TRIPOLI (Reuters) - An autonomy movement in eastern Libya said on Sunday it had formed a regional oil firm to start selling crude after seizing several ports, mounting a challenge to the government in...
Della Libia si è parlato sempre meno dopo la caduta di Gheddafi, quasi che dall’intervento occidentale fosse emerso un paese in pace e prosperità. In realtà, la cronaca quotidiana è fitta di scontri fra milizie, furti e rapimenti, conflitti tribali, tensioni fra l’esecutivo e l’Assemblea nazionale, oltre a continui annunci del processo a Saif Al Islam Gheddafi, in barba ai divieti della Corte Penale Internazionale. (Vedere Storify continuamente aggiornato )
La notizia del tutto inattesa è che la Libia - fra i massimi esportatori del miglior greggio su piazza ai tempi di Gheddafi - oggi è costretta ad acquistare all’estero energia per le forniture basilari ai cittadini. (Vedere il Sole24h). Le esportazioni di greggio sono crollate del 70% , la disponibilità è bloccata da uno sciopero iniziato per ragioni salariali. Così pareva all’inizio, ma la vicenda si è rivelata più complessa e ambigua: ci sono di mezzo l’avidità e l’assenza del senso dello stato. I libici si sono sentiti nazione dalla rivoluzione gheddafiana del 1969 fino al 2011, per scivolare poi nella condizione di un insieme di regioni che mal si sopportano.
As if all this weren't enough, more than 1,000 prisoners staged a jailbreak from one of Benghazi's main prisons on Saturday. Many of those who got away were Qaddafi loyalists and extremists; predictably there has been much talk of a conspiracy, but the circumstances remain unclear. Officials are exploring the possibility of a link between the jailbreak and the two explosions in Benghazi. Nuri Abusahmain, president of the General National Congress (GNC), Libya's interim legislature, made a short speech to the nation on Sunday night in which he accused Qaddafi loyalists of trying to destabilize the country.
Many Libyans suspect, however, that it is the Islamists who are behind the killing of Mesmari and others like him. Extremists are exploiting the security vacuum in the country, and are doing their best to deepen it by targeting the security infrastructure. (Professional army officers are among the most frequent targets.)
Political polarization is reaching alarming levels. The authorities in Tripoli are incapable of bringing the security situation under control. No one has been brought to justice for the Benghazi assassinations, and no arrests have been made in connection with the bombings in Benghazi and Tripoli. The authorities have registered the cases against "unknown assailants," a category of people that seem to be able to attack at any time and place with complete impunity.
As a result, Libyans are becoming increasingly suspicious of political parties, whom they suspect of maintaining their own armed wings to influence the political situation. These suspicions were affirmed by various exchanges on Libyan channels between GNC members from the National Forces Alliance and Islamist members. Hours after Mesmari was shot, angry mobs attacked the headquarters of political parties in different Libyan cities and towns, in some cases setting them on fire. The Islamist parties were particularly hard hit. The Muslim Brotherhood's headquarters in Benghazi was ransacked and looted; popular sentiment against the Muslim Brotherhood in Libya seems to be rising exponentially these days. (The backlash against the Brotherhood in neighboring Egypt may have something to do with it.) Some are calling for the movement to be dissolved completely.
Despite winning the majority of the public vote in last year's elections, the National Forces Alliance has been outmaneuvered by the Islamists on a number of occasions, and the election of Abusahmain over al-Wafi seems to be one of them. The Islamist blocs managed to consolidate their grip on the GNC by working together more effectively and supporting compromise candidates like Abusahmain (who in reality is an independent candidate and by many accounts is not an Islamist). When the isolation law comes into force, it is expected that the Islamists will have an even stronger grip on the GNC because their groups are least affected by the new law. This is because one of the articles that targeted the Islamists as a group that reconciled with Qaddafi was dropped from the final draft, which was passed under a gunpoint in Tripoli on May 5, 2013. The militias and their leaders, especially the ones linked to the Islamists and the Muslim Brotherhood, will welcome Abusahmain's election.
