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FAUMachine: First Impressions

FAUMachine: First Impressions | Linux A Future |
If you'd like to try a new twist on virtualization, FAUmachine might be the next cool thing.


For those of you who don’t already know about FAUmachine (FAU), it’s a virtual machine that allows you to install full operating systems and run them as if they were independent computers. FAUmachine is similar to VirtualBox, QEMU, and other full virtualization technologies. It is a project sponsored by the Friedrich Alexander University Computer Science Department in Germany (Erlangen-Nuremberg*). FAU is a computer simulator that is an independent virtual machine project. The CPU is based on the virtual CPU in QEMU.

FAU distinguishes itself from other virtualization technologies in the following ways:

FAU runs as a normal user process. Root privileges and kernel modules not required.Fault injection capability for experimentation.VHDL interpreter and several example scripts for the VHDL interpreter.

From the FAUmachine web site:

FAUmachine simulates a large variety of different hardware components, including several x86 and x86_64 CPUs,

IDE and SCSI controllers,NE2000- and Intel eepro100 network interface adapters,a Sound Blaster 16 sound card,a generic VGA and a Cirrus GD5446 graphics adapter,a 24 and a 48 pin direct-I/O PCI-card,

but also peripherals such as

networking hubs and routers,serial terminals,modems,USB-to-Serial adapters,and even a three-story elevator.***

FAU also simulates the whole PC environment, like the power switch, the monitor, the power supply, and more. You can also configure memor

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The threats of Facebook and data mining explained by Eben Moglen : sous-titré en français

Eben Moglen talks about freedom of thought, data mining, facebook, google, Steve Jobs' death, and what we can do about it. Re:Publica, Pourquoi la liberté de...
Hugo Moshpit's curator insight, May 12, 2013 7:59 AM

Les dangers du "Data Mining" et de Facebook

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LibrePlanet 2015

LibrePlanet 2015 | Linux A Future |
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LibrePlanet is an annual conference for free software enthusiasts. LibrePlanet brings together software developers, policy experts, activists and computer users to learn skills, share accomplishments and face challenges to software freedom. Newcomers are always welcome, and LibrePlanet 2015 will feature programming for all ages and experience levels.

This year, the theme of LibrePlanet is "Free Software Everywhere." We're looking for talks that touch on the many places and ways that free software is used around the world, as well as ways to make free software ubiquitous. Think "where" in the broadest sense of the word--it's not just geography-based talks we're after. What are some contexts where free software is thriving, and some others where it needs a push? How have you worked to gain a foothold for free software in your company or community? And what about free software on all of the myriad pieces of hardware we use, including laptops, phones, tablets, and even coffee makers? At LibrePlanet 2015, we're taking software freedom around the world, to outer space, and through all kinds of industries, governments,

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7 Awesome Open Source Cloud Storage Software For Your Privacy and Security

7 Awesome Open Source Cloud Storage Software For Your Privacy and Security | Linux A Future |
Cloud storage is nothing but an enterprise-level cloud data storage model to store the digital data in logical pools, across the multiple servers. You can use a hosting company such as Amazon, Google, Rackspace, Dropbox and others for keeping your
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your data available and accessible 24x7. You can access data stored on cloud storage via API or desktop/mobile apps or web based systems.

In this post, I'm going to list amazingly awesome open source cloud storage engines that you can use to access and sync your data privately for security and privacy reasons.

Why use open source cloud storage software?

The cloud - Source

Create a cloud on your own server or in a data center.Control and own your own data.Privacy protection.Encryption.Verify source code for bugs and/or backdoors.Avoid spying on your files on the server using encryption.Legal compliance - HIPAA and others.Good performance as your data stored in local storage instead of remote data center.Good reliability and availability due to local LAN. You are no longer depends upon WAN bandwidth or the service provider for network.No artificially imposed limits on storage space or client connections and moreShare your files and data with or without password or time limit. Share it publicly, or privately. No 3rd party corporation own your data.Suggested sample cloud storage setup for home users +----------------+ Internet/ISP----|Router/Wireless | +----+-----------+ | +----+---+ |Home Lan| +--------+ +-------------------+ | | Raspberry Pi | +-------+ Or Intel | | Atom based server | | + | | Cloud storage | +-------------------+

You can use the Raspberry Pi or an Intel Atom CPU based small server as a home cloud storage system. Use an external USB drive or secure backup service such as to backup your cloud server in an encrypted format. This setup ensures that you keep all your data and not to trust the entirety of your personal data to a corporation.

Seafile: Easy to setup cloud storage for home users

Seafile is a file hosting cloud storage software to store files. You can synchronized files and data with PC and mobile devices easily or use the server's web interface for managing your data files. There is no limits on data storage space (except for hard disk capacity) or the number of connected clients to your private server (except for CPU/RAM capacity).

Operating system: Cross-platform (written in C and Python) - MS-Windows/Raspberry Pi/Linux private serverDesktop clients: Yes (Windows/Mac OS X/Linux)Mobile clients: Yes (Android/iPad/iPhone)Type: File cloud storage and data synchronizationPaid support: Yes via Professional EditionLicence: GPLv3 (Community Edition)Download: seafile.comownCloud: Dropbox replacement

ownCloud is another very popular file hosting cloud storage software and often described as Dropbox replacement. Just like Dropbox you can synchronizes your files to your private server. Files placed in ownCloud server are accessible via the mobile and desktop apps. You can add external storage to your ownCloud with Dropbox, SWIFT, FTPs, Google Docs, S3, external WebDAV servers and more. Enable the encryption app to encrypt data on external storage for improved security and privacy.

Operating system: Cross-platform (written in PHP & JavaScript) - MS-Windows/Linux private serverDesktop clients: Yes (Windows/Mac OS X/Linux)Mobile clients: Yes (Android/Apple iOS)Type: File cloud storage and data synchronizationPaid support: Yes via Enterprise EditionLicence: AGPLv3Download: owncloud.orggit-annex assistant

The git-annex assistant creates a synchronised folder on each of your OSX and Linux computers, Android devices, removable drives, NAS appliances, and cloud services. You can manage, share, and sync your large files with the power of git and the ease of use of a simple folder you drop files into. Please note that the software is still under heavy development and new features are added regularly.

Operating system: Cross-platform - MS-Windows(beta)/Linux/OS X/FreeBSD/Docker private serverDesktop clients: No (porting)Mobile clients: Yes (Android)Type: File cloud storage and data synchronizationPaid support: ???Licence: GPL version 3Download: git-annex.branchable.comSparkleShare: Easy to use cloud storage with git as a storage backend

It is also a Dropbox clone and very easy to setup. From the project site:

SparkleShare creates a special folder on your computer. You can add remotely hosted folders (or "projects") to this folder. These projects will be automatically kept in sync with both the host and all of your peers when someone adds, removes or edits a file.

