Digital technology is allowing teachers and learners to explore new approaches to traditional school lessons. The growing availability of online instructional videos creates the opportunity to move the learning of new content to outside of the classroom, freeing up class time for teachers to coach, and students to actively work on developing their own understanding.
Nesta and NFER carried out a study to explore how this approach can work in secondary maths classrooms across the UK, and how teachers use it to change the approaches to learning students take. We saw teachers use the approach to encourage students to take active responsibility for their learning, and for some to use it to accelerate their learning.
This project has produced a research report delving into the effects of Flipped Learning and the conditions needed for success. For those focused on classroom practice, we have also created a research-based practitioner guide to the approach, and a specific how-to guide for using resources from the Khan Academy and linking them to the UK curricula
Jim Lerman's insight: Three practical guides to implementing the Flipped Classroom model in secondary level math education. The setting is schools in the U.K., with a particular emphasis on Khan Academy videos -- however, much of the material is generalizable. Be sure to look at each of the 3 different guides.
The purpose of the questions is to help teachers BEGIN the process of flipping their class. This is only the first step. Flipped Class 101 can lead to Flipped Learning, which is a second stage of the Flipped Class. Many teachers are asking for some step by step guidelines as they begin.
"When the subject of the flipped class comes up, many educators see how it applies to academic subjects like math and science education, but don't realize that the methodology has applications in a wide array of other classes. According to a survey of 2358 teachers by the Flipped Learning Network and Sophia Learning (PDF, 1.2MB), 33 percent of those teachers who are flipping their classes are math teachers, 38 percent are science teachers, and 23 percent teach English language arts and social studies. But can you flip the other subjects? Can you flip an elementary classroom? The answer is a resounding yes.
"To flip the non-flippable classes, teachers need to ask this key question: What is the best use of my face-to-face time with students? Since every teacher has a specified amount of time with his or her students per week, we must consider how to maximize that class time. The answer to this question will be vastly different for an elementary teacher compared to a middle school PE teacher compared to a high school English teacher. Though there is no one way to answer this question, there is a "wrong" answer: information dissemination. Lower-level cognitive information should be moved out of the group space and into the individual space where students can consume data at their own pace and interact with the content in a manner that meets their individual needs. And as teachers answer this question, their class will be transformed into a center of learning where students are applying, analyzing, and creating content, rather than simply acquiring information."
Since it is a less radical departure from what students and parents expect, there’s less stress and uncertainty. If you fear that students may not have access to video lectures or get distracted from learning while on their own time, then teacher resources and equipment available in most schools solve this logistics problem. Wealth and home situation do not become a barrier to learning.
The book focuses on practical ways teachers can explore and exploit the potential of the vast web-based video resources that now exist on the internet. In addition to this the book offers guidance on how to encourage students to use video as a creative tool that can support their language learning. The book has 10 chapters beyond the introduction. These chapters focus on a range practical , theoretical and technical issues which should help the reader to fully utilise digital video in a range of contexts from the classroom, blended learning and all the way through to fully online delivery. The book contains: -: 315 full colour illustrations -: 26 embedded video tutorials -: 42 detailed activities with materials and links -: 17 Cool tools with step by step illustrated guides, video tutorials, suggested activities and getting started suggestions -: 70 pages of reviewed links to tools and resources -: Detailed tips and advice on pedagogically related aspects from choosing a clip and task design to paradigms for building video into your syllabus through a range of up to date approaches. -: An interactive glossary
Jackie Gerstein proposes an experiential flipped classroom learning model where she believes there a great opportunity to change the predominant didactic model of education that is especially prevalent in upper elementary through graduate school education.
"UDL is a strategy, a process that provides opportunities for all students, not just those with special needs (but I believe all learners have special needs), to be successful learners. This is the same goal for the flipped classroom model designed as an experiential learning cycle.
This model has experiential learning at the core of the learning process with the content videos supporting the learning rather than being the core or primary instructional piece. Experiential learning is the process of making meaning from direct experience.. Simply put, experiential learning is learning from experience. Experiential learning can be a highly effective educational method[ It engages the learner at a more personal level by addressing the needs and wants of the individual. For experiential learning to be truly effective, it should employ the whole learning wheel, from goal setting, to experimenting and observing, to reviewing, and finally action planning. This complete process allows one to learn new skills, new attitudes or even entirely new ways of thinking. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Experiential_learning)"
Thank you Jackie for your insight in creating this model where all learners can experience success!
The very basics of what to do when making educational videos for flipping a class. Many thanks to Jaclyn Pessel @chempessel, Meghan Klement @klemistry and Cara Johnson @AHSAnatomy for volunteering to be in this video!
Content Times: 0:12 Turn off your phone 0:36 Silence extraneous noises 1:00 Post a “Do Not Disturb” sign 1:26 Make sure you are actually recording 1:41 Look at the camera 2:08 Think about the video background 2:30 Remain stationary 2:52 Use big text 3:44 DON’T USE ALL CAPS! 3:55 Use drop shadow 4:20 Video length 4:53 Speak at a normal pace 5:22 Summary
edX recently commissioned a study of nearly 1,000 videos, segmenting them out by by video type and production style, and discovered this among their other findings:
Shorter videos are more engaging. Engagement drops after 6 minutes.Videos with a more personal feeling are more effective than high-fidelity studio recordings. Videos in which the instructor speaks quickly and with high enthusiasm are more engaging.Khan-style tablet drawings are more engaging than power point slides.
Via Dennis T OConnor
Why do I characterize this explanation as a flipped classroom and not flipped learning? Because, contrary to popular belief, these terms are not synonymous. Yet nearly every article written on these topics mistakenly equates them.
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