BENGHAZI, Libya — At least seven people died and 30 were wounded on Saturday when demonstrators attacked the headquarters in Benghazi of former rebels who had fought to oust Libyan dictator Moamer Kahdafi, a hospital official said.
"At least seven people are dead," said a doctor at Al-Jala hospital in the eastern city, which was the cradle of the anti-Kadhafi uprising in 2011.
"We also have received some 30 wounded," he added, saying the toll could could rise.
Fighting erupted after dozens of demonstrators, some of them armed, tried to dislodge the powerful "Shield of Libya" brigade from its barracks in Benghazi, said an AFP correspondent at the scene.
They encircled the the headquarters and called on regular security forces to step in.
Libya's post-Kadhafi authorities, who have still not managed to form a professional new army and police corps, often call on the "Shield of Libya" to intervene in the various tribal conflicts that trouble the country.
In October, people in Benghazi managed to force other militias from their bases.
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Militias don't want to give the state control of their prisons --- NO ONE EXPLAINS IF THIS IS ALSO ABOUT THE PRISON WHERE IS JAILED SAIF AL ISLAM GADDAFI
Tripoli — Members of the Libyan Interior Ministry's Supreme Security Committee (SSC) on Sunday (March 31st) besieged the justice ministry in Tripoli. The protestors demanded Minister Salah Marghani's resignation after his recent televised remarks where he called some armed groups illegitimate and their prisons illegal.
No prisons may be maintained beyond justice ministry's control," the justice minister warned. "No other ministry can operate prisons beyond the justice ministry." According to Zidan, "the reason for storming the justice ministry building was that the justice minister demanded that all detention facilities and prisons be placed under the legitimacy of state and control of justice ministry, justice ministry's judicial police and the attorney-general".
Ramzy Baroud French troops in Mali The British security firm G4S is set to rake in massive profits thanks to crises in Mali, Libya and Algeria. Recognized as the world’s biggest security fir...
From Libya to Mali a typical story is forming, coupled with lucrative contracts and massive opportunities of all sorts. When private security firms speak of an emerging market in Africa, one is to safely assume that the continent is once more falling prey to growing military ambitions and unfair business conduct. While G4S is likely to polish its tarnished brand, hundreds of thousands of African refugees (800,000 in Mali alone) will continue their endless journeys into unfamiliar borders and unforgiving deserts. Their security matters to no one, for private security firms have no room for penniless refugees.
Saif al-Islam’s first court appearance has deepened fears that his trial won’t be fair. By Jamie Dettmer.
Privately, ICC chiefs agree with that sentiment, a source in The Hague told The Daily Beast. “There’s a mixture of dismay and disbelief here, although little surprise,” the source said. “There’s going to be a collision over this eventually, but at the moment we want to try to dampen down things to see if we can persuade Tripoli that Saif needs to be prosecuted in The Hague—that is, if the new Libya is eager to present a picture of fairness and distance itself from the kind of injustice of the Gaddafi years.”
“Saif needs to be prosecuted in The Hague—that is, if the new Libya is eager to present a picture of fairness and distance itself from the kind of injustice of the Gaddafi years.”
Al via il processo Saif al Islam, il figlio di Gheddafi
TRIPOLI - Si è aperto questa mattina a Zintan, 180 chilometri a sud di Tripoli, il processo a carico di Saif al-Islam Gheddafi, figlio dell'ex leader libico Muammar Gheddafi. Saif, apparso per la prima volta davanti ad un tribunale, dopo la sua cattura avvenuta più di un anno fà, è accusato di "complicità in scambio di informazioni e produzione di documenti che possono mettere in pericolo la sicurezza nazionale", ha spiegato Taha Baraa, il portavoce della procura generale.
Tuttavia, ha ancora spiegato Taha Baraa, il processo è stato subito aggiornato al 2 maggio a causa dell'assenza dell'avvocato, Melinda Taylor.
L'udienza si è svolta a porte chiuse, la stampa non è stata ammessa, con l'unica eccezione della televisione di stato Al-Watania. Il processo al secondogenito di Gheddafi in un tribunale libico vuole essere un segnale forte da parte di Tripoli alla Corte penale internazionale (CPI), a cui la Libia contende il diritto di giudicare l'unico figlio dell'ex leader ad essere detenuto nel Paese nord-africano.