Operating system: Cross-platform (written in C#) - MS-Windows/Linux/OS XDesktop clients: Yes ( MS-Windows/Linux/OS X)Mobile clients: No (Android/iOS on hold)Type: File and data synchronizationPaid support: ???Licence: GPL version 3Download: sparkleshare.orgSyncthing for private, encrypted & authenticated distribution of data

Syncthing is an open-source file synchronization client/server application, written in Go. It replaces proprietary sync and cloud services with something open, trustworthy and decentralized.

Operating system: Cross-platform (written in Go) - Linux, Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows, Android, BSD, SolarisDesktop clients: Yes (MS-Windows/Linux/OS X/OpeBSD and Unix-like)Mobile clients: Yes (Android/F-Driod)Type: File and data synchronizationPaid support: ???Licence: GPL version 3Download: syncthing.netStacksync cloud storage

StackSync is an open-source scalable Personal Cloud that can adapt to the necessities of organizations. It puts a special emphasis on security by encrypting data on the client side before it is sent to the server.

Operating system: LinuxDesktop clients: Yes (MS-Windows/Linux/)Mobile clients: Yes (Android)Type: File and data synchronizationPaid support: ???Licence: GPL version 2Download: stacksync.orgOpenStack Object Storage (Swift)

Swift is a scalable redundant storage system. Objects and files are written to multiple disk drives spread throughout servers in the data center, with the OpenStack software responsible for ensuring data replication and integrity across the cluster. Please note that Swift is meant for a large or enterprise users only and not recommended for home users due to complex setup procedures.

Operating system: Cross-platform (written in Python)Desktop clients: ???Mobile clients: ???Type: File, data synchronization and morePaid support: ???Licence: Apache License 2.0Download: openstack.orgConclusion

Personally, I'm using Owncloud as FOSS based cloud solution for my file sharing with friends and family. It offers me Calendar, Contacts, and Dropbox like storage. My cloud server has total 5 disks, 2 Gib RAM, and an Intel atom cpu. I use a Debian Linux with RAID 6. I backup my cloud to an external USB drive and currently, testing tarsanp backup service. I'm also planning to try out SparkleShare on the Raspberry Pi soon.

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Customized Single Board Computer - Kostengünstig

Customized Single Board Computer - Kostengünstig | Linux A Future |
Allerdings bringt das SBC-Prinzip von Natur aus Nachteile mit sich. Zunächst verursacht das SBC-Prinzip hohe Kosten beim Nachrüsten auf neue Technologien. Da SBCs in Standardgrössen und mit konkreten Interfaces fabriziert werden, ist es schwierig diese an Neuerungen der Zukunft anzupassen, deswegen müssen OEMs von Zeit zu Zeit zu einer vollständig neuen SBC-Lösung greifen. Weiter ist es umständlich ein SBC zu individualisieren, da der Prozessorchipsatz und die umgebenden I/Os wegen dem Single-Board-Design auf engstem Raum verbunden sind. Schlussendlich könnten Anwendungen mit räumlich begrenztem Platzangebot mit den auf dem Markt erhältlichen, bezüglich Grösse standardisierten SBCs zu kämpfen haben.

Der Computer On Module (COM) oder das System On Module (SOM) begleitet von einer Baseboard-Platine stellt eine äquivalente Lösung wie die SBCs zur Verfügung. Das COM-Prinzip trennt den komplexen Mikroprozessorteil vom verhältnismässig simplen I/O-Teil. Dies ermöglicht, die Baseboard-Platine nach den Anwendungs- und Grössenanforderungen des Endprodukts flexibel zu gestalten. Des Weiteren sorgen die pin-kompatiblen Module für bequemen und kostengünstigen Übergang zu neuen Technologien.

Ein kundenspezifischer SBC ist eine einsatzbereite Embedded-Lösung, welche COM/SOM und ein Carrier Board kombiniert. Diese Kombination stellt eine begehrenswerte Alternative zu normalen SBC’s dar, da es die gleiche Flexibilität sowie Skalierbarkeit bietet und eine einsatzbereite komplette Embedded-Lösung für die Entwicklung von Embedded-Endprodukte darstellt, was einer der grössten Vorteil von SBC ist.
Unsere Angebote

Toradex bietet eine Vielfalt von kundenspezifischen SBCs mit unterschiedlichen Leistungsgraden, Features und Preisklassen. Kunden können durch Kombinieren eines beliebigen Modules mit einem passenden Carrier Board ihren eigenen individuellen SBC entwerfen, dies jeweils innerhalb der Apalis- oder Colibri Family. Nachstehend präsentieren wir Ihnen das kostengünstigste kundenspezifische SBC.
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Linux Foundation says many Linux admins and engineers are certifiable

Linux Foundation says many Linux admins and engineers are certifiable | Linux A Future |
The Linux Foundation already provides Linux training in various forms, including white papers, online classes, and other resources. Zemlin said one introductory online Linux course the Foundation co-created with Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has enrolled 250,000 students.
Jim Zemlin at Linuxcon 2014

Jim Zemlin speaking at Linuxcon 2014

With the launch of the Linux Foundation Certified System Administrator (LFCS) and Linux Foundation Certified Engineer (LFCE) programs, the group will now offer employers a way to verify that prospective hires have the skills they need.

"These are hard tests. When you take and pass these you can really prove that you know what you're doing," Zemlin said.

While other organizations have offered Linux certification in the past, however, the Linux Foundation's approach is different in that Linux pros can become certified from anywhere in the world, with exams conducted entirely online. Enrollees need never travel to a testing center.

The certification exams require an internet connection, a web browser, a microphone, and a webcam, but they are entirely performance-based. Rather than solving multiple-choice problems or answering "trick questions," as Zemlin put it, test-takers are asked to complete real-world tasks with a time limit.

At launch, enrollees can take the certification exams on their choice of three Linux distributions, including CentOS, OpenSuse, and Ubuntu. Neither Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) nor derivatives like Fedora are included in the program so far.

Those who pass the exams will be issued a graphical emblem to display on their CVs, websites, LinkedIn pages, or other job-search tools.

As an added bonus for LinuxCon attendees, the Linux Foundation issued everyone at the Chicago event coupons entitling them to one free shot at certification each.

Certification ordinarily costs $300, but for a limited time the Linux Foundation is offering a discounted rate of $50 for the first 500 people to sign up for the exams. The group said it plans to announce additional discounts and promotions via its official training Twitter feed. ®
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Browsing in privacy mode? Super Cookies can track you anyway

Browsing in privacy mode? Super Cookies can track you anyway | Linux A Future |
For years, Chrome, Firefox, and virtually all other browsers have offered a setting that doesn't save or refer to website cookies, browsing history, or temporary files.
Venitta Lateer's curator insight, January 10, 12:41 PM

You are being deceived if you think that your browsing habits are private, The good news is if you are living in a way that glorifies your Heavenly Father you got nothing to worry about !!!!!!! :D God Bless, Love & Hugs <3   

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Google Cloud offers streamlined Ubuntu for Docker use -

Google Cloud offers streamlined Ubuntu for Docker use - | Linux A Future |
Google has adopted for use in its cloud a streamlined version of the Canonical Ubuntu Linux distribution tweaked to run Docker and other containers.
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Google has adopted for use in its cloud a streamlined version of the Canonical Ubuntu Linux distribution tweaked to run Docker and other containers.

