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Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions
Explores writing, applications of thought and theory, solutions, engineering, design, DIY, Interesting approaches to problems, examples of interdisciplinary explorations and solutions.
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The brain is wired in a 3D grid structure. Our brain pathways are organized like woven sheets and not as tangled as once thought

The brain is wired in a 3D grid structure. Our brain pathways are organized like woven sheets and not as tangled as once thought | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it

"The brain appears to be wired in a rectangular 3D grid structure, suggests a new brain imaging study. (...) “Far from being just a tangle of wires, the brain’s connections turn out to be more like ribbon cables — folding 2D sheets of parallel neuronal fibers that cross paths at right angles, like the warp and weft of a fabric,” (...)

 

“The wiring of the mature brain appears to mirror three primal pathways established in embryonic development.” (...) “Before, we had just driving directions. Now, we have a map showing how all the highways and byways are interconnected,” said Wedeen. “Brain wiring is not like the wiring in your basement, where it just needs to connect the right endpoints. Rather, the grid is the language of the brain and wiring and re-wiring work by modifying it.”

//

 

"By looking at how the pathways fit in the brain, we anticipated the connectivity to resemble that of a bowl of spaghetti, a very narrow and discreet object," (...) "We discovered that the pathways in the top of the brain are all organized like woven sheets with the fibers running in two directions in the sheets and in a third direction perpendicular to the sheets. These sheets all stack together so that the entire connectivity of the brain follows three precisely defined directions." (...)
"This is the first time it has ever been determined that the geometry of the brain is described by a three-dimensional grid," (...)

 

"The research took MRI scanners and new mathematical algorithms to determine a geometry to the relationship of nearby pathways in the brain so that each pathway was part of a two-dimensional sheet of pathways that together looked exactly like a woven sheet of fabric," Each pathway was part of a parallel series next to it crossed by a perpendicular series at a right angle, together which formed a woven grid.

 

The structure was part of a three-dimensional scaffold connections of the brain conformed to the extremely simple three-dimensional structure, a single woven grid with fibers in only three axes. By using diffusion MRI and mapping the three-dimension motion of the water molecules in the brain, the scientists ran the maps through mathematical algorithms that inferred from the water motion pattern the fiber architecture of the tissue of the brain." -- http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=123711&org=NSF&from=news


Via Amira
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The Rise of the Nameless Narrator in Fiction

The Rise of the Nameless Narrator in Fiction | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it

In recent years, a curious number of novelists have declined to avail themselves of a basic prerogative: naming their creations.


Via bobbygw, Laura Brown
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50 Of The Best Google Chrome Extensions For Teachers | Listly List

50 Of The Best Google Chrome Extensions For Teachers | Google Translate for Google+, Pocket (formerly Read It Later), Docs PDF/PowerPoint Viewer (by Google), Google Calendar Checker, Docs PDF/PowerPoint Viewer (by Google), Clip to Evernote, Lastpass, Readability, Feedly, and Buffer - A Smarter Way to Share on Social Media

Via RitaZ
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The Impact Character: Why Every Character Arc Needs One - Helping Writers Become Authors

The Impact Character: Why Every Character Arc Needs One - Helping Writers Become Authors | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
“Impact character” is the term coined by Dramatica authors Melanie Anne Phillips and Chris Huntley to describe what is just as accurately termed by editor Roz Morris the “catalyst character.” This is the character who slams into your protagonist, catalyzes him into change, and has a major impact on his life.
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On producing art: Your Brain on a Beautiful Story | The American Conservative http://www.theamericanconservative.com/dreher/brain-beautiful-story/ via @amconmag

Sharrock's insight:
This article should not be dismissed as a criticism of christian movies and literature. It should be read as a more focused exploration dogma's place in The Arts, especially focusing on the virtues of showing, not telling.
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New approach to math helping Arizona high school students graduate

New approach to math helping Arizona high school students graduate | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
Technical students are enrolling in classes like automotive math.
The classes are as difficult as other fourth year math classes but help students apply the concepts.
There is a shortage of certified math teachers for technical math classes.
Sharrock's insight:

"When I saw that I could apply it (math) to things ... I had the drive to learn it," Johnson said.