"Don’t believe people of Benghazi bad or ally of Al Qaeda, as the media says. Everything that is happening and has happened in Benghazi was planned in Misrata. Even the attack on the U.S. consulate. "
This from a source of Rinascita originally from Bani Walid who prefers to remain anonymous for his safety. According to the source, the militias of Misrata - supported mainly by Qatar, Turkey, but also by the U.S. - are contending with Benghazi the title of economic capital of the new Libya. "Once the revolution was successful, it was determined that Tripoli was the administrative capital of Libya and Benghazi economic capital. Just after this decision problems started in Benghazi and have begun to turn negative rumors about the city, "as the presence of militias linked to Al Qaeda." At the same time - says the source - Misrata began to gain economic importance, such as through the air connections to other countries." Even after the long trail of killings between military leaders in Benghazi there would be a shadow of Misrata. "The military commander of Cyrenaica tried to stop the siege on Bani Walid by the militias of Misrata. Two days later they tried to kill him. "A week ago the assassins shot to death at the head of security in Benghazi, al-Fradj Dersi, leading to eighteen the number of senior security officials killed in Benghazi this year.”
Hatred in the air people breathe in Libya and there is need of the enemy. The weakness of the institutions accompanied the inanity of many key characters requires you to seek consensus in revenge with competing armed militias. The events denounced, as weapons available to institutions, corruption and blackmail, even using Familiars to rip "confessions".
Abdullah al Senussi, former head of internal security and military intelligence in the era Gadhafi, sought refuge in Mauritania. A delegation of senior Libyan officials visiting the Government of Mauritania. The next day, police went to the home of Senussi inviting him to confer with local authorities. Does not return. Without a special extradition decision by the local court and bypassing the arrest warrant of the International Criminal Court, on 5 September Senussi vien did reappear in handcuffs in Tripoli. Kidnapping, denounces a daughter: Sarah.
Anoud Abdullah Senussi. Worried, because her father in jail does not receive care Anoud decides to travel to Libyaand enters without difficulty holding a passport issued by Mauritania. On 6 October: arrest in hotel in Tripoli. The accusation: being entry into Libya with fake passport in contravention of article 350 of the Libyan Penal Code. Penalty 5 years in prison. The "fakeness" of the passport issued by Mauritania consists in omitting the last name.
As usual in Libya, the accused, 20 years, Anoud is questioned by judges without the presence of a lawyer. Her sister said to Reuters
My sister was referred to a criminal court last Sunday without her or her lawyer being present at court, "We don't know how she is doing in jail because her lawyer can't visit her."
November 20, Anoud handcuffed – appears in the courtroom before the judge. Process updated to December 11.
November 24 – the news: Senussi "confesses" about Moussa Sadr Case.
Incidentally this "confession" clashes with another "confession" of another prisoner, last year
Ahmed Ramadan – also in detention conditions and extremely ill.
"I Bear witness that Sadr arrived in Libya. Gadhafi has received in his Office, after three officers (Taha Sharif Bin Amer, Maj. Gen. Faraj Abu Ghaliah, Maj. Gen. Bachir Hamid) welcomed him at the airport. Twoare still alive and are assassins (Bachir Hamid and Faraj Abu Ghaliah). Asked how he knows, responds that he listened to speeches. You ask him if he knows where the bodies are buried, responds: or in a Tripoli neighborhood or near Sebha (more than 1000 KMS. to the South."
TRIPOLI/TUNIS (Reuters) - Deep in Libya's southern Sahara, tribal sheikhs crowded into a Bedouin tent last month to declare their remote province bordering Algeria would break away from the government...
Prime Minister Ali Zeidan's Libya sounds like a country on the verge of splitting into a jigsaw of rebellious enclaves each with their own government, militias and, importantly, their own share of OPEC member Libya's oil.
Production slumps as workers seize ports in protest at Tripoli's failure to revive moribund economy despite bumper oil revenues (RT @malicemagic: Cause Operation 'Freedom Bomb' Went so Well for #Libya.
