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One of the most important reading and writing skills: Showing Evidence

One of the most important reading and writing skills: Showing Evidence | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it
Common Core skill: Showing evidence from the text to support your answer

Via Mel Riddile, Cindy Riley Klages
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Jessica Zepeda's curator insight, October 15, 2013 8:05 PM

A lot of time when i'm writing I find myself trying to make a point but not giving evidence to support my theory. 

Katie Halberg's curator insight, October 15, 2013 11:14 PM

I really enjoyed reading this, It states how with a little hard work and using are minds we can answer easy questions like "how did reading that book make you feel" the answer to that questions is not inside that book, you have to read the book to use your own feelings and thoughts to answer the question. it always shows how times have changed and auto books help the few people who wont really open a book to read it or may not know how to read very well but still want to know more about whats inside the book.

Lynnette Van Dyke's curator insight, October 17, 2013 12:33 PM

One of the most important reading and writing skills students should practice is showing evidence from the text to support their answers. However, many of my students struggle with this. In the past, our students have been programmed to fill in a bubble answer on a standardized test that shows the evidence rather than try to find it themselves.

Show your students how to give evidence by demonstrating it (see visual aid, above).
My example question is from Divergent by Veronica Roth. It asks: “How does Beatrice’s mother feel about her? Give evidence from chapter one to support your answer.”

In the past, students may have just given me short answers like, "She cares about her daughter." By asking for evidence, students can't just give their opinion. We know their opinion is based on something, so they have to be further prompted to tell us what they based it on. Therefore, the student's answer should include not only their opinion, but one or two examples from the text that show this. Their answers should be paraphrased, but they still need to include the page number. 
This question-strategy helps those struggling readers find the right answers, as well. If a student wrote, "She's mean," he/she would have to back it up with an example from the chapter that shows Beatrice's mother is mean. When he/she can't find an example, he/she will have to re-think his/her original opinion. 
For students who are really struggling, I may prompt them orally with questions like, "Look at the non-verbal clues: what is Beatrice's mom doing to Beatrice in the first scene of the book? What does her mood seem to be? How do you know she feels this way? When a mother acts this way toward a child, what does it indicate about how she feels toward the child?" 


There are always a handful of students who complain that they can't find the answers in the book. If you have these same complainers, these are your students who are not reading the book. Because even students who have severe learning disabilities can answer the questions when they read it (or listen to the text).

So here's what I say to the complainers: "You aren't going to find a single sentence that gives you the answer to the question. And the answer isn't merely your opinion, either. The answer comes from that feeling you get about the character, or the theme, or whatever it is you're looking for. It's based on what you've inferred and gathered from descriptions and dialogue that can only come from reading it. Simply put, there is no short cut. The text must be read to answer the questions."

[Insert student groans.] After they channel their inner first-grader and throw another "I don't want to read" fit, they usually buck up and start reading.

Note: I do not mind allowing students to listen to audio of the text, especially if they follow along with their books. If this is the only way to get those reluctant readers to read, I say go for it. Today's teens are not like us. They learn much differently; we need to access and use every resource, device, and strategy to help them read on their own.

If you need handouts for instituting the Common Core standards into your curriculum, I have you covered! Check out all these great resources, ready to use with ANY text (fiction or non-fiction):
CCSS Reading Graphic Organizers, Grades 6,7,8
CCSS Reading Graphic Organizers, Grades 9-10 (Also covers grades 6-8)
CCSS Reading Graphic Organizers, Grades 11-12 (Also covers grades 6-10)

For non-fiction text and historical documents:
CCSS History & Social Studies Reading Graphic Organizers, Grades 6-12

For non-fiction and scientific texts:
CCSS Science & Technical Subjects Reading Graphic Organizers, Grades 6-12
FREE: CCSS Science & Technical Subjects Reading Graphic Organizers for RST.1, Grades 6-12

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Federal Study Probes Readiness of 4th Graders for Computer-Based Writing Tests - Education Week News (blog)