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How to Improve Your Writing Style in 10 Minutes or FewerWritersDigest.com | WritersDigest.com

How to Improve Your Writing Style in 10 Minutes or FewerWritersDigest.com | WritersDigest.com | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
Everyone can benefit from the occasional reminder of the principles of strong writing. Below are 10 tips and exercises designed to make your writing more clear and concise. Think of them as a 10-minute refresher course. by Brandon Royal
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Why can’t the world’s greatest minds solve the mystery of consciousness? | Oliver Burkeman

Why can’t the world’s greatest minds solve the mystery of consciousness? | Oliver Burkeman | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
The long read: Philosophers and scientists have been at war for decades over the question of what makes human beings more than complex robots
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Fantastically Wrong: The Weird, Kinda Perverted History of the Unicorn | WIRED

Fantastically Wrong: The Weird, Kinda Perverted History of the Unicorn | WIRED | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
The scene (above) is one of the most iconic images in wildly popular medieval books known as bestiaries, encyclopedias of sorts that cataloged nature’s beasts, both real and imagined. Not only was the natural history of the animal given, but each was then compared to a biblical figure. And the unicorn stood for Christ, since he was captured and put to death like the unicorn is done in by the virgin (though pretty much every other animal was also compared to Christ, even the pelican, which was said to peck at its own breast to revive its young with blood, like Jesus shed his own blood for us).
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Advice: Don't Try to Write Like David Foster Wallace

Advice: Don't Try to Write Like David Foster Wallace | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
The Atlantic This is bad to admit, but are times in my professional life when, facing some crisis about commas or contributors or other journalistic things, I turn for comfort to Ann Friedman’s now-defunct gif blog “#Realtalk From Your Editor.” And...
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Talented, But Insecure | Developing Multiple Talents

Talented, But Insecure | Developing Multiple Talents | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it

Many highly talented and creative people talk about being self-critical, having poor self-esteem, and experiencing impostor feelings.

 

Emily Mortimer, like many talented people, experiences impostor feelings: "I’m convinced I’m terrible and I’m going to get fired.”


Via Douglas Eby
Sharrock's insight:

Psychologist Anne Paris, PhD explains in her article A New Approach to Igniting and Sustaining Creativity, “Contrary to how we’ve been taught to value independence and autonomy, this new scientific evidence is showing that we are at our best when we are connected with others.”


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Everything You Need to Know on Tor & the Deep Web

Everything You Need to Know on Tor & the Deep Web | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
Beneath the Internet you know lies the Deep Web: a world of secrets, lies and controversy. Learn more about the dark side of the 'Net and its denizens.
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10 Harrowing Survival Stories - HowStuffWorks

10 Harrowing Survival Stories - HowStuffWorks | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
Survival stories thrill us with details about people in danger making it out alive. Check out some true survival stories.
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Preventative Care

Preventative Care | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
Regarding lovesickness, there are certain activities that are extremely dangerous, such as reading dirty books, listening to music, playing viols, lutes, and other instruments—and even more, going to
Sharrock's insight:

"Regarding lovesickness, there are certain activities that are extremely dangerous, such as reading dirty books, listening to music, playing viols, lutes, and other instruments—and even more, going to plays and farces, balls and dances, for such exercises open up the pores of the heart no less than those of the skin." (excerpt)

 
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Avoid These 20 English Words When in Other Countries

Avoid These 20 English Words When in Other Countries | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
If you travel abroad frequently for work, or if you have an e-commerce store with customers from all over the world, it’s worth noting that there are a number of English words that, phonetically, don’t work in other countries and can lead to double entendre or unintended offence territory. Here are 20 of them to help you ensure that your communication isn’t lost in translation.

See also:  9 Words or Phrases Millennials Should Avoid Using in the Workplace

France
Preservative. Avoid asking about preservatives in France; you’ll probably be met with strange looks. It means ‘condom’ in France.

Norway
Pick. If you’re visiting Norway, don’t use the word ‘pick’. Your Norwegian colleague is unlikely to be impressed - it means ‘dick’ over there.

Fitter. Does your business specialise in fitness products? Be mindful that in Norway, the word ‘fitte’ refers to a woman’s genitals.

Turkey
Peach. Going to Turkey? Avoid asking for a peach in the supermarket or anywhere else for that matter. It means ‘bastard’ in Turkish.

Germany
Gift. ‘Never look a gift horse in the mouth’, we’re told; perhaps more so in Germany where the word means ‘poison’.

Latte. In Germany, latte doesn’t mean the frothy, milky concoction you get from your local Starbucks. It means ‘erect penis’ in some German quarters.

Korea
Salsa. Out for a Mexican in Korea? It’s probably best not to ask for salsa: it means ‘diarrhoea’ in Korean.