Ubuntu Core was designed to provide only the essential components for running Linux workloads in the cloud. An early preview edition of it, which Canonical calls "Snappy," was released last week. The new edition jettisoned many of the libraries and programs usually found in general use Linux distributions that were unnecessary for cloud use.

The Google Compute Engine (GCE) joins Microsoft Azure in supporting the fresh distribution.

According to Canonical, Ubuntu Core should provide users with an easy way to deploy Docker, an increasingly lightweight virtualisation container that allows users to quickly spin up workloads and easily move them around, even across different cloud providers.

Google has been an ardent supporter of Docker and container-based virtualisation itself. In June, the company released as open source its software for managing containers, called Kubernetes.

The design of Ubuntu Core is similar to another Linux distribution, CoreOS, first released a year ago.

Developed in part by two ex-Rackspace engineers, CoreOS is a lightweight Linux distribution designed to work in clustered, highly scalable environments favored by companies that do much or all of their business on the Web.

CoreOS was quickly adopted by many cloud providers, including Microsoft Azure, Amazon Web Services, DigitalOcean and Google Compute Engine.

Like CoreOS, Ubuntu Core offers an expedited process for updating components, reducing the amount of time that an administrator would need to manually manage them.

Joab Jackson covers enterprise software and general technology breaking news for The IDG News Service. Follow Joab on Twitter at @Joab_Jackson. Joab's e-mail address is

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Open source alternative to Minecraft, new games for Linux, and more -

Open source alternative to Minecraft, new games for Linux, and more - | Linux A Future |
Hello, open gaming fans! In this week's roundup, I take a look at an open source alternative to Minecraft, a new Desura client, and new games for Linux. Week of: December 27, 2014 - January 3, 2015
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Ringing in 2015 with 40 Linux-friendly hacker SBCs

Ringing in 2015 with 40 Linux-friendly hacker SBCs | Linux A Future |
2014 brought us plenty of new open-spec, community-backed SBCs -- from $35 bargains, to octa-core powerhouses -- and all with Linux or Android support.

Via Jacques Urbanska
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Password Serenity Prayer - Network Computing

Password Serenity Prayer - Network Computing | Linux A Future |
Through a For IT, By IT editorial filter, Network Computing connects the dots between architectural approach and how technology impacts the business, applications, and network.
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09:00 AMJohn Klossner
Cartoon ContestConnect Directly8 comments
Comment NowLogin50%50%  Password Serenity Prayer

Cartoonist John Klossner comments on the fact that while passwords may be easy to update, sometimes the people using them aren't.



John Klossner has been drawing technology cartoons for more than 15 years. His work regularly appears in Computerworld and Federal Computer Week. His illustrations and cartoons have also been published in The New Yorker, Barron's, and The Wall Street Journal. Web site: ... View Full Bio

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Specialist Linux Consultants| LINUXIT

Specialist Linux Consultants| LINUXIT | Linux A Future |
Welcome to LinuxIT

We are LinuxIT, a progressive IT services company. We specialise in Linux and the deployment of associated best practice systems management technologies such as the Red Hat portfolio of products, Puppet, Ansible, Chef, Nagios, Jenkins, Git and more. We provide end-to-end best practice managed services for the lifecycle of Linux whether on-premise or off, physical or virtual, hybrid or cloud. We apply a partnership approach to our customer relationships to deliver value through the alignment of IT with service strategy.

Discover how engaging with LinuxIT could benefit your organisation. Book Your Free Consultation or call LinuxIT on 0844 417 1847.
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How to easily setup Preload, Polipo and Privoxy on Ubuntu and why!

How to easily setup Preload, Polipo and Privoxy on Ubuntu and why! | Linux A Future |
In my humble opinion Preload, Polipo and Privoxy is an absolute must on every Ubuntu box and here amongst other venerable reasons is why: Preload:" Preload is an adaptive readahead daemon that pref...
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- Since setting it up on Ubuntu my Web browsing and app start-up time experience has just sky rocketed, this is highly recommended to do [you can then add Tor or Download the Tor Browser [] if so inclined, but I am happy enough with just keeping it straight Firefox and tweaks personally for my box].

Here’s how:

Preload: Ctrl + Alt + T

$ sudo apt-get update

$ sudo apt-get install preload

-That’s all she wrote!


Just follow all the steps in this article:

Note: If you are using it for your own Box substitute for the

proxyAddress = everywhere [so where ever you see change it to]

That’s it!

Privoxy: Same thing just follow the steps in this article:

listen-address must then be.

To test your settings [and please don’t ask me why yours is not working, m’kay?! :)] open a site such as and it should bring up the message that privoxy has blocked it [see] screenshot.

–And there you are! Privacy and efficiency at your finger tips, now you can proceed on to become Anonymous, just don’t go hacking anything.PS — If you are using Chrome and see that the Settings>Network>Change Proxy Settings is greyed out and it says it’s being managed by an extension – disable such extensions that might have proxy related jobs for example ZenMate VPN would seemingly do so (there are many others)… Disable one at a time while you keep checking back to see if the Change Proxy Settings “box” becomes available again once you found the culprit enable the rest again – now change the proxy settings under Network Proxy to Privoxy’s settings of And there you go Chrome Privoxivied — This might also be the reason your Firefox proxy setting is being reset upon each relaunch so check them out! :-)

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Test Your PHP App for Free on IBM's New POWER8 Servers

IBM's ecosytem development team has created a cloud environment for functional testing to help raise awareness of its partner-based Linux on POWER8 LAMP (Linux + Apache + MySQL + PHP) stack alternative, nicknamed Turbo LAMP. Their partners include Ubuntu supported by Canonical, which offers Linux scale-out performance and rapid provisioning with its JuJu Charms framework; Zend’s PHP Server for enterprise scale and security; and MariaDB with MySQL compatibility.

Turbo LAMP exploits POWER8 architecture with 2x or better performance than comparable x86 servers for data intensive workloads, says Leamon Hall, leader of ecosystem development for Linux on Power at IBM. In addition, Mellanox is providing a 40 GB network fabric that integrates with the full stack to deliver the highest performance cloud infrastructure, though this piece isn't included in the test environment for this promotion.

“Turbo LAMP is another step in showing our leadership in Linux by bringing key partners together in an innovative stack that is optimized with each other's software to take advantage of the extreme performance that you get on POWER8,” Hall said.

