Making learners speak more during the class isn’t just a matter of “forcing” them to speak English. This requires good planning of suitable and well organized class content. Here are top 5 tips on how to improve speaking in the ESL class: 1) Minimize your Teacher Talking Time and increase Student Talking Time in the classroom. Just give simple and clear guidelines. Ask students to demonstrate through speaking that they understood the tasks; let students to answer each other’s questions; show images related to the topic of the class and encourage group discussions. Avoid yes/no questions; use those questions that make learners speak to be able to make themselves clear. 3) When your students are having conversation practice (which is completely different from pronunciation or grammar practice), never correct them, unless the mistake is really serious. Let them talk! Let them believe that they can communicate in English even if they make mistakes in pronunciation, grammar etc . Compliment students for speaking! 4) Pay attention to how you correct students. Occasionally, even when your intention is to help students, you can make things even worse and discourage them from speaking. For example, if you need to correct a specific mistake, rather than saying to [...]
The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Spanish language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. In general, Castilian Spanish is used in IPA transcriptions.