We all know Linux is popular but here are a few places where it is not expected to be. EFYTimes takes a look.
Government Users of Linux
1.U.S. Navy Submarine Fleet – As per FreeSoftwareMagazine.com "the US Navy nuclear submarine fleet is using GNU/Linux" too.
2.The City of Munich, Germany - The city of Munich, Germany has "chosen to migrate its 14,000 desktops to a free Linux distribution, rather than a commercial version of the open source operating system" as per 2005 ZDNet report.
3.Spain – As per LWN.net, Spain remains the strongest supporter and user of Linux from a national government perspective. Linux is widespread all over Spain since 2002, when the government of Extremadura made its own customized Linux distribution (called LinEx) based on Debian, utilising GNOME as its "default desktop environment."
4. Federal Aviation Administration – A couple of government users of Linux seem to be happier with their choice to switch than the United States Federal Aviation Administration. As per Wikipedia, the FAA made an announcement in 2006 that it "had completed a migration to Red Hat Enterprise Linux in one third of the scheduled time and saved 15 million dollars" while doing so.
5.French Parliament - French Parliament chose in November 2006 to get rid of Windows for Ubuntu Linux, as per ZDNet. This move was a component of a comprehensive shake-up in the software run on Parliament computers that resulted in "1,154 French parliamentary workstations running on Linux, with OpenOffice.org productivity software, the Firefox Web browser and an open-source e-mail client."
6. State-Owned Industrial and Commercial Bank of China – As per 2005 InformationWeek report, the state-owned Industrial and Commercial Bank of China "decided to roll out Linux in all of its 20,000 retail branches." Being the largest bank in entire China, the institution made a commitment to purchasing "an unrestricted user license" as part of a wide integration of Linux "throughout its entire banking operations network" that culminated in 2008.
7. Pakistani Schools & Colleges - In 2002, the Pakistani government brought about a Technology Resource Mobilisation Unit for promoting the spread of open-source software (as well as Linux) all over the country. The unit (that comprises of academics, businesspeople and government officials) has hugely been successful in educating computer users all over Pakistan about what free software could offer.
Educational Users of Linux
8. Russian Schools - In 2007, Russia made an announcement that all its schools would start running Linux software. As per a BBC report on the matter "schools formerly tended to run illegal copies of Microsoft operating systems", but as Russia joined the WTO, it was no longer an accepted practice.
9.German Universities - ComputerWeekly.com stated in August 2007 that "around 560,000 German students plus thousands of staff at 33 German universities will now be supported by Linux systems from Novell."
10. The Philippines - The taking over of Linux is stated to be "forging an education revolution" in the Philippines, as per ComputerWorld. As explained by them, "after a successful deployment of 13,000 Fedora Linux systems from a government grant, plans are underway to roll out another 10,000 based on Ubuntu" in that country.
11.Georgia – The former Soviet state Georgia started running all its school computers and LTSP thin clients on Linux, primarily using Kubuntu, Ubuntu and took away Fedora-based distributions in 2004, as per Wikipedia.
12. The Indian State of Tamil Nadu - LinuxWatch.com reported the story of how "after being put off by Microsoft's bundling tactics for academic users", the Indian state of Tamil Nadu made a decision that instead of distributing 100,000 Linux laptops to students there.
13. Switzerland Schools - Wikipedia stated that Switzerland changed 9,000 of its computers to using Linux and OpenOffice.org's suite of office productivity tools in its Geneva district in September 2008.
14. Bolzano, Italy - Balzano in Italy having a student population of 16,000) switched to making use of a customized distribution of Linux across all its schools in 2005.
15.Kerela, India - Rediff.com stated in September 2006 that beginning now, in Kerela, India, "nearly 1.5 million students in the 2,650 government and government-aided high schools in the state will no longer use the Windows platform for computer education. Instead, they have switched over to the free GNU/Linux software."
Business Users of Linux
16.Novell – For a prolonged period, software and services company Novell made an announcement in 2006 that it was going through a company-wide migration from Windows to Linux on employee desktop computers. Since April 2006, nearly half of Novell's 5,000+ workforce had migrated to Linux, with that figure to rise to 80% by November.
17.Google - The huge and ever-growing group of servers powering Google's search and other apps running on Linux. Of course, typically Google was not satisfied of simply running an out of the box version on its own hardware.
18.IBM – Adding on to doing development work on Linux, IBM also uses it internally on desktops and servers. IBM started a TV ad campaign in 2006 known as "IBM Supports Linux 100%."
19.Panasonic – The Electronics giant Panasonic uses Linux in powering a few of its operations. Similar to many other firms on this list, Panasonic made use of Linux only after Windows NT proved woefully insufficient for what the company required - voicemail systems.
20.Virgin America – This is a low-cost U.S. airline that is run by Richard Branson, that used Linux to power its in-flight entertainment as per TechCrunch. The entertainment system (known as RED) is powered by Red Hat and Fedora specifically, and was opted for as it’s "very stable and agile."