Federal Study Probes Readiness of 4th Graders for Computer-Based Writing Tests - Education Week News (blog) | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it
Federal Study Probes Readiness of 4th Graders for Computer-Based Writing Tests Education Week News (blog) Based on that study, the NCES developed a modified assessment platform that had fewer words for the directions, presented one direction at a...
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Federal government required states to adopt Common Core school standards ... - PolitiFact

Federal government required states to adopt Common Core school standards ... - PolitiFact | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it
Media Matters for America (blog)
Federal government required states to adopt Common Core school standards ...
PolitiFact
The Common Core school standards were adopted by 45 states, three of which later dropped them.
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Five US innovations that helped Finland's schools improve but that American ... - Washington Post (blog)

Five US innovations that helped Finland's schools improve but that American ... - Washington Post (blog) | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it
Five US innovations that helped Finland's schools improve but that American ...
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Rescooped by Les Howard from Common Core State Standards for School Leaders
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More states are taking middle-of-the-road approaches toward the #CommonCore

More states are taking middle-of-the-road approaches toward the #CommonCore | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it
Revising Common Core could calm many concerns and still lead to high standards, one expert says.

 

"These types of bills, Smarick says, could lead to the best outcome for the Common Core initiative in the long-run."


Via Mel Riddile
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Mel Riddile's curator insight, July 25, 10:43 AM

States always had the option of adding up to 15% to the Standards, but many chose to adopt the CCSS as is. Now, they are doing the right thing by personalizing the Standards to the needs of students in their states.

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Report: Higher Education Behind On Common Core - Huffington Post

Report: Higher Education Behind On Common Core - Huffington Post | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it
Report: Higher Education Behind On Common Core Huffington Post That's the conclusion of a new report from the New America Foundation, which finds that “there is little evidence to suggest colleges are meaningfully aligning college instruction and...
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Common Core has been tougher to implement than anyone imagined! | Peabody Reflector

Common Core has been tougher to implement than anyone imagined! | Peabody Reflector | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it

Peabody of Vanderbilt U. professors reflect on the Common Core

 

"Most agree the idea of standardized learning across the states is a lofty, yet necessary goal. How to accomplish that is another question. At Peabody, opinions on Common Core are as mixed as elsewhere in American society."


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Mel Riddile's curator insight, July 24, 12:47 PM

" The ultimate outcome remains to be seen, but the focus on teaching students to move beyond memorization to thinking independently and creatively is a positive step—at least in theory, according to Marcy Singer-Gabella, professor of the practice of education and associate chair of the Department of Teaching and Learning."

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Learning to Read Does Not End in Fourth Grade

Learning to Read Does Not End in Fourth Grade | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it
Word-processing skills develop even past fifth grade

 

A new study published in the journal Developmental Science questions that assumption, showing that children are still learning to read past fourth and even fifth grade.

 

The shift to automatic word-processing, in which the brain recognizes whether a group of symbols constitutes a word within milliseconds, allowing fluid reading that helps the reader focus on the content of the text rather than on the words, may occur later than previously thought.

 


Via Mel Riddile, Dean J. Fusto
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Mel Riddile's curator insight, July 24, 3:03 PM

"So if fourth-graders aren’t quite reading to learn, then when does the shift toward more complete automatic word-processing occur? According to Coch, that probably happens some time between fifth grade and college—a period she says that hasn’t been studied.


For now, the results strongly suggest that reading skills need to continue to be nurtured during that period. “


This certainly does suggest that teachers beyond fourth grade are still teachers of reading,” says Coch.

Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight, July 24, 10:09 PM

It might be that learning reading is a life-long learning and becomes more automatic as we practice, but readers never stop learning.

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Why is it tougher to move the needle on reading than on math?

Why is it tougher to move the needle on reading than on math? | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it

by Daniel Willingham

 

 

"In math, if you put a little extra time in, it’s at least obvious where that time should go. If kids are behind in mathematics, it’s not difficult to know what they need to work on.

Once kids reach upper elementary school, reading comprehension is driven primarily by background knowledge; knowing a bit about the topic of the text you’re reading confers a big advantage to comprehension. Kids from impoverished homes suffer primarily from a knowledge deficit (Hirsch, 2007).