The Turbo LAMP stack provides a standard open source based LAMP stack to enable PHP applications to just run as-is on IBM’s new POWER8 servers. In addition, each component of the stack has been tuned for optimal performance and integrated with JuJu Charms for rapid cloud provisioning, Hall said.

POWER8 processors, introduced in April as integral to IBM's first open servers designed for big data, offer eight-way multithreading for four times more threads along with 4x greater memory bandwidth than a commodity x86 processor, according to the company. By combining the Power8 technology with the Turbo LAMP stack, IBM aims to offer a supported hardware and software solution that can be installed on-premise for private clouds or accessed via a public cloud.

“All of a sudden you can do more with less. So for a private cloud or a cloud service provider that means a more cost-effective infrastructure longer term,” Hall said. “And it means an extensible architecture that can grow much larger without having to add a lot of hardware along the way.”

The Linux on Power Turbo LAMP App-a-Thon is a great opportunity for developers looking for a solution to help bump up their proof of technology application to one that meets enterprise-grade performance and security criteria, Hall said. E-commerce or content-based applications, in particular, are likely to reap the benefits of the Turbo LAMP/ Power8 combination, as well as applications that are data-intensive.

“Demanding apps that might require 20 cores of processors can benefit from 160 threads vs. only 40 threads on an x86 based LAMP server. Especially for a server that needs to support applications with large numbers of users and high volume data transfer rates between MariaDB and Zend (which typically happens in e-commerce), the Turbo LAMP stack would be very well-suited for this,” Hall said.

Anyone who registers for the App-a-Thon will have remote access to test their apps on IBM's hardware. And IBM is offering other incentives for testing, including a two-week optimization and sizing guide with IBM Innovation Center on Turbo LAMP full stack with Mellanox 40Gb network fabric and a customized “go to market” and channel assessment with IBM Power Sales.

To see the full details and to register visit
Libby Clark
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Ubuntu Core on Internet Things | Snappy | Ubuntu

Ubuntu Core on Internet Things | Snappy | Ubuntu | Linux A Future |
More ›

Jump to content


Things ›


Ubuntu Core on Internet Things

Snappy Ubuntu Core on smart devices delivers bullet-proof security, reliable updates and the enormous Ubuntu ecosystem at your fingertips, bringing the developer's favourite cloud platform to a wide range of internet things, connected devices and autonomous machines.

Learn more about Snappy Ubuntu ›
Snappy logo

“We are inspired to support entrepreneurs and inventors focused on life-changing projects. From scientific breakthroughs by autonomous robotic explorers to everyday miracles like home safety and energy efficiency, our world is being transformed by smart machines that can see, hear, move, communicate and sense in unprecedented ways.”

Mark Shuttleworth, Founder of Ubuntu and Canonical

Smarter, safer robots

Early users of Ubuntu on connected devices are pioneers in robotics, drones and open hubs for connected things. Ubuntu Core is the secure platform for super-smart stuff, with an app store that brings the very latest software straight to your device and easy connections to every cloud.

Ubuntu underpins the work of the Open Source Robotics Foundation.

“Ubuntu Core enables our new app store for open robots. That creates a market for innovation and competition in smart robotics, with apps and updates delivered straight from developers to a new class of open, intelligent robots powered by open platforms and open protocols.”

Brian Gerkey, CEO of the Open Source Robotics Foundation

Amazing autonomous things

Commercial vendors of drones and other smart things can now deliver reliable software updates automatically, and sell software to their customers, on an open platform.
Erle Copter

“We are delighted to reveal the Erle-Copter as the world's first Ubuntu Core powered drone that will stay secure automatically and can be upgraded with additional capabilities from the app store. An open platform attracts innovators and experts to collaborate and compete, we are excited to lead the way with open drones for education, research and invention.”

Victor Mayoral Vilches, CTO of Erle Robotics

A marketplace for incredible apps on open devices

General-purpose, extensible devices like hubs, set-top boxes and gateways create a market for apps from a global developer community. “The app store for internet things is now open on Ubuntu,” says Maarten Ectors, VP of Internet Things at Canonical, the company that leads Ubuntu development. “Ubuntu makes it easy to develop amazing apps for incredible devices on your laptop, test on the cloud and publish straight to a global market of diverse devices.”

Serial crowdfunding success story Ninja Blocks, makers of the open Ninja Sphere smart controller are launching a home app platform and store based on Ubuntu Core and snappy applications.
Ninja Blocks Sphere logo

“The open Ninja Sphere controller based on Ubuntu Core is a perfect base for building apps that interact with devices and sensors in your home. We look forward to the growth of a new ecosystem of inventors and creators and are delighted to provide them with a blank canvas for their creativity.”

Daniel Friedman, CEO of Ninja Blocks

The developer's favourite

The huge range of software on Ubuntu helps developers with sophisticated processing such as vision, sensor processing, motion and location. This popularity leads to frequent sightings of “Ubuntu in the wild” in projects as diverse self-driving cars, entertainment control systems, deep space mission control centers, and smart display systems. Ubuntu Core provides a production-ready platform for products that will ship across the globe, be hard to access physically and be connected to the internet for updates and security fixes.
One platform, from cloud to device

Ubuntu Core presents a single identical platform from cloud to device. “It has never been easier to develop for embedded devices,” comments Alexander Sack, who leads device engineering at Canonical. “Ubuntu Core on the cloud is a perfect platform for test and dev, I can simulate my device online and launch thousands of simulated devices on demand.” Canonical ensures that Ubuntu Core on the cloud and on devices present the exact same APIs and receive identical security updates.

Developers of ownCloud, the popular private personal cloud solution, have already published ownCloud in the app store, so any spare PC can be turned into a personal, private and secure file sync and share with Ubuntu Core.
ownCloud logo

“We are able to deliver the latest ownCloud straight to your device, adding features and fixing problems for worry-free, secure personal cloud systems.”

Frank Karlitschek, founder and CTO of ownCloud

Widest range of supported devices

Both ARMv7 and X86-64 are supported. Using standard PC equipment makes device prototyping easy. “A spare laptop or PC becomes your initial development board,” explains Alexander Sack. “Turn an old PC into a home storage server or prototype your robot app on a spare laptop or virtual machine.”

From the $35 ARMv7 Odroid-C1, which offers 1 GB RAM along with gigabit networking and a wide range of RaspberryPi-style expansion ports and pins, to the $179 2 Ghz Octacore Odroid-XU3 with 2 GB RAM and loads of display and I/O, Ubuntu works across the widest range of ARM boards, helping you develop your application secure in the knowledge that you can select the right silicon close the point of manufacture. Reducing the time between innovation and sales is a key advantage for Ubuntu based devices.

Ubuntu Core requires a 600 mhz processor with 128 MB RAM. Devices require 4GB flash for factory reset and system rollback. Ubuntu Core itself uses 40MB RAM leaving the rest for applications. The Beaglebone Black and Odroid-C1 are recommended ARM development boards. For x86, any spare laptop, PC or virtual machine will also serve as a development platform.

