JUNCAO Technology turns grass into mushrooms In 1983, professor Lin Zhanxi of FujianAgriculturalUniversity recognized the rapid decline of forests in China as wood logs were much in demand for shiitake and other exotic mushrooms. He started to work with wild grasses, bagasse, rice and corn straw as basic materials for the mushroom substrate. In 1987 he decided to name the technique JUNCAO: ‘Jun’ from fungi, and ‘Cao’ being the Chinese word for grass(-es). Now, 21 years later, the technique has led to a comprehensive growing system for more than 40 types of mushrooms, using some 33 kinds of leguminous plants as basic substrate material. The grasses are dried after harvest, grinded and stored until used. For each mushroom, specific substrate recipes have been developed. E.g. a patented process has been developed to use protein of fermentative bacteria instead of the commonly used wheat bran. Heat treatments and substrate containers also vary between species. This systematic set of technique has spread to at least 50 countries and helped to alleviate poverty while making sustainable use of resources which are readily available.
The climate of Nigeria is highly favourable for high volume of mushroom production. The cultivation of mushroom is one of the most lucrative agricultural job. In our study the profitability of mushroom cultivation was found comparatively higher than that of cassava,rice,and cotton,the most popular cash earning crops in Nigeria. As funding to promote the production and consumption of mushrooms is limited, local governments and NGOs can play vital role to develop mushroom agriculture to arise at industrial level which can create ample employment opportunities both in semi-urban and rural areas. This suggests that the potential of mushroom cultivation could be a possible offer to alleviate poverty and develop the life style of the vulnerable people in Nigeria
The Korea Forest Resources Research Institute ofSouth Jeolla Province said on December 18 that it has succeeded in artificial cultivation of truffle, one of the highly prized haute cuisine items. Truffles usually grow in oak forests and have yet to be found in Korea in natural state. It is one of the world’s three most expensive food items, with its price reaching several thousand dollars per 100 grams.
Depending on its color, it is divided into black truffle and white truffle. Recently the demand for white truffle is on the rise in Europe and elsewhere. Still, the cultivation of truffles is quite limited in volume. The researchers at the Forest Resources Research Institute have experimented with European truffles by planting in different locations within the province with different cultivation conditions and recently succeeded in growing the mushrooms in large quantities.
Once the truffle-growing technique is adopted by local farmers, it is likely to be the first case of mass-production of truffles and will create a source of income for the farmers. Kim Hyun-seok, a research staff with the institute who was involved in the project, said, “We will try to develop better quality starter culture for truffles so that farmers within our province can get more income from the mushroom cultivation.”
Scientists first observed Saturn’s auroras in 1979. Decades later, these shimmering ribbons of light still fascinate. For one thing they’re magnificently tall, rising hundreds of miles above the planet’s poles. And unlike on Earth where bright displays fizzle after only a few hours, auroras on Saturn can shine for days. Auroras are produced when speeding particles accelerated by the sun’s energy collide with gases in a planet’s atmosphere. The gases fluoresce, emitting flashes of light at different wavelengths. Watch the video to see an edge-on view of Saturn’s northern and southern lights courtesy of NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope.
PHENICX exploits state-of-the-art multimedia and internet technologies so that a live concert becomes a digital artefact. As a result, novel engaging and interactive ways to explore live classical concerts are foreseen which can enrich the concert experience before, during and after the concert.
The project team demonstrated at the Singularity University Summit how concert experiences can be improved by applying technology to the concert that took place during the Summit opening. This concert was performed by Sinfonietta de San Francisco de Paula and featured the Ouverture to “The Creatures of Prometheus" by L. v. Beethoven. The opening concert took place on March 12th at Teatro de la Maestranza (Sevilla).
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