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Google rolls out new 'Hummingbird' search algorithm

Google is trying to keep pace with the evolution of Internet usage. As search queries get more complicated, traditional "Boolean" or keyword-based systems begin deteriorating because of the need to match concepts and meanings in addition to words.

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Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions
Explores writing, applications of thought and theory, solutions, engineering, design, DIY, Interesting approaches to problems, examples of interdisciplinary explorations and solutions.
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The brain is wired in a 3D grid structure. Our brain pathways are organized like woven sheets and not as tangled as once thought

The brain is wired in a 3D grid structure. Our brain pathways are organized like woven sheets and not as tangled as once thought | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it

"The brain appears to be wired in a rectangular 3D grid structure, suggests a new brain imaging study. (...) “Far from being just a tangle of wires, the brain’s connections turn out to be more like ribbon cables — folding 2D sheets of parallel neuronal fibers that cross paths at right angles, like the warp and weft of a fabric,” (...)

 

“The wiring of the mature brain appears to mirror three primal pathways established in embryonic development.” (...) “Before, we had just driving directions. Now, we have a map showing how all the highways and byways are interconnected,” said Wedeen. “Brain wiring is not like the wiring in your basement, where it just needs to connect the right endpoints. Rather, the grid is the language of the brain and wiring and re-wiring work by modifying it.”

//

 

"By looking at how the pathways fit in the brain, we anticipated the connectivity to resemble that of a bowl of spaghetti, a very narrow and discreet object," (...) "We discovered that the pathways in the top of the brain are all organized like woven sheets with the fibers running in two directions in the sheets and in a third direction perpendicular to the sheets. These sheets all stack together so that the entire connectivity of the brain follows three precisely defined directions." (...)
"This is the first time it has ever been determined that the geometry of the brain is described by a three-dimensional grid," (...)

 

"The research took MRI scanners and new mathematical algorithms to determine a geometry to the relationship of nearby pathways in the brain so that each pathway was part of a two-dimensional sheet of pathways that together looked exactly like a woven sheet of fabric," Each pathway was part of a parallel series next to it crossed by a perpendicular series at a right angle, together which formed a woven grid.

 

The structure was part of a three-dimensional scaffold connections of the brain conformed to the extremely simple three-dimensional structure, a single woven grid with fibers in only three axes. By using diffusion MRI and mapping the three-dimension motion of the water molecules in the brain, the scientists ran the maps through mathematical algorithms that inferred from the water motion pattern the fiber architecture of the tissue of the brain." -- http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=123711&org=NSF&from=news


Via Amira
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The American Experience | The Duel | Dueling, American Style

The American Experience | The Duel | Dueling, American Style | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it

DuelLike many early American customs, dueling was imported. Starting in the Middle Ages, European nobles had defended their honor in man-to-man battles. An early version of dueling was known as "judicial combat," so called because God allegedly judged the man in the right and let him win. In an era known for its bloody encounters, judicial combats probably prevented men from killing in the heat of passion. Still, numerous authorities, including heads of state and the Catholic Church, banned dueling -- with little effect.

Sharrock's insight:

Duels make no sense to us 21st century people. We use the courts or we blog the hell out of someone if they challenge our honor, our character, our manhood, or or if someone slanders us. What put an end to this practice though? It wasn't the law. It wasn't even the Church. It was public opinion and the Civil War. 

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Covering Miami’s Rising Seas: Sensors, Public Data & Politics | Mediashift | PBS

Covering Miami’s Rising Seas: Sensors, Public Data & Politics | Mediashift | PBS | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
Over the “past half-century,” The Washington Post reported in October, “average sea levels in South Florida have risen by 4 to 6 inches, an extensively documented increase that accelerated since the early 1990s.” And based on data from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, easily one of the most well-respected reports on climate change, by 2100, the world’s sea levels will have risen by two feet more than current levels.

The effects on Miami, where my university is based, will be devastating, a BusinessWeek story reports.

Scientists and government leaders say that they can only slow the effects, which include the silent rise of sea water that continues to push through porous limestone upon which Miami and South Florida are built.

