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Dogs Understand Human Perspective, Study Suggests

Dogs Understand Human Perspective, Study Suggests | Living | Scoop.it

A recent study reveals that dogs are much likely to steal food in the dark when humans cannot notice them, indicating they understand a human's perspective.

 

The study, conducted by Dr. Juliane Kaminski of the University of Portsmouth's Department of Psychology, claims that when humans forbid the dog from eating the food, he is four times more likely to steal the food that he was forbidden to eat in the dark. This behavior in dogs reveals that they can change their actions based on what humans think and feel. They take into account what humans can see and what they cannot.

 

"That's incredible because it implies dogs understand the human can't see them, meaning they might understand the human perspective," Dr. Kaminski said in a press statement.

 

This study, funded by the Max Planck Society, is the first that describes how dogs distinguish between different levels of light when they are making strategies to steal food. According to Dr. Kaminski, humans attribute a few qualities and emotions to other living things. It is we who think that the dogs are clever or sensitive, not the dogs themselves.

 

A series of experiments were conducted in different light conditions. In each test, the humans forbade the dog from eating the food. On conducting these tests, she noticed that the dog ate more food in the dark and that too quickly, as compared to when the room was lit.

 

The study had 42 female and 42 male domestic dogs who were 1-year-old or more. She made sure she selected those dogs that were comfortable without their owner, even if it was a dark room. The report states that the tests were complex and involved many variables to rule out that dogs were basing their decisions on simple associative rules, for example, that dark means food. It is not known how well dogs can see in the dark, but the study shows that they can differentiate between light and dark.

 

The researcher concludes saying, "The results of these tests suggest that dogs are deciding it's safer to steal the food when the room is dark because they understand something of the human's perspective." Further studies have to be conducted in order to discover the mechanism that controls the dog's behavior. Previous studies have indicated that dogs consider human's eyes as an important signal in deciding how to behave. For those people who are attentive toward dogs, the animal responds more willingly.

 


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald, Sakis Koukouvis
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Greg Wurn's comment, February 14, 2013 3:33 PM
I lived on a property with tall open forest all around for 20 years, my dogs used to regurlary chase after other animals that came near the camp, they would tear off into what appeared to me to be pitch dark, not once in 20 years did any of my dogs injure themselves on fallen branches etc, I suspect that they can see very well in the dark !
Vasileios Basios's comment, February 18, 2013 8:16 AM
... but not vice versa .. we can safely pressume ;-)
KathyTarochione's curator insight, March 4, 2013 4:35 PM

Charlie could have told you this.  He knows it's true.  Hey, just ask Charlie.

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5 Tips To Refresh Your Multicultural Marketing Strategy In 2013 - Forbes

5 Tips To Refresh Your Multicultural Marketing Strategy In 2013 - Forbes | Living | Scoop.it
The 2012 presidential election showed the nation how important the multicultural marketplace is.
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TYTHEDesign: A New Business Model to Balance Profit and Social Good

TYTHEDesign: A New Business Model to Balance Profit and Social Good | Living | Scoop.it
TYTHEDesign: A New Business Model to Balance Profit and Social Good
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What Every Female Founder Can Learn From Mark Zuckerberg's Success - Forbes

What Every Female Founder Can Learn From Mark Zuckerberg's Success - Forbes | Living | Scoop.it
"Think Like Zuck" reveals the secrets of Mark Zuckerberg's meteoric rise to success. Its author, Ekaterina Walter talked with Forbes about what every founder can learn from his strategy.
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ASU researchers propose new way to look at the dawn of life

ASU researchers propose new way to look at the dawn of life | Living | Scoop.it
One of the great mysteries of life is how it began. What physical process transformed a nonliving mix of chemicals into something as complex as a living cell?

For more than a century, scientists have struggled to reconstruct the key first steps on the road to life. Until recently, their focus has been trained on how the simple building blocks of life might have been synthesized on the early Earth, or perhaps in space. But because it happened so long ago, all chemical traces have long been obliterated, leaving plenty of scope for speculation and disagreement.

Now, a novel approach to the question of life's origin, proposed by two Arizona State University scientists, attempts to dramatically redefine the problem. The researchers - Paul Davies, an ASU Regents' Professor and director of the Beyond Center for Fundamental Concepts in Science, and Sara Walker, a NASA post-doctoral fellow at the Beyond Center - published their theory in the current issue of the Royal Society journal Interface. Their article is titled "The algorithmic origins of life."

In a nutshell, the authors shift attention from the "hardware" - the chemical basis of life - to the "software" - its information content. To use a computer analogy, chemistry explains the material substance of the machine, but it won't function without a program and data. Davies and Walker suggest that the crucial distinction between non-life and life is the way that living organisms manage the information flowing through the system.
Via Ashish Umre
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Resort Living Comes to Campus - WSJ.com

Resort Living Comes to Campus - WSJ.com | Living | Scoop.it
Real-estate investors and developers, hungry for new areas for growth, are finding a lucrative market near college campuses, where they can woo students with luxury amenities.
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How These Five Women Are Saving for Retirement - Forbes

How These Five Women Are Saving for Retirement - Forbes | Living | Scoop.it
These four real women are saving for retirement. Read on to find out how much they have, how they did it and how you can, too.
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Cuba's Two Wind Farms Survive Hurricane Sandy - Forbes

Cuba's Two Wind Farms Survive Hurricane Sandy - Forbes | Living | Scoop.it
Gibara Wind Farm, Cuba Before Hurricane Sandy hit the East Coast of the US, she actually hit the Caribbean first. Two of the hardest hit islands were Haiti and Cuba.
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PKTMNY launches out of beta to offer kids pre-paid debit cards and ways to manage their cash

PKTMNY launches out of beta to offer kids pre-paid debit cards and ways to manage their cash | Living | Scoop.it
The online space wants your kids pocket-money, and it's getting more competitive about it. Today sees the release of PKTMNY, where, as you might expect, kids can manage their finances ...
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Crowdfunding research not yet a crowd pleaser

Crowdfunding research not yet a crowd pleaser | Living | Scoop.it
Academic researchers are one of the few professionals who have to spend a large amount of time throughout their entire career begging for money just to keep the (RT @restokin: My autism intervention project will be in the next round of Scifund's crowdfuning.)...