Read more installation details ›

BeagleBone Black board
BeagleBoard logo

“BeagleBone Black and Snappy Ubuntu Core together answer the pervasive questions around the Internet of Things, so I am obviously thrilled. Experts and developers often ask me how they can normalize their application environment and have confidence in the security of the system. With a reference design of Snappy on BeagleBone Black, Canonical and have partnered to ensure anyone can build an IoT prototype quickly and affordable, without any barriers to taking their designs to production.”

Jason Kridner, co-founder of

Our partners

The Snappy Ubuntu Core partner ecosystem launches today with 21 partners already onboard: Ninjablocks' Ninjasphere smart hubs; OSRF - ROS robots; Openhab smarthub framework; Erle Robotics with the Erle-Copter; developer boards like Odroid, Beaglebone, Banana Pro, Udoo, PCDuino, Parallella and chip vendors like Allwinner; IoT frameworks and solutions like Kaa, DeviceHive, IoTSys,,; interoperability with micro-controller operating systems like Riot-OS; IoT narrow band networking like Nwave; App stores on mobile base stations with Fairwaves; IoT meets Docker with Weave; environmental tracking robot boats like the Trasibot.
Ninjablocks logo

The Ninja Sphere is a smart home controller that brings together cutting edge technology with beautiful design and intuitive interaction. The device unites the different standards and protocols and presents a simple and easy to use interface.
openHAB logo

openHAB is one of the most popular open source solutions for smart homes. It integrates more than 100 different home automation systems and technologies into a single solution, which offers over-arching automation rules and homogeneous user interfaces. openHAB is easily extendible and has a very active developer community.
OSRF logo

Open Source Robotics Foundation, Inc. (OSRF) is an independent non-profit organization founded by members of the global robotics community. The mission of OSRF is to support the development, distribution, and adoption of open source software for use in robotics research, education, and product development.
ROS logo

The Robot Operating System (ROS) is a flexible framework for writing robot software. It is a collection of tools, libraries, and conventions that aim to simplify the task of creating complex and robust robot behavior across a wide variety of robotic platforms.
Erlerobot logo
Erle Robotics

Erle Robotics is a Spanish startup building the next generation of Linux-based personal robots. Their Linux autopilot, Erle-Brain is a palm-size Linux computer for making drones. Through Erle-Brain, Erle Robotics is introducing Erle-Copter, the first multicopter powered by Ubuntu Core.
Odroid logo

Make your ODROID-C1 more secure and faster enabling Snappy Ubuntu Core. Hardkernel’s $35 ODROID-C1 is based on 1.5 GHz quad-core Cortex-A5 SoC, and boasts 1GB RAM. Its tiny size of 85 x 56 mm, weight of 40g and 40pin GPIOs are just suitable for your IoT project. It is also equipped with a gigabit Ethernet port, four USB 2.0 host ports, and a USB OTG port.
Beagleboard logo
Beagleboard community innovates on open hardware computers for makers of things. The boards are low-cost, fan-less single-board computers based on low-power Texas Instruments processors featuring the ARM Cortex-A series core with all of the expandability of today's desktop machines, but without the bulk, expense, or noise.
Udoo logo

UDOO is a single-board computer integrated with a Arduino 2 compatible microcontroller, designed for education, the world of Makers and fast prototyping and the Internet of Things. Launched on Kickstarter at April 2013 reaching wide consensus and its currently used in lot of projects involving Multimedia, Robotics, Smart Grids, Domotics, Scientific Instruments and Arts.
Parallella logo

An immensely popular $99 parallel single board computer launched on Kickstarter in 2012. The credit card sized Parallella includes a dual core ARM A9 processor, programmable FPGA fabric, and a 16-core RISC coprocessor, making it the most efficient open computing platform in the world. Popular applications include: parallel computing research, robotics, drones, software defined radio, Internet of Things, and high performance computing. It is currently in use by over 200 universities and uses Ubuntu as its default Linux distribution.
PCDuino logo

pcDuino is a $39 single board computer that has 1GB DRAM, 4GB flash and Gbps MAC. It is compatible with Arduino ecosystem by providing low level API that runs Arduino sketch code. pcDuino also has a form factor of CPU module that allows to use it in mass market products.
Banana Pro logo

The Banana Pro is a new generation single board computer. The Banana Pro has an Allwinner A20 SoC, that uses the ARM Cortex-A7 dual-core 1 GHz CPU and Mali400 MP2 GPU. The Banana Pro has 1GB DDR3 SDRAM that shared between CPU and GPU, uses a microSD card to boot the OS, and has a SATA 2.0 hard drive interface. The Banana Pro can be applied to a wide range of fields, includes home automation, IoT, private cloud server, robotics, and multimedia applications.
Allwinner logo
Allwinner Technology

Allwinner Technology is a leading fabless design company dedicated to smart application processor SoCs and smart analog ICs. Focused on cutting edge UHD video processing, high performance multi-core CPU/GPU integration, and ultra-low power consumption, Allwinner Technology is a mainstream solution provider for the global tablet, internet TV, smart home device, automotive in-dash device, smart power management, and mobile connected device markets.
DeviceHive logo

DeviceHive makes any connected device part of the Internet of Things. It provides the communication layer, control software and multi-platform libraries to bootstrap development of smart energy, home automation, remote sensing, telemetry, remote control and monitoring software, and much more. Leave communications to DeviceHive and focus on product and innovation.
IoTSyS logo

IoTSyS is an integration middleware for the IoT, providing a communication stack for embedded devices based on IPv6, Web services and OASIS OBIX to provide interoperable interfaces for smart objects. The IoTSyS middleware provides a gateway for existing sensor and actuator systems found in many home and building automation systems, a stack which can be deployed directly on embedded 6LoWPAN devices and further addresses security, discovery and scalability issues.
RIOT logo

RIOT is an open-source operating system for the IoT. RIOT is based on a microkernel architecture allows C and C++ application programming. In contrast to other operating systems with similar memory footprint RIOT provides both full multi-threading and real-time capabilities. logo

The platform allows developers to build multi-device IoT applications on Linux devices as easy as they build for the cloud today. takes away the non-essential complexity of provisioning your devices, reaching them over the network, deploying code reliably, and collecting logs, leaving the developers to focus on building the best app possible. is working on support for Ubuntu Snappy devices, coming in Q1 2015.
Kaa logo
Kaa Project

Kaa is an open-source middleware platform for building and facilitating applications in the realm of IoT. Kaa allows companies to expedite a products’ time-to-market, increase performance, and attract customers and subscribers. Kaa introduces standardized methods for enabling integration and interoperation across connected products. The Kaa IoT middleware platform is licensed under Apache 2.0, and is 100% open source without royalties.
NWave logo