When NATO launched its bombing campaign in 2011 against Muammar Gaddafi’s forces in Libya, the Western and Arab leaders who pushed for military intervention vowed to bring to justice the men who had conducted wartime atrocities against...
It will not be easy, as the wrangle over Saif’s custody shows. Since 2011, officials in Tripoli have sworn (including in interviews with TIME) that they were about to take custody of Saif, even constructing a special holding facility for him in the capital. Yet the transfer has not occurred, since the Zintan militia is loath to surrender him. That was one of the major reasons why the ICC last month ruled that Libya could not try Saif in the country.
Article in Italian, worth reading it, even if the translator
[...]The hunt for the "recordings" of the Colonel should be initiated in October 2011, when the column of Gaddafi has been located and bombed by two French Rafale fighter. Gaddafi had been taken alive, but then they shot him the coup de grace. "The impression is that after the first group of rebels has come a second, he knew exactly what to do and had strict orders to eliminate the prisoners," says a confidential source of the Journal that he was engaged in the conflict. The shadow of the French service on the end of Gaddafi is heavy.
[...]The rebels want money and deliver as bait on a cassette, of little importance, which concerns the President of What d'Ivoire. The material is hidden in a secret place. A few months later Albichari claims to have "been betrayed" and dies for a diabetic crisis only 37 years old. Not only the body of Choukri Ghanem, a former Libyan oil minister, keeper of more sensitive information, is found floating in the river Danube in Vienna.
In this incisive account, scholar Horace Campbell investigates the political and economic crises of the early twenty-first century through the prism of NATO’s intervention in Libya.
In this incisive account, scholar Horace Campbell investigates the political and economic crises of the early twenty-first century through the prism of NATO’s intervention in Libya. He traces the origins of the conflict, situates it in the broader context of the Arab Spring uprisings, and explains the expanded role of a post-Cold War NATO. This military organization, he argues, is the instrument through which the capitalist class of North America and Europe seeks to impose its political will on the rest of the world, however warped by the increasingly outmoded neoliberal form of capitalism. The intervention in Libya—characterized by bombing campaigns, military information operations, third party countries, and private contractors—exemplifies this new model.
Campbell points out that while political elites in the West were quick to celebrate the intervention in Libya as a success, the NATO campaign caused many civilian deaths and destroyed the nation’s infrastructure. Furthermore, the instability it unleashed in the forms of militias and terrorist groups have only begun to be reckoned with, as the United States learned when its embassy was attacked and personnel, including the ambassador, were killed. Campbell’s lucid study is essential reading for anyone seeking to understand this complex and weighty course of events.
Judges at The Hague ask Tripoli to hand over Gaddafi's ex-intelligence chief, Abdullah al-Senussi.
Senussi, right, was charged alongside Gaddafi's son, left, with committing crimes during the revolution [AFP]
Judges at the International Criminal Court (ICC) have ordered Libyan authorities to immediately to hand over Abdullah al-Senussi, deposed Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi's former intelligence chief.
The written order published on Thursday sets up the latest legal showdown between the Hague-based court and Libyan authorities, who say they plan to put Senussi on trial themselves.
The ICC has indicted Senussi on crimes against humanity charges for the murder and persecution of protesters in the early days of the uprising that eventually toppled Gaddafi in 2011.
"Libya remains under obligation to comply with the surrender request," the judges said in their statement. They would decide later how to respond if the North African state continues to hold Senussi, the judges added. The court has the power to refer the matter to the United Nations Security Council.
"The ICC has ordered an immediate halt to Libya's unseemly rush to drag Mr. al-Senussi to the gallows before the law has taken its course," said Ben Emmerson, Senussi's lawyer before the ICC.
Judges also ordered Libya to grant Emmerson access to his client.
Libyan authorities also are holding Gaddafi's son and one-time heir-apparent, Seif al-Islam Gaddafi, who also is wanted by the court.
A court-appointed lawyer for Saif al-Islam was detained in Libya for a month alongside three other court officials when she attempted to visit her jailed client. Since, court officials and defence lawyers have had no contact with either Saif al-Islam or Senussi.