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Student Engineers Design, Build, Fly ‘Printed’ Airplane

Student Engineers Design, Build, Fly ‘Printed’ Airplane | Living | Scoop.it
Two mechanical engineering students have built and flown a plastic airplane using 3-D printing technology at the engineering school’s Rapid Prototyping Lab.
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Chemical Creep: 'We Just Don't Know Where The Contamination Is Coming From'

Chemical Creep: 'We Just Don't Know Where The Contamination Is Coming From' | Living | Scoop.it
Brent Collett already had some inklings about the pervasiveness of hormone-mimicking chemicals such as phthalates and Bisphenol-A (BPA).
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Got Funding? 7 Things to Do Now

Got Funding? 7 Things to Do Now | Living | Scoop.it
It's too easy to lose focus after reaching this all-important milestone. Stay the course post-funding with these tips.
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Knowing When To "Pivot" Your Career: My 90-Day Rule - Forbes

Knowing When To "Pivot" Your Career: My 90-Day Rule - Forbes | Living | Scoop.it
For all the talk about pivoting a business, the hardest "pivot" to make is internal -- changing our own mindsets to set off on an unfamiliar, new course in our businesses.
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In CA, Standardized Teacher Evaluations Trip Over Wealth Gap - New America Media

In CA, Standardized Teacher Evaluations Trip Over Wealth Gap - New America Media | Living | Scoop.it
New America Media is a nationwide association of over 3000 ethnic media organizations representing the development of a more inclusive journalism.
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How I Changed Careers When I Was Nearly 40 - Forbes

How I Changed Careers When I Was Nearly 40 - Forbes | Living | Scoop.it
As a single woman in her late 30's, things were good. I could have kept speeding up the corporate ladder, but I wanted to try something new.
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5 Reasons We May Live in a Multiverse

5 Reasons We May Live in a Multiverse | Living | Scoop.it
Our universe may be one of many, according to numerous physics theories.

Via Leopoldo Benacchio, Guillaume Decugis, olsen jay nelson, Wildcat2030
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Guillaume Decugis's curator insight, December 10, 2012 3:43 PM

A good high-level recap of all the different theories behind the multiple universes concept (yes there are also multiple theories of multiple universes: isn't that meta?).

Gestcash's curator insight, December 23, 2012 10:39 AM

The universe we live in may not be the only one out there. In fact, our universe could be just one of an infinite number of universes making up a "multiverse."

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Cancer's Global Footprint

Cancer's Global Footprint | Living | Scoop.it
Cancer is often considered a disease of affluence, but about 70% of cancer deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.
Explore this interactive map to learn about some cancers that disproportionately affect poorer countries.

 

With this interactive map, users can explore cancers that disproportionately affect poorer countries.  How do these spatial distributions correlate with other developmental, consumption or economic patterns?  What surpises you about this data?   

 

Tags: medical, mapping, spatial.  


Via Seth Dixon
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Nathan Chasse's curator insight, March 17, 2014 8:04 PM

The high rates of cancer in the United States and other wealthy countries was not surprising, the high rates of liver cancer in West Africa was. Similarly, the very high rates of liver and stomach cancer in China and Mongolia was shocking since the apparent cause is salty, pickled foods.

 

I imagine 30 years from now the rates of lung cancer will drop off a cliff for the United States, but I wonder if the same would be true for Poland which also has a very high rate of lung cancer.

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Forgetting Retirement: Most Americans Say They'll Keep Working - Forbes

Forgetting Retirement: Most Americans Say They'll Keep Working - Forbes | Living | Scoop.it
More Americans pushing retirement out to later years.
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Hostess is going out of business, putting 18,500 out of work | News | Financial Post

Hostess is going out of business, putting 18,500 out of work | News | Financial Post | Living | Scoop.it
Hostess Brands, the bankrupt maker of Twinkies and Wonder Bread, said it had sought court permission to go out of business after failing to get wage and benefit cuts from thousands of its striking bakery workers...
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Stevia chewing gum appeals to ‘natural’ ingredients trend, says Cargill

Stevia chewing gum appeals to ‘natural’ ingredients trend, says Cargill | Living | Scoop.it
Cargill has developed a stevia chewing gum that it claims will appeal to consumers looking for natural ingredients.
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Pakistani Assemblywoman: Girls’ Education Key to Ending Terrorism - New America Media

Pakistani Assemblywoman: Girls’ Education Key to Ending Terrorism - New America Media | Living | Scoop.it
New America Media is a nationwide association of over 3000 ethnic media organizations representing the development of a more inclusive journalism.
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Jacob Cooney's curator insight, May 7, 2014 11:11 PM

This article, like many others, including HTS, focuses on improving girls' education around the world (in Pakistan in this article).  This article also claims that this will decrease terrorism, which is a reason that I selected the article.

Robert Slone's curator insight, September 16, 2014 6:59 AM

 If you educate the women, they will in turn educate the children and everyone benefits.