The immediate problem, though, is that civic and economic leaders in South Florida aren’t talking about what’s ahead for us, besides the continued potential for luxury condo business and high-priced living. One might think sea level rise would be a good story for local press, but that doesn’t seem to be the case.
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The 10 greatest changes of the past 1,000 years

The 10 greatest changes of the past 1,000 years | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
The last millennium has been shaped by successive waves of change, but which shifts have played the largest part in shaping the modern world? Historian Ian Mortimer identifies the ten leading factors which have driven change over the past 1,000 years
Sharrock's insight:

these changes can help with world building in fiction writing as well as in understanding history and the impacts of social technologies in history. It certainly put the Game of Thrones universe in perspective. Teachers might also use this short article to help introduce students to global history as well as to histories of a specific country. These treatments might help with writing for exams.

 

 

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Color and Texture: A Vertical View of Hong Kong [PHOTOS]

Color and Texture: A Vertical View of Hong Kong [PHOTOS] | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
Travel photographer Peter Stewart wanted to explore a different angle of Hong Kong. So he created “Stacked – Hong Kong,” a collection of long-exposure architectural photos that capture the vertical view of the city’s high-rise apartments. Stewart takes the unvaried high-rises and their repetitive exteriors and turns them into beautiful, colorful patterns. Stewart told The […]

Via Tiaan Jonker
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A 17th-century argument for the many virtues of coffee, chocolate, and tea

A 17th-century argument for the many virtues of coffee, chocolate, and tea | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it

In this 1690 broadside advertisement, London merchant Samuel Price deployed rumor and vivid anecdote to advance the medical case for drinking coffee, chocolate, and tea.


Via Luca Baptista
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Behavioral Changes Seen after Sleep Learning

Behavioral Changes Seen after Sleep Learning | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
Researchers exposed smokers to pairs of smells – cigarettes together with that of rotten eggs or fish – as the subjects slept, and then asked them to record how many cigarettes they smoked in the following week.
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Why Is Justin Wolfe Still in Prison?

Why Is Justin Wolfe Still in Prison? | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
A few years back, I wrote about prosecutorial misconduct in the Northern Virginia capital murder trial of Justin Wolfe.
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Great Opening Sentences From Science Fiction Novels

Great Opening Sentences From Science Fiction Novels | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
You can tell a lot about a science fiction book from its first sentence. A truly great first sentence establishes a tone, sticks in your mind, and serves as a little otherworldly koan, confounding your expectations.
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Neaten Up Your Writing With Parallelism | Online Writing Jobs

Neaten Up Your Writing With Parallelism | Online Writing Jobs | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
Sometimes, sentences simply sound better when you use parallelism. Learn what it is and how to use it to make your sentences and paragraphs easier to read. It's

Via Laura Brown
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Rescooped by Sharrock from Transmedia: Storytelling for the Digital Age
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How The Cartoon Network Grew Up

How The Cartoon Network Grew Up | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it

Via The Digital Rocking Chair
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The Digital Rocking Chair's curator insight, November 7, 1:56 PM


KC Ifeanyi:  "The network has proven that cartoons aren't just for kids. CN vet Michael Ouweleen explains how it's evolved its shows for new generations."

Rescooped by Sharrock from Write Fiction Right
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8 Elements to NAILING Your Plot & Owning NaNo

8 Elements to NAILING Your Plot & Owning NaNo | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
I promised not to leave you guys hanging with my last post. Now that I have a lot of you beating your shields ready for NaNo, I'm going to give you battle tactics to come out victorious (or maybe a...

Via Ruth Long
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Do Financial Experts Make Better Decisions Than the Rest of Us?

Do Financial Experts Make Better Decisions Than the Rest of Us? | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
No, says a new study of mutual-fund managers.

 

There are experts, and then there's everybody else. In finance, experts have studied the subject and follow the markets closely, so you'd expect that they'd be superior at betting on the stock market as well as on other financial matters, right? Well, perhaps not so much. As the psychologist Philip Tetlock—who did a20-year study on the subject—famously said: Experts are poorer at predictions than dart-throwing monkeys.

 
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Americanize, Anglicise: Why Do Brits And Yanks Spell Words Differently?