So a bit of extra time, while better than nothing, is just a start at an attempt to build the knowledge needed for these students to make significant strides in reading comprehension. And in this particular intervention, no attempt was made to assess what knowledge was needed and to build it systematically.

This problem is not unique to Fryer’s intervention. As he notes, it’s always tougher to move the needle on reading than on math. That’s because experiences outside of the classroom make such an enormous contribution to reading ability.


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Mel Riddile's curator insight, July 24, 10:50 AM

While raising math achievement is extremely challenging (read The Algebra Miracle by Stuart A. Singer), improving reading and writing is a three to five year effort. In most cases, math teachers have the necessary knowledge of mathematics. Conversely, secondary teachers almost always never have the training or skills to integrate literacy into content instruction.

Rescooped by Les Howard from Common Core State Standards for School Leaders
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Common Core draws support from former governors

Common Core draws support from former governors | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it

MLive (7/24) reports that former Michigan Gov. John Engler (R), former Georgia Gov. Sonny Perdue (R), and former Vermont Gov. Jim Douglas (R) released a set of online videos Wednesday in support of the Common Core Standards, noting that the videos were released by the Collaborative for Student Success.


The videos stress that the Common Core is “a state, not federal, effort.”


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Mel Riddile's curator insight, July 24, 11:38 AM

The videos were released by the  Collaborative for Student Success, a group supporting the standards and backed by the Gates Foundation, feature Engler along with former Georgia Gov. Sonny Perdue and former Vermont Gov. Jim Douglas.


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Glenn Beck's theatrical attack on Common Core - Washington Post

Glenn Beck's theatrical attack on Common Core - Washington Post | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it
WTSP 10 News Glenn Beck's theatrical attack on Common Core Washington Post Conservative media star Glenn Beck led a national strategy session to kill the Common Core State Standards late Tuesday night, using a two-hour simulcast into movie theaters...
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How to Read Education Data Without Jumping to Conclusions - The Atlantic

How to Read Education Data Without Jumping to Conclusions - The Atlantic | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it
How to Read Education Data Without Jumping to Conclusions
The Atlantic
Their coverage of education research therefore could inspire parents and policymakers to bring half-formed ideas into classroom.

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Ivon Prefontaine's curator insight, July 23, 6:54 PM

An abstract does not research conclusions make. It takes time to read through and grasp the context and findings in any study. We do bring half-baked ideas into our classrooms and it is not just the parents and policymakers who are involved. Teachers, administrators, central office staff, and those doing research are often guilty, as well.

 

A key to good use of research and data is to see what works in the particular setting we work in. This is like doing our own research. The word comes from the French meaning to search again suggesting it is an iterative process and not a one-time event.

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Designing for Deeper Learning: How to Develop Performance Tasks for the Common Core

Designing for Deeper Learning: How to Develop Performance Tasks for the Common Core | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it

Via Darren Burris
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Politicals Battles Ahead for the Common Core Curriculum - OZY

Politicals Battles Ahead for the Common Core Curriculum - OZY | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it
OZY
Politicals Battles Ahead for the Common Core Curriculum
OZY
There's no clue of that in the noisy reaction to the Common Core standards, which are being rolled out now in 45 states following an initiative from state governors.
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TN Core | Curricular Resources

TN Core | Curricular Resources | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it
RT @TNedAmbassador: Lots of TN common-core aligned unit plans for every grade. Math: http://t.co/ZzNWiPfgwh, ELA: http://t.co/ijvDjU9MG6. #…
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What A Common Core Lesson Sounds Like In A 10th-Grade English Class - NPR

What A Common Core Lesson Sounds Like In A 10th-Grade English Class - NPR | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it
What A Common Core Lesson Sounds Like In A 10th-Grade English Class
NPR
The Common Core State Standards in literacy and math have generated lots of attention and controversy, but what do they look and sound like in a classroom?
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Report Backs Computer-Based Testing for Students

Report Backs Computer-Based Testing for Students | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it
Fourth graders can adequately demonstrate their writing ability on computer-based tests, says a new study by the National Assessment of Educational Progress, clearing the way for more testing in technological formats and raising questions about an uneven playing field for students.