NWave has developed best-in-class ultra narrow band radio communications technology, solutions and hardware for the IoT that spans up to 10km and can run 10+ years on a single battery at a radio module volume cost of under $2 each. Based on open standards, with a developer SDK and many deployments, Nwave is ideal for IoT use cases involving small data amounts over large distances.
Fairwaves logo

In Fairwaves we're developing a system for rural mobile networks, which is mostly based on open-source software. Our GSM base-station which is installed in extremely remote locations and the last thing customers want is to have to reset a remote station. We can use Linux Containers to build an application isolation system and an installer with transactional updates, then tweak Ubuntu to use a read-only root file system and then make another dozen tweaks. But now we can just use snappy Ubuntu Core.
Siralab logo

The purpose of the Siralab's Trasibot is to perform different kinds of environmental analysis with an unmanned vehicle. Automating the testing process, analysis results can be collected in the boat and data can be transmitted via a radio link to the base station or shared over internet via a web interface. TrasiBot is able to navigate in total autonomy across a list of preprogrammed way-points, in each of them it can perform a specific task.
Opensensors logo are building a connected world that puts people first. We have built a scalable real time IoT messaging engine that can easily process millions of messages a second from any internet connected device. We enable you to quickly create real time smart IoT products by giving you the components you need such as real time data access, security, storage, data analytics and machine learning. Use our hosted service or download the service and run it in your own firewall.

Weave is a secure application-oriented virtual network by Weaveworks, Inc. It implements an encrypted peer-to-peer overlay mesh, providing a virtual Ethernet network in any cloud and across clouds. With built-in DNS for service discovery, and dynamically scalable topologies, it is an ideal platform for your application. It will adapt itself as you grow, without code changes. It is very easy to use and requires no networking experience. Ubuntu Core with Docker and Weave provide an ideal platform for implementing any IoT-scale application. This video outlines how Weave network could help you in your next Internet of Things project on Ubuntu Core.
2lemetry logo

2lemetry is an Internet of Things platform and technology company, and the only provider to specialize in a software-based approach with an open enablement platform. They provide the only open enablement platform that transforms IoT data for enterprise applications. 2lemetry powers the connected enterprise, tying people, processes, data and devices together — transforming raw data into real-time actionable intelligence.
Getting started with a Beaglebone Black

To bootstrap the brave new snappy Ubuntu for Devices world we have extended support of Snappy Ubuntu Core beyond the cloud by introducing a support for bare metal ARMv7-A powered platforms. While we are working with many platform partners out there to ensure that your platform of choice becomes readily available, we have picked the Beaglebone Black as our first device to get started.

Detailed information about this board can be found at The beaglebone has great support in the upstream linux kernel, which makes it great fit to showcase our vision of ARM SoCs that won't require kernel hacking when building a product and for which security updates will automatically be delivered by Ubuntu.

If you don't have one, but want to ensure that your that your snapp works well on ARM based Ubuntu Core, we encourage you to buy one from one of the many places that have them readily available in stock.

Simply download our prebuilt ubuntu-core for the beaglebone black to your machine and flash it to your sd card using the dd tool:

unxz ubuntu-core-WEBDM-alpha-02_armhf-bbb.img.xz
dd if=ubuntu-core-WEBDM-alpha-02_armhf-bbb.img of=/dev/sdXXX bs=32M

After that is done you simply put the SD card in your Beaglebone, power it on, wait 1-2 minutes and your snappy system will become available at webdm.local:4200. Try exploring the store and install one of the available snapps. If you have your own snapp you would like to publish, simply upload through You can also sideload snapps manually as a developer.
store screenshot

Of course, the snappy CLI experience that we introduced in our alpha-01 release is available on this system and you can access it on our prebuilt images through ssh:

$ ssh ubuntu@webdm.local # password: ubuntu

into your snappy Ubuntu Core system.

More documentation on snappy Ubuntu including a walkthrough of the CLI can be found on the main snappy page.

WebDM: The web device manager

The “web device manager” is a web-based management interface to your snappy device that allows for configuration and package installation. It also provides a way to reach web-based apps running on the device. WebDM can be installed on any snappy device by running “snappy install webdm”. If Ubuntu Core is running as a virtual machine on the cloud you can have webdm installed by default using cloud-init, otherwise you should enable it on your device from a terminal or SSH session.

WebDM provides:

first boot/initial-setup experience on devices that preinstall it
home screen type experience to access and configure installed apps
standardized system administration and app configuration facilities
app store experience to customize and extend the appliance

The WebDM will be branded by device manufacturers. Our first release off webdm (0.1) in snappy Ubuntu alpha-02 includes a working app store experience for your snappy device and also showcases the ability to customize basic branding through our newly introduced OEM customisation system.

Install webdm with “snappy install webdm” if it is not preinstalled in your snappy system, then you can connect to it on port 4200 of your snappy Ubuntu instance.

If you have a beaglebone setup up with our prebuilt image in your local network you should be able to simply go to:

$ firefox http://webdm.local:4200

Hope you enjoy it! Happy to receive feedback on our mailing lists and input to ensure this building block becomes as useful as possible for your appliance scenario.

NOTE: WebDM is currently in alpha and not ready for production. Do not run it on public machines as it does not offer any access control.
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Free software badges to share — Free Software Foundation — working together for free software

Free software badges to share — Free Software Foundation — working together for free software | Linux A Future |
Jan Bergmans's insight:
Free Software. Free society.

Embed: <a href=""><img src="//" alt="Free Software, Free Society"></a>

This badge gives a graphical representation of the four freedoms guaranteed by every free program. It links to to our What is Free Software?" page.

Save your favorite badge and upload to social media, or use the embed code to display it on your Web site or blog.

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First Details Of The Ubuntu Phone « Full Circle Magazine

First Details Of The Ubuntu Phone « Full Circle Magazine | Linux A Future |
Full Circle is a free, independent, monthly magazine dedicated to the Ubuntu family of Linux operating systems. Each month, it contains helpful how-to articles and reader submitted stories.
Jan Bergmans's insight:

Users deserve a richer, faster and unfragmented experience built around the things they do most on their devices.

With the Ubuntu phone we are moving away from the app grid towards integrated content and services. And we do this by providing a user experience that is centered on bringing the key mobile digital life services directly to the screen, which at the heart we call ‘scopes.’

Scopes are a way of delivering unified experiences for various service categories, front and centre to the user, without hiding them behind a sea of apps and app icons. They are created via a simple UI toolkit with much lower development and maintenance costs than apps. There are two types of scopes – aggregation and branded.

Aggregation scopes define the device’s default experience and what makes Ubuntu phones valuable to end users. They allow OEMs and Operators to create a user experience that is unique to their devices such as the NearBy scope that aggregates local services centered around what you’re doing. We’ll go into more detail on the other aggregated scopes in an upcoming Phone Glimpse mailer.

Branded scopes are app like experiences delivered directly to the screen, fully branded. Discoverable through the default store, from a feed in an aggregation scope, or as a favourited default screen. A faster way for developers to build a rich and easier to access branded experience on a device.

