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Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions
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The Limits of Big Data: A Review of Social Physics by Alex Pentland | MIT Technology Review

The Limits of Big Data: A Review of Social Physics by Alex Pentland | MIT Technology Review | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
Tapping into big data, researchers and planners are building mathematical models of personal and civic behavior. But the models may hide rather than reveal the deepest sources of social ills.
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math whiz finds creativity in problem solving - Chicago Daily Herald

math whiz finds creativity in problem solving - Chicago Daily Herald | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
math whiz finds creativity in problem solving
Chicago Daily Herald
If you look past numbers and computations and distill math to its essence, it's all about creativity, 17-year-old James Tao says.
Sharrock's insight:

creativity in math!

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Statistics Is Not Math: Update To Allow New Comments

Statistics Is Not Math: Update To Allow New Comments | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
Update Hello newcomers. Posts usually close for comments after two weeks. But since this one is getting so many views, I moved it up to re-open comments. "Here is a column of a couple of dozen numb...
Sharrock's insight:

This blog explores the differences between statistics as a discipline and mathematics. I started wondering why the two were referred to as separate. It turns out, they are different.

 

from the blog: "Statistics rightly belongs to epistemology, the philosophy of how we know what we know. Probability and statistics can even be called quantitative epistemology. Our axioms concern themselves with what probability means; that is, of the interpretation of uncertainty. But we abandon those axioms too quickly, choosing instead to follow the path of equations, nearly always skimping on what those equations actually mean."

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Data Visualization: Modern Approaches | Smashing Magazine

Data Visualization: Modern Approaches | Smashing Magazine | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
Data presentation can be beautiful, elegant and descriptive. There is a variety of conventional ways to visualize data - tables, histograms, pie charts and bar graphs are being used every day, in every project and on every possible occasion.

 

Note that the date of the article is 2007. I wonder what is available now. Which data visualization tools are available today? 

Sharrock's insight:

This is a good low-level data visualiation exploration. Dated 2007, though.

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“Statisticians are the modern explorers.” An interview with Professor David J. Hand - Statistics Views

“Statisticians are the modern explorers.” An interview with Professor David J. Hand - Statistics Views | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it

In the New Year’s Honours List for 2013, Professor David J. Hand was awarded an OBE for services to research and innovation. Earlier this year he was also appointed as a non-executive director of the UK Statistics Authority for a period of three years.

 

Professor Hand is currently Emeritus Professor of Mathematics at Imperial College, London. He was previously Professor of Statistics at Imperial College (1999-2011) during which time he was also Head of the Mathematics in Banking and Finance Programme (2005-09); before that he was Professor of Statistics at the Open University (1988-99). Since 2010, he has served as Chief Scientific Adviser to Winton Capital Management.

 

Sharrock's insight:

from the interview: "Both physicists and psychologists use the word ‘measurement’ but measuring IQ and measuring weight are very different notions; measuring pain and measuring height are also different. But in all these cases the same word is used."

 

It led to his writing a book "Measurement Theory and Practice: The World Through Quantification. ‘Pragmatic measurement’ is where you define what you are measuring and describe how to measure it simultaneously."

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Smartphone apps to make you (Americans) smarter

Smartphone apps to make you (Americans) smarter | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
In light of a recent study that shows Americans are below average for math and literacy of all the developed nations, I have rounded up some apps to...well...help my countrymen exercise our collective noggins.
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Phys.Org Mobile: Math explains history: Simulation accurately captures the evolution of ancient complex societies

Phys.Org Mobile: Math explains history: Simulation accurately captures the evolution of ancient complex societies | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
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MIT Unleashes New Online Game for Math and Science

MIT Unleashes New Online Game for Math and Science | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
A group of researchers in MIT’s Education Arcade are trying to harness the power of MMO games to teach high school students to think like scientists and mathematicians.

Via John Shank
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Are U.S. Students Ready to Compete? : Education Next

It has been argued that the overall past success of the U.S. economy suggests that high-school math performance is not that critical for sustained growth in economic productivity. After all, U.S. students trailed their peers in the very first international survey undertaken nearly 50 years ago. That is the wrong message to take away however. Other factors contributed to the relatively high rate of growth in economic productivity during the last half of the 20th century, including the openness of the country’s markets, respect for property rights, low levels of political corruption, and limited intrusion of government into the operations of the marketplace. The United States, moreover, has always benefited from the in-migration of talent from abroad.