Americanize, Anglicise: Why Do Brits And Yanks Spell Words Differently? | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
"The United States and Great Britain are two countries separated by a common language." So goes the old chestnut commonly attributed to playwright George Bernard Shaw.
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The Big Personality Test - YouTube

The 5 personality traits that impact on our lives What is personality? How much of an impact does it have on our lives? Dr Jason Rentfrow will present result...
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Paris Review - The Art of Screenwriting No. 3, Terry Southern

Paris Review - The Art of Screenwriting No. 3, Terry Southern | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
The Paris Review is a literary magazine featuring original writing, art, and in-depth interviews with famous writers.
Sharrock's insight:
Southern: "Most screenwriters I’ve met are the people least suited to their work, because they have no ear, no notion of human relationships, no notion of psychology at all. They’re just scuffling in the dark, they’re searching. They think it’s a good racket to be in, like shingle salesmen or something—they’ve heard about the pay, and they fast-talk their way into a job by working in talent agencies, submitting scripts, getting personal relationships with producers, directors, actors. Finally somebody carries them in, some actor says, Let’s give Joe here a credit. And then they’re set, they’ve got a credit and are recognized as writers, but it’s like pulling teeth each time they put down a word. It’s a laborious, tedious process for them, because they can’t write. And they’ll work on anything, with absolutely no regard for material. All they ask is, How much money do I get? They never work for less than they worked for on the last one. If they do, they’re finished, it’s downhill all the way."
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Powerful and Surreal Self Portraits by 20-Year-Old Rachel Baran

Powerful and Surreal Self Portraits by 20-Year-Old Rachel Baran | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
Rachel Baran is an extraordinarily talented U.S.-based photographer who creates amazing surreal and conceptual portraits that thousands of people have fallen in love with. And she's only 20 years old. One of the best things about Baran's work is that it's constantly evolving and growing. As ...

Via Tiaan Jonker, TBD
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Henrik Safegaard - Cloneartist's curator insight, February 2, 5:58 AM

One of the best things about Baran’s work is that it’s constantly evolving and growing. As such a young photographer, she’s still trying out different styles and inspirations. Some of her images are dark, introverted and full of suffering, while others encapsulate the young and artistic photographer’s youth and joy. What’s most important, however, is that all of them are creative and very well-done.

Click to watch more.

WasimE's curator insight, February 10, 11:51 AM

Wow, what an image!! 

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What It Takes to Design a Good Life

What It Takes to Design a Good Life | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
"Busy is a decision… You don't find the time to do things -- you make the time to do things." What does it take to have a good life? Th
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Unlocking Creativity in the Brain

Unlocking Creativity in the Brain | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
Almost 20 years and five Academy Awards later, Catmull, now president of Walt Disney and Pixar Animation Studios, is considered an authority on creativity.
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8 Epic Eating Contests In American History

8 Epic Eating Contests In American History | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
In the Land of Plenty, Americans put the eat in compete.
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Rescooped by Sharrock from 21st Century skills of critical and creative thinking
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52 Of The World's Most Widespread Myths And Misconceptions, Debunked

52 Of The World's Most Widespread Myths And Misconceptions, Debunked | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
A dropped penny won't kill you, alcohol doesn't keep you warm, and swallowed gum doesn't take seven years to digest. These are just three of more than fifty rumors debunked in this compendious collection of common myths and misconceptions.

Via Jocelyn Stoller, Lynnette Van Dyke
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Rescooped by Sharrock from Write Fiction Right
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6 Ways to Make Money as an Author (in Addition to Selling Books) | Lindsay Buroker

6 Ways to Make Money as an Author (in Addition to Selling Books) | Lindsay Buroker | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
The "KU Apocalypse," as some writers have called it, has cut into the bottom line for many independent authors, especially those who have refused to participate

Via Ruth Long
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Rescooped by Sharrock from The Psychogenyx News Feed
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Upgrade Your Willpower: Brain Hacks to Achieve Your Goals

Upgrade Your Willpower: Brain Hacks to Achieve Your Goals | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it

“The failure-proof secret to hacking your brain, forming new habits, and unstoppable willpower.”


Via Luis Valdes
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A Better Way to Think About the Genre Debate - The New Yorker

A Better Way to Think About the Genre Debate - The New Yorker | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
The distinction between literary fiction and genre fiction is neither contemporary nor ageless. It bears the stamp of a unique time in literary history.
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What is mental illness?

What is mental illness? | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it

Illness is like the street you've driven down your whole life. So familiar you've never bothered to look around. We've all experienced illness, either first-hand or via someone we know, but rarely do we stop to wonder what it really is.

 

The psychiatrist Dan Stein at the University of Cape Town and five others have tackled these issues and more in an editorial for the journal Psychological Medicine. Their approach has been to consider the definition of mental disorder stated in the fourth edition of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), and to recommend modifications to it to be used in the forthcoming fifth edition, for which they are Work Group members.

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