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Pillow Talk - Networking Long Distance Lovers

Pillow Talk - Networking Long Distance Lovers | Linux A Future |

Pillow Talk - Networking Long Distance Lovers

Posted by Joanna Montgomery on May 1, 2010 at 12:36pm
View Blog

Pillow Talk is a project by Interaction Design Student Joanna Montgomery aiming to connect long distance lovers. Each person has a pillow for their bed and a sensor fitted into a wearable chest strap, which they wear to sleep at night. The chest sensor wirelessly communicates with the other person’s pillow; when one person goes to bed, their lover’s pillow begins to glow softly to indicate their presence. Placing your head on the pillow allows you to hear the real-time heartbeat of your loved one.

The result is an intimate interaction between two lovers, regardless of the distance between them.

The project is built using a transceiver from a Polar exercise watch, built into a circuit which runs via an Arduino board. The pillows contain a flat panel containing the circuit, small speakers and lights, which can slot into any pillow.

See more on her portfolio website or on the project blog.

Tags: design, interaction, love, networking, sleep, wearable

Venitta Lateer's curator insight, January 10, 12:53 PM

Very sweet for couples how are far apart :D  

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Mozilla makeover to boost Tor torque, capacity

Mozilla makeover to boost Tor torque, capacity | Linux A Future |
Privacy pundits launch Polaris project
Jan Bergmans's insight:

Mozilla will tweak its flagship Firefox browser and host relays to speed up and boost the capacity of Tor under the Polaris project launched today.

The browser baron joined the Tor Project and the Centre for Democracy and Technology, under the Polaris initiative, to create warmer, fuzzier relationships between the organisations to help build more privacy controls into kit.


Legal eagle Denelle Dixon-Thayer said the initiative will involve two projects and help keep participants accountable to privacy.

"Mozilla engineers are evaluating the Tor Project's changes to Firefox, to determine if changes to our own platform code base can enable Tor to work more quickly and easily," Dixon-Thayer said.

"Mozilla will also soon begin hosting our own high-capacity Tor middle relays to make Tor's network more responsive and allow Tor to serve more users.

"We recogniSe that privacy is not just a functionality on your computer or a setting you can turn on or off, and we're excited to see what we can do to advance privacy online with Polaris."

The company was also developing an "experiment" through it's nightly Firefox builds to establish a means to keep advertisers happy without invasive user tracking.

"[It examines] how we can offer a feature that protects those users that want to be free from invasive tracking without penalising advertisers and content sites that respect a user's preferences," Dixon-Thayer said.

She said the experiment was promising but not fully-fledged, and required more testing, refinement and user and advertisement feedback over coming months.

The Tor Project and Center for Democracy and Technology wrote statements expressing their enthusiasm for the initiative.

Mozilla also released a Harris Poll web survey finding that users felt their data was less private than a year ago. ®

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The Incredible Lightness Of Cloud Computing

The Incredible Lightness Of Cloud Computing | Linux A Future |

I spent a good good part of my weekend clearing my office of a couple of decades of accumulated software. As I discarded dozens of 3.5 floppies and CDs, and recycled piles of boxes and documentation — the flotsam and jetsam of an earlier computing age — I realized just how much easier computing is in 2015.

Not all that long ago, there were no app stores and software came in paper boxes. Upgrades didn’t happen automatically or with the simple click of a button. Instead, every couple of years, people paid hefty fees for the latest and greatest advancements in computing, and everyone had to experience the pain of installing new software for themselves, and trust me, it was often a mind-numbing process.

The good news is that complexity has given way to simplicity, whether we are talking about using, managing, maintaining or even storing software. It all so much easier to handle now.

Many services I use on a regular basis today like Google Docs, GMail, Evernote and Dropbox were all born on the Web or in the cloud and never came in boxes. Heck, my MacBook Air doesn’t have any way to add physical software short of downloading it, even if I wanted to install the old-fashioned way. Today, when I want software, I just go to the app stores or search online, and I usually find exactly what I want, often for free or a very small fee. This is in stark contrast to earlier times when I would have to pay a hefty price for software.

And of course, the beauty of cloud services, which I take for granted now, is that the software is just there when I need it on whatever device I happen to be using — which is at it should be.

Early computing involved the highly deliberate act of loading software. To further complicate matters, I had to create backup copies in case something went wrong with the original because the owner was responsible for the physical media. Eventually I would go through the time and expense of upgrading and doing it all over again — and all the while, those boxes kept accumulating on my shelves.

We see the cloud as the norm now, but if you are over 30, chances are you know it wasn’t always as easy as going to the App Store. In fact, those of us old enough to remember early PCs before big hard drives and graphical user interfaces, know you could run your software on a couple of 5.25 inch floppy disks. Software was more compact back then.

Eventually, it got bulkier, and if you had a big product like Word, it took a pile of 3.5 inch floppies to load it onto your machine. And yes, installing was tedious swapping out those disks, especially if something went awry in the middle (which happened plenty). We progressed to a few CDs and eventually to a DVD or two and it got much more manageable, but even as the media got more efficient, the burden of installation never went away.

Early software came with paper documentation with detailed instructions on how to use it. A complex piece of software like Macromedia Director involved a couple of humongous volumes and required an enormous box to accommodate the books (which took up a fair bit of space on my shelf). Times changed though and software companies, always looking for an edge eventually realized that they could save money if they reduced the size and contents of the packaging. The paper documentation gradually gave way to a Getting Started guide, with the bulk of the instructional materials delivered in the form of online help or a PDF.

Over time, the boxes themselves for the most part, went away with the advent of Web and cloud services.

The low price and ease of installing software has surely simplified my life as an individual user, but it has created a revolution of sorts in the workplace where workers, tired of wrestling with clunky enterprise software, quite rightly want their software to work as well in the office as it does for them at home. What’s more, because of cloud computing and the mobile devices we carry, we don’t have to put up with it — and this dynamic has shifted the balance of power in the workplace. It’s tough for IT to dictate what people can use when they can install software so easily themselves.

Software is no longer some expensive and magical entity only IT can understand. It’s just a couple of clicks away for anyone, even the most non-technical among us. This ease of use has democratized computing. We have come a long way from struggling with installations and reading dense documentation to figure out how an application works.

It hasn’t been all bad for IT either, even while their role has been evolving inside organizations. It has simplified life for them as well. Just like me, they no longer have deal with all of the management headaches associated having software on-premises, and the complexity of managing software is a magnitude higher inside a large organization.

As my personal computing style shifted from the desktop to mobile and the cloud, it happened so gradually, it would be easy to think that this is the way it’s always been. But the act of cleaning my office, drove the point home for me. Computing has changed in a big way, and it’s just so much more straightforward now.