Sharrock's insight:

For a few days now, I've been wondering about the relationship of a nation's Nobel Prize winners to PISA scores. I finally decided to ask the question in Google. Here's one hit: "Clearly the countries with the worst PISA scores are those with the most impressive Nobel record. Equally significant, the correlation between PISA performance and GDP per capita is, as both Baker and Chang suggest, rather weak (less than 0.5)." http://www.opendemocracy.net/ourkingdom/jeremy-fox/are-pisa-scores-really-that-important.

 

But this article also presents an interesting exploration. 

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Creators, Curators, Instagram, and Snapchat | Pew Internet & American Life Project

Creators, Curators, Instagram, and Snapchat | Pew Internet & American Life Project | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
Creators, Curators, Instagram, and Snapchat | Pew Internet & American Life Project

Via Joyce Valenza
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Graphical visualization of text similarities in essays in a book | munterbund.de

Graphical visualization of text similarities in essays in a book | munterbund.de | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
Sharrock's insight:

Introduced me to the term "metadata". Lately, I've been reading about transparency and accessibility. It's not enough to simply have the information. We need to be able to understand it and understand enough to make decisions about it. Then we have to apply that information. Similar concepts: informed consent, citizen engagement.  But just like in lab reports for studies/research, essays about data contains biases to recognize and conclusions to interpret and evaluate for validity. Metadata examines these issues.

 

"Metadata

Examples of essay metadata are the essay’s author, the time period in which an essay was written, the essay language, the number or type of images it uses, the text genre, the intended audience, the essay length (in characters, words, sentences, sections, pages), file format, typeface, etc. We find that it is possible to automate the collection of some of these metadata. For example, the language in which an article is written can be determined by comparing the words used in the article with words of other known languages. If the article contains words associated with the region where Romanian is spoken, it was most likely written in Romanian [ad.01]. If words are unknown to the computer, it will not be able to determine the language.

 Early stages in the process to the final result

For the most part, the time period during which an essay was written can be retrieved automatically - provided that the text was written on a computer and the word-processing program kept track of the writing sessions. If images are available in digital form, it is also possible to automate the processing of image metadata, since in in such cases, image file formats, dimensions, color depths and resolutions are known. However, image content is meta-information that needs to be classified manually. Consequently, classification of metadata as manual or automatic must be performed on a case-by-case basis. Although the length of a text is meta-information, it can be determined automatically in such great detail that it transitions to the domain of automatically collectable metadata.

 
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Everyone Should Have the Right To Bear Mathematical Arms

Everyone Should Have the Right To Bear Mathematical Arms | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
Imagine a world in which it is possible for an elite group of hackers to install a “backdoor” not on a personal computer but on the entire U.S. economy. Imagine that they can use it to cryptically raise taxes and slash social benefits at will.
Sharrock's insight:

"So much damage has been done in terms of the way mathematics is misunderstood by our society. It has essentially become impossible to talk to most people directly about it. With the film Rites of Love and Math, which I made four years ago with the French director Reine Graves, the idea was to penetrate some of those defenses—to talk about math indirectly by appealing to the emotional rather than to the cerebral." Edward Frankel



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War, space, and the evolution of Old World complex societies

Intense warfare is the single greatest driver behind the evolution of complex societies, according to a new mathematical model designed to predict the emergence of sophisticated civilizations from small groups.

 

Sharrock's insight:

math in social studies.

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Rent vs. Buy: Why Buying a House Generally Wins

Rent vs. Buy: Why Buying a House Generally Wins | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
The Motley Fool - A few simple figures cut through the rent-vs.-buy debate.
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Expeditionary Learning Schools Boosted Reading, Math, Study Finds

Expeditionary Learning Schools Boosted Reading, Math, Study Finds | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
Expeditionary Learning middle schools in Washington and New York City boosted students' reading and mathematics learning, finds a new study by Mathematica Policy Research.
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Developing Your Intuition For Math | BetterExplained

Developing Your Intuition For Math | BetterExplained | Writing, Research, Applied Thinking and Applied Theory: Solutions with Interesting Implications, Problem Solving, Teaching and Research driven solutions | Scoop.it
Our initial exposure to an idea shapes our intuition. And our intuition impacts how much we enjoy a subject. What do I mean? Suppose we want to define a
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