Sweden
Speed. Try not to talk about speed when in the company of others in Sweden. It means ‘fart’.

Bump.  If you’ve had the misfortune of a bump on your car, note that the word ‘bump’ in Swedish means ‘dump’.

Speed bump.  Put the above two words together and you have the phrase ‘speed bump’, which in Swedish means fart dump.

Kiss. If you ask your Swedish host or hostess for a kiss, they might very well direct you to the toilets. In Swedish, the word means ‘pee’.

Portugal
Pay Day. If you’re in Portugal, refrain from singing with happiness that it’s ‘pay day’. No one will be impressed. In Portuguese it means “I farted”.

Exquisite. Extend a compliment to your Portuguese host by describing something belonging to them as ‘exquisite’ and you might be met with askance looks: ‘esquisito’ in Portuguese means ‘weird’.

Hungary
Cookie. If you’re visiting Hungary, whether on business or for pleasure, avoid asking for a cookie. It means ‘small penis’ in Hungarian.

Japan
Jerry. It’s perhaps a little late for Ben & Jerry’s ice cream, but if you’re in Japan, avoid using the word – it means ‘diarrhoea’ over there.

France
Bra. Do you sell luxury underwear? Whilst you and I might initially understand the word to mean a garment that covers the breasts, if you’re in France your French colleagues might think you’re selling arms. Literally.

Italy
Tremendous. Refrain from boasting about the tremendous prices you offer your clients. In this country, ‘tremendo’ is the word for ‘terrible’.

Netherlands
Bill.  Asking for the bill might raise a few guffaws in the Netherlands: ‘bil’ means ‘buttocks’ there.

Lager. It might confuse your Dutch colleagues if you were to ask for a ‘lager’ when having a few drinks with them after work. Lager means ‘storage’ in Dutch.

Spain
Cool.  The word cool is too close for comfort to the Spanish word 'culo'; a crude term for 'bum'. Best avoided. 

...

See also: How to Take Advantage of Your Native Language Working in a Foreign Country

That some words can be misinterpreted not only has relevance for those who frequently go abroad on business,  but as Tictail point out, also for online businesses where ‘borderless’ transactions take place. So if you’ve often wondered why your “exquisite Madagascan chocolates” fly like hotcakes everywhere in the world except Brazil and Portugal, perhaps you now have the answer: weird, dodgy chocolates just won’t sell.

 

Via Charles Tiayon
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Words of Praise For Microfilm, An Overlooked But Essential Library Tool

Words of Praise For Microfilm, An Overlooked But Essential Library Tool | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
Said the Muncie Public Library:

One of our most valuable pieces of technology are our microfilm machines. Most technologies have a huge throwaway culture surrounding them—smartphones are obsolete after a year or less—but microfilm has staying power. According to Archives.gov: "Microfilm is a low-cost,reliable, long-term, standardized image storage medium. The equipment needed to view microfilm images is simple, consisting of light and magnification. The medium has a life-expectancy of hundreds of years."

... Our digital microfilm machine has the added benefit of providing greater control over "cleaning up" the quality of the archived image compared to traditional microfilm readers. The software allows users to control the brightness/contrast/sharpness of individual sections of the page. If a photo on a page is too dark but the text on the page is too light, for example, the user can select the image and text separately and customize the image settings of those sections independently to improve the clarity of the overall image. This is especially useful when trying to read the oldest newspapers.
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How to Figure Out WHAT Your Character's Arc Should Be - Helping Writers Become Authors

How to Figure Out WHAT Your Character's Arc Should Be - Helping Writers Become Authors | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
Picking the character's arc that's perfect for your story requires nothing more than the answers to three questions.
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Hearing metaphors activates brain regions involved in sensory experience

Hearing metaphors activates brain regions involved in sensory experience | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
"We see that metaphors are engaging the areas of the cerebral cortex involved in sensory responses even though the metaphors are quite familiar," says senior author Krish Sathian, MD, PhD, professor of neurology, rehabilitation medicine and psychology at Emory University. "This result illustrates how we draw upon sensory experiences to achieve understanding of metaphorical language."
Sharrock's insight:

"George Lakoff and Mark Johnson, in their landmark work 'Metaphors we live by', ...argued that metaphor comprehension is grounded in our sensory and motor experiences."

