Literacy in the Stage Two Classroom
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Literacy in the Stage Two Classroom
Syllabus link: Stage 2 EN2-9B - Focus on vocabulary, in particular Antonym and Synonyms
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Antonym & Synonym - Teaching Ideas

Antonym & Synonym - Teaching Ideas | Literacy in the Stage Two Classroom | Scoop.it

Ideas for teaching synonyms, then turn students' thinking upside-down with antonym activities.

Gabriella Jones's insight:

This resource, and in fact this whole Scoop.it site, is for teachers use. It is a grouping of resources teachers can give to or use with their students. I decided to include this resource, which is a list of possible activities which develop students knowledge and understanding of  antonyms and synonyms, on this page because it is hard to come up with original, quality lessons on a topic you have never taught before or seen taught. I have never taught a lesson on antonyms and synonyms, by having these lesson activities, alongside other resources on this site, I can already plan a series of lessons that will be engaging and promote deep and meaningful learning.

It is imperative as teachers to constantly seek to develop and diversify their learning experiences in order to “enable meaningful learning to occur” and “to capture students interest and involvement” (Marsh, 2008, p.119). Students need to be interested with the topic and with the lesson before they will engage with the content being studied. Teachers can follow these lessons explicitly or they can modify them to suit their classes learning context. Either way, what is being ensured is quality and engaging lessons for students.

This resource lists some lesson ideas that teachers can use when teaching a mini-unit on antonyms and synonyms. They should not be used as standalone lessons, but rather used as a supplement to a teaching program. A selection of these lessons should be used in conjunction with the other technology resources listed on this Scoop.it site.

 

 

Reference:

Colin, M. (2008). Becoming a teacher: Knowledge, skills and issues (5th ed.). Sydney, Australia: Pearson Australia.

 

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Antonym & Synonym - Jeopardy

Antonym & Synonym - Jeopardy | Literacy in the Stage Two Classroom | Scoop.it

Interactive game where the questions cover basic antonyms and synonyms for stage 2 learners.

Gabriella Jones's insight:

This is a link to a fantastic online game. I was searching for antonym and synonym games and came across a few, but this was the only one I found that was stage appropriate and lead to a quality learning experience. It is like the television game show ‘Jeopardy’ in the sense that there are a range of questions worth different amounts of points. The aim of the game is to have the highest amount of points whilst learning and reinforcing the concept of antonym and synonyms.

This game would be a great activity to use in a conclusion of a lesson on antonym and synonyms. As the game is testing the students in an informal, fun way, students will not realise that their knowledge and understanding is being assessed. This activity would be conducted in pairs. By putting the students into pairs, you “cater for the learning needs of students with a range of abilities” whilst providing “opportunities for students to develop self-directed learning skills… and social interaction skills” (Winch et al, 2010, p. 225). The two students, although they are having a friendly competition, will help each other during the game. This means that if a student does not fully understand what antonyms or synonyms are, their partner will explain it to them. This not only helps the student gain comprehension of the topic, but also, the student who is explaining the concept has to put their understanding of the topic in to words which can be a challenge. Therefore, both partners in this situation are being supported, yet extended at the same time.

 

Reference:

Winch, G., Johnston, R., March, P., Ljungdahl, L. & Holliday, M. (2010). Literacy (4th ed.). South Melbourne, Australia: Oxford University Press.

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Antonym & Synonym - YouTube

Informative video by VocabularySpellingCity.com which defines, explains and elaborates on what antonyms and synonyms are.

Gabriella Jones's insight:

This video explains antonyms and synonyms. The video first defines what antonyms and synonyms are and then elaborates on this. The video provides examples of each and also challenges common misconceptions that surround antonyms and synonyms. The video uses animation and narration to explain the topic. Students are able to make meaningful connections from this video as the visual and verbal information is presented simultaneously (Mayer & Moreno, 2000). Students can forge “connections between corresponding visual and verbal representations in working memory” (Mayer & Moreno, 2000, p. 113) and therefore will not have cognitive overload. This video facilitates rich learning due to its quality.

This video covers the basics of antonyms and synonyms and is therefore appropriate to use at the start of teaching about them. However, the video is 4 minutes long which is too long to show in one continuous block to a year 3 class. The video can be broken up in three places at which the teacher can pause the video and to talk to the class.

The first place is after the video first defines what antonyms and synonyms are. The teacher can pause and then have a discussion with the class and write some examples on the board. The next is at 1.51minutes. The teacher can stop and talk specifically about synonyms. For example, the teacher can say a word and see if the class can come up with a synonym for that word. The final point is at 3.11minutes. At this point the teacher pauses again, but this time talks about antonyms. This video should be then be supported by hands-on activities so that the students can have a more participatory type learning experience, rather than just a passive one.  

 

Reference:

Mayer, R.E., & Moreno, R. (2000, May). Aids to computer-based multimedia learning. Learning and Instruction, 12(1), 107-119.

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