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Mel Riddile's curator insight, July 25, 10:37 AM
  • Fourth graders can adequately demonstrate their writing ability on computer-based tests.
  • Students in wealthier districts handle computer-based testing with greater ease than pupils in poor districts.
  • "There is an advantage for the child who word-processes every single day versus the child who uses a computer once a week in computer lab,"
  • the utilization of computers for testing by states will continue to accelerate with the implementation of Common Core aligned assessments
  • 33 states were using some form of online testing
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What Are We Talking About When We Talk About Standards?

What Are We Talking About When We Talk About Standards? | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it
I suspect one of the reasons conversation about Common Core state standards has gotten so very confusing and inflammatory is because so few articles, commentaries, and discussions ever spell out what standards are....
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A Bird's-Eye View On Common Core Across The Country - NPR

A Bird's-Eye View On Common Core Across The Country - NPR | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it
A Bird's-Eye View On Common Core Across The Country
NPR
With conservative commentator Glenn Beck renewing his fight against the Common Core State Standards, it's worth taking a bird's-eye view of the learning benchmarks.
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"The public and teachers are more divided than Democrats and Republicans."

When it comes to what constitutes a superb education in America, the general public and teachers have vastly different views, say Peterson, Henderson, and West in this book, a compilation of research reported originally in Education Next. Surveys fielded by over 5,000 teachers and members of the general public (2007–13) conclude that, overall, teachers and the public disagree most on issues pertaining to tenure, pensions, union efficacy, charter schools, school vouchers, and standardized testing.

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Student Assessment Inventory for School Districts | Achieve

Student Assessment Inventory for School Districts | Achieve | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it
Concerned about too much #testing? Check out our assessment inventory tool: http://t.co/ApntaEDAZw http://t.co/1xqVyQKbv3
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Rescooped by Les Howard from Common Core State Standards for School Leaders
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Washington Post on What is the Common Core? Here’s what you need to know about it.

Washington Post on What is the Common Core? Here’s what you need to know about it. | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it

"Common Core is a set of education standards -- for English and math -- that were adopted in 2010. Forty-five states and the District of Columbia decided to follow the new guidelines. Alaska, Nebraska, Texas and Virginia opted out, while Minnesota decided to only adopt the English standards (with others perhaps joining them soon). These states began implementing the standards last year.

The standards haven't created national curricula -- state and local educators are still in charge of that. Instead, they establish benchmarks that make it easier to compare how students are doing across state lines, and to make sure students across the country are learning the same essentials."


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Maryland to use much harder #CommonCore #PARCC tests for high school graduation requirement

Maryland to use much harder #CommonCore #PARCC tests for high school graduation requirement | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it
Starting next year, students will face tougher requirements to graduate from Maryland's public high schools.

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Mel Riddile's curator insight, July 24, 12:08 PM

Maryland is wise to "phase in" the assessments.


The tests, generally given by the time students finish the 10th grade, will be phased in starting with this fall's rising freshmen and sophomores.

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Close Reading of Advertising Promotes Critical Thinking | MiddleWeb

Close Reading of Advertising Promotes Critical Thinking | MiddleWeb | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it
Expert Frank Baker outlines approaches to helping students understand the sources, structure and impacts of commercial marketing in print and visual media.
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Rescooped by Les Howard from Common Core State Standards for School Leaders
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Close reading: A revolution delayed

Close reading: A revolution delayed | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it
For all of the talk about how different reading instruction is meant to be in the Common Core era, and for all of the hand wringing over the critical “instructional shifts” embedded in the new literacy standards, a glimpse at the world of classroom implementation reveals that the more things change, the more they stay the same.

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Rescooped by Les Howard from Linking Literacy, Research, and Practice
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Up To 50 Percent Of Teachers Quit Within Five Years, Says Report

Up To 50 Percent Of Teachers Quit Within Five Years, Says Report | Oakland County ELA Common Core | Scoop.it
Amid intense debate about new education standards, and teacher tenure and pay, the Alliance for Excellent Education has turned the focus to new teachers -– and their tendency to quit.

A new report, published by the Alliance in collaboration ...

Via Mel Riddile, Dean J. Fusto
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