 
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The Science of Sensory Marketing

The Science of Sensory Marketing | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
“In the past, communications with customers were essentially monologues—companies just talked at consumers,” Krishna says. “Then they evolved into dialogues, with customers providing feedback. Now they’re becoming multidimensional conversations, with products finding their own voices and consumers responding viscerally and subconsciously to them.”
Sharrock's insight:

Imagine if these findings found their ways into classrooms. For example, what if, on the first day of school, during introductions, students were given something warm to drink while discussing class expectations and general learning objectives?

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Write clear

Write clear | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
Want your writing to be clear, concise, and compelling?  Do you in fact, get the opposite:  muddy, laborious, and bland?  It might be because you are trying too hard too early. Composer Aaron Copeland said, “Inspiration may be a form of the super-conscious or the subconscious, I wouldn’t know.  But I am positive it is …
Sharrock's insight:

excerpt:

As you edit, ask the following questions:

How can I say what I want to say in less words?How can I make those words more vivid and compelling?What example would add clarity?What sentences or paragraphs are extra–they add words but not impact?When have I used a 5 dollar word when a clearer 50 cent word would be better?Do I need to add more details to make a specific point or example vivid?Is there a way I could speak to the reader’s heart as well as his or her head?
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Four Revolutions Compared: Agriculture, Industry, Information, and APM — Metamodern

Four Revolutions Compared: Agriculture, Industry, Information, and APM — Metamodern | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
The following table is excerpted from the new report, NANO: Nano-Solutions for the 21st Century (the full report is available from the Oxford Martin School here). “HT-APM” refers to high-throughput atomically precise manufacturing, a critical development on the horizon of
Sharrock's insight:

I really like this page for the chart and the language of the chart. The way it is organized, it seems to suggest that autonomous and semi-autonomous robotics (industrial and personal) as a "new means of processing information" in that the sensors and algorithms process information and drive the execution of automated processes. I recognize that the author is suggesting that the industrial revolution includes autonomous and semi-autonomous robotics with "exploiting the potential of artificial mechanical systems on a human scale", ultimately redefining (or re-framing) what  historians have termed the "Industrial Revolution" to include artificial intelligence (to a limited degree) and robots. This chart suggests that this the world is in the midst of The Industrial Revolution even as the Information Revolution and the beginnings of The APM Revolution. The chart was apparently used in a larger study though, so, to do it justice, I should read the report.

 

 

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So getting contact lenses in 1948 was absolutely terrifying

So getting contact lenses in 1948 was absolutely terrifying | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
It's possible that you're reading this article wearing a pair of disposable lenses that you'll chuck away before going to bed, but spare a thought for the poor pioneers of the contact lens in the...
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How Technicolor Changed Storytelling

How Technicolor Changed Storytelling | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
Screenshot from Fig Leaves, 1926 In the dawn of the age of cinema, adding color to black-and-white films was something like "putting lip rouge on Venus de Milo." That is to say, it had the potential for disastrous, garish results.
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What Is Stimming? | Autism - YouTube

Learn what stimming is and why children with autism do it from pediatrician and child development expert Asma J. Sadiq, M.D. in this Howcast video.

 
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Colonial Bytes: Consanguinity - The Degree of Genealogical Relationships

Colonial Bytes: Consanguinity - The Degree of Genealogical Relationships | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it

Still trying to figure out all those relationships in your family tree? Use this handy chart to figure out exactly what to call the children of your cousins. #genealogy #ancestry

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Sensory Processing Disorder Part 1: Defining It

Sensory Processing Disorder Part 1: Defining It | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it

Based on new research, the SPD Foundation, led by Director Lucy Jane Miller, Ph.D., OTR, identifies three major categories of SPD:

Sensory Modulation Disorder. This includes sensory overresponsivity, sensory underresponsivity, and sensory-seeking behaviors, or combinations thereof. People with this condition can alternate from one state to the other, sometimes seeking stimulation, for example with hand flapping or spinning, and at other times retreating from stimulation by hiding or going off alone.Sensory Discrimination Disorder. This includes difficulty with accurate perception of all the five senses, plus proprioceptive awareness (knowing how much pressure to exert), vestibular awareness (knowing where you are in space), and interoceptive awareness (being aware of your bodily functions, like hunger and the need to go to the bathroom). People with sensory discrimination problems may have trouble reading because they can’t discriminate between letters, or they may have trouble identifying who is speaking to them because they can’t locate the sources of sounds.Sensory-Based Motor Disorder. This includes postural disorders and/or dyspraxia (difficulty planning and carrying out motor tasks). People with sensory motor problems may have low muscle tone, difficulty holding utensils, poor posture, trouble with balance, and low stamina.

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