities between these places? Why were they both built? What is the importance of the friendship between these two countries?  

 

Literacy:  In the computer labs, students can firstly use the interactive feature of being able to visually search the memorial wall.  Students can look at the towns and cities that the soliders came from, and search their own hometown to see where it is on the wall.  Put students into groups to research factual information about Australia and England such as size, population, customs and leaders and make a poster with the information.  It is becoming increasingly more important to provide ICT opportunities in the classroom such as this as Campbell (2009, pg.7) notes that it is "important for schools to provide access, knowledge and skills as they are prepared for life in a modern society".

 

Assessment:  The poster and the presentation to the class of the poster can be used for assessment purposes, as well as the disucssion and participation in the classroom about this topic.

 

References:

Campbell, C. (2009).  The Role of the Internet in the Primary School Classroom: From a teaching and learning perspective. Saarbrucken, Germany: VDM Publishing 

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1790s | My Place for teachers

1790s | My Place for teachers | Local Areas and Historical Events | Scoop.it
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BENNELONG PONT - SYDNEY

 

This website is useful for teachers to gain background knowledge on Bennelong in order to discuss an Aboriginal site that is associated with historical events.

 

Teaching Idea: Read and discuss some information points of the website to the students, such as when he lived, where he was from, what clan we belonged to.  Explain that he was an important historical figure because when the Europeans arrived in Australia, Bennelong was one of the only Aboriginals who tried to form friendships with the Europeans.  Discuss the relationship between Bennelong and Governer Philip and how Bennelong embraced many of the English customs and traditons which upset some of his Indigenous friends and family.   Show the students a picture of the Opera House and if they know what area it sits on - show them a map on the interactive whiteboard of Circular Quay to find out.  In 1791, Governer Phillip built a brick house for Bennelong on the very site that the Opera House still stands and today it is still called Bennelong Point.  Show them a picture of Bennelong's hut and discuss why it would have been built for Bennelong.  In art they can draw and paint a picture of Bennelong's hut.

 

Literacy: 
Indigenous focused book such as 'My Country' and 'A is for Aunty'.  Discuss with the students and ask them to write a diary entry about what they learnt/discussed today about Indigenous Aboriginals and how it made them feel using a format on the board to help them.

 

Assessment: 

Class discussions and questioning students during the discussion is a great form of childrens assessment.  The artwork they do on Bennelongs hut, as well as the literacy activity diary entry can also be used as assessment.

 

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