17 (DICIASSETTE) PAGINE DEL COMUNICATO SUL VERTICE DI LIONE - i cui argomenti i media hanno trascurato parlando solo di TAV - Che cosa si sono detti? Il Comunicato stampa del Governo italiano, che non è rilasciato congiuntamente a quello del Governo francese, italiano se la sbriga in poche righe- dal Portale del Governo Italiano...http://www.governo.it/GovernoInforma/documenti/vertice_italo_francese_20121203.pdf
Trasporti La Francia e l’Italia confermano l’interesse strategico del progetto relativo al nuovo collegamento ferroviario fra Torino e Lione. Trattasi di un’infrastruttura prioritaria non soltanto per i due Paesi, ma per l'Unione Europea nel suo insieme. Francia e Italia hanno adottato una dichiarazione separata su questo tema. La Francia e l’Italia ribadiscono quanto sia per entrambe importante migliorare a breve termine la sicurezza nei trafori stradali transfrontalieri. Per contribuire a questo obiettivo, i due Ministri dei Trasporti hanno deciso di separare i flussi di traffico nel traforo stradale del Frejus, attraverso il quale transitano merci pericolose.
La galleria di sicurezza del traforo del Frejus, in fase di costruzione, sarà aperta al traffico a una sola corsia, mentre la circolazione nel traforo attuale sarà contemporaneamente ridotta da due corsie a una sola.
Onde evitare qualsiasi aumento di capacità del traforo, sarà stabilito un tetto massimo per il traffico degli automezzi pesanti. I due Stati esprimono inoltre soddisfazione per l’avvio, questo autunno, dei lavori per la separazione dei sensi di marcia nel traforo stradale di Tenda, destinati a migliorarne la sicurezza.
"quella che oggi viene ancora chiamata galleria di sicurezza, tuttora in costruzione, "verrà aperta al traffico a una sola corsia" mentre "la circolazione nel traforo attuale sarà contemporaneamente ridotta da due corsie a una sola". Nei fatti è il temuto raddoppio della galleria autostradale, quel raddoppio che la Sitaf aveva sempre giurato e spergiurato di non voler realizzare. Certo, limitando il traffico a una sola corsia per senso di marcia, si può sostenere che formalmente non cambia nulla rispetto a oggi. Ma niente vieterà domani di tentare il colpaccio raddoppiando le corsie nelle due canne. «Per evitare qualsiasi aumento di capacità del traforo è dunque immediatamente chiarito nella dichiarazione ufficiale sarà stabilito un tetto massimo per il traffico degli automezzi pesanti» "
“Non credete che la gente di Bengasi sia cattiva o alleata di Al Qaida come dicono i media. Tutto quello che succede ed è successo a Bengasi è stato pianificato a Misurata. Anche l’assalto al consolato Usa”. Lo sostiene una fonte di Rinascita originaria di Bani Walid, che preferisce rimanere anonima per la sua sicurezza. Secondo la fonte, le milizie di Misurata – appoggiate soprattutto dal Qatar, dalla Turchia, ma anche dagli Usa – si starebbero contendo con Bengasi il titolo di capitale economica della nuova Libia. “Una volta che la rivoluzione ebbe successo, venne stabilito che Tripoli sarebbe stata la capitale amministrativa della Libia e Bengasi la capitale economica. Proprio dopo questa decisione sono cominciati i problemi a Bengasi e sono cominciate a girare voci negative sulla città”, come la presenza di milizie legate ad al Qaida. “Allo stesso tempo – continua la fonte – Misurata ha cominciato a acquisire importanza economica, ad esempio attraverso i collegamenti aerei verso l’estero”. Anche dietro la lunga scia di uccisioni tra i vertici militari di Bengasi ci sarebbe l’ombra di Misurata. “Il comandante militare della Cirenaica cercò di fermare l’assedio a Bani Walid da parte delle milizie di Misurata. Due giorni dopo hanno cercato di ucciderlo”. Una settimana fa dei sicari hanno sparato a morte al capo della sicurezza di Bengasi, al-Fradj Dersi, portando a diciotto il numero degli alti ufficiali della sicurezza uccisi a Bengasi quest’anno.
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