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A Very Short History Of The Internet And The Web

A Very Short History Of The Internet And The Web | Linux A Future |
2014 marked two important anniversaries in the evolution of information technology. Forty-five years ago (October 29, 1969), the first ARPAnet (later to be known as the Internet) link was established between UCLA and SRI.
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Step-by-step Linux Tutorials for Beginners and ProsJavaFX 8...

JavaFX 8 Quick-Start on Linux Mint The Linux Tutorial Show Step-by-Step How-to Getting-Started with JavaFX 8 Hello-World Example on NetBeans 8 IDE for Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca LTS i386/amd64 Mate/Cinnamon/Kde/Xfce Desktop.

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Step-by-step Linux Tutorials for Beginners and ProsHow-to Install...

Install Netbeans 8 IDE All for Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca 32/64bit The Linux Tutorial Show Step-by-Step and Visually How-to Install and Getting-Started with Netbeans 8.x IDE All on Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca Mate/Cinnamon/Kde/Xfce i386/amd64 Linux Desktop.

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Announcing Snappy Ubuntu | Cloud | Ubuntu

Announcing Snappy Ubuntu | Cloud | Ubuntu | Linux A Future |
This page is dedicated to explaining project snappy, which is a new way of packaging and distributing applications in the cloud.
Jan Bergmans's insight:

A new, transactionally updated Ubuntu for the cloud.

Ubuntu Core is a new rendition of Ubuntu for the cloud with transactional updates. Ubuntu Core is a minimal server image with the same libraries as today’s Ubuntu, but applications are provided through a simpler mechanism. The snappy approach is faster, more reliable, and lets us provide stronger security guarantees for apps and users — that’s why we call them “snappy” applications.

Snappy apps and Ubuntu Core itself can be upgraded atomically and rolled back if needed — a bulletproof approach to systems management that is perfect for container deployments. It’s called “transactional” or “image-based” systems management, and we’re delighted to make it available on every Ubuntu certified cloud.

“Ubuntu Core builds on the world’s favourite container platform and provides transactional updates with rigorous application isolation. This is the smallest, safest platform for Docker deployment ever, and with snappy packages, it’s completely extensible to all forms of container or service. We’re excited to unleash a new wave of developer innovation with snappy Ubuntu!”

Mark Shuttleworth, founder of Ubuntu and Canonical.

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Linux AIO some of the most common distributions in one ISOLinux AIO alcune delle distribuzioni più comuni in una ISO

Linux AIO some of the most common distributions in one ISOLinux AIO alcune delle distribuzioni più comuni in una ISO | Linux A Future |
Linux AIO Ubuntu that includes: Ubuntu 14.04.1 LTS desktop i386, Kubuntu 14.04.1 LTS desktop i386, Ubuntu GNOME 14.04.1 LTS desktop i386, Xubuntu 14.04.1 LTS desktop i386, Lubuntu 14.04.1 LTS desktop i386.

Linux AIO Linux Mint that includes: Linux Mint 17 Cinnamon 32bit, Linux Mint 17 MATE 32bit, Linux Mint 17 KDE 32bit, Linux Mint 17 Xfce 32bit.

Linux AIO Linux Mint Debian Edition that includes: Linux Mint “Debian” 201403 Cinnamon 32bit, Linux Mint “Debian” 201403 MATE 32bit.

Linux AIO Debian Live that includes: Debian Live 7.6.0 GNOME i386, Debian Live 7.6.0 KDE i386, Debian Live 7.6.0 Xfce i386, Debian Live 7.6.0 LXDE i386.

Another interesting thing is that the various ISO are available in both 32 Bit and 64 Bit in addition to the EFI 64 BIT version that permits to use the iso on systems with UEFI Secure Boot active
How to make an USB stick

Once you have downloaded the iso you can put it on as USB stick, you can easily do it with the command dd.
Warning, this procedure will destroy any previous data on that USB stick !!

First determine what device your USB is. With your USB plugged in run in terminal:

sudo ls -l /dev/disk/by-id/*usb*

This should produce an output like this:

lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 9 2014-05-24 22:54 /dev/disk/by-id/usb-_USB_DISK_2.0_077508380189-0:0 -> ../../sdb

In this example output, the USB device is sdb. Now you can use the below command to make a bootable USB drive.

sudo dd if=filename.iso of=/dev/sdb bs=4M

Now just reboot your computer and choose from your boot menu the USB stick, you should see a screen like this one:

LinuxAIO Ubuntu
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Open source professional tells his story |

Open source professional tells his story | | Linux A Future |
Rich Bowen, has worked on the Apache http server for almost 20 years now and serves as a board member and the Executive Vice President. He says that direct, intentional mentoring is 100% of the reason that I am where I am today, professionally and personally. How can you be a mentor or find a mentor to improve your career and life?
Jan Bergmans's insight:
Provide yourself an exit strategy

Some day, you're not going to want to do it any more. You're going to want to move on from this project and try something else.

I was told recently by a very wise colleague that the first thing that you should do, on assuming an important job, is to identify the person that's going to replace you. Some day, you're going to move on from that position, and much of what you've invested into the position will be lost unless you are actively taking steps to ensure that your impact outlives your own involvement.

Some folks, of course, strive to make themselves irreplaceable. They do this by hiding information, by ensuring that everything depends on them, and by actively scaring off anybody that might take over. Some people do this intentionally, while others do it instinctively, out of desire to protect their position. But by actively looking for your replacement, you create a culture of openness in which people won't be trying to oust you, so the other goal is accomplished, too. (Publicly documenting everything you do is another huge part of that, and an article for another day.)

By mentoring your replacement, you remove so much of the stress of carrying the entire operation yourself. You can begin to delegate things. You can spend more time thinking about the future, and less time fixing things that are broken that only you can fix.

And when the time comes to depart, you can rest assured that you're leaving things in hands that will continue your vision.

Leave a legacy that actually matters

Open source is code. Code gets refactored, forked, and deleted. When you leave that project, your impact will dwindle as your contributions are gradually patched away.

The time that you spend mentoring people will endure. It will stretch into other projects, other industries, and other decades. Every moment that you invest in another person will extend your impact a little further past your own direct influence.

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Transitioning from Windows to Linux Administration: A guide for newcomers - Tech Pro Research

Transitioning from Windows to Linux Administration: A guide for newcomers - Tech Pro Research | Linux A Future |
Prerequisites for users of this guide are familiarity with concepts of system administration such as creating users, working with permissions, managing programs and processes, configuring hardware such as network details and hard drives and reviewing event logs for errors. Furthermore, these tips and screenshots are based on Red Hat Linux administration, since that is generally the corporate standard, but should also work on most if not all other Linux flavors.
Jan Bergmans's insight:

Prerequisites for users of this guide are familiarity with concepts of system administration such as creating users, working with permissions, managing programs and processes, configuring hardware such as network details and hard drives and reviewing event logs for errors. Furthermore, these tips and screenshots are based on Red Hat Linux administration, since that is generally the corporate standard, but should also work on most if not all other